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from the Indian depredations. Public indignation was aroused, and, led by Nathaniel Bacon, were successful in securing the ends sought.

1680 Charlestown settled.

1682 Pennsylvania settled at Philadelphia.

Aug. 31. Delaware granted to Wm. Penn by the
Duke of York.

1686 Dec. 30. Andros arrived at Boston as Governor of

New England. 1689 July 7.

King William's War commenced.Cause. Upon the ascension of William and Mary to the throne of England, the Protestants of Maryland demanded the Colonial management of the Territory. The Roman Catholics, after repeated struggles, were overthrown in the province which they had planted, and the Established Church of England became the religion of the province in 1692.

1690 Feb. 8. Schenectady burned by French and Indians. 1692 "Salem Witchcraft."

1697 Sept. 20. Close of King William's War, by the "Treaty of Ryswick."

1702 Queen Anne's War commenced. CauseSpain was in alliance with France against England. The troubles between England and Spain induced hostilities between the English Colony of South Carolina and the Spanish Province of Florida. The English were victorious and gained possession of the territory by the treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

1710 Oct. 13. Port Royal, Nova Scotia, taken by the English.

1732 Feb. 22. Washington born in Westmoreland Coun ty, Virginia.

1741 "The Negro Plot" in New York. 1744 King George's War commenced in America.Cause-England under George II. was arrayed against France. In America, the struggle was carried on between the English and French Colonists for rights of territorial possession. Nothing definite was gained by the devastating land and nava warfare of four years. Peace was concluded by treaty at Aix-la-Chapelle, in 1748. 1745 June 28. The English captured Louisburg. 1748 Oct. 18.

Close of King George's War by the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.

1753 Oct. 31. Washington sent with a letter from Gov. Dinwiddie, of Va.

1754 The French and Indian War commenced. -The alleged cause was the encroachments and hostile acts of the French, which resulted in the settlement of a long-disputed question between England and France for colonial supremacy in America. England claimed the territory from the Atlantic to the Pacific by virtue of the discovery of the Atlantic Coast under Cabot. The French claimed the interior from the St. Lawrence, Ohio and Mississippi Rivers and their tributaries to the Gulf of Mexico, from their discovery by La Salle and other navigators. The English were victorious. 1755 June. The French expelled from Nova Scotia by

Monckton.

July 9. Braddock defeated at the battle of Monon gahela.

1756 May 17. War declared against France by Great

Britain.

Aug. 14. Oswego taken by the French under
Montcalm.

1757 Aug. 9. 1758 July 6.

Fort Wm. Henry surrendered to Montcalm. Lord Howe killed in a skirmish near Ticonderoga.

July 26. Amherst and Wolfe take Louisburg.

1759 The French abandoned Ticonderoga and Crown

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Sept. 18. 1760 April 28. Sept. 8. 1763 Feb. 10. 1765 March 8. -Oct. 7. A 1766 March 18.

1770 March 5.

Point.

July 25. Niagara surrendered to the English under

Johnson.

1773 Dec. 16.

Tea thrown overboard at Boston.

1774 March.

Parliament passed the " Boston Port Bill."

Sept. 5. "The First Continental Congress "met at

1776 July 4.

Quebec surrendered to the English.
The French attempted to recover Quebec.
Canada surrendered to the English.
Spain ceded Florida to Great Britain.
Parliament passed the Stamp Act.
Colonial Congress met at New York.
Parliament repealed the Stamp Act.
"The Boston Massacre."

Philadelphia.

1775 April 19. The Revolutionary War. First Causes-See Declaration

battle at Lexington.
of Independence.

The Independence of the United States
For list of battles, see Ta-

of America declared.

ble of Contents.

1778 Feb. 6. France acknowledges the Independence of

America.

Treaty of Alliance of the United States with France. 1779 Sept. 23. Paul Jones' naval battle off the coast of

England. 1781 July 10. French fleet arrived at Newport, R.L Oct. 2. Execution of Major André at Tappan, N.Y. 1781 Oct. 19. Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown.

1782 Nov. 30. Preliminary articles of peace signed at Paris.

1783 April 19. Cessation of hostilities proclaimed in the American army.

July 11.

Sept. 3.
Nov. 3.
Nov. 25.

British evacuated Savannah, Georgia.
Definitive treaty of peace signed at Paris.
American army disbanded.

British evacuated New York.

Washington resigns his commission.

Dec. 23. 1784 The Tenth Continental Congress met at Trenton. 1785 John Adams first Minister to England.

1786 Shay's Rebellion in Massachusetts.

1787 Sept. 11. Constitution of the United States adopted by the Convention of Delegates at Philadelphia.

1788 Cotton first planted in Virginia.

For the leading events of each succeeding year, see each administration.

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