Morality : Its Nature and Justification: Its Nature and Justification

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Oxford University Press, USA, Jul 31, 1998 - Medical - 424 pages
Bernard Gert's classic work Morality, in which he argues his distinctive and comprehensive moral theory, is now in its sixth edition. Gert argues that morality is an informal system that does not provide answers to every moral question but does always limit the range of morally acceptable options and so explains why some moral questions cannot be resolved. Gert describes the two-step procedure that is used in moral decisions and judgments, and he shows that moral rules cannot be understood independently of the system in which they are embedded. Although his moral theory is sophisticated, it is presented with a clarity that will appeal to undergraduate and graduate students alike, as well as anyone with a general interest in applied ethics. In this new edition, Gert perfects the consistency of his views by presenting his argument in greater detail; he also revises the text in light of a critical book and two symposia dedicated to his theory that have surfaced since the book's last publication. This is the definitive edition to the work that has received so much attention and acclaim.
 

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Contents

Morality
3
Rationality and Irrationality
29
Reasons
56
Goods Benefits and Evils Harms
90
Moral Rules
110
Impartiality
131
THE MORAL SYSTEM AND ITS JUSTIFICATION
157
Justifying the Moral Rules The First Five
159
Moral Ideals
246
VIRTUE METAETHICS AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
273
Virtues and Vices
275
Moral Judgments
309
Why Should I Be Moral?
338
Morality and Society
362
Notes
387
Index
413

Justifying the Moral Rules The Second Five
187
Justifying Violations
220

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About the author (1998)

Bernard Gert is Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at Dartmouth College and Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry at Dartmouth Medical School.

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