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For Vice-President.

Andrew Johnson, 212 Electoral votes.
Geo. H. Pendleton, 21 66


President Lincoln died April 15th, 1865, and Vice Presi ent Johnson became President, and L. S. Foster, of Conn ecame acting Vice-President.

Important Events of the 14th Administration. 1861 March 4. Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President. War of the Rebellion. See Contents for prominent events of the War. See Contents for Battles of the Rebellion.

John A. Dix, Secretary of Treasury, dispatch to
New Orleans: "If any man attempt to haul down
the American flag, shoot him on the spot.”

June 10. Napoleon III. proclaims neutrality in the
U. S. conflict.

Nov. 30. The British minister, Lord Lyon, ordered to leave the country if the confederate com. missioners, Mason and Slidel, were not released within seven days.

Dec. 30. N.Y. banks suspend specie payment, followed by other cities-silver resumed fifteen years later, May, 1876, by act of Congress.

1862 July 1. The President calls for 300,000 more troops. 1863 Jan. 1. President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect (issued Sept. 22, 1862). June 20. West Virginia admitted into the Union. July 13-16. Great Draft Riots in N. Y. and other


1864 Feb. 1.

July 18.
Oct. 31.

1865 April 9.

Surrender of Lee's army to Grant.
April 14. President Lincoln assassinated by John

Wilkes Booth.

Andrew Johnson inaugurated President.

27. Booth, the assassin of President Lincoln, morttally wounded and captured.

May 10. Jefferson Davis captured in Georgia.

Dec. 18. Slavery abolished by the ratification of
Fifteenth Amendment by three-fourths of the

1866 Atlantic Cable successfully laid.

1867 March 1.

President orders a draft for more men.
President calls for 500,000 volunteers.
Nevada admitted into the Union.

Feb. 19. The Freedman's Bureau bill, requiring the government to take care of the emancipated slaves and poor whites of the South. Vetoed by Pres. Johnson. The bill passed over his veto July 16. March. 27. The Civil Rights Bill which accorded to the negro every right enjoyed by the white man, vetoed by the President. The bill passed Congress over his veto, April 9.

Nebraska admitted as a State.

May 13. Horace Greeley and others sign Jefferson
Davi's bail bond at Richmond, Va.,and he is released
June 20. Alaska purchased from Russia for $7,-

1868 Feb. 24. President Johnson impeached by the House, and acquitted May 16.

CABINET OFFICERS, 14TH ADMINISTRATION—1861–1869. Secretary of State.-William H. Seward, N. Y.

Secretaries of the Treasury.-Salmon P. Chase, Ohio; William Pitt Fessenden, Me.; Hugh McCulloch, Ind.

Secretaries of War.-Simon Cameron, Pa.; Edwin M. Stanton, Pa.; Ulysses S. Grant, Ill.; John M. Schofield, Mo.

Secretary of the Navy.-Gideon Wells, Conn.

Secretaries of the Interior.-Caleb B. Smith, Ind.; John P. Usher, Ind.; James Harlan, Iowa; O. H. Browning, Ill.

Postmasters-General.-Montgomery Blair, Md.; William Dennison, Ohio; Alex. W. Randall, Wis.

Attorneys-General.-Edward Bates, Mo.; James J. Speed, Ky.; Henry Stanberry, Ohio; William M. Evarts, N. Y. NATIONAL EXPENSES AND DEBT, 14TH ADMINISTRATION. Debt.

$ 90,867,828










1868. .








1867. 1868.




1,897,674,224 2,682,593,026

1,141,072,666 2,783,425,879



1,069,889,970 2,636,320,964


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Imports. Exports. $286,598,135 $243,971,277 275,357,051 229,938,985

252,919,920 322,359,254

329,562,895 301,984,561 234,339,810 336,697,123 445,512,158. 550,684,299

411,733,309 438,577,312



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ULYSSES S. GRANT, Eighteenth President of the United States, was born of good English ancestry, at Point Pleasant, Clermont County, Ohio, April 27th, 1822. His grandfather, Noah Grant, fought at the battle of Lexington, and was promoted to the rank of captain. Ulysses attended school at the Academy at Ripley, Ohio, after which he entered the Military Academy at West Point, where he graduated May 15th, 1839, being then scarcely eighteen years of age. He ranked as a fair, general scholar, and excelled in mathematics.

He took part in the Mexican War, distinguishing himself for coolness and bravery, and was promoted to the rank of captain in 1853. He remained with his regiment until 1854, when he resigned, and in complete poverty returned to private

life. He tried farming and real estate business with but moderate success, after which he became a partner with his father in the leather trade, at Galena, Ill. Here he remained until President Lincoln issued his call for 75,000 troops. He wrote to the authorities at Washington, tendering his services but received no reply. He marched to Springfield at the head of a company of volunteers. Governor Yates needed some one with military knowledge to assist him, and so made him his mustering officer. He soon held a colonel's commission, and two months later was made Brigadier-General. On the 15th of February, 1862, he captured Fort Donelson, after much hard fighting, which was the first great victory of the war. His reply to the rebel General who attempted to delay his operations, "I propose to move immediately on your works," was caught up and repeated all through the country. Grant's reputation as a fighting General was now estab lished. At Pittsburgh Landing he was surprised: his army and his reputation suffered somewhat, but he grasped victory in his defeat.

The capture of Vicksburg, and the consequent opening of the Mississippi River, was hailed with the wildest delight all over the North, and by common consent Grant became, in fact, the Generalissimo of the forces of the United States. His rapid promotions had no evil effects upon him. Placed in command of 700,000 armed men, he announced that his headquarters would be in the field, and promptly inaugurated two grand movements, the success of which ended the struggle. One of these against Atlanta, Georgia, he committed to General Sherman; the other against Richmond, he conducted

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