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Eleven months having now passed, we are per-| full. But why tender the benefits of this promitted to take another view. The rebel borders vision only to a State government set up in are pressed still further back, and by the com- this particular way? This section of the Conplete opening of the Mississippi the country stitution contemplates a case wherein the eledominated by the rebellion is divided into dis- ment within a State, favorable to republican tinct parts, with no practical communication government, in the Union, may be too feeble between them. Tennessee and Arkansas have for an opposite and hostile element external to been substantially cleared of insurgent control, or even within the State ; and such are preand influential citizens in each, owners of slaves cisely the cases with which we are now dealing. and advocates of slavery at the beginning of the An attempt to guaranty and protect a rerebellion, now declare openly for emancipation vived State government, constructed in whole, in their respective States. Of those States not or in preponderating part, from the very element included in the emancipation proclamation, against whose hostility and violence it is to be Maryland and Missouri, neither of which three protected, is simply absurd. There must be a years ago would tolerate any restraint upon the test by which to separate the opposing elements extension of slavery into new territories, only so as to build only from the sound; and that dispute now as to the best mode of removing it test is a sufficiently liberal one which accepts within their own limits.

as sound whoever will make & sworn recanta. Of those who were slaves at the beginning tion of his former unsoundness. of the rebellion, full one hundred thousand are But if it be proper to require, as a test of now in the United States military sorvice, about admission to the political body, an oath of alone half of which number actually bear arms legiance to the Constitution of the United States, oin the ranks; thus giving the double advantage and to the Union under it, why also to the laws of taking so much labor from the insurgent and proclamations in regard to slavery? Those cause, and supplying the places which other. laws and proclamations were enacted and put wise must be filled with so many white men. forth for the purpose of aiding in the suppres. So far as tested, it is difficult to say they are sion of the rebellion. To give them their fullest not as good soldiers as any. No servile insur- effect, there had to be a pledge for their mainrection, or tendency to violence or cruelty, has tenance. In my judgment they have aided, marked the measures of emancipation and arm and will further aid, the cause for which they ing the blacks. These measures have been were intended. To now abandon them would much discussed in foreign countries, and con- be not only to relinquish a lever of power, but temporary with such discussion the tone of would also be a cruel and an astounding breach public sentiment there is much improved. . At of faith. I may add at this point, that while I home the same measures have been fully dis- remain in my present position I shall not atcussed, supported, criticised, and denounced, tempt to retract or modify the emancipation and the annual elections following are highly proclamation; nor shall I return to slavery any encouraging to those whose official duty it is person who is free by the terms of that proclato bear the country through this great trial.. mation, or by any of the acts of Congress. Thus we have the new reckoning. The crisis For these and other reasons it is thought best which threatened to divide the friends of the that support of these measures shall be incloUnion is past.

ded in the oath; and it is believed the ExecuLooking now to the present and future, and tive may lawfully claim it in return for pardon with reference to a resumption of the national and restoration of forfeited rights, which he authority within the States wherein that has clear constitutional power to withhold altoauthority has been suspended, I have thought gether, or grant upon the terms which he shall fit to issue a proclamation, a copy of which is deem wisest for the public interest It should herewith transmitted. On examination of this be observed, also, that this part of the oath is proclamation it will appear, as is believed, that subject to the modifying and abrogating power nothing will be attempted beyond what is of legislation and supreme judicial decision. amply justified by the Constitution. True, the The proposed acquiescence of the national form of an oath is given, but no man is coerced Executive in any reasonable temporary State to take it. The man is only promised a pardon arrangement for the freed people is made with in case he voluntarily takes the oath. The the view of possibly modifying the confusion Constitution authorizes the Executive to grant and destitution wbich must at best, attend all or withbold the pardon at his own absolute classes by a total revolution of labor throughdiscretion; and this includes the power to grant out whole States. It is hoped that the already on terms, as is fully established by judicial and deeply afflicted people in those States may be other authorities.

somewhat more ready to give up the cause of It is also proffered that if, in any of the their affliction, if, to this extent, this vital mat. States named, a State government shall be, in ter be left to themselves; while no power of the mode prescribed, set up, such government the national Executive to prevent an abuse is shall be recognized and guarantied by the abridged by the proposition. United States, and that under it the State The suggestion in the proclamation as to shall, on constitutional conditions, be protected maintaining the political frame-work of the against invasion and domestic violence. The States on what is called reconstruction, is constitutional obligation of the United States made in the hope that it may do good without to guaranty to every State in the Union a re- danger of harm. It will save labor, and avoid publican form of government, and to protect great confusion. the State, in the cases stated, is explicit and But why any proclamation now upon the noject? This question is beset with the conflict- | any time thereafter, þy proclamation, to extend to persona ing views that the step might be delayed too

who may have participated in the existing rebellion, in any

State or part thereof, pardon and amnesty, with such excep long or be 'aken too soon. In some States the tions and at such times and on such conditions as he may elements for resumption seem rendy for action, deem expedient for the public welfare; and whereas the con but remain inactive, apparently for want of a gressional declaration for limited and conditional pardon ac

cords with well established judicial exposition of the pardonrallying point-a plan of action. Why shall A ing power; and whereas, with reference to said rebellion, the adopt the plan of B, rather than B that of A? President of the United States has issued several proclamar And if A and B ebould agree, how can they and whereas it is now desired by some persons heretoforo know but that the General Government here engaged in said rebellion to resume their allegiance to the will reject their plan? By the proclamation a

United States, and to reinaugurate loyal State governments

within and for their respective States: plan is presented which may be accepted by

Therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the United them as a rallying point, and which they are states, do proclaim, declare, and make known to all persons assured in advance will not be rejected here. who have directly, or by implication, participated in the ex: This may bring them to act sooner than they pardon is hereby granted to them and each of them, with otherwise would.

restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves, and The objection to a premature presentation of in property cases where rights of third parties shall have in

tervened, and upon the condition that every such person a plan by the national Executive consists in the shall take and subscribe an oath, and thenceforward keep danger of committals on points which could be and maintain said oath inviolate; and which oath shall be more safely left to further developments. Care registered for permanent preservation, and shall be of the

tenor and effect following, to wit: has been taken to so sbape the document as to


do solemnly swear, in presence of Al sroid embarrassments from this source. Say. mighty God, that I will honceforth faithfully support, proing that, on certain terms, certain classes will tect, and defend the Constitution of the United States, and

the union of the States thereunder; and that I will, in liko be pardoned, with rights restored, it is not said manner, abide by and faithfully support all acts of Congress that other classes, or other terms, will never be passed during the existing rebellion with reference to included. Saying that reconstruction will be slaves, so long and so far as not repealed, modified, or held

void by Congress, or by decision of the Supreme Court; and accepted if presented in a specified way, it is that I will, in like manner, abide by and faithfully support tot said it will never be accepted in any other all proclamations of the President made during the existing way.

rebellion having reference to slaves, so long and so far as

not modified or declared void by decision of the Supremo The movements, by State action, for emanci- Court. So help me God.” pation in several of the States, not included in The persons excepted from the benefits of the foregoing the emancipation proclamation, are matters of provisions are all who are, or shall have been,

civil or diplo profound gratulation. And while I do not re- ment; all who have left judicial stations under the United peat in detail what I have heretofore so earn- States to aid the rebellion; all who are, or shall have been, estly urged upon this subject, my general views ernment above the rank of colonel in the Army, or of lieu

military or naval officers of said so-called Confederate Govand feelings remain unchanged; and I trust tenant in the Navy; all who left seats in the United States that Congress will omit no fair opportunity of Congress to aid the rebellion; all who resigned commissions aiding these important steps to a great consum

in the Army or Navy of the United States, and afterwards mation.

aided the rebellion; and all who have engaged in any way

in treating colored persons, or white persons in charge of In the midst of other cares, however import- such, otherwise than lawfully as prisoners of war, and which ant, we must not lose sight of the fact that the persons may have been found in the United States service

as soldiers, scamen, or in any other capacity. var power is still our main reliance. To that

And I do further proclaim, declare, and make known that power alone we can look, yet for a time, to give whenever in any of the States of Arkansas, Texas, Louisiconfidence to the people in the contested re- Florida, South Carolina, and North Carolina, a number of gions, that the insurgent power will not again persons, not less than one tenth in number of the votes cast overrun them. Until that confidence shall be in such State at the presidential election of the year of our established, little can be done anywhere for taken the oath aforesaid and not having since violated it,

Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty, each having what is called reconstruction. Hence our chief- and being a qualified voter by the election law of the Stató est care must still be directed to the army and existing immediately before the so-called act of secession, Dary, who have thus far borne their hærder ment which shall be republican, and in nowise contravening part so nobly and well. And it may be esteemed said oath, such shall be recognized as the true government fortunate that in giving the greatest efficiency of the State, and the State shall receive thereunder the to these indispensable arms, we do also honor- the United States shall guaranty to every State in this ably recognize the gallant men, from command- Union a republican form of government, and shall protect er to sentinel, who compose them, and to whom, each of them against invasion;

and, on application of the more than to others, the world must stand in not be convened.) aguinst domestic violence."

Legislature, or the Executive, (when the Legislature candebted for the home of freedom disenthralled, And I do further proclaim, declare, and make known regenerated, enlarged, and perpetuated.

that any provision which may be adopted by such Stato ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

government in relation to the freed people of such State,

which shall recognize and declare their permanent free December 8, 1863.

dom, provide for their education, and which may yet be consistent, as a temporary arrangement, with their present

condition as a laboring, landless, and homeless class, will PROCLAMATION OF AMNESTY.

not be objected to by the national Executive. And it is Whereas, in and by the Constitution of the United States, suggested as not improper, that, in constructing a loyal it is provided that the President “shall have power to grant State government in any State, tiie name of the State, the repriever and pardons for offenses against the United States, boundary, the subdivisions, the constitution, and the genexcept in cases of impeachment;" and whereas a rebellion eral code of laws, as before the rebellion, be maintained, now exists whereby the loyal State governments of several subject only to the modifications mado necessary by tho States have for a long time been subverted, and many per- conditions hereinbefore stated, and such others, if any, sous have committed and are now guilty of treason against not contravening said conditions, and which may be the United States; and whereas, with reference to said rebel- deemed expedient by those framing the new State govern lan and treason, laws have been enacted by Congress de ment. caring forfeitures and confiscation of property and liberation To avoid misunderstanding, it may be proper to say that of slavas, all upon terms and conditions therein stated, and this proclamation, so far as it relates to State governments, also declaring that the President was thereby

authorized at has no reference to States wherein loyal State governments have all the while been maintained. And for the same to slaves and where rights of third parties have intervened, reason, it may be proper to further say, that whether which that proclamation offers and secures. members sent to Congress from any State shall be ad- The President's pardon of a person guilty of acts of rebelmitted to seats constitutionally, rests exclusively with the lion will of course relieve that person from the penalties respective Houses, and not to any extent with the Execu- incurred by his crime, and, where an indictment is pending tive. And still further, that this proclamation is intended against him therefor, the production of the pardon signed to present the people of the States wherein the national by the President, or of satisfactory evidence that he has authority has been suspended, and loyal State governments complied with the conditions on which the pardon is offered, have been subverted, a mode in and by which the national (if he bo not of the class excepted from the benefits of the and loyal State governments may be re-established within proclamation,) will be a sufficient reason for discontinuing said States, or in any of them; and, while the mode pre- such criminal proceedings, and discharging him from cus sented is the best the Executive can suggest, with his pres- tody therein. ent impressions, it must not be understood that no other Nor is it less doubtful that a bona fide acceptance of the possible mode would be acceptable.

terms of the President's Proclamation, by persons guilty of Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the acts of rebellion, and not of the excepted class, will secure eighth day of December, A. D. one thousand eight hun- to such persons à restoration of all the rights of property, dred and sixty-three, and of the independence of the except as to slaves and where the rights of third parties United States of America the eighty-eighth.

shall have intervened, notwithstanding such property may,

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. by reason of those acts of rebellion, have been subject to By the President:

confiscation under the provisions of the Confiscation act of WILLIAM H. ŞEWARD, Secretary of State. of 6th August, 1861, chap. 60, and 17th July, 1862, chap.

195. For, without adverting to any other source of power AMNESTY DEFINED.

in the President to restore or protect their rights of prop

erty, the 13th section of the act of 17th of July, 1802, auBy the President of the United States-A Proclamation. thorizes the President at any time thereafter, by proclalux

Whereas it has become necessary to define the cases in tion, to extend to persons who may have participated in the which insurgent enemies are entitled to the benefits of the existing rebellion in any State or part thereof, pardon and Proclamation of the President of the United States, which amnesty, with such exceptions, and at such time and on was made on the 8th day of December, 1863, and the manner such conditions, as he may deem expedient for the public in which they shall proceed to avail themselves of those ben- welfare. It will hardly bó questioned, I suppose, that the efits; and whereas the objects of that proclamation were to purpose of this section, inserted in a law mainly intended suppress the insurrection, and to restore the authority of the to reach the property of persons engaged in rebellion, was United States: and whereas the amnesty therein provided to vest the President with power to relieve such persons, on by the President was offered with reference to these objects such conditions as he should prescribe, from the penalty of alone:

loss of their property by confiscation. Although the proNow, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the ceedings for confiscation under the acts of Aug. 6, 1861, and United States, do hereby proclaim and declare that the said July 17, 1862, are in rem, against the property seized, yet, proclamation does not apply to the cases of persons who, at under both acts, the ground of condemnation is the per the time when they seek to obtain the benefits thereof by sonal guilt of the owner in aiding the rebellion. By this taking the oath thereby prescribed, are in military, naval, or pardon and amnesty, not only is the punishment of that civil confinement or custody, or under bonds or on parole of personal guilt remitted, but the offence itself is effaced, the civil, military, or naval authorities, or agents of the United that being the special effect of an act of amnesty by the States as prisoners of war, or persons detained for offences Government. Of course it arrests and puts an end to all of any kind, either before or after conviction; and that, on penal proceedings founded thereon, whether they touch the contrary, it does apply only to persons who, being yet the persons or the property of the offender. at large and free from any arrest, confinement, or duress, There is, therefore, no case of judicial proceedings to et shall voluntarily come forward and take the said oath with force the penalties of acts of rebellion which cannot be the purpose of restoring peace and establishing the national reached and cured by the constitutional or statutory power authority.

of the President to grant pardon and amnesty, whether Prisoners excluded from the amnesty offered in the said those proceedings be against the person of the offender by proclamation may apply to the President for clemency, like criminal indictment or against his property under the conall other offenders, and their application will receivo due fiscation acts referred to. consideration.

The President has accordingly directed me to instruct you I do further declare and proclaim that the oath prescribed that, in any case where proceedings have been commenced in the aforesaid proclamation of the Sth of December, 1863, and are pending and undetermined in the District or Circuit may be taken and subscribed to before any commissioned Court of the United States for your district against a persos officer, civil, military, or naval, in the service of the United charged with acts of rebellion, and not of the excepted class, States, or any civil or military officer of a State or Territory, whether they be by indictment or by seizure and sibel of bis not in insurrection, who by the law thereof may be quali- property for confiscation, (the rights of other parties not fied for administering oaths.

having intervened,) you will discontinue and put an end to All officers who receive such oaths are hereby authorized those proceedings, whenever the person so charged stall to give certificates thereon to the persons respectively by produce evidence satisfactory to you that he has, in good whom they are made. And such officers are hereby required faith, taken the oath and complied with the conditions preo to transmit the original records of such oaths at as early a scribed by the President's proclamation of the 8th December, day as may be convenient to the Department of State, where 1863, Nor is it necessary that the evidence which he pro they will be deposited and remain in the archives of the duces should be a deed of pardon signed by the President. Government.

It would be quito impossible for the President to furnich The Secretary of State will keep a register thereof, and the multitudes who are now availing themselves of the bette will, on application in proper cases, issue certificates of such fits of the Proclamation, and who are likely to do so here records in the customary form of such certificates.

after, with his formal evidence of pardon. It will be sut

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are always efficient instruments and legitimate effects of Done at the city of Washington, this 27th day of April, in politie wur.

the year of our Lord 1861, and of the independence of the Eut although the remission of forfeitures ander the act of United States the eighty-fifth. July, 1861, are tbus not within the scope of the Proclamation

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. of pardon, still amplo power is conferred on the Secretary of By the President: the Treasury by the eighth section of that act to mitigato or WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. Temit all forfeitures and penalties incurred under the act. And it is not to be doubted that in all proper cases under 1862, May 12–The PRESIDENT issued a proclamation that act, where the owner of the property, residing in the opening the ports of Beaufort, Port Royal, and New Orleans. territory in rebellion, complies with the conditions of the Proclamation, the Secretary of the Treasury will exer- 1863, September 24—The PRESIDENT issued a proclamacise the power of remission of such forfeitures in the same tion opening the port of Alexandria, Virginia. Epirit of generous forbearance and liberality which inspired and characterizes the Proclamation.

1864, February 18— The PRESIDENT issued a proclamation Very respectfully, &c., TITIAN J. COFFEY,

opening the port of Brownsville, Texas. Acting Attorney General. To United States District Attorney at

1864, November 19—Norfolk, Fernandina, and Pensacola

opened after December 1. Other Proclamations of the Presi- COMMERCIAL INTERCOURSE WITH THE REBELLIOUS dent.


Whereas, on the 15th day of April, 1861, the President of

the United States, in view of an insurrection against the laws, Whereas an insurrection against the Government of the Constitution, and Government of the United States, which United States has broken out in the States of South Caro- had broken out within the States of South Carolina, Georgia, lins, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, and in Ters, and the laws of the United States for the collection

pursuance of the provisions of the act entitled “An act to of the revenue cannot be effectually executed therein con- 1 provido for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of formatly to that provision of the Constitution which re

the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions, and quires duties to be uniform throughout the United States: to repeal the act now in force for that purpose,” approved

And whereas a combination of persons engaged in such February 28, 1795, did call forth the militin to suppress said insurrection have threatened to grant pretended letters of insurrection and to cause the laws of the Union to be duly marque to authorize the bearers thereof to commit assaults executed, and the insurgents have failed to disperse by the on the lives, Vessels, and property of good citizens of the time directed by the President; and whereas such insurrecgantry lawfully engaged in commerce on the high seas, tion has since broken out and yet exists within the States of and in waters of the United States:

Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas; and And whereas an executive proclamation has been already whereas the insurgents in all the said States claim to act ismer', requiring the persons engaged in these disorderly under thonuthority thereof, and such claim is not disclaimed needings to desist therefrom, calling out a militia force

or repudiated by the persons exercising the functions of govfx the purpose of repressing the same, and convening Con- ernment in such State or States, or in the part or parts Frees in extraordinary session to deliberato and determine thereof, in which such combinations exist, nor has such tbereda:

insurrection been suppressed by said States: No, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the

Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the Coited States, with a view to the same purposes before men- United States, in pursuance of the act of Congress approved tions, and to the protection of the public peace, and the July 13, 1861, do hereby declare that the inhabitants of the Eres and property of quiet and orderly citizens pursuing said States of Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, North Caro their lawful occupations, until Congress shall have assem-lina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, MisMed and deliberated on the said unlawful proceedings, or sissippi, and Florida, (except the inhabitants of that part of antü the same shall have ceased, have further deemed it the State of Virginia lying west of the Alleghany Mounadriable to set on foot a blockade of the ports within the tains, and of such other parts of that State and the other Etatea aforesaid, in pursuance of the laws of the United States hereinbefore named as may maintain a loyal adhe States and of the law of nations in such case provided.sion to the Union and the Constitution, or may be from For this purpose a competent force will be posted so as to time to time occupied and controlled by the forces of the prevent entrance and exit of vessels from the ports afore- United States engaged in the dispersion of said insurgents) said. If, therefore, with a view to violate such blockade, a are in a state of insurrection against the United States, and Tessel shall approach, or shall attempt to leave either of the that all commercial intercourse between the same and the said porta, she will be duly warned by the commander of inhabitants thereof, with the exceptions aforesaid, and the Ge of the lockading vessels, who will indorse on her re- citizens of other States and other parts of the United States, gister the fact and date of such warning; and if the same is unlawful and will remain unlawful until such insurrecFonsel shall again attempt to enter or leave the blockaded

tion shall ceaso or has been suppressed; that all goods and port, she will be captured and sent to the nearest conveni- chattels, wares and merchandise, coming from any of sald ent port, for ench proceedings against her and her cargo as States, with the exceptions aforesaid, into other parts of the frize as may be deemed advisable. And I berely proclaim and declare that if any person, un- the President, through the secretary of the Treasury, or pro

United States, without the special license and permission of der the pretendent authority of the said States, or under any ceeding to any of said States, with the exceptions aforesaid, other pretence, shall molest a vessel of tho United States, or by land or water, together with the vessel or vehicle conthe LANDI Or cargo on board of her, such person will be held veying the same or conveying persons to or from tho said amenable to the laws of the United States for the prevention States, with said exceptions, will be forfeited to the United od punishment of piracy. ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

States; and that, froth and after fifteen days from the issuBy the President:

ing of this proclamation, all ships and vessels belonging, in Flux H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.

whole or in part, to any citizen or inhabitant of any of WASHINGTOX, April 19, 1861.

said States, with said exceptions, found at sea or in any OF VIRGINIA AND NORTH CAROLINA. port of the United States, will be forfeited to the United

States; and I hereby enjoin upon all district attorneys, On the 27th of April, the following additional marshals, and officers of the revenue and of the military and proclamation, extending the blockade, was is- naval forces of the United States, to be vigilant in the exegoed:

cution of said act, and in the enforcement of the penal

ties and forfeitures imposed or declared by it; leaving any Whereas, for the reasons assigned in my proclamation of party who may think himself aggrioved thereby to his apthe 19th instant, a blockade of the ports of the States of plication to the Secretary of the Treasury for the remission Sath Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Missis- of any penalty or forfeiture, which

the said Secretary is sippi and Tewas, was ordered to be established: and whereas, authorized by law to grant, if, in his judgment, tho special etce that date, public property of the United States has been circumstances of any case shall require such remission. Fázal, the collection of the revenue obstructed, and duly In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and commission officers of the United States, while engaged in caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Ezecuting the orders of their superiors, have been arrested Dono at the city of Washington, this sixteenth day of Auand held in custody

as prisoners, or have been impoded in gust, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred the discharge of their official duties, without due legal pro- and sixty-one, and of the independence of the United States

by persona claiming to act under authority of the States of America the eighty-sixth. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Virginia and North Carolina: An efficient blockade of the By the President: parts of those states will also be established.

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

1863, April 2–The PRESIDENT issued a proc

lamation modifying the above, and reciting his Chandler, Collamer, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, reasons therefor:

Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, Harris, Howe, John

son of Tennergee, King, Lane of Indiana, Lano of Kansas,
And whereas experience has shown that the exceptions Latham, McDougall, Morrill, Rice, Sherman, Simmons
made in and by said proclamation embarrass the due en- Sumner, Ten Eyck, 'Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson
forcement of said act of July 13, 1861, and the proper regu- 33.
lation of the commercial intercourse authorized by said act NAYS---Messrs. Breckinridge, Kennedy, Polk, Powell
with the loyal citizens of said States :

Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the
United States, do hereby revoke the said exceptions, and

In House, the motion to strike from the bill declare that the inhabitants of the States of Georgia,

South the ratifying section, was lost-yeas 19, nays
Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, 74; as follows;
Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, and Virginia, (except
the forty-eight counties of Virginia designated as West Vir-

YEAs—Messrs. Allen, Ancona, George H. Browne, Chile ginia, and except,

also, the ports of New Orleans, Key West, vert, Cox, Crisfield, Jackson, Johnson, May, Noble, Pendleton, Port Royal, and Beaufort, in North Carolina,) are in a state James S. Rollins, Shiel, Smith, Vallandigham, voorheen, of insurrection against the United States, and that all com

Wadsworth, Ward, Webster-19. mercial intercourse, not licensed and conducted as provided

NAYS-Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Arnold, Ashley, Gold. in said act, between the said States and tho inhabitants smith F. Bailey, Baxter, Beaman, Francis P. Blair, Samuel thereuf, with the exceptions aforesaid, and the citizens of S. Blair, Blake, Buffinton, Cobb, Colfax, Frederick A other States and other parts of the United States, is unlaw. Colikling, Conway, Covode, Diven, Duell, Dunn, Edwards, ful, and will remain unlawful until such insurrection shall Eliot, Fenton, Fessenden, Frank, Goodwin,"Granger, Gur cease or has been suppressed, and notice thereof has been ley, Haight, IIalo, Hanchett, Harrison, Horton, Hutchins, duly given by proclamation; and all cotton, tobacco, and Julian, Kelley, Francis

W. Kellogg, William Kellogs, Lap. other products, and all other goods and chattels, wares, and sing, Leary, Loomis. Lovejoy, McKoan, McKnight, Momerchandise coming from any of said States, with the ex- Pherson,

Mitchell, Moor bead, anson P. Morrill, Justin S. ceptions aforesaid, into other parts of the United States, or

Morrill, Olin, Pike, Porter, Alexander H. Rice, John El proceeding to any of said States, with the exceptions afore- Rice, Riddle, Edward H. Rollins, Sedgwick, Shanks, said, without the license and permission of the President, Sheffield, Shellabarger, Sherman, Stevons, Benjamin F. through the Secretary of the Treasury, will, together with Thomas,

Francis Thomas, Train, Trowbridge, Van Horn, the vessel or vehicle conveying the same, be forfeited to the Verree, Wall, Charles W. Walton, E. P. Walton, Albert & United States.


The bill then passed without a division. Whereas, in and by the second section of an act of Congress passed on the 7th day of June, A. D. 1862, entitled

African Slave Trade. An act for the collection of direct taxes in insurrectionary districts within the United States, and for other purposes,

1862, April 7-A treaty was made between it is made the duty of the President to declare, on or before William H. Seward and Lord Lyons for the the Ist day of July then next following, by his proclamation, suppression of the African Slave Trade, which

Now, therefore, be it known that I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, was ratified by the Senate, and announced by
President of the United States of America, do hereby declare proclamation of the President, June 7, 1862,
and proclaim that the States of South Carolina, Florida, Article 1 of which is as follows:
Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas,
Tennessee, North Carolina, and the state of Virginia, except those ships of their respective navies which shall be pro

The two high contracting parties mutually consent tomt Wetzel, Marion, Monongalia, Preston, Taylor, Pleasants, vided with special instructions for that purpose, as herein Tyler, Ritchie, Doddridge, Harrison, Wood, Jackson, Wirt, after mentioned, may visit snch merchant vessels of the Roane, Calhoun, Gilmer, Barbour, Tucker, Lewis, Braxton, two nations as may, upon reasonable grounds, be suspected Upshur, Randolph, Mason, Putnam, Kanawha, Clay, Nicho- of being engaged in the African slave trade, or of having las, Cabell, Wayne, Boone, Logan, Wyoming, Webster, Fay- been fitted out for that purpose; or of having, during the ette, and Raleigh, are now in insurrection and rebellion, and voyage on which they are met by the said cruisers, been by reason thereof the civil authority of the United States is engaged in the African slave trade, contrary to the proriobstructed so that the provisions of the “Act to provide in- sion of this treaty; and that such cruisers may detain, and creased revenue from imports, to pay the interest on the send or carry away, such vessels, in order that

they may public debt, and for other purposes," approved August 6, be brought to trial in the manner hereinafter agreed upon 1861, cannot be peaceably executed, and that the taxes le

In order to fix the rociprocal right of search in such a gally chargeablo upon real estate under the act last aforo- manner as shall bo adapted to the attainment of the object said, lying within the States and parts of States as aforesaid, of this treaty, and at the same time avoid doubts, disputes together with a penalty of fifty per centum of said taxes, and complaints, the said rightof

search shall be understo shall be a lien upon the tracts or lots of the same, severally in the manner and according to the rules following: charged, till paid.

First. It shall never be exercised except by vessels In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and war, authorized expressly for that object, according to te caused the seal of tho United States to be affixed.

stipulations of this treaty. Done at the city of Washington, this 1st day of July, in the

Sicondly. The right of search shall in no case be exercis year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, with respect to a vessel of the navy of either of

the t and of the independence of the United States of America the Powers, but shall be exercised only as regards merch eighty-sixth.


vessels; and it shall not be exercised by a vessel of war By the President:

either contracting party within the limits of a settlem F. W. SEWARD, Acting Secretary of State.

or port, nor within the territorial waters of the ot

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