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Government and Institutions of the State,
CONTAINING A RECORD OF THE
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PUBLISHERS OF THE BOSTON DIRECTORY, NEW ENGLAND BUSINESS DIRECTORY, NEW YORK
STATE BUBINESS DIRECTORY, ETC.
01 WASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1862, by ADAMS, SAMPSON & Co., in the
Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.
GEO. O. RAND & AVERY, PRINTERS.
In collecting the information for the Register for 1862, circulars have been sent to our regular correspondents in every town in the State, from nearly every one of whom answers have been promptly received.
Many other communications have also been received, both from public institutions and private individuals, with regard to changes to be made.
It will be seen that some of the information usually given in the book has been condensed, and some unimportant matters omitted. This has been done to give space, within reasonable limits of the book, for the very full account of what is now, and has been for the past year, engrossing the public attention more than any other subject — perhaps more than all others. We scarcely need say that we refer to the rebellion, which is now fast being suppressed, and the active part which Massachusetts is taking in that suppression.
The great amount of information which we are giving in these pages will hardly be appreciated as it should be, we fear, unless we call attention to the fact that nearly all the book is set in a much smaller type than usual, giving a great amount of reading to a very small space. This is particularly true with regard to the Military Department.
In our historical matter we have endeavored to be accurate, but to give a picture of the times, rather than statistical information. In the regimental narratives we present the most accurate history published, of each of the three months' regiments, and each company, from their leaving Massachusetts until their return; and the outlines of the history of each of the Massachusetts regiments now in the field, from their formation until the first of January.
In compiling the military information, we have been aided by several gentlemen connected with that branch of the public service, and in preparing the lists of members of the companies have had free access to the rolls in the office of the Adjutant General.
To prepare entirely accurate lists of names from those rolls was found to be impossible; and this is not at all surprising, when we consider that they were made up from reports of the several hun. dred different companies now in the field, prepared by persons, some of whom, of course, were unused to such busir.ess, and do not realize the importance of having names and residences full and correct, and written very plainly. Soldiers are, naturally and properly, thinking more of what shall be done to perfect themselves and their comrades in the art of war, than in accurately recording their names.
To perfect the information, as far as possible, without too much delay, we sent printed lists to the orderly of each company, - except some of the most distant, whom we could not, possibly, have obtained returns from in season, - and from nearly all, replies hive been received, enabling us to make very many important corrections, and also to note many changes that have occurred since the regiments left the State, such as killed, wounded, prisoners and missing in battle, promoted, discharged, &c., &c.
As the result of the great amount of labor and care which has been bestowed on this work, the publishers feel warranted in saying that it is, doubtless, by far the fullest and most accurate account of the Massachusetts military now in the field that has yet been offered to the public.
The publishers renew their thanks to those who have assisted in the compilation of the work, and would suggest that any person discovering an error in the book will confer a favor by notifying them of it, that it may be corrected in future editions.