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, every consideration of honor and in-, been perverted to her injury, and as the terest demands that Virginia shall unite lier Crittenden propositions as a basis of adjustdestinies with her sister slaveholding States. ment had been rejected by their Northern Also that no reconstruction of the Union confederates, therefore every consideration can be permanent or satisfactory, which will of duty, interest, honor and patriotism renot secure to each section self-protecting quires that Virginia should declare her conpower against any invasion of the Federal nection with the Government to be dissolved. Union upon the reserved rights of either. 5th. The thanks of the State were voted (See Hunter's proposition of adjustment.) to Hon. John J. Crittenden, by yeas 107,

21st. Replied to Commissioners Hopkins nays 16, for his efforts to bring about an and Gilmer, expressing inability to make a honorable adjustment of the national diffi. definite response until after the meeting of culties. Mr. Harvie of Amelia offered a the State Convention.

resolution, requesting Legislature to make 22d. The Governor transmitted the res- needful appropriations to resist any attempt olutions of the Legislature of Ohio, with of the Federal authorities to hold, occupy unfavorable comment. His message was or possess the property and places claimed tabled by a small majority.

by the United States in any of the seceded 30th. The House of Delegates to-day States, or those that may withdraw or coltabled the resolutions of the Pennsylvania lect duties or imposts in the same. Legislature, but referred those of Tennessee 9th. Three reports were made from the to the Committee on Federal Relations. Committee on Federal Relations. The ma

February 20th. The resolutions of the jority proposed to submit to the other States Legislature of Michigan were returned with certain amendments to the Constitution, out comment.

awaiting the response of non-slaveholding 28th. Ex-President Tyler and James A. States before determining whether “she will Seddon, Commissioners to the Peace Con- resume the powers granted by her under the gress, presented their report, and denounced Constitution of the United States, and throw the recommendation of that body as a de herself upon her reserved rights; meanwhile lusion and a sham, and as an insult and an insisting that no coercion be attempted, the offense to the South.

Federal forts in seceded States be not re

inforced, duties be not collected, etc.," and Proceedings of Virginia Convention. proposing a Convention at Frankfort, Ken

February 4th. Election of delegates to tucky, the last Monday in May, of the States the Convention.

of Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, 13th. Convention met.

Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri and Arkan14th. Credentials of John S. Preston, sas. Henry A. Wise differed in details, and Commissioner from South Carolina, Fulton went further in the same direction. Messrs. Anderson from Mississippi, and Henry L. Lewis E. Harvie, Robert L. Montague and Benning from Georgia, were received. Samuel C. Williams recommended the im

18th. Commissioners from Mississippi mediate passage of an Ordinance of Secession. and Georgia heard; both pictured the dan- Mr. Barbour of Culpeper insisted upon the ger of Virginia remaining with the North ; immediate adoption by the non-slaveholding neither contemplated such an event as re- States of needed guarantees of safety, and union.

provided for the appointment of three Coin. 19th. The Commissioner from South missioners to confer with the Confederate Carolina was heard. He said his people authorities at Montgomery. believed the Union unnatural and monstrous,

19th. Committee on Federal Relations and declared that there was no human force reported proposed amendments to the Con-no sanctity of human touch,—that could stitution, which were the substitute of Mr. re-unite the people of the North with the Franklin of Pa, in “Peace Conference,”


of privileges and immunities. The seventh Same day the Commissioners adopted and
forbids the granting of the elective franchise ratified the Constitution of the Provisional
and right to hold office to persons of the Government of the “ Confederate” States of
African race. The eighth provides that America, this ordinance to cease to have
none of these amendments, nor the third legal effect if the people of Virginia voting
paragraph of the second section of the first upon the Ordinance of Secession should re-
article of the Constitution, nor the third ject it.*
paragraph of the second section of the fourth
article thereof, shall be amended or abolished
without the consent of all the States.

Lewis, Wm. McComas, James C. McGrew, James Mar 25th. The Committee of the Whole re- shall, 'Henry M. Masters, Samuel McD. Moore, Hugh M. fused (yeas 4, nays 116) to strike out the ton, George McC. Porter, Samuel Price, David Pugh, John majority report and insert Mr. Carlile's D. Sharp. Thomas Sitlington, Burwell Spurloeb, 'Alex. ** Peace Conference" substitute.

ander H. H, Stuart, Chapman J. Stuart, Geo. W. Sum

mers, Campbell Tarr, William White, William C. Wick. 26th. The Constitution of the "Confede- bam, Waitman T. Willey, Jobu Janney (President)–65. rate" States, proposed by Mr. Hall as a sub- Excused-Benjamin Wilson. stitute for the report of the committee, re-ent, as there is no tally opposite their names in the list

The following members appear not to have been presjected-yeas 9, nays 78.

from which we quote: 28th. The first and second resolutions Alfred Barbour, Robert E. Grant, Addison Hale, John R.

Kilby, Paul McNeil, John Q. Marr, Thomas Martin, Peter reported by the committee adopted.

Saunders, Sen.. April 6th. The ninth resolution of the ma- *Pending the vote on ratifying the Ordinance of Secesjority report came up. Mr. Bouldin offered sion, senator J. M. Mason published the following letter: an amendment striking out the whole, and

Winchester, Virginia, May 16, 1861, inserting a substitute declaring that the in- to the Editor of the Winchester Virginian:

The question has been frequently put to me, what podependence of the seceded States should be sition will Virginia occupy should the Ordinance of seacknowledged without delay, which was lost cession be rejected by the people at the approaching -yeas 68, nays 71.

election! And the frequency of the question may be an

excuse for giving publicity to the answer, 9th. Mr. Wise's substitute for the tenth The Ordinance of Secession withdrew the State of Vir resolution, to the effect that Virginia recog- ginia from the Union, with all the consequences resulting nizes the independence of the 'seceding the laws of the United States within the limits of this States, was adopted-yeas 128, nays 20. State, and absolved the citizens of Virginia from all obli.

April 17. Ordinance of Secession passed Gations of obedience to them. in seeret session-yeas 88, nays 55, one ex- people, the State of Virginia will remain in the Union, eused, and eight not voting.*

and the people of the State will remain bound by the Constitution of the United States, and obedience to the Gov. ernment and laws of the United States will be fully and

rightfully enforced against them. * The injunction of secrecy has never been removed It follows, of course, that in the war now carried on by from this Fote, but the tally was recently discovered the Government of the United States against the seceded am jag the papers of Lewis T. Kinser, Esq., deceased, States, Virginia must immediately change sides, and forter law partner of George W. Brent, delegate from under the orders of that Government turn her arms Alexandria, Va., and is as follows, as published in the against her southern sisters. Washiagtoo Star :

From this there can be no escape. As a member of the
TEA.-Wm. M. Ambler, Wm. B. Aston, Jas. Barbour, Uniod, all her resources of men and money will be at
Angas Blakey, George Blow, Jr., James Boisseau, once at the command of the Government of the Union.
Peter B. Boost, Wood Bouldin, Wm. W. Boyd, Thomas Again: for mutual defence, immediately after the Ordi.
Brasch, James C. Bruce, Fred. M. Cabell, John A. Camp- uance of Secession passed, a treaty or “military league"
bell, allen T. Caperton, William P. Cicil, John R. Cham- was formed by the convention, in the name of the people
bliss, Manilas Chapraan, Sam'l A. Coffman, Raphael M. of Virginia, with the “Confederate States" of the South,
Coon, James H. Cox, Richard H. Cox, John Crither, by which the latter were bound to march to the aid of
Harry Deskias, James B. Dorman, John Echols, Miers our State against the invasion of the Federal Government.

Fisber, Thos, S. Flournoy, Wm. W. Forbes, Napoleon And we have now in Virginia, at Harper's Ferry and at
B. French, Sam'ı M. Garland, H. L. Gillespie, Sam'l L. Norfolk, in face of the common foe, several thousand of
Graham, Pendall Gregory, Jr., Wm. L. Goggin, John the gallant sons of South Carolina, of Alabama, of Lou-
Goode, Jr., Thos. F. Goode, F. L. Hale, Cyras Hall, L. S. isiana, Georgia, and Mississippi, who hastened to fn181
Hall, Lewis E. Harvie, James P. Holcombe, Johu n. the covenant they made, and are ready and eager to lay
Bagbes, Eppa Hunton, Lewis D. Isbell, Marinaduke John- down their lives, side by side with our sons, in defence
Soa, Peter C. Johnston, Robert C. Kent, John J. Kindred, of the soil of Virginia.
James Lawson, Walter D. Leake, Wm. H. McFarland, If the Ordinance of Secession is rejected, not only will
Charles K. Mallory, Jas. B. Mallory, John L. Mayre, Sr., this military league" be annulled, but it will have been
Fleming B. Miller, Horatio G. Moffett, Robert L. Mon made a trap to inveigle our generous defenders into the
tague, Edward T. Morris, Jeremiah Morton William I

hands of thoir onomia

25th. A Convention was made between April 24th. Gov. Magoffin called an extra Commissioners of Virginia, chosen by the session of the Legislature. Convention, and A. H. Stephens, Commis- May 20th. Gov. Magoffin issued a neusioner for “Confederates,” stipulating that trality proclamation. Virginia until she became a member of the September 11th. The House of RepresenConfederacy should place her military force tatives by a vote of 71 to 26, adopted a reunder the direction of the President of the solution directing the Governor to issue “ Confederate"States; also turnover to“Con- a proclamation ordering the Confederate federate” States all her public property, naval troops to evacuate Kentucky soil. The stores, and munitions of war. Signed by Governor vetoed the resolution, which J. Tyler, W. B. Preston, S. McD. Moore, was afterwards passed over his veto, and Jas. P. Holcombe, Jas. C. Bruce, Lewis E. accordingly he issued the required proclaHarvie-for Virginia; and A. H. Stephens mation. for “Confederate" States.

October 29th. Southern Conference met at June 25th. Secession vote announced as Russellville. H. O. Burnett elected Chair. 128,884 for, and 32,134 against.

man, R. McKee Secretary, T. S. Bryan July. The Convention passed an ordinance Assistant Secretary. Remained in secret to the effect, that any citizen of Virginia session two days and then adjourned sine holding office under the Government of the die. A series of resolutions reported by United States after the 31st of July, 1861, G. W. Johnson were adopted. They recite should be forever banished from the State, the unconstitutional and oppressive acts of and be declared an alien enemy. Also that any the Legislature, proclaim revolution, provide citizen of Virginia, hereafter undertaking to for a Sovereignty Convention at Russellrepresent the State of Virginia in the Con- ville, on the 18th of November, recommend gress of the United States, should in addition the organization of county guards, to be to the above penalties be considered guilty placed in the service of and paid by the of treason and his property be liable to con- Confederate States Government; pledge refiscation. A provision was inserted ex-sistance to all Federal and State taxes, for empting from the penalties of the act all the prosecution of the war on the part of the officers of the United States outside of the United States; and appoint Robert McKee, United States, or of the Confederate States, John C. Breckinridge, Humphrey Maruntil after July 1st, 1862.

shall, Geo. W. Ewing, H. W. Bruce, Geo.

B. Hodge, Wm. Preston, Geo. W. Johnson, KENTUCKY.

Blanton Duncan, and P. B. Thompson to December 12th, 1860. Indiana militia offer carry out the resolutions. their services to quell servile insurrection. November 18th. Convention met and reGov. Magoffin declines accepting them. mained in session three days.

January 17th, 1861. Legislature convened. 20th. It passed a Declaration of Inde

22d. The House by a vote of 87 to 6 re- pendence and an Ordinance of Secession. solved to resist the invasion of the South at A Provisional Government consisting of a all hazards.

Governor, Legislative Council of ten, & 27th. Legislature adopted the Virginia Treasurer, and an Auditor were agreed resolutions requiring the Federal Govern- upon. Geo. W. Johnson was chosen Govment to protect Slavery in the Territories ernor. Legislative Council were: Willie B. and to guarantee the right of transit of slaves Machen, John W. Crockett, James P. Bates, through the Free States.

Jas. S. Chrisman, Phil. B. Thompson, J. February 2d. The Senate passed by a vote P. Burnside, H. W. Bruce, J. W. Moore, of 25 to 11, resolutions appealing to the E. M. Bruce, Geo. B. Hodge. Southern States to stop the revolution, protesting against Federal coercion and pro

MARYLAND. viding that the Legislature reassemble on November 27th, 1860. Gov. Hicks dethe 24th of April to hear the responses from clined to call a special session of the Legissister States, also in favor of making an ap- lature, in response to a request for such plication to call a National Convention for convening from Thomas G. Pratt, Sprigg proposing amendments to the Constitution Harwood, J. R. Franklin, N. H. Green, of the United States, also by a vote of 25 to Llewellyn Boyle, and J. Pinkney. 14 declared it inexpedient at this time to call December 19th. Gov. Hicks replied to A. a State Convention.

H. Handy, Commissioner from Mississippi, 5th. The House by a vote of 54 to 40 declining to accept the programme of Secespassed the above resolutions.

sion. March 22d. State Rights Convention as- 20th. Wm. H. Collins, Esq., of Baltimore, sembled. Adopted resolutions denouncing issued an address to the people, in favor of any attempt on the part of the Government the Union, and in March a second address. to collect revenue as coercion; and affirming 31st. The “Clipper" denied the existence that, in case of any such attempt, the of an organization in Maryland to prevent border States should make common cause the inauguration of President Lincoln. with the Southern Confederacy. They also A. H. Handy of Mississippi addressed recommended a border State Convention. citizens of Baltimore in favor of disunion.


January 30, 1861. Henry Winter Davis arrangements with the General Government issued an address in favor of the Union. are practicable, for the maintenance of the

3d. Numerous Union meetings in various peace and honor of the State and the parts of the State. Gov. Hicks issued an security of its inhabitants. The report was address to the people against secession. adopted, and Otho Scott, Robt. M. McLane,

llth. John C. Legrand in a letter to Hon. and Wm. J. Ross were appointed such ComReverdy Johnson replied to the Union speech missioners. of the latter.

Mr. Yellott in the Senate introduced a 14th. James Carroll, former Democratic bill to appoint a Board of Public Safety. candidate for Governor, announced his desire The powers given to the Board included the to go with the seceding States.

expenditure of the two millions of dollars 16th. Wm. A. Spencer, in letter to Wal- proposed by Mr. Brune for the defence of ter S. Cox, Esq., declared against the right the State, and the entire control of the miliof Secession but for a Convention.

tary, including the removal and appointment 16th. Marshal Kane, in a letter to Mayor of commissioned officers. It was ordered to Berrett, denied that any organization exists a second reading by a vote of 14 to 8. The to prevent the inauguration of President Board was to consist of Ezekiel F. Chambers, Lincoln, and said that the President elect Enoch Louis Lowe, John V. L. MacMahon, Fould need no armed escort in passing Thomas G. Pratt, Walter Mitchell, and through or sojourning within the limits of T mas Wina Gov. Hick

nade Baltimore and Maryland.

ex-officio a member of the Board. This 24th. Coleman Yellott declared for a measure was strongly pressed by the DisConvention

unionists for a long time, but they were 30th. Messrs. John B. Brooke, President finally compelled to give way, and the bill of the Senate, and E. G. Kilbourn, Speaker never passed. of the House of Delegates, asked the 6th. The Commissioners reported the Governor to convene the Legislature in re- result of their interview with the Presisponse to public meetings. Senator Ken- dent, and expressed the opinion that some nedy published his opinion that Maryland modification of the course of the General must go with Virginia.

Government towards Maryland ought to be February 18th. State Conference Conven- expected. ton held, and insisted upon a meeting of the ioth. The House of Delegates passed a Legislature. At a meeting in Howard Co., series of resolutions reported by the Comwhich Speaker E. G. Kilbourn addressed, a mittee on Federal Relations by a vote of 45 resolution was adopted that “immediate to 12. The resolutions declare that Marysteps ought to be taken for the establishment land protests against the war, and does of a Southern Confederacy, by consultation earnestly beseech and implore the President and co-operation with such other Southern of the United States to make peace with the and Slave States as may be ready therefor." “ Confederate" States; also, that “the State

April 21st. Gov. Hicks wrote to Gen. of Maryland desires the peaceful and imButler, advising that he do not land his mediate recognition of the independence of troops at Annapolis. Butler replied that he the Confederate States." Those who voted intended to land there and march thence to in the negative are Messrs. Medders, LawWashington. Gov. Hicks protested against son, Keene, Routzahn, Naill, Wilson of Har. this and also against his having taken forci- ford, Bayless, McCoy, Fiery, Stake, McCleary, ble possession of the Annapolis and Elkridge and Gorsuch. railroad.

13th. Both Houses adopted a resolu241h. A special election of ten delegates tion providing for a committee of eight to the Legislature took place at Baltimore. members, (four from each House) to visit The total vote cast in all the wards was the President of the United States and the 9,249. The total vote cast at the Presiden- President of the Southern Confederacy. tial election in November, 1860, was 30,148. The committee to visit President Davis were

26th. Legislature reassembled at Fred- instructed to convey the assurance that erick, Annapolis being occupied by Union Maryland sympathizes with the Confederate troops.

States, and that the people of Maryland are 29th. Gov. Hicks sent a message to enlisted with their whole hearts on the side the Legislature communicating to them the of reconciliation and peace. correspondence between himself and Gen. June 11th. Messrs. McKaig, Yellott and Butler and the Secretary of War relative to Harding, Commissioners to visit President the landing of troops at Annapolis. Davis, presented their report; accompanying

The House of Delegates voted against which is a letter from Jefferson Davis, exSecession. 53 to 13. Senate unanimously. pressing his gratification to hear that the

May 2d. The Committee on Federal Re- State of Maryland was in sympathy with lations, “in view of the seizure of the themselves, was enlisted on the side of peace railroads by the General Government and and reconciliation, and avowing his perfect the erection of fortifications,” presented willingness for a cessation of hostilities, and a resolutions appointing Cominissioners to the readiness to receive any proposition for peace President to ascertain whether any becoming from the United States Government.

20th. The House of Delegates, and sentatives requested, to retire from the halls June 22d, the Senate adopted resolutions of Congress. unqualifiedly protesting against the arrest 16th. An amendment to the fifth resolu. of Ross Winans and sundry other citizens tion of the majority report of the Committee of Maryland, as an "oppressive and tyran- on Federal Relations, asserting that Missouri nical assertion and exercise of military juris- would never countenance nor aid a seceding diction within the limits of Maryland, over State in making war upon the General Gov. the persons and property of her citizens, by ernment, nor provide men and money for the Government of the United States." the purpose of aiding the General Govern

ment to coerce a seceding State, was voted MISSOURI.

down. January 15th,1861. Senate passed Conven- 27th. The following resolution was passed tion Bill-yeas 31, nays 2. Passed House also. by a vote in the House of 62 against 42 :

February 28th. Convention met; motion Resolved, That it is inexpedient for the to go into secret session, defeated. A reso- General Assembly to take any steps for call. lution requiring members to take an oath ing a National Convention to propose amend. to support the Constitution of the United ments to the Constitution, as recommended States and the State of Missouri, was lost, by the State Convention. 65 against 30.

July 22d. The Convention reassembled. March 4th. Resolution passed, 64 yeas, 23d. Resolution passed, by a vote of 65 to 35 nays, appointing committee to notify Mr. 21, declaring the office of President, held by Glenn, Commissioner of Georgia, that the General Sterling Price at the last session of Convention was ready to hear any com- the Convention, vacant. A committee of munication from his State. Mr. Glenn was seven were appointed to report what action introduced, read Georgia's articles of se- they deem it advisable to take in the dislocession, and made a speech urging Missouri cated condition of the State. to join her.

25th. The committee presented their re5th. Resolutions were read, ordering that port. It alludes at length to the present the protest of St. Louis against coercion be unparalleled condition of things, the reckreduced to writing, and a copy sent to the less course of the recent Government, and President of the United States; also, reso-flight of the Governor and other State lutions were adopted informing. Commis- officers from the capital. It declares the sioner from Georgia that Missouri dissented offices of Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, from the position taken by that State, and and Secretary of State vacant, and provides refused to share the honors of secession with that their vacancies shall be filled by the her.

Convention, the officers so appointed to hold 6th. Resolutions were offered by several their positions till August, 1862, at which members and referred, calling a Convention time it provides for a special election by the of the Southern States which have not se-people. It repeals the ninth section of the ceded, to meet at Nashville, April 15th, sixth article of the Constitution, and proproviding for such amendments to the Con- vides that the Supreme Court of the State stitution of the United States as shall secure shall consist of seven members; and that to all the States equal rights in the Union, four members, in addition to the three now and declaring strongly against secession. comprising the Court, shall be appointed by

9th. The Committee on Federal Rela- the Governor chosen by this Convention to tions reported a series of resolutions, set- hold office till 1862, when the people shall ting forth that at present there is no ade-decide whether the change shall be permaquate cause to impel Missouri to leave nent. It abolishes the State Legislature, the Union, but that on the contrary she and ordains that in case, before the lst of will labor for such an adjustment of ex- August, 1862, the Governor chosen by this isting troubles as will secure peace and the Convention shall consider that the public

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