The Causes of the Civil War: The Political, Cultural, Economic and Territorial Disputes between North and South
While South Carolina's preemptive strike on Fort Sumter and Lincoln's subsequent call to arms started the Civil War, South Carolina's secession and Lincoln's military actions were simply the last in a chain of events stretching as far back as the early 1750s. Increasing moral conflicts and political debates over slavery--exacerbated by the inequities inherent between an established agricultural society and a growing industrial one--led to a fierce sectionalism which manifested itself through cultural, economic, political and territorial disputes. This historical study reduces sectionalism to its most fundamental form, examining the underlying source of this antagonistic climate. From protective tariffs to the expansionist agenda, it illustrates the ways in which the foremost issues of the time influenced relations between the North and the South.
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Old Hickory Comes to Washington 1829 to 1832
The Bank War and Southern Nullification 1832 to 1834
The Turbulent Years 1834 to 1836
The Panic and SubTreasuries 1837 to 1840
John Tyler and Texas Too 1840 to 1845
Sectional Politics 1850 to 1853
Filibusters 1849 to 1860
The KansasNebraska Act 1852 to 1854
Political Realignment 1854 to 1856
The Fight for Kansas 1854 to 1858
From Brown to Lincoln 1856 to 1860
The End of the Road 1860 to 1861
The Expansionist Agenda 1845 to 1846
Territorial Sectionalism 1846 to 1847
A Time to Compromise 1847 to 1850
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abolitionism abolitionist Adams administration American annexation anti-slavery Bank began beneﬁt bill Brown Buchanan Buren Calhoun called campaign candidate Clay Clay’s Compromise Congress congressional Constitution convention debate delegates Despite di›erent Douglas e›ect e›orts economic election expansionist federal ﬁght ﬁlibusters ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnancial ﬁrst ﬁve force Fort Sumter free-soil free-state Frémont Fugitive Slave Act funds gain Indians inﬂuence internal improvements issue Jackson Je›erson Kansas Kansas-Nebraska Act land legislature Lincoln ment Mexican Mexico million Missouri Missouri Compromise nomination North northern Whigs nulliﬁcation o›ered o‡ce o‡cials Paciﬁc political Polk Polk’s popular sovereignty president presidential proposal proslavery protective tari›s railroad reﬂected Republican secede secession secretary sectional conﬂicts Senate signiﬁcant slaveholders slavery South Carolina southern Specie Circular speciﬁcally statehood tari Taylor territories Texas threat tion Treasury treaty troops Tyler Union United veto vote voters Walker Washington Webster Whig Party White House Wilmot Proviso York
Page 240 - Measures, is hereby declared inoperative and void ; it being the true intent and meaning of this act not to legislate Slavery into any Territory or State, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to leave the people thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their domestic institutions in their own way, subject only to the Constitution of the United States...
Page 11 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; Provided, always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Page 271 - The Constitution of the United States of America.' "We the People of the State of South Carolina, in convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained "That the Ordinance adopted by us in Convention, on the twentythird day of May, in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America...
Page 84 - I consider, then, the power to annul a law of the United States, assumed by one state, incompatible with the existence of the Union, contradicted expressly by the letter of the constitution, unauthorized by its spirit, inconsistent with every principle on which it was founded, and destructive of the great object for which it was formed.
Page 80 - The opinion of the judges has no more authority over congress than the opinion of congress has over the judges, and on that point the president is independent of both.