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THE WORKS

OF

Robert G. Ingersoll

"GIVE ME THE STORM AND TEMPEST OF THOUGHT
AND ACTION, RATHER THAN THE DEAD CALM OF IGNOR-
ANCE AND FAITH. BANISH ME FROM EDEN WHEN YOU
WILL; BUT FIRST LET ME EAT OF THE FRUIT OF THE
TREE OF KNOWLEDGE."

IN TWELVE VOLUMES

VOLUME III.

LECTURES

NEW YORK

THE DRESDEN PUBLISHING CO.,

C. P. FARRELL

AC

8 •IG 1902 v.3

Copy!

COPYRIGHT, 1900

BY

C. P. FARRELL

COPYRIGHT, 1901

BY

THE DRESDEN PUBLISHING CO.

UV

GIFT

NO 4 54

CONTENTS OF VOLUME III.

SHAKESPEARE.
(1891.)

I. The Greatest Genius of our World-Not of Supernatural Origin

or of Royal Blood-Illiteracy of his Parents-Education-His
Father-His Mother a Great Woman-Stratford Unconscious of the
Immortal Child-Social Position of Shakespeare-Of his Personal
Peculiarities-Birth, Marriage, and Death-What we Know of Him-
No Line written by him to be Found-The Absurd Epitaph-II. Con-
temporaries by whom he was Mentioned-III. No direct Mention of
any of his Contemporaries in the Plays-Events and Personages of
his Time-IV. Position of the Actor in Shakespeare's Time-Fortu-
nately he was Not Educated at Oxford-An Idealist-His Indifference
to Stage-carpentry and Plot-He belonged to All Lands-Knew the
Brain and Heart of Man-An Intellectual Spendthrift-V. The
Baconian Theory-VI. Dramatists before and during the Time of
Shakespeare-Dramatic Incidents Illustrated in Passages from "Mac-
beth" and "Julius Cæsar ”—VII. His Use of the Work of Others—
The Pontic Sea-A Passage from "Lear"-VIII. Extravagance that
touches the Infinite-The Greatest Compliment-"Let me not live
after my flame lacks oil"-Where Pathos almost Touches the
Grotesque-IX. An Innovator and Iconoclast-Disregard of the
Unities"-Nature Forgets-Violation of the Classic Model-X.

Types-The Secret of Shakespeare-Characters who Act from Reason

and Motive-What they Say not the Opinion of Shakespeare-XI.

The Procession that issued from Shakespeare's Brain-His Great

Women-Lovable Clowns-His Men-Talent and Genius-XII. The

Greatest of all Philosophers-Master of the Human Heart-Love-

XIII. In the Realm of Comparison-XIV. Definitions: Suicide,

Drama, Death, Memory, the Body, Life, Echo, the World, Rumor—

The Confidant of Nature-XV. Humor and Pathos-Illustrations-

XVI. Not a Physician, Lawyer, or Botanist-He was a Man of Imag-

ination-He lived the Life of All-The Imagination had a Stage in

Shakespeare's Brain,

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Poetry and Poets-Milton, Dante, Petrarch-Old-time Poetry in
Scotland-Influence of Scenery on Literature-Lives that are Poems
-Birth of Burns-Early Life and Education-Scotland Emerging
from the Gloom of Calvinism-A Metaphysical Peasantry-Power of
the Scotch Preacher-Famous Scotch Names-John Barleycorn vs.
Calvinism-Why Robert Burns is Loved-His Reading-Made God-

I. Simultaneous Birth of Lincoln and Darwin-Heroes of Every

Generation-Slavery-Principle Sacrificed to Success-Lincoln's

Childhood-His first Speech-A Candidate for the Senate against

Douglass-II. A Crisis in the Affairs of the Republic-The South Not

Alone Responsible for Slavery-Lincoln's Prophetic Words-Nom-

inated for President and Elected in Spite of his Fitness-III. Seces-

sion and Civil War-The Thought uppermost in his Mind-IV. A

Crisis in the North-Proposition to Purchase the Slaves-V. The

Proclamation of Emancipation-His Letter to Horace Greeley-

Waited on by Clergymen VI. Surrounded by Enemies-Hostile At-

titude of Gladstone, Salisbury, Louis Napoleon, and the Vatican-

VII. Slavery the Perpetual Stumbling-block-Confiscation-VIII.

His Letter to a Republican Meeting in Illinois-Its Effect-IX. The

Power of His Personality-The Embodiment of Mercy-Use of the

Pardoning Power-X. The Vallandigham Affair-The Horace Gree-

ley Incident-Triumphs of Humor-XI. Promotion of General

Hooker-A Prophecy and its Fulfillment-XII.-States Rights vs.

Territorial Integrity-XIII. His Military Genius-The Foremost Man

in all the World: and then the Horror Came-XIV. Strange Min-

gling of Mirth and Tears-Deformation of Great Historic Characters-

Washington now only a Steel Engraving-Lincoln not a Type-Vir-

tues Necessary in a New Country-Laws of Cultivated Society-In

the Country is the Idea of Home-Lincoln always a Pupil-A Great

Lawyer-Many-sided-Wit and Humor-As an Orator-His Speech

at Gettysburg contrasted with the Oration of Edward Everett-Apolo-

getic in his Kindness-No Official Robes-The gentlest Memory of

our World,
123-173

I. Changes wrought by Time-Throne and Altar Twin Vultures-
The King and the Priest-What is Greatness?-Effect of Voltaire's
Name on Clergyman and Priest-Born and Baptized-State of France
in 1694-The Church at the Head-Efficacy of Prayers and Dead
Saints-Bells and Holy Water-Prevalence of Belief in Witches,
Devils, and Fiends-Seeds of the Revolution Scattered by Noble and
Priest-Condition in England-The Inquisition in full Control in
Spain-Portugal and Germany burning Women- Italy Prostrate be-
neath the Priests, the Puritans in America persecuting Quakers, and

The History of Intellectual Progress is written in the Lives of

Infidels-The King and the Priest-The Origin of God and Heaven,
of the Devil and Hell-The Idea of Hell born of Ignorance, Brutality,
Cowardice, and Revenge-The Limitations of our Ancestors-The
Devil and God-Egotism of Barbarians-The Doctrine of Hell not an
Exclusive Possession of Christianity-The Appeal to the Cemetery-
Religion and Wealth, Christ and Poverty-The "Great" not on the
Side of Christ and his Disciples-Epitaphs as Battle-cries-Some
Great Men in favor of almost every Sect-Mistakes and Superstitions
of Eminent Men-Sacred Books-The Claim that all Moral Laws
came from God through the Jews-Fear-Martyrdom-God's Ways
toward Men-The Emperor Constantine-The Death Test--Theolog-
ical Comity between Protestants and Catholics-Julian-A childish
Fable still Believed-Bruno-His Crime, his Imprisonment and

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