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CANDIDATES FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRES. 4TH ADM.
James Madison, Va.
For President. | From. | Vice-Pres. | From. | Politics.
Elbridge Gerry, Mass. Democrat.
James Madison, Va.
Seventeen States voting. Whole number of electors, 175. In 1804 an amendment to the Constitution was adopted, which provided that in voting for President and Vice-President each candidate should be voted for separately by the electors.
For President, 1st Term.
C. C. Pinckney · 47 James Madison was declared elected President, and Geo. Clinton Vice-President.
For President, 2d Term.
Eighteen States voting.-Louisiana admitted during preWhole number of electors, 217.
49 J. Ingersoll.
86 James Madison was declared elected President, and Elbridge Gerry Vice-President.
Important Events of the 4th Administration.
1809 March 4. James Madison inaugurated President. 1810 American Board of Christian and Foreign Missions organized.
1811 Nov. 7. General Harrison wins at Tippecanoe the most desperate battle ever fought with the Indians. 1812 April 8. Louisiana admitted as a State. First house in Rochester, N. Y., erected. Second War with England.—Cause—The impressment of American seamen by the British, and the blockade of her enemies' ports. Congress authorized the President to call for 25,000 enlisted men, 50,000 volunteers, and 100,000 militia, with Henry Dearborn as Commander-in-Chief. See Contents for list of Land and Naval Battles of the War of 1812.
1813 March 4. James Madison began a second Presidential term, with Elbridge Gerry as Vice-Pres. June 1. Capt. Lawrence, of the U. S. frigate Chesapeake, fought the British frigate Shannon, 30 miles from Boston, and in dying said, “ Don't give up the ship."
Sept. 10. Perry's victory on Lake Erie.
1814 August 24. City of Washington taken by the British, and public buildings burned.
Capt. Porter of U. S. frigate Essex, when captured by the British frigate Phoebe, after a desperate battle and losing 154 men, in his report to the
Secretary of the Navy said, "We have been unfortunate but not disgraced."
Dec. 15. Hartford Convention in opposition to the war, threaten secession of the New England States. Dec. 24. Hull, for the surrender of Detroit, was
tried for cowardice and treason, found guilty, and sentenced to be shot. Pardoned by the President. Dec. 24. Peace declared by Treaty at Ghent.
1815 Jan. 8. Battle of New Orleans, 40 days after peace was declared. Gen. Jackson lost 13 killed and wounded; the British 1700.
Jan. 15. A British squadron capture the U. S.
March. Congress declares war against Algiers. 1816 Apr. 10. U. S. Bank re-chartered for twenty years, with a capital of $35,000,000.
Dec. 11. Indiana admitted as a State. CABINET OFFICERS, 4TH ADMINISTRATION-1809-1817. Secretaries of State. Robt. Smith, Md.; Jas. Monroe, Va. Secretaries of the Treasury. Albert Gallatin, Pa.; George W. Campbell, Tenn.; Alex. J. Dallas, Pa.
Secretaries of War. William Eustis, Mass.; John Armstrong, N. Y.; James Monroe, Va.; Wm. H. Crawford, Ga.
Secretaries of the Navy. Paul Hamilton, S. C.; William Jones, Pa.; Benjamin W. Crowninshield, Mass.
Postmasters-General. Gideon Granger, Conn.; Return J. Meigs, Jr., Ohio.
Attorneys-General. Cæsar A. Rodney, Del.; William Pinckney, Md.; Richard Rush, Pa.
NATIONAL EXPENSES AND DEBT, 4TH ADMIN.
NATIONAL EXPENSES, &c.—Continued.
IMPORTS AND EXPORTS, FOURTH ADM.
PRINCIPAL LAND BATTLES OF THE WAR OF 1812.
1812-Aug. 5, Brownstown, Canada Van Horn ..... Tecumseh
Aug. 9, Maguauga
Apr. 27, York (Toronto).
May 27, Fort George, Canada. Dearborn*
200 k. & w.
150 k. & w.
Capital and buildings burned.
68 k. 267 w. & p.
99 k. 900 w.
20 k. & w.
300 k. w. & m.
100 k. & w.
50 k. & w.
8 k. & w.
300 k. & w.
100 k. w. & p.