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CANDIDATES For PresidenT AND VICE-PRES. 4TH ADM. For President. | From. | Vice-Pres. | From. | Politics.
James Madison, Va.
C. C. Pinckney, S. Ca.
Geo. Clinton, N. Y.
Rufus King, N. Y.
James Madison, Va. Elbridge Gerry, Mass. Democrat. DeWitt Clinton, N. Y. J. Ingersoll, Pa. Federal. ELECTORAL Vote FOR PRES. AND VICE-PRES. 4TH ADM. Seventeen States voting. Whole number of electors, 175. In 1804 an amendment to the Constitution was adopted, which provided that in voting for President and Vice-President each candidate should be voted for separately by the electors.
James Madison was declared elected President, and Geo.
For President, 2d Term.
Eighteen States voting.-Louisiana admitted during preWhole number of electors, 217.
Important Events of the 4th Administration.
1809 March 4. James Madison inaugurated President. 1810 American Board of Christian and Foreign Missions organized.
1811 Nov. 7. General Harrison wins at Tippecanoe the most desperate battle ever fought with the Indians.
1812 April 8. Louisiana admitted as a State. First house in Rochester, N. Y., erected.
Second War with England.-Cause-The impressment of American seamen by the British, and the blockade of her enemies' ports. Congress authorized the President to call for 25,000 enlisted men, 50,000 volunteers, and 100,000 militia, with Henry Dearborn as Commander-in-Chief. See Contents for list of Land and Naval Battles of the War of 1812.
1813 March 4. James Madison began a second Presidential term, with Elbridge Gerry as Vice-Pres. June 1. Capt. Lawrence, of the U. S. frigate Chesapeake, fought the British frigate Shannon, 30
miles from Boston, and in dying said, “Don't give up the ship."
Sept. 10. Perry's victory on Lake Erie.
1814 August 24. City of Washington taken by the British, and public buildings burned.
Capt. Porter of U. S. frigate Essex, when captured by the British frigate Phœbe, after a desperate battle and losing 154 men, in his report to the
Secretary of the Navy said, "We have been unfortunate but not disgraced."
Dec. 15. Hartford Convention in opposition to the
war, threaten secession of the New England States. Dec. 24. Hull, for the surrender of Detroit, was tried for cowardice and treason, found guilty, and sentenced to be shot. Pardoned by the President. Dec. 24. Peace declared by Treaty at Ghent. 1815 Jan. 8. Battle of New Orleans, 40 days after peace was declared. Gen. Jackson lost 13 killed and wounded; the British 1700.
Jan. 15. A British squadron capture the U. S. frigate President.
March. Congress declares war against Algiers. 1816 Apr. 10. U. S. Bank re-chartered for twenty years, with a capital of $35,000,000.
Dec. 11. Indiana admitted as a State.
CABINET OFFICERS, 4TH ADMINISTRATION-1809-1817. Secretaries of State. Robt. Smith, Md.; Jas. Monroe, Va. Secretaries of the Treasury. Albert Gallatin, Pa.; George W. Campbell, Tenn.; Alex. J. Dallas, Pa.
Secretaries of War. William Eustis, Mass.; John Armstrong, N. Y.; James Monroe, Va.; Wm. H. Crawford, Ga. Secretaries of the Navy. Paul Hamilton, S. C.; William Jones, Pa.; Benjamin W. Crowninshield, Mass.
Postmasters-General. Gideon Granger, Conn.; Return J. Meigs, Jr., Ohio.
Cæsar A. Rodney, Del.; William
Pinckney, Md.; Richard Rush, Pa.