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conftitution of our Hero were united a vigor, firmnefs, and dignity, which at once represented and fupported the energy and greatness of his mind; and which feemed to designate him for high command and arduous enterprife. His intellectual furniture combined a clear and comprehensive understanding, a correct and cultivated taste, a prompt and retentive memory, a found and deliberate judgment. He conceived and expreffed his fentiments with justness, precision, and ftrength. He formed and executed his plans with circumfpection, policy, and vigor. The productions of his pen were uniformly excellent. They furnish an eminent model of chaste and perfpicuous, of concise and elegant compofition. Their matter and style are ever appropriate to the subject and occafion. They exhibit, in the most unaffected and diverfified manner, not only the inexhausted resources of his genius, but the fteady and elevated goodness of his heart.


As the greatness of GOD, rightly understood, involves, and indeed is principally formed by infinite RECTITUDE; fo his departed Minister was chiefly ennobled by the majefty of his virtue. His avowed and fublime principles of morality and piety enlarged his understanding, and exalted his affections. They originated fome of his great qualities, and imparted direction, vigor, and beauty to all. They supported a constant propriety and dignity both of fentiment and action in his individual, domeftic, and public capacities. His unufual command of appetite and paffion made the ferenity, clearness, and uniformity of his mind resemble those of fuperior beings. His investigation, difcernment, and practical obfervance of truth, rectitude, and honor were never known to be either obftructed by pleasure, relaxed by indolence, disturbed by refentment, controlled by fear, intercepted by intereft, or borne down by ambition. In short, the splendor of his character arose, not fo much from the striking predominance of any one virtue, as from the fingular union and culture of all, and the wonderful adaptation of his leading moral qualities to his peculiar and arduous fituations.

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THIS bright affemblage of virtues ftrikes us with lefs aftonishment, when we add that their poffeffor was, both in faith and practice, a CHRISTIAN. Whatever influence we ascribe to the peculiar ftructure of his mind and his polished education; yet as Chriftian principles were early interwoven with this ftructure and education, they muft, under the divine bleffing, have principally contributed to his excellent character. Agreeably, in his circular letter at the clofe of the revolutionary war, he afcribes the meliorated condition of mankind "above all other caufes, to the PURE AND BENIGN LIGHT OF REVELATION;" and earnestly prays that GOD" would "moft graciously be pleased to difpofe us all to demean ourselves with that "charity, humility, and pacific temper of mind, which were the character"iftics of the DIVINE AUTHOR OF OUR BLESSED RELIGION; without "a humble imitation of whofe example, we can never hope to be a hap. ру -nation." When we compare this folemn teftimony in favor of the Gospel with his exemplary regard to its public institutions, and his uncommon difplay of its excellent fpirit; can we avoid the conclufion, that his eminent character was chiefly produced by its heavenly doctrines; by "a "humble imitation of the perfect example" it propofes; and above all, by the gracious and promised influence of its " DIVINE AUTHOR ?" Well may he be ranked among earthly Gods, who to other great accomplishments united a "humble," yet near resemblance of HIM, who is the standard of human perfection, and the EXPRESS IMAGE of divine glory.

THE Author of nature and grace, having thus prepared his chofen Servant, by enduing him with a large portion of internal greatness, at length by his providence raised him to a corresponding sphere of external dignity. The voice of GOD, fpeaking in the unanimous appointment of a great and enlightened people, created him their military Leader, and afterward their political Head. He accepted and fulfilled each of these appointments with a spirit of humility and difinterestedness, of patriotifm and devotion, which confecrated all his virtues and energies to GOD and his country. To

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the Godlike, but hazardous purpose of faving and bleffing his nation, he readily facrificed his comfort and intereft, and cheerfully offered his reputa tion and life. His fpirit and conduct, in purfuing this abject, uniformly comported with its excellent nature.

AMID the fingular difcouragements and viciffitudes of a long, fluctuating, and diftreffing war, his mind, leaning on its own greatnefs, on the purity of his motives, the rectitude of the caufe, and the approbation of his GOD, feemed to gather ftrength from furrounding weakness, courage from danger, and hope from defpondency. Happy in his confcious integrity, and alive only to his country's intereft and honor, he anxiously covered her infirmities and perils even from her own view; he refigned personal char acter and feeling to her credit and welfare; he enlivened her confidence, and repelled her foes, by needful but feigned appearances of ftrength, and profpects of victory. While we trace his military career, we admire that uncommon and diverfified greatness, which could at once conceal and var nifh, endure and furmount, yea finally bend to the public good, fo many circumstances of perplexity, alarm, and difgrace. We admire that greatnefs, which effectually influenced the civil authorities, while it yielded them the most delicate refpect and the firmeft fupport; which animated the great mass of the people, and upheld the national Union, without ever stepping over the line of decorum or official propriety. We venerate that controlling genius and virtue, which from raw, fhifting, and difcordant materials, and amid the most trying and obftinate difficulties, could create and harmonize, encourage and protect the armies of our infant nation ; and which, under the vifible aufpices of an Almighty Leader, conducted them through a great and terrible wilderness to the promised land of triumphant freedom, peace, and independence. We reverence that fublime fpirit, which, at the clofe of the War, fpurned the allurement of empire, and crushed the embryo of rebellion; and which, after giving its excellent parting advice and benediction to the beloved foldiers and citizens of

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America, exemplified to the world the precious maxim, that true ambition and glory are completed in humble and difinterested virtue.

In a word, the character of our Hero feemed to border as closely on perfection, as human infirmity would permit. Its multifarious and exquifite texture was admirably fitted to his deftination. The God of Washington and of America appears to have united in him those seemingly incompatible virtues and talents, which had been fingly distributed among preceding Warriors, because their combined efficiency and example were eminently required, to form a lafting center of union for our nation; to fupport the interests, and retrieve the honor of our degraded nature; and to inftruct mankind in that true heroifin, which liberty and Christianity alone can infpire.*

THE political character of WASHINGTON is too fresh in your minds, to need a particular delineation. You remember, you still feel the universal trans port, which hailed him as our first Executive Magistrate. You recollect with exultation the pure and fublime maxims, on which he founded his aufpicious administration, and the steady magnanimity, which marked his adherence to them. While fuch maxims and conduct reflected equal honor on his understanding and heart; while they illuftrated the transcendent beauty and dignity of CHRISTIAN POLICY; they gave, at a critical period, the moft falutary direction to our new political machine, and afforded a precious example to all fucceeding patriots. Who can fully estimate the mass of public good derived from a magiftrate, whofe name reconciled the

*THE fingular trials, virtues, talents, and fervices of our Hero, during the late war, are best feen in his Official Letters. Thefe, compared with his conduct, display an unparallelled union of coolness and animation; of caution and vigor; of modefty and decifion; of philanthropy and bravery; of humility and ambition; of comprehenfive difcernment and patriotic ardor of prudent, yet heroic patience and enterprife; of fortitude in diftrefs, moderation in victory, and equanimity in all the changes of fortune.


clashing views and feelings of party; whofe fanction enforced a system of needful and juft, of liberal and vigorous measures; whofe compréhenfive mind rofe fuperior to the selfish and fubtle policy of his native State, and to every local and partial confideration, and equally cherished all the members of our complex Republic; whofe enlightened and vigilant zeal conftantly fuperintended both our internal and external interests, and at a very delicate crisis not only placed, but fteadily kept us on the high ground of pacific, independent, and profperous neutrality? How great was that spirit, which, like a majestic rock in the ocean, stood firm and lofty on its own base against the dashing billows of domestic and foreign oppofition! How glorious was that character, which, amid the mutual rage and crimination of parties, extorted a univerfal teftimony to its own undeviating integrity! How amiable and dignified was that policy, which, while it courted and attentively weighed every decent expreffion of public opinion, and gratefully enjoyed every mark of popular favor, could calmly facrifice both to confcious duty and the national intereft!

In a word, the conduct of our late President was a humble and visible representation of the Divine Government in the uniform purity of its principles, measures, and objects. He approved himself the Vicegerent of GOD by his profound wisdom, impartial justice, unfufpected uprightnefs, and steady confiftency; by his difinterested and univerfal love; by his intenfe, unwearied, and successful exertions for the common good,

IN the courfe of his public life the SUPREME DIVINITY delighted to honor him by affording opportunity to exhibit with advantage all his talents and virtues; by leading him to a happy use of fuch opportunity; and by crowning his energies with fignal fuccefs. What the Romans called felicitas, and Chriftians ftyle the BLESSING OF HEAVEN, remarkably attended him, especially in cafes of unufual importance, embarrassment, or danger. In these instances, a guardian GoD appeared to watch, with

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