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Address, or but one strain from instruments a little varied, as clergymen sometimes present in a sermon what they offer elsewhere as an essay, it might have been imagined that this African preacher had been assisted by some of the eminent men who have so warmly befriended him. But the credit of these ten independent Addresses is all his own. No unprejudiced person can read them, and not feel that the people of the most benighted quarter of the globe are shaking off their long sleep, to rise up through the united influence of commerce, immigration, and Christian civilization, and take their place among the nations of the earth. Liberia does not work alone. The British colony of Sierra Leone has already become the cradle of missions and the parent of colonies. Barbadoes promises to establish another settlement south of Liberia. There are, besides, twelve independent stations at distances of a hundred miles from each other along the coast, and many times that number of outstations with a high school and a college. In no other land has recent travel accomplished so much, laying open a vast interior route for traffic, leading to the discovery of more intelligent races, and spreading an inviting field for productive labor of every kind. More than that, the present exigency of industry demands that a country where cotton grows wild, where ivory abounds and palm-oil may be said to flow in streams, a country of inexhaustible fertility and undeveloped industry, should be brought into intimate relations with the commercial, manufacturing, civilized world.
THE picture which Lieutenant Harris draws of his captivity* is not so utterly dark as might have been expected. Except that he reports seven privates as having been shot for looking out of the windows, and that Secessionists, especially females, spared no terms of abuse, the sufferings of our imprisoned soldiers were no greater than might have been expected. Their prison was at the head-quarters of the rebellion, the necessaries of life were difficult to be got at any price, the rebel regiments themselves were only half-clad, and the threat of the execution of privateersmen excited the Confederates to menace a bloody retribution. Food was scanty, the space allotted each prisoner exceedingly small, the head jailer a military martinet, the decencies of life hardly permitted among the privates, and no suitable courtesies shown to officers like Colonels Lee and Corcoran. But then there were opportunities to purchase food outside of the prison; there is no complaint of the withholding of Northern gifts, either of clothes or money; Hon. Mr. Faulkner effectually interfered to mitigate the hardships of confinement; and a vast deal of healthful pleasantry seems to have been kept up by these brave brethren in misfortune. One fact is so honorable to all parties that it deserves mention. Forty-three dollars had been stolen from the privates' letters in the prison-office. The Confederate officers replaced the amount out of their own purses. The Federal officers repaid the sum to Captain Gibbs; but he very nobly contributed the amount, through Surgeon Revere, to the relief of
* Prison-Life in the Tobacco Warehouse at Richmond. By LIEUT. W. C. HARRIS. Philadelphia: G. W. Childs. 1862.
destitute prisoners That man certainly would do honor to a better
SINCE our notice, in a recent number, of General Halleck's valuable work on Military Science, two similar treatises have come to hand, both by authors of historical fame.* They are less comprehensive than his, inasmuch as they do not aim to present a complete sketch of the science for non-professional readers. Marshal Marmont's work consists chiefly of remarks and suggestions on the various heads, intended especially for professional students, but not without interest to general readers. The famous work of the Baron de Jomini is the least extensive of the three in its scope, as it treats for the most part only of field operations. In these it is an invaluable companion for the historical student, nearly all of the important battles of modern history being spoken of in greater or less detail, in illustration of the principles laid down. It is also provided with an excellent index, and three good maps. An appendix contains the latest observations of the author, written after the Crimean war; and another gives a brief sketch of the principal maritime expeditions in history. We will call attention to a curious blunder of the American editors, who, in a note on page 348, say that the invention of the iron ramrod "is attributed by some to the Prince of Anhalt, and by others to Prince Leopold of Dessau," the inventor being in fact Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau, better known as the old Dessauer, so graphically described by Carlyle.
THE painful mystery which was only half resolved in the "Tragedy of Errors" makes the burden of the concluding portion of the drama.† It receives its full solution, as the fatalities of human wrong so often require, only when it is beyond the reach of human compensation; and the sense of wrong is chastened by the presence of death, and by the holy purpose which death confirms and consecrates. The plot of the drama, as a whole, is admirably conceived, whether we regard the skill shown in the grouping of the materials, the unity of purpose that makes them all the growth from one evil root, or the spirit which gives life to the embodiment. In execution, it leaves, perhaps, rather too much to the reader's penetration; the whole scene does not stand before us quite so clear as we could wish at last; and the latter portion, as poetry, is not quite equal to the former. On the other hand, the devel
The Art of War. By BARON de Jomini, General and Aid-de-Camp of the Emperor of Russia. A new Edition, with Appendices and Maps. Translated from the French by Capt. G. H. Mendell, Corps of Topographical Engineers, U. S. Army, and Lieut. W. P. Craighill, Corps of Engineers, U. S. Army. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1862. 12mo. pp. 410.
The Spirit of Military Institutions; or, Essential Principles of the Art of War. By MARSHAL MARMONT, Duke of Ragusa. Translated from the latest Edition, revised and corrected by the Author, with illustrative Notes, by Henry Coppée, Professor of English Literature in the University of Pennsylvania, late an Officer of Artillery in the Service of the United States. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1862. 12mo. pp. 272.
Tragedy of Success. Boston: Ticknor and Fields.
opment of one or two of the secondary characters makes it an admirable as well as needed conclusion to a poem which, in its completeness, we rate among the very finest in our American literature.
NOT having given, in its proper place, the notice merited by the new series of the " Altar at Home," we wish to bear our testimony, in a single word, to the great felicity and skill shown in its arrangement of topics, the variety, gravity, and excellence of its prayers, and the exceeding good taste shown in the plan (novel to us) of weaving in pious sentences from many devout writers with the Scripture selections for daily reading. We have never seen a manual which seemed to us, on the whole, so well adapted to the object for which it has been prepared.
RETAINING all that is valuable in the first edition, Crosby and Nichols have published a second and cheaper edition of "The White Hills."* The chief difference between the two is that the latter gives us a volume more convenient in size for general use, without depriving us of the fine clear type, or any of the illustrations.
SHELDON & Co. of New York are continuing the publication of the illustrated library edition of Dickens's Works, in the neat and beautiful style in which it was commenced. We have already called attention to the convenient size, clear type, and fine paper of this edition of "Boz," and again recommend it. as the best and cheapest yet issued.
NEW PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED.
Sermons by Jabez Bunting, D. D. Vol. I. New York: Carlton and Porter. 8vo. pp. 472.
The Testimony of Christ to Christianity. By Peter Bayne. Boston: Gould and Lincoln. 16mo. pp. 200.
Lectures on the History of the Eastern Church. With an Introduction on the Study of Ecclesiastical History. By Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, D. D., Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History in the University of Oxford, and Canon of Christ Church. From the Second London Edition, Revised. New York: Charles Scribner. 8vo. pp. 551.
Replies to "Essays and Reviews." New York: D. Appleton & Co. 12mo. pp. 438. (Reviewed. See Art. III.)
The Altar at Home. Second Series. Selections and Prayers for Domestic Worship. Boston: Walker, Wise, & Co. 12mo. pp. 336.
Spiritual Sunday-School Class-Book. No. 1. Boston: William White & Co. 24mo. pp. 54.
The White Hills, their Legends, Landscape, and Poetry. By REV. T. S. KING. Boston: Crosby and Nichols.
Book of Vespers: an Order of Evening Worship, with Select Psalms and Hymns. New York: James Miller & Co. Boston: Walker, Wise, & Co. 12mo. pp. 116. (See p. 136.)
NOVELS AND TALES.
The Pearl of Orr's Island; a Story of the Coast of Maine. 12mo. pp. 437. Agnes of Sorento. 12mo. pp. 412. By Mrs. H. B. Stowe. Boston: Ticknor and Fields. (See p. 145.)
The Master. By Mrs. Mary A. Denison. Boston: Walker, Wise, & Co. 16mo. pp. 270. (See p. 147.)
Ravenshoe. By Henry Kingsley. Boston: Ticknor and Fields. 12mo. pp. 430. (See p. 146.)
Works of Charles Dickens. Household Edition. Barnaby Rudge. New York: Sheldon & Co. 3 vols.
Health; its Friends and its Foes. By R. D. Mussey, M. D. Boston: Gould and Lincoln. 12mo. pp. 368.
Journal of Alfred Ely, a Prisoner of War in Richmond. Edited by Charles Lanman. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 12mo. pp. 359.
The White Hills, their Legends, Landscape, and Poetry. By Rev. T. S. King. Boston: Crosby and Nichols. 8vo.
Lyrics for Freedom, and other Poems. Under the Auspices of the Continental Club. New York: Carleton. 16mo.
Our Flag; a Poem in 4 Cantos. New York: Carleton. 16mo. pp. 41. First Lessons in Mechanics; with Practical Applications, designed for the Use of Schools. By W. E. Worthen. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 12mo. pp. 192.
Tragedy of Success. Boston: Ticknor and Fields. 16mo. pp. 191. (See p. 154.)
Investigations into the Laws of English Orthography and Pronunciation. By Prof. R. L. Tafel. Vol. I. No. 1. New York: B. Westerman & Co. 8vo. pp. 92.
American Dis-Union: Constitutional or Unconstitutional? A Reply to Mr. James Spence upon the Question, "Is Secession a Constitutional Right?" discussed in his recent work, "The American Union." By Charles Ed. Rawlins, Jun. London: Robert Hardwicke. 16mo. pp. 228. (See p. 150.)
Chambers's Encyclopædia; a Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People. Parts 46, 47, 48.
The Book of Days; a Miscellany of Popular Antiquities, in connection with the Calendar. Including Anecdote, Biography and History, Curiosities of Literature, and Oddities of Human Life and Character. With numerous Engravings. Edinburgh: W. & R. Chambers. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. Nos. 1, 2.
The Works of Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam. Boston: Brown and Taggard. Vol. IV.
1. Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury. By WALTER FARQUHAR Hook, D. D., Dean of Chichester. Vol. II. London: Richard Bentley. 1862.
2. Saint Anselm de Cantorbéry. Tableau de la Vie Monastique et de la Lutte du Pouvoir Spirituel avec le Pouvoir Temporel au Onzième Siècle. Par M. CHARLES DE REMUSAT. Paris: Didier. 1853.
3. Le Rationalisme Chretien à la Fin du XIe Siècle. Par H. BouCHITTÉ. Paris D'Amyot. 1842.
LET the reader picture to himself, in the place of the France of to-day, a France covered with great forests and vast heaths, exhibiting rare intervals of rude cultivation, and traversed by long and narrow roads, relics of Roman power and sole arteries of a precarious and interrupted intercourse. A few leagues from Rouen in Normandy, in the midst of thick woods, stood in the year 1063 a rudely-built abbey, which took its name of Bec from the tongue of land formed by the confluence of two neighboring streams. The country around is rich, inhabited by powerful lords; near is the strong castle of Brionne, whose count, Gislebert, had endowed the abbey. It is impossible to conceive a stronger contrast than the life within the monastery presents to that of the world about it. Without all is isolation, individualism: the feudal chieftain, responsible to no power, owning no check but superior force; a few attendants and warriors at his command, a thin population of serfs dwelling in miserable dependence around his fortress. Within is a community in VOL. LXXIII. 5TH S. VOL. XI. NO. II.