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ALABAMA

ADMITTED INTO THE
UNION DEC. 14,

1819.

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Area, 50,722 sq. miles. Capital, MONTGOMERY.

Pop. 1870, 996,992. So named after its principal river, the name signifying here we rest. Forined from territory of South Carolina and Georgia, and was formerly known as the Territory of Mississippi. Constitution adopted August 2, 1819.

MAINE

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ADMITTED INTO THE
UNION MARCH 15,

1820.

Area, 31,776 sq. miles.

Capital, AUGUSTA.

Pop. 1870, 626,915. So named from Maine in France, and is popularly known as The Lumber or Pine Tree State. Formed from territory of Massachusetts; first settled in 1623, at York. Constitution adopted Oct. 29, 1819.

ARKANSAS

ADMITTED INTO THE
UNION JUNE 15,

1836.

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Area, 52,198 sq. miles.
Capital, Little Rock,

Pop. 1870, 484,471. So named from its principal river, and popularly known as The Bear State. Formed from French territory. Constitution adopted March 1, 1336.

WISCONSIN
ADMITTED INTO THE
UNION MAY 29,

1848.

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Area, 53,924 sq. miles.

Capital, MADISON. Pop. 1870, 1,054,670.

So called from the Indian name of its principal river, signifying wild rushing river. Formed from territory ceded by Virginia to the United States. First settled at Green Bay, in 1670. Constitution adopted Jan. 21, 1847.

IOWA ADMITTED INTO THE

UNION March 3, 1845. Area, 55,045 sq. milės. Capital, Des MOINES. Pop. 1870, 194,020

So called from the Indian name of its principal river, signifying the sleepy ones, and popularly known as The Hawkeye State. Formed from Indian territory. First settled at Burlington and Dubuque in 1830. Constitution adopted December 9, 1844.

FLORIDA
ADMITTED INTO THE

UNION
March 3, 1845.
Area, 59,268 sq. miles,
Capital, TALLAHASSEE
Pop. 1870, 187,748.

So named because discovered on Palm SundayPascua Florida. First settled by Spaniards at St. Augustine in 1565. Secured by treaty and purchased from Spain in 1819. Coristitution adopted Feb. 20, 1839.

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TEXAS

ADMITTED INTO THE

UNION
Dec. 29, 1845.
Area, 237,504 sq. miles.

Capital, Austin.
Pop. 1870, 818,579.

So called from the Spanish name of the Republic, and popularly known as The Lone Star State. First settled in 1792. Formerly an Independent Republic of Mexico. Secured by conquest and treaty February 2, 1848.

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CALIFORNIA

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EUREKA.

ADMITTED INTO THE

UNION
Sept. 9, 1850.
Area, 188,981 sq. miles.
Capital, SACRAMENTO
Pop. 1870, 560,247.

So called from the
Spanish name of an arm of the Pacific Ocean, and popularly
known as The Golden State. Formed from Mexican territory.
First settled on the Pacific Slope by the Spaniards in 1769.
Constitution adopted Nov. 13, 1849.
MINNESOTA

1

LETOILE

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ADMITTED INTO THE

UNION
May 11, 1858.
Area, 83,531 sq. miles.

Capital, St. Paul.
Pop. 1870, 439,706.

So called from an Indian word signifying the whitish water. Formed from Louisiana territory. First settled in 1812, on the Red River.

OREGON

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ADMITTED INTO THE

UNION
Feb. 12, 1859.
Area, 95,244 sq. miles.

Capital, SALEM.
Pop. 1870, 90,923.

So called from the Indian name of its principal river, a term meaning river of the west. Formed from territory acquired by treaty with Great Britain in 1846. First settled by Spaniards. Constitution adopted November, 1857.

KANSAS

INTO

THE

ASTRA

ADMITTED

UNION
Dec. 6, 1859.
Area, 81,318 sq. miles.

Capital, TOPEKA.
Pop. 1870, 364,399.

So called after an Indian name signifying The Smoky Water. Formed from Indian territory and formerly embraced in the Louisiana purchase.

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WEST VIRGINIA

ADMITTED

INTO THE

WEST

VIRGINIA.

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UNION

Dec. 31, 1862. Area, 23,000 sq. miles. Capital, CHARLESTON. Pop. 1870, 442,014

SEMPER So called after Virginia. Formed a part of Virginia until the latter seceded from the Union.

NEBRASKA

ADMITTED INTO THE UNION

March 1, 1867.

Area, 75,995 square miles.

Capital, LINCOLN.

Pop. 1870, 122,993. So called from an Indian word signifying Water- Valley, Shallow River. Organized as a Territory from the Louisiana purchase, May 30, 1854.

NEVADA

ADMITTED INTO THE UNION

October, 1864.

Area, 112,090 square miles.
Capital, Carson City.

Pop. 1870, 42,491. A Spanish term signifying White with Snow. Formed from territory acquired from Mexico in 1848.

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ADMITTED INTO THE

UNION Aug. 1, 1876. Area, 104,500 sq. miles.

Capital, DENVER.

Pop. 1870, 39,864. So called from a Spanish term, signifying Red or Coloreil and popularly known as The Centennial State. Organized as a Territory iron a part of Kansas, Nebraska and Utah, in 1861.

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