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The war is not waged by the Government for the overthrow of slavery. The President bas declared, on the contrary, that it is to restore the “constitutional relations between the United States and each of the States” in which that relation is or may be suspended. The resolutions passed by Congress, before the war, with almost unanimous consent, recognized the rights of the States in this regard. Vermont has recently repealed the statutes supposed to be inconsistent therewith. Massachusetts had done so before. Slavery existed by consent and constitutional guaranty: violence and war will inevitably bring it to an end. It is imposssible that any military man, in the event of continued war, should counsel the preservation of slave property in the rebel States. If it is to be preserved, war mnst cease, and the former constitutional relations be again established.
The first gun at Sumter proclaimed emancipation. The continuance of the contest there commenced' will consumare that end, and the history of the age will leave no other permaneni trace of the rebellion. Its leaders will have accomplished what other men could not have done. The boldest Abolitionist is a cypher wien compared with the leaders of the rebellion. What mystery pervades the works of Providence ! We submit to its decrees, but stand enfounded at the awful manifestations of its wisdom and power! The great problem of the age, apparently environed with labyrinthic complications, is likely to be suddenly lifted out of human hands.
We may control the incidents of the contest, but we cannot circumvent or defeat the erd. It will be left us only to assuage the horrors of internerine conflict, and to procini tinate the processes of transition. Local and national interests are therefore alike dependent upon the suppression of the rebellion.
No pecuniary sacrifice can be too great an equivalent for peace. But it should be permanent peare, and embrace all subjects of discontent. It is written ou the blue arch above us; the distant voices of the future- the waves that beat our coast-the skeletons that sit at our tables, and fill the vacant places of desolate and mourning firesides, all cry out that this war must not be repeated bereafter.
Contest, in public ads in social life, strengthens and consolidates brotherly affection. England, France, Austria,/Italy-every land fertile enough to make a history, has had its desolating civil wars. It is a baseless nationality that has not tested its strength against domes je enemies. The success of local interests narrows the destiny of a people, and is followed by secession, starvation and sorrow. A divitled country and perpetual war make possession a delusion and life a calamity. The triumph of national interests widens the scope of human history, and is attended with peace, prosperity and power.
It is out of such contests that great nations are born. What hallowed memories fioat around us! New Orleans is a shrine as sacred as Bunker Hill! On the Aroostook and the Oregon the names of Washington, Jackson and Taylor are breathed with as deep a reverence as on the James or the Mississippi. Let us fulfil the conditions of this last great trial, and become a nation-a grand nation—with sense enough to govern ourselves and strength enough to stand against the world united !
N. P. BANKS,
Major General Commanding
BY ORDER OF MAJOR GENERAL BANKS:
RICHARD B. IRWIN,
Lieutenant Colonel, Axsistant Adjutaut Grueral.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. are prohibited from employing any of the forces A PROCLAMATION.
under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitives from service or labor who may
have escaped from any persons to whom such serWASHINGTON. Sept. 24, 1862.
vice or laboris claimed to be due; and any oft)cer General Orders No. 139.
wło shall be found guilty by a court-martial of vio
lating this article shall be dismissed from the serThe following Proclamation by the President is
vice. published for the in or nation and government of the
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act army and all concerned:
shall take effect from and after its passage. 1, Abraham Lincoln President of the United
Also, to the ninth an't tenth sections of an act enStates of America, and commander-in-chief of the titled "An act to suppress insurrection, to punish army and navy thereot, do hereby proclaim and de
treason and rebellion, to seize and confiscaie properclare that hereafter as heretofore, the war will be
ty or rebe's, and for other purpose, approved prosecuted for the object of practically restoring the
July 17. 1862, and which sections are in the words constitutional relation between the United States 1 and figures following: and each of the States, and the people the top, in
SEC. 9. And be it further inacted, That all
slaves of persons who shall her-af er begaged which Stat+s that relation is or may be suspended or in rebellion against the government of the United disturbed.
States or who shall in any way givu aid or confort Thut it is my purpose, upon the next meeting of
thereto, escaping from such persons aut taking
refuge within he lines of the army; and all slaves Congress, to again recommend the adoption of a captured trom such persons, or de erter by them practical measure tendering pecuniary aid to the and coming under the control of the government of
the United States; and all slaves of such per-ons inte acceptance or rejection of all siave States, so
found on [or] being within any place occnpied by callod, th people where f may not then be in re rebel forces and afterwards occupied by the forces of bellion against the Unit(d States, and which States
the United States, shall be deemed captives of war,
and shall be forerer free of their servitnde, and not may then have voiuntarily ado: ted, or thereafter
again held as slaves. may voluntarily adopt, immediate crgradual abolish SEC. 10 And be it further enacted, That no
slave escaping into y cale, Territory or the ment of slavery within their respective limits ; and
District of Columbia, from any other Stat shall be that the effort to colonize persons of African descent, delivered up, or in any way imperial or hindered of with their consent, upon his continent or else his liberty, except for crime, or some offense agalust
the laws, unless the person calming said fugitive where, with the previously obtained consent of the
shall firs make oath that the person to whom governments existing there, will be continued
the labor or Nervice of euch fugitive is alThat on the first day of January, in the year of our
leged to be due is his lawful owner, and
has not borne arms against the United States Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-tbree, in the present rebellion, nor in any way given all persons held as slaves within any State or desig. ail and comfort thereto; and no person engaged in nated part of a State, the people whereof ehal' then
the military or naval service of the United States
shall, under any pretence whatever, assume to debe in rebellion again.t the United States, shall be clde on the validity of the claim of any person to the then, ihenceforward and forever free; and the ex
servi e or labor of any other person, or surrender up
any such person to the claimant, on pain of being ecutive goveroment of the United States, incluơing
disa issed from the service. the military and pava authority thereof, will recog.
And I do hereby enjoin upon and order all persons nise and maintain the fre: dom of such persons, and
engaged in the military and naval service of the will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any
United States to observe, obey, and enforce, within of them, in any efforts they may make for their
their respective spheres of service, the act and secactual freedom.
tions above recited. That tbe executive will, on the lst oay of Ja uary And the exective will in due time recommend that aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the states, and all citizens of he Unit+d State - who sball bave reparts of States, if any, iu which the people thereof
mained soyal thereto throughout the rebellion shall respectively shall then be in rebellion against
(upon the restoration of the constitutional relation the United States; and the fact that any State, or
between the United States and their respective the people thereof, shall on that day be in good faith
States and people, if that relation shall have been represented in the Congress of the United States, by
suspended or disturbed) be compensated for all members chosen ther-to at elections wherein a ma
losses by acts of the United States, including the jority of the qualified voters of such State shall have
loss of slaves. participated, sball, in the absence of strong counter
in witness whereof I have bereunto set my hand vailing 'estimony, be deemed conclusive evidence
and caused the seal of the United States to be that such State, and he people thereof, are not then
afiixed. in rebellion against the United States. That attention is hereby called io an act of Con
Done at the city of Washington, this twenty
second day of September, in he year of gress entitled 'An act to make an additional article
[SEAL.] of war,” approve March 13, 1862, and which act is
our Lord one thousand eight hundred in the words and figure following:
and sixty-two, and of the independence
of the United States the eighty-seventh. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress
By the President:
ABRAHAM LINCOLN. assembled, That hereafter the following shall be pro
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. mulgated as an additional article of war for the gov
By order (f the Secretary of War: ernment of the army of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as uch:
L. THOMAS, ART All officers or persons in the mili. or naval service of the United
Adjutant General. States
New Orleans, December 24, 1862.
I. Owing to the necessities of the service and to preserve the reputation of the Army, all horses, mules, wagons, carriages and other means of transportation, in the possession of officers, soldiers or employees of the government in this city and throughout the Department, will be delivered to the Chief Quartermaster, or such officers of his department as he may designate. Horses, wagons, etc., which have been purchased in the State of Louisiana by such parties, must be reported and registered at the office of the Chief Quartermaster. A certified copy of the bill of sale, giving the date, place of purchase, from whom bought and amount paid, with a description of the property, will be deposited at the same time. Officers entitled to horses, and having them in possession, as above stated, may have them appraised and paid for by getting proper authority so to do.
All commanding officers, provost marshals, quartermasters and other military agents of the Government, are directed to enforce this order. Every violation or evasion of it will be reported to the Chief Quartermaster.
II. The Chief Quartermaster will cause all seized or confiscated houses not assigned by his authority, to be vacated, without delay. Regimental officers will be provided with quarters near their regiments.
III. All General and Staff Officers, regularly assigned to duty in this city, will be paid commutation of quarters and fuel, provided fuel is not issued in kind, and that no such officer occupy a seized or confiscated house, or other building rented for the Government.
IV. All houses, irregularly seized, occupied or confiscated, will be disposed o! by the Chief Quartermaster, who will, as far as practicable, deliver them to responsible persons, to be held by them subject to the future disposition of the Government. The Provost Marshal will give any assistance necessary to carry out this order.
BY COMMAND OF MAJOR GENERAL BANKS :
RICHARD B. JRWIN,
Lieutenant Colonel, Assistant Adjutant Generai.