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265

LINCOLN'S GREAT SPEECHES...

........273-469

A Great Congressional Speech

281

A Humorous Speech-Lincoln in the Black Hawk War ........ 332

A Proclamation......

A Proclamation..........

A Proclamation......

449

Douglas's Seven Questions-Lincoln's Position Defined on
the Questions of the Day....

327

Emancipation Proclamation

450

Extracts Upon which Seward Based His “Irrepressible Con-
flict Platform'...

447
First Speech after His Nomination

415
First Talk after His Nomination......

422
Joint Debate Between Mr. Douglas and Mr. Lincoln............ 333
Lincoln's First Political Speech .....

273
Lincoln's First Inaugural Address

425
Lincoln's First Speech in the Senatorial Campaign-The
House Divided Against Itself Speech

315

Lincoln's Speech at Columbus, Ohio, Feb. 13th, 1861

520

Lincoln's Speech at Indianapolis, Feb. 12th, 1861................ 417

Lincoln's Speech at Washington, Feb. 27th, 1861

421

Lincoln's Temperance Speech.........

298

Lincoln's Second Inaugural Speech.

Mr. Douglas's Reply.....

374

Mr. Lincoln's Reply

350

National Bank vs. Sub. Treasury

277

President Lincoln's Adieu to Springfield

416

President Lincoln's Last Speech .....

Proclamation by the President

420

Reply to the Committee from the Virginia Convention, April

20, 1861 .......

Response to Serenade from Marylanders, Washingtuz, Nov.,

1864 .......

458

Second Nomination..........
Speech Delivered at Cincinnati, Feb. 12th, 1861
The Ballot vs. the Bullet
The Emancipation Question in Missouri.......
The Perpetuity of Our Free Institutions
The President to Lieutenant-General Grant

457 417 312 445 273 456

ILLUSTRATIONS.

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•And Couldn't Ye Put á Little Brandy In All Unbeknown to Myself? .....

313 Chicago Wigwam Where the Convention of 1860 Was Held .. 137 Campaign Badge

131 Campaign Badges Colored People's Reception, New Year's, 1865...........

215 Dinner Given to the President-elect at Harrisburg, Feb. 22, 1860.........

441 House in which Lincoln Died, Washington, D. C............ 239 Lincoln and Son Tad

157 Lincoln as a Rail Splitter

55 Lincoln Getting the Worst of a Horse Trade

105 Lincoln's Early Home, Elizabethtown, Ky......

65 Lincoln's First Home in Illinois.

77 Lincoln's Home in Springfield

77 Lincoln Defending Armstrong

95 Lincoln's Death

242 Lincoln Reading by a Pine Knot

47 Lincoln Rescues a Pig ....

85 Lincoln Receiving Dennis Hanks..

145 Listening, but Not Convinced

383 Parlor in Lincoln's Home, Springfield, III........... Reception Given by Lincoln

423 Second Inaugural Address of President Lincoln....

459 State House in Springfield, 111.—Now Courthouse ..

117 The Fretting Questions of Even a Great War Seemed to

Perish Until “Tad" Had Completed His Romp ............ 197

III

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HIS BIRTH AND ANCESTRY. A perennial charm attaches to the name and memory of Abraham Lincoln. Among those who knew him personally in the intimacy of private life, his simplicity and geniality of character, his intense humanity, and an absolute confidence in his personal integrity won him friends; with the nation—including many who had been his bitterest political foes—his exalted patriotism and the part which he played in the preservation of his country and the emancipation of a race commanded respect and admiration; with the world at large, all these characteristics, and the place which he filled with such unswerving uprightness, ability, and success, during one of the most perilous and dramatic crises in all history, made him the most important and conspicuously historic figure of his time. While the lineage of such a man may be a matter of comparative indifference, in the light of what he accomplished for

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his country and mankind, his life history becomes of the most absorbing interest not only to his own countrymen, but in all lands where the virtues of personal integrity, unselfish patriotism and far-reaching political sagacity are appreciated and held in proper esteem-a fact attested by the avidity with which each new volume dealing with his public or private career, and every incident, event, or anecdote connected with his life, is caught up and absorbed by those of whom he was accustomed to speak as “the plain common people.”

There could be no more appropriate place than this to introduce what Mr. Lincoln himself had to say of his own and his family history, in a letter to his friend, the: Hon. Jesse W. Fell, of Bloomington, Ill., under date of December 20, 1859-the year preceding his election in the Presidency, and about the time his friends were beginning to think seriously of his nomination for that office. He then said:

HIS AUTOBIOGRAPHY.

"I was born, February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. My parents were both born in Virginia, of undistinguished families--second families, perhaps I should say. My mother, who died in my tenth year, was of a family of the name of Hanks, some of whom now reside in Adams and others in Macon County, Illinois. My paternal grandfather, Abraham Lincoln, emigrated from Rockingham County, Virginia, to Kentucky, about 1781 or 1782, where, a year or two later, he was killed by Indians, not in battle, but by stealth, when he was laboring to open a farm in the forest.

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His ancestors, who were Quakers, went to Virginia from Berks County, Pennsylvania. An effort to identify them with the New England family of the same name ended in nothing more than a similarity of Christian names in both families, such as Enoch, Levi, Mordecai, Solomon, Abraham, and the like.

My father, at the death of his father, was but six years of age, and he grew up literally without education. He removed from Kentucky to what is now Spencer County, Indiana, in my eighth year. We reached our new home about the time the State came into the Union (1816). It was a wild region, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods. There I grew up.

There were some schools, so-called, but no qualification was ever required of a teacher beyond ‘readin', writin', and cipherin'' to the Rule of Three. If a straggler, supposed to understand Latin, happened to sojourn in the neighborhood, he was looked upon as a wizard. There was absolutely nothing to excite ambition for education. Of course, when I came of age, I did not know much. Still, somehow, I could read, write, and cipher to the Rule of Three, but that was all. I have not been to school since. The little advance I now have upon this store of education I have picked up from time to time under the pressure of necessity.

“I was raised to farm-work, which I continued until I was twenty-two. At twenty-one I came to Illinois and passed the first year in Macon County. Then I got to New Salem, at that time in Sangamon, now in Menard County, where I remained a year as a sort of clerk in a store. Then came the Black Hawk War,

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