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The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print that in the work known'as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.

In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been : first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning which there may be differences of opinion-some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects, it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misconceptions.

Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations; Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon commanding public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein—the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.

The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicised, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.

Under “Our Foreign Relations” will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.

The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disunion” contains several very interesting documente chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of

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The lists of the organization of the Rebel “ Provisional ” and “Permanent Government have been made

up from every accessible source, and, though not complete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as Dearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.

This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and commission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maintain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.

EDWARD MOPHERSON. August 11, 1864.

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.

I have revised the entire work, and corrected every error ascertained. The Appendix has expanded greatly beyond the original design. Much of the matter in it is quite inaccessible, and the delays and uncertainties of procuring it led almost insensibly to an enlargement, and also somewhat disturbed the methodical arrange. ment elsewhere preserved. The historic papers of the South Carolina Convention, as now printed, are from official copies, and differ very suggestively from current versions, in numerous material points. The votes on Secession Ordinances, and subsequently on the Extinction of Slavery, in several of the rebellious States, form a pleasing contrast.

The copious chapter on “ The Church and the Rebellion ” has been gathered with great care, and will serve to show their mutual relations and influence, as well as the singularly diverse views which have prevailed in Church courts. The contributions from the Bureau of Military Justice illustrate the practical working of the Emanci. pation policy, and will amply justify attention. To the action of the last session of Congress; and the record of the Presidential canvass which preceded.it--of the result of which an official tabular statement is furnished-every student of American politics will have constant occasion to refer. On the great unsettled question of Reconstruction, the full record is presented.

It would be improper, in issuing this enlarged, and it is hoped improved edition, not to express my thanks for the kind reception given the first by the Press and the Public. March 24, 1865.

EDWARD MCPHERSON

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TABLE OF

OF CONTENTS.

Page.

THE ELECTORAL AND POPULAR VOTE FOR

PRESIDENT, IN 1860...........

1

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT 2

Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor-

gia, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama,

Arkansas, Texas, North Carolina, Tennessee,

Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri-Insurrec-

tionary Proceedings in the State of Maryland

-Inter-State Commissioners-Organization of

& "Southern Congrese," and Provisional Gore

ernment-Address of South Carolina to the

Slavebolding States, her Declaration of Inde-

pendence, and Debates on thcm-Speech of

Alexander H. Stephens before the Georgia Legis-

lature, Nov. 14, 1561__Extracts from Addresses

by A. H. Stephens, July, 1859, and Jan., 1861;

James H. Hammond, October, 1858; and R. M.

T. Hunter, 1860—Extract from the Appeal for

Recognition, by Yancey, Rost, and Mann, and

Earl Russell's Reply-Seizure and Surrender of

Public Property, from November 4, 1800,to March

4,1861-Changes in President Buchanan's Cab-

inet-Correspondence between President Buch-

anan and the Sonth Carolina “Commission-

er: "-Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter-

Report on the Transfer of Artus to the South

in 1859 and 1860—Davis's Bil for the sale of

Government Arms to the States How the Tel.

egraph aided Secession-Intrigues for a Pacific

Republic-Mayor Wood's Message Recommend-

ing that New York be made a Free City-"Per

ronal Liberty" Laws

PROCEEDINGS OF THX GOVERNMENT IN RE-

LATION TO THE ACTION OF THE INSUR-
BECTIONARY STATES.................. .........

48

Names of the Senators and Representatives of

the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session

President Buchanan's Last Annual Message-

Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers
of the President- The House Committee of
Thirty-Three and their Proposition for Adjust-
ment, together with abstracts of all other propo-

*sitions, and votes thereon-Votes on Resolutions

respecting the Personal Liberty” Laws, the

Union, Major Anderson's Course, Coercion, Non-

Interference with Slavery, and on the Bill to

Suppress Insurrection, and to provide for the

Collection of Customs Report of Committee

upon the Danger of the Capital, and Vote upon

Branch's Resolution to withdraw Troops from

the District of Columbia, with Secretary Holt's

Report-Disposition of the Navy, and vote of

Ceasure upon Secretary Toucey-Propositions

in Congress by Mason, Hunter, Clingman, Craige,

and others Settlement of the Question of Sla-

very in the Teritories.

Ta CONSTITUTION ..............

91

Constitution of the United States-Points of
Dierence between It and the “Confederate"
Constitution, with an Index to both-Speech of
Alexander H. Stephens, expounding the “Con-

federate” Constitation.

ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN.... 105

President Lincoln's Inaugural Address Secre-

tary Soward and the “Confederate Commis-

stoners," with Statements of Judge Campbell

and Thurlon Weed-The President's Reply to

the Virginia Delegation Commencement of hos-

Page.

ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Continued.

tilities against the United States, and Why-

The War Power" called out--Call for 75,000

Mou, and all subsequent Calls arranged in

Chronological Order--National Legislation on

Military Affairs Confederate" Legislation

and Proclamations and Orders-The Thirty-

Seventh Congress—President's Message of July,

1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862—The

Thirty-Eighth Congress Annual Message, 1863

-Amnesty Proclamation, and Circular of the

Attorney General - Proclamations concerning

the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Re

bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the Ro

bellion.

THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE............ 150

The Seward-Lyons Treaty-Vote in the Senate

upon bill to give it effect--Action of the “Con-

federate" Congress on Slave Trade-Jefferson

Davis'o Veto thereof-Intercepted Despatch

from Judah P. Benjamin to L. l. C. Lamar.

ARREST OF CITIZENS, THE WRIT OF HABEAS

CORPUS, AND SUPPRESSION OF News.

PAPERS................

153

Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature

and of the Baltimoro Police Commissioners

Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Camo

ron-John Merryman's Case and Chief Justice

Tuney's Opinion- Attorney General Bates's

Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest and

to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas

Corpus-Views of Horuce Binney and Theophilus

Parsons-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decision

of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter on

Retaliation; his return to Ohio, and Speech at

Hamilton-Proclamation of the President Sus-

pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas

Corpus-Indemnification of the President-De-
cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Case of George W. Jones vs. W. H. Seward-
“ Confederate" Legislation upon the suspension
of the Writ-Suppressions and Seizures of News
papers, with the Proceclings of the Courts,

Congress, and the Post Office Department.

CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION............ 195

The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint

Resolution, and Special Message thereon-

Emancipation in thu Thirty-Seventh Congress

Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution afore-

baid-Sequestration in the Rebel States-Judi-

cial and Military Proceedings under the Contis

cation Luw-Proclamation thereon-President's

Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen-

gated Emancipation-Congressional Proceedings

thereon-Interview of Border State Congress

men with the President-Emancipation in

the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-

peal to the Border State Congressmen, and their

Reply-Extract from the President's Annual

Message, December, 1862-Emancipation in

Maryland and Proceedings of the Constitutional

Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclama-

tions-Votes thereon and Resolutions con-

cerning them-Interview between the Chicago

Deputation and the President-Address of the

Loyal Governors-Mr. Boutwell's Statement

concerning the Issue of the Proclamation-Ler

ters of Charles Sumner and Owen Lovejoy.

vii

356

Pago.

Pagra
REPEAL OF THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAWS,“CON- MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF
TRABANDS," AND KINDRED SUBJECTS... 234 THE PRESIDENT-(Continued.)
Votes on the Passage of the Acts of 1793 and

Response to a Serenade, July, 1863-Speech at
1850—Repealing Movements in the Thirty-

the Philadelphia Fair, June 18, 1864-Letters to
Second, Thirty-Third, Thirty-Seventh, and

Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Mass Convene
Thirty-Eighth Congresses-Census Report rela-

tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and
ting to the Escape of Fugitive Slaves from 1850

to the Grant Meeting in New York, June, 1864.
to 1860—The New Article of War-Employment
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS..

338
of Slaves in Government Dock-Yards, &c.-Re-
cognition of Hayti and Liberia—Robert Small-

The Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Ced-
Proposed Removal of the Disqualification of

tral and South America-Alleged Foreign En-
Color in Carrying the Mails-Negro Suffrage in

listments-Foreign Mediation, being Letters
the District of Columbia and Montana Territory

from Secretary Seward to Governor Hicks and
-Exclusion of Colored Persons from Rail-cars-

M. Drouyn de l'Huys, and from Lord Lyons to
Colored Persons as Witnesses-Repeal of Laws

Earl Russell, with his Views on those of New
regulating the Coastwise Slave Trade-Orders

York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
and Letters concerning “Contrabands," by

The French in Mexico-Congressional Action
Gens. McClellan and Butler, and Secretary

thereon—The Arguelles Case.
Cameron-Fremont's Proclamation of Eman- THE FINANCES.........................................
cipation, and Correspondence with the President
thereupon-"Contrabands” in the District of

Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem-
Columbia-Gen. Burnside's Proclamation in

ber, 1860, to June 30, 1864-Special War Incomo
North Carolina-Orders and Proclamations by

Tax, and Votes thereon—The “Legal Tender
Gens. Halleck, Buell, Hooker, McDowell, Double-

Quostion--Loan Bill of 1864-National Currency
day and others General Instructions by the

Acts--Internal Revenue Acts-Proposed Tax
President concerning “Contrabands" -Gens.

on Slaves-Tariff Acts of 1862 and 1861_Taxes
Phelps and Butler on Arming Negroes-Pro-

in Insurrectionary Districts–The Public Credit
posed Congressional Censure of Gen. Hallock's

in 1860 and 1861--Statements of Public Debt
Order No. 3 Prohibition of Slavery in the Ter-

from June 30, 1560, to June 30, 1864—"Confed-
ritories Amendments to the Constitution, pro-

erate” Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and
posed in the Thirty-Eighth Congress, First Ses-

Tithing Acts.
sion-Resolutions on Slavery in the States, in the MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS.................... 374

same Congress-Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs.
LEGISLATION, ORDERS, PROCLAMATIONS AND

The President's Views on Colonization-Incom-

patibility of Civil and Military Office-Fishing
PROPOSITIONS, RELATIVE TO THE WAR,

Bounties-Acts to Prohibit Polygamy; declaring
AND TO " PEACE"...

261 certain Persons Ineligible to Office; and to Pun-

ish Conspiracy-Letters of Marque-Enabling
The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the

Act for Nebraska-Admission of West Virginia
votes upon all their leading Features and Char-

-Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen-
acteristics-Resolutions relative to the Enroll-

ship, and on the Pay of Colored Soldiers-Mo-
ment-Orders of the War Department enforcing

Clellan's Letters Recommending a Political
the Draft of 1862-Gen. McClellan's Recommen-

Policy in the Conduct of the War, and Fam
dation of a Draft in 1861-Colored Soldiers and

voring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania
their Pay-Opinion of Attorney General Bates

Proposed Censure of President Lincoln and Ex-
respecting the pay of Rev. S. Harrison, colored

President Buchanan–Censure of Representar
Chaplain of the 54th Mass. Regiment–Rules

tives Long and Harris.
and Orders for the Protection of Colored Sol-
diers, and the President's Speech thereon-Use

THE CONSPIRACY OF DISUNION .................. 389
of Colored Men in the “Confederate” Military

Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress,
Service-Negro Enlistment Act of the Tennes-

1789—Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
see Rebel Legislature-"Confederate" Legisla-

and Clay-Southern Disunion Congressional
tion upon the Treatment of captured Colored

Caucus in 1835-Early Hopes of the Rebels-Ex-
Troops and their Officers-Homesteads for Sol-

President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
diers-Unomployed Generals-Resolutions upon

1860—The Disunion Programme-Letter of D.
the Objects and Prosecution of the War, in the

L. Yulee, January 7, 1861–Douglas's Last
Thirty-Seventh and Thirty-Eighth Congresses

Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
“Peace” Propositions in the same Correspond-

-Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ence between the President and Fernando Wood

ers during “the Reign of Terror"-Report to
- The Niagara Falls Conference and Correspond-

the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
ence-Peace Propositions in the Rebel Congress

$500,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposes
-Correspondence
between Governor Vance and

Legislative Action thereon, and other Proceed
Jefferson Davis Reported Statement of Davis

ings by the Maryland Logislature of 1861—Sup-
to Gilmore.

dry Rebel Items.
MILITARY ORDERS RESPECTING ELECTIONS... 308 THE REBEL ADMINISTRATION .................. 400
Orders of Gens. McClellan, Dix, and Schenck-

The Provisional President, Cabinet, and Con-
Governor Bradford's Proclamation of 1863, and

gress, with Memorandum of Changes - The
the President's Letter to the Governor-Orders

"Permanent" Administration---The First Con-
in Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri-Orders

gress, and Changes therein-The Second Con-
concerning Impressment of Property-Proposed

gress.
Legislation upon Military Interforence in Elec-
tions.

CONVENTIONS
NATIONAL POLITICAL

1864..................
REOONSTRUCTION OF STATES........... 317

403
The National Union Convention and I

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