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connection with all the events of the war for the preservation of American nationality, are in the archives of the War Department; and they are there retained, only to be revealed when the present generation shall have passed away. The Life of Washington, even though it was written by a Marshall, with the abundant access to unpublished documents which his position enabled him to command, or which it was the policy of the government to afford him, waited half a century for Irving, to give it symmetry and completeness. The humbler biographers of Mr. Lincoln, though they satisfy an immediate want, and gather much which would otherwise be forever lost, can hardly hope to be more than tributaries to that better and completer biography which the next, or some succeeding generation, will be sure to produce and possess.

I have no opportunity, except that which this page affords me, to acknowledge my indebtedness to those who have assisted me in the collection of unpublished materials for this volume. I have been indebted specially to William H. Herndon, Esq., of Springfield, Illinois, for many years Mr. Lincoln's law partner, who has manifested, from the first, the kindest interest in my book; to Newton Bateman, Esq., Superintendent of Public Instruction in Illinois; to James Q. Howard, Esq., United States Consul at St. John, New Brunswick; to Hon. John D. Defrees, Superintendent of Public Printing in Washington; to Hon. Henry L. Dawes, of Massachusetts; to Horace White, Esq., of the Chicago Tribune; to U. F. Linder, Esq., of Chicago; to J. F. Speed, Esq., of Louisville, Kentucky; to Judge S. T. Logan, Hon. Jesse K. Dubois, Rev. A. Hale, and Hon. Erastus Wright, old neighbors and friends of Mr. Lincoln in Illinois; to Rev. J. T. Duryea, of New York; and George H. Stuart, Esq., of Philadelphia. To these, and to the unnamed but not forgotten friends who have aided me, I return my hearty thanks.

Putnam's “Record of the Rebellion " has proved itself an inexhaustible fountain of valuable and interesting facts; and I have been much indebted to McPherson's History of the Rebellion, the best arranged and most complete collection of public documents relating to the war that has been published. I have freely consulted the campaign biographies of Messrs. Scripps, Raymond, and Barrett, to the excellence of which I bear cheerful testimony. Among other books that have been useful to me, are Nichols' “Story of the Great March," Coggeshall's Journeys of Abraham Lincoln,” Schalk's “Campaigns of 1862 and 1863,” and Halsted's “Caucuses of 1860.” Carpenter's “Reminiscences,” published in the New York Independent, and an article by Noah Brooks in Harper's Magazine, have furnished me also with some very interesting materials.

Hoping that the volume will be as pleasant, instructive and inspiring in the reading as it has been in the writing, I present it to my indulgent friends, the American people.

J. G. H. SPRINGFIELD, Mass., November, 1865.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD.
Birth-Daniel Boone and the Pioneers of Kentucky-Abraham Lincoln, the Grand-

father of the President-His Removal to Kentucky, and Death-His Brothers and
Sons-Probable Origin of the Lincolns—Thomas Lincoln, the Father of the Presi.
dent-His Marriage--His Children-The Mother of the President-Early Education
of Abraham Lincoln-His Schoolmasters-Zachariah Riney-Caleb Hazel-Religious
Habits of the People-Parson Elkin-Slavery in Kentucky-Defective Land-titles
-Removal of Thomas Lincoln to Indiana, .

17

YOUTH.

Lincoln's early Industry–His Schools-Simplicity of Border Life-Death of his Mother

-Her Funeral Sermon-Her Influence upon his Character-His early Practice of
Writing-His Books-Anecdote illustrating his Honesty--His Father's second Mar-
riage-Anecdote illustrating Mr. Lincoln's Humanity-He builds a Boat-A Fact
for the Psychologist-He takes charge of a Flat-boat for New Orleans-His Con-
test with seven Negroes—He sells the Boat and Cargo, and returns on foot-His
Mental Development-His Moral Character,

27

CHAPTER IX

MR. LINCOLN IN CONGRESS.—THE MEXICAN WAR.
Vr. Lincoln nominated for Congress in 1846—He "Stumpo” his District-Elected by a

large Majority-His fitness for the Fosition-The old Wrig Party and the Mexican
War-Mr. Lincoln's Resolutions-Mr. E udson & Reso!ution-Mr. Lincoln's Speech,
January 12th, 1848–Defense of the Postmaster-genera:-Mr. Lincoln a member of

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