A System of Education on the Principle of Connecting Science with Useful Labor

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Peter Force, 1838 - Education - 14 pages
Fellenberg's system of education combines academic study with industrial arts or agricultural training from an early age to form good personal habits and character. Peter W. Gallaudet, who authored this pamphlet, proposes the system for the poor of the District of Columbia.

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Page 13 - In teaching the sciences, considerable aid is derived from the method of Pestalozzi, which consists in exercising the reasoning faculties more than is done by the ordinary plan of instruction, and in making the process of learning much less matter of rote.
Page 14 - Those boys that are taken into these establishments from the lower grades of life are bound to remain until they arrive at the age of twenty-one years. " Mr. Fellenberg was first known merely as an agriculturist, and still keeps up his original establishment of husbandry. But agriculture was with him a secondary object, and subservient to that system of education to which his thoughts were very early directed. He is a man of an unusual, ardent, as well as persevering turn of mind, and conceals a...
Page 12 - ... the property managed in the usual way. The land forms part of a beautiful plain, surrounded by hills, and interspersed with woods. The house and pleasuregrounds are agreeably situated in the middle of the farm. Being naturally of a retired and contemplative disposition, fond of study, and peculiarly attached to agricultural pursuits, he early in life devoted himself to the praiseworthy objects of improving his estate by his own industry, and of making this occupation subservient to the improvement...
Page 14 - Fellenberg undertook to systematize domestic education, and to shew on a large scale how the children of the poor might be best taught, and their labour at the same time most profitably applied : in short, how the first twenty years of a poor man's life might be so employed as to provide both for his support and his education.
Page 13 - Those other banches are, an Academy for the sons of wealthier persons ; an Agricultural Institute, connected with a small experimental farm; and, a Manufactory of farming machinery and implements. The Academy consists of fifty or sixty pupils, chiefly of patrician families; and when Mr Brougham was there, he found seven or eight German princes among them, besides several young nobles of that nation. These boys are taught every, branch of elegant and of useful learning, by the most eminent professors,—to...
Page 14 - It appeared to him that a sounder system of education for the great body of the people could alone stop the progress of error and corruption. He determined to set about the slow work of elementary reformation by a better mode of education, and to persevere in it for the rest of his life...
Page 13 - Fellenberg has improved with great success, and continues to cultivate himself. It is here that the poor children are employed, to the number of between thirty and forty ; and this may be said to be the branch to which all the others are more or less subordinate, and with which they have all some connexion.
Page 12 - Review," founded, as it is, upon Lord Brougham's account, and to compare this statement, made in 1818, with those which furnish the present state of the institution : — " Mr. Fellenberg is the head of a most respectable patrician family of the canton of Berne ; and possesses, about four miles from the city, an hereditary estate,* sufficiently large for one of his * This is not Hofwyl, which he bought, as is afterwards stated.
Page 13 - The character, the temper, and the habits of the young people are the paramount objects of the superintendence exercised sedulously over them at every moment of time, but so as never to oppress or annoy. The methods of preserving this watchful attention, and at the same time leaving the pupil free from any sense of restraint, are among those processes which no description can adequately represent. The great principle seems to be an appeal to the...
Page 13 - ... constantly going on. These pupils pay about seventy pounds a year for all expenses, and live at a chateau about half a mile from the principal residence where Mr Fellenberg and the boys are, and where the laboratory, cabinets of natural history, and apparatus of natural philosophy, are also fixed. The Manufactory of machinery and implements consists of two branches; one of common husbandry tools, as well as of those improved at Hofwyl; the other intended to carry on improvements in this essential...

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