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calamities; and the dark prefage of impending judgments, which Heaven feems to exhibit by recalling its beloved Minifter.

Ar the fame time let our tears be intermixed and ennobled by that sublime spirit of gratitude and joy, which the dignity of the occafion requires. Let us exult in the thought, that our nature and our country, that our government, liberty, and religion have been adorned by fo diftinguished a Subject and Patron. Let us draw fresh materials for patriotic triumph and religous thanksgiving from every page in the history of WASHINGTON; and from every benefit, which Heaven has conferred upon us, and bequeathed to our children, through the medium of his fervices, writings, and example. Among the innumerable fources of confolation and praise, presented by his life, let us gratefully adore the divine goodness in protracting it to a vigorous, useful, and honorable old age; in protecting its decline from that abafement and obfcurity, in which the fun of human glory fo frequently fets. Let us give thanks, that a body and mind fo energetic and noble were not doomed to long disease and pain, to mortifying inactivity and dotage; that the laft ftages of fo glorious a life were attended with no circumftance, which in the leaft diminished its fplendor; that our beloved Patriot did not fall, as many great and good men have done, by the hand either of foreign hoftility, or of domestic envy, ingratitude, or treachery; that his death, though kindly fudden, did not deprive him of the honor, nor the world of the example, of a rational and glorious triumph over the king of terrors. Let us devoutly glory in the thought, that our great Countryman was lent to mankind, to inftruct them both how to live and how to die; that, while his fpirit ftill lives to itself, to the · Universe, and to God, he alfo furvives on earth in his excellent pattern and counfels, in the fruits of his labors, the affections of his country, and the records of immortal fame; that this his furviving existence is our peculiar and unfading inheritance; that its bleffed effects will, we truft in God, be fucceffively propagated from age to age, and thus continually add fresh glory to his memory on earth, and to his spirit in heaven.

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WHAT matter of thankful joy, that in addition to the other means of education, with which this age abounds, Providence has opened to our children a volume fo pure and inftructive, as THE LIFE OF WASHINGTON ! Ye American PARENTS, and TEACHERS of youth! Study this volume; become masters of its important contents; tranfcribe them into your own hearts and lives; and thus convey them with happiest effect to your children and pupils. Often lead them to the tomb of their venerable Father, and fay; Here lies the Man, who loved liberty and his country; who loved us and you far better, than his own comfort, reputation, and life. Here fleeps the Hero and Statesman, whom your God and the GoD of your Fathers raised up and fingularly qualified to be our fuccessful Leader both in war and peace, Here refts the Citizen and Christian, whose piety and morality folicit univerfal esteem and imitation. Read then his hiftory, and learn to believe in Providence; to be thankful for its favors; to admire and emulate its virtuous and illustrious Agent!'

ESPECIALLY let the youthful Votaries of the liberal arts honor their deceased Patron, not merely by fervent celebrations, but by correfpondent practice. The Man, who we commemorate, though formed to be great without the affiftance of public education, was yet a liberal poffeffor and friend of science. He protected this University from British spoilers, He gave it his warm bencdiction, when, as our common Father, he made his visit to the Eastern States. He fervently recommended the interests of learning to the national Legislature. While living, he cherished literary Inftitutions by his bounty; and at his death appropriated large legacies to the support of several Academies, and especially of a central COLUMBIAN UNIVERSITY. His reafons for this laft devife difplay a mind fo correct, patriotic, and noble, as muft greatly recommend him to the friends of learning and of America, even though his favorite plan at present be thought inexpedient. I need not add that his attachment to science and her children has been warmly reciprocated. The Sons of this our ALMA

MATER have long dwelt on his name with filial, unabating rapture. They have loaded his Natal Day with their united bleffings. They have eagerly decorated our exhibitions with his laurels. The Mufes have never tired in finging his praises. The anniversary of his birth again approaches. "But ah, how changed!" It is fhrouded in fackcloth. Its joy-inspiring Patron has fled.

YE bereaved Members of this University! The death of the Man, whom ye once fondly celebrated, has not diffolved, but enhanced and fealed your obligations to his memory. While your hearts pant to fulfil these obligations, permit me, as his humble organ, and your friendly monitor, to assist you in the arduous effort. As this feminary was defigned to be the nursery of true greatness, your standard of dignity should be early and correctly adjusted. You have often heard and echoed the maxim, that MORAL GRANDEUR MAKES THE MIGHTY MAN. Here you behold this abstract principle embodied, yea formed into a living foul. The character of our Patriot, whether curforily viewed, or philosophically analyzed; though we fee it covered with intellectual and adventitious glory; yet feizes and almost confines our admiration by its PREDOMINANT GOOD. We admire its other qualities, chiefly because they were the offspring, the handmaids, or exhibiters of his Heaven-born virtue. Why are you enraptured with its military fplendor? Because it was a fublime display of the policy and enterprise, the courage and triumph of goodness. Why do you extol his political greatness? Because through the correct medium of impartial, juft, and extended philanthropy, he clearly difcerned the rights, duties, and interefts both of his own and of foreign nations; and because the strength of his virtue made him refolutely follow this moral perception. Why does the whole life of WASHINGTON at once awe and delight you? Because it was uniformly fuperior to the littleness of vanity and pride, of selfish ambition and avarice, of habitual vice even in its most fashionable and feducing forms; because he ever fought the nobleft ends by the purest means; because all his waking hours were methodically and intenfely em

ployed in this Godlike purfuit. Can you contemplate fuch a character without trampling under foot that fpurious greatness, which the world has annexed to most of its renowned heroes, and fages, and emperors, and gods? Figure to yourselves a man concentrating as far as poffible, all the qualities, actions, and fortunes of our Patron, excepting his goodness; fuppofe this fplendid combination to be connected with an unjust cause or unworthy motives, with private immorality or public villany; you cannot but spurn its poffeffor, even though his exploits have providentially faved a country or a world. You may indeed be astonished at his energies and achievements, just as we admire fome grand, tremendous, or useful prodigy in nature. But, while the tranfient fight of fo huge and misshapen a monfter may delight your curiofity, you cannot but dread and fhun his unwieldy greatness, and wish him either chained or exterminated.*

YOUR historic and claffical reading, my young friends, has doubtlefs anticipated me in deriving fresh laurels for our Hero from the contrasted vices or defects of the greatest characters both of antient and modern times. I must however obferve, that his life presents a model of excellence fuperior, not only to the real, but even to the fabulous heroes of paganism. Survey the fictitious portraits, drawn by those two great masters, Virgil and Homer. Compare the romantic hero of the Eneid with the real Hero of AMERICA. How unfeeling and spiritless, how inconfiftent and unlovely on the whole, does the former appear in the comparison! Look into the Iliad. Though you juftly admire the grandeur of its fentiments and images; yet can you find one spotlefs or uniformly great character in the whole group of its heroes and deities? Does not even mighty Jupiter force

Ir is pleafing to obferve that the life of WASHINGTON has in fome degree changed the dialect of mankind. We now almost instinctively apply the epithet GREAT to high moral excellence, rather than to fuperiority of intellect or of fortune. The best Eulogifts of our Hero almost appropriate this title to his felf denying and exalted virtue. They and all their readers confider him, as preeminently great in firmly defending our independence against France, in voluntarily relinquishing the chair of government, in accepting a fubordinate command, &c. May we not hope that the time is at hand, when this dignified appellation will be wholly alienated from exalted libertines and villains, robbers and murderers, blasphemers and atheists; and be exclufively applied to characters resembling the AMERICAN WASHINGTON?


your contempt and averfion? Do you not laugh at his foibles, and deteft his vices, in spite of his terrible thunder bolts? Yes, the collected dignity of all the heathen gods and goddeffes vanishes before the pure and beneficent luftre of WASHINGTON.


How fhall we account for this fact? We can trace it to no adequate. fource, but that, from which he derives the prefent melioration of mankind, VİZ. THE PURE AND BENIGN LIGHT OF REVELATION. As the countries, which wanted this light, could furnifh no refined or finished models of virtue, from which to copy; fo the moral conceptions of the copyifts were too defective and grofs, for the exhibition of a perfect ideal character. Christian religion therefore receives new luftre from its tranfcendent influence upon the character of our virtuous Sage, as well as from his avowed belief and earnest recommendation of its divine principles. You. cannot defpife this religion, without infulting the afhes of a Man, whom you are forever bound to love and revere. You cannot reject it, without renouncing the precious affurance, that the moft beloved of human Benefactors is now inheriting a reward equal to his matchlefs fervices; and that, if you imitate his virtues, you will fhortly affociate with him, and other kindred spirits, in a world of perfect gratitude, benevolence, and joy. How ineftimable is that system, which can exalt frail humanity to such greatness of character, and to fuch glorious profpects; and yet reftrain us from deifying the moft excellent creature, by pointing our views to an Object infinitely greater! How ought we to love that revelation, which confers fuch dignity and happiness on the present and future existence of our admired Citizen; which enables us to rank him far above the most adored objects of other religions, and to pay him the highest subordinate honors; while it reserves our supreme affection and facred worship to his and our Father

and Redeemer !

WHILE the life of our illuftrious Patriot thus fets before you the criterion of dignity, it diftinctly points out the feveral ingredients, which compose it. It teaches you to unite benevolence with felf love, patriotism with

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