The Causes of the Civil War: The Political, Cultural, Economic and Territorial Disputes between North and South
While South Carolina's preemptive strike on Fort Sumter and Lincoln's subsequent call to arms started the Civil War, South Carolina's secession and Lincoln's military actions were simply the last in a chain of events stretching as far back as the early 1750s. Increasing moral conflicts and political debates over slavery--exacerbated by the inequities inherent between an established agricultural society and a growing industrial one--led to a fierce sectionalism which manifested itself through cultural, economic, political and territorial disputes. This historical study reduces sectionalism to its most fundamental form, examining the underlying source of this antagonistic climate. From protective tariffs to the expansionist agenda, it illustrates the ways in which the foremost issues of the time influenced relations between the North and the South.
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Economic Protectionism 1815 to 1828
Old Hickory Comes to Washington 1829 to 1832
The Bank War and Southern Nullification 1832 to 1834
The Turbulent Years 1834 to 1836
The Panic and SubTreasuries 1837 to 1840
John Tyler and Texas Too 1840 to 1845
Sectional Politics 1850 to 1853
Filibusters 1849 to 1860
The KansasNebraska Act 1852 to 1854
Political Realignment 1854 to 1856
The Fight for Kansas 1854 to 1858
From Brown to Lincoln 1856 to 1860
The End of the Road 1860 to 1861
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abolitionism abolitionist Adams administration American annexation anti-slavery Bank began beneﬁt bill Brown Buchanan Buren Calhoun called campaign candidate Clay Clay’s Compromise Congress congressional Constitution convention debate delegates Despite di›erent Douglas e›ect e›orts economic election expansionist federal ﬁght ﬁlibusters ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnancial ﬁrst ﬁve force Fort Sumter free-soil free-state Frémont Fugitive Slave Act funds gain Indians inﬂuence internal improvements issue Jackson Je›erson Kansas Kansas-Nebraska Act land legislature Lincoln ment Mexican Mexico million Missouri Missouri Compromise nomination North northern Whigs nulliﬁcation o›ered o‡ce o‡cials Paciﬁc political Polk Polk’s popular sovereignty president presidential proposal proslavery protective tari›s railroad reﬂected Republican secede secession secretary sectional conﬂicts Senate signiﬁcant slaveholders slavery South Carolina southern Specie Circular speciﬁcally statehood tari Taylor territories Texas threat tion Treasury treaty troops Tyler Union United veto vote voters Walker Washington Webster Whig Party White House Wilmot Proviso York
Page 11 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; Provided, always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.