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evening a meeting was held in the hall occupied by the Everett Association, in Hanover Street, where eloquent and patriotic appeals to enlist were made by Brig.-Maj. George Clark, Jr., Capts. Maclelland Moore and John H. Davis, Lieut. J. Frank Lakin, and others. But one sentiment pervaded the minds of those present, - that
“Where'er the foe's arrayed, and war's wild trumpet blown,
Cold is the heart that has not made his country's cause his own." Before the close of the meeting, so intense was the patriotic zeal of the assembly, that a large number signed its enlistment papers. Many of the recruits were clerks and mechanics who had thrown aside their peaceful avocations at the first tap of the alarumdrurn, and it was found necessary to set at once about pr curing barracks sufficiently commodious for drilling the companies in the art of war, feeding and lodging the recruits, &c. The owner of the large building, No. 179 Court Street, generously tendered its free use; the water and gas were turned on free of charge; cooking utensils, food, ma: tresses, and furniture were speedily procured, a mammoth American flag was Aung !o the breeze, and the new organization, which had adopt d the title of " Boston Volunteers," was apparently enjoying the full tide of successful experiment. We say appir nily, for there were yit many and serious obstacles to be surmounted before ihe organization might be called a regiment, and until it became a regiment it could receive no aid either from the City or State. As the recruits came flocking in, it was discorered that the "sinews of war," in the shape of large sums of money, were required to purchase food and other necessaries for daily consumption. Fortunately for them, the military experience, energy, and patriotism of Major Clark had suggested his name at the outset as eminently fitted to take the lead of its movement; and he secured the services of such officers as were indispensable to conduct tne business un:il the regiment should be permanently organized by the State. He appointed George F. Tileston, Esq., Adjutant, J. Frank Lakin, Esq., Quartermaster, and E. P. Haskell, Esq., Paymaster. These gentlemen were all old members of the Boston newspaper press, and from their large acquaintance with patriotic and liberal citize' s everywhere were peculiarly qualified for th-ir respective positions. Adjutant Tileston and Paymaster Haskell were assiduous and successful in their efforts to obtain funds, while Quartermaster Lakin was zealous and untiring in the discharge of his most arduous duties. It may be truly said, without injustice to others, that to these officers, together with their chief, is the credit of the speedy and successful organization of the Eleventh Regiinent mainly due.
Mrs. Capt. E. H. Sanford was among the first as well as the most liberal of the contributors to the funds of the regiment, and she has never yet ceased her efforts in its behalf. For the purpose of showing, in a degree, the thoughtful kindness of Mrs. Sanford, it may not be out of place to enumerate some of the articles sent to the soldiers from this lady's private resources. Besides various donations in money, she has sent the following articles : - 800 linen towels (made by herself, and marked); 1600 combs; 400 hair brushes ; 1600 cakes of soap; 23 long flannel night-shirts for the sick ; 12 short flannel shirts for the sick; 125 pairs of woolen stockings ; 40 pairs of shoes ; 6000 cigars; 100 bundle handkerchiefs ; 100 linen pocket-handkerchiefs; 200 needlebooks; 200 pounds of tobacco; over tuo thousand pounds of cake; besides many kegs, boxes, and half barrels of crackers and soda viscuit; jars of pickles, jellies, and sweetmeats ; pins, needles, thread, &c., &c., &c.
Col. Robert I. Burbank, Solomon Stebbins, Esq., of the Corn Exchange, and many others too numerous to be mentioned here, also rendered material aid. Colonel Burbank took deep interest in the success of the regiment; he made liberal donations to it, and used his influence to secure the comfort of the men and the success of the organization, and he is gratefully remembered by the officers and soldiers composing it.
Eight companies (all then required for a regiment by State regulation) were soon full, and their officers duly elected and commis ioned. By a special order from the Governor, a meeting of the captains and lieutenants of the several companies was convened at the Parker House, on the first of May, 1861, when Major Clark was chosen Colonel, Mr. W. Blaisdell, Lieut.-Col., and Adjutant George F. Tileston, Major. Col. Clark then confirmed the staff appointments previously made. The regiment was now completely organized by the issuing of the following order from the colonel:
ORDERS No. 1.
Boston, May 4, 1861. HEAD QUARTERS ELEVENTI REGIMENT, M. V. M. The colonel of the regiment desires in this, his first Order; to congratulate the officers and men composing his command, upon the success that has thus far attended their efforts, – that their energy, perseverance, and patriotism has enabled them to organize the regiment first to respond to the call of the Commander-in-Chief for new troops. He trusts that each and every officer and süldier under his command will continue his endeavors for the future welfare of the regiment. In order to render efficient service in the cause of our country, the utmost atention must be paid to drill and discipline, to promote which will require, on the part of the instructor and recruits, diligence and patience. Captains of companies should exercise fornearunce towards their subordinate officers and soldiers, for, by so doing, they will ensure their respect and confidence ; always bearing in inind, however, that the efficiency of the regiment can only be secured by proper discipline. Officers and soldiers will be diligent in their endeavors to acquire a knowledge of every duty that may devolve upon them. No negligence will be overlooked.
Captains, in making returns for the appointment of non-commissioned officers, will examine each person returned, and be ready to certify as to their ability to discharge their several duties. The non-commissioned officers should be proper examples for the soldiers, as the discipline of the company, the conduct of the men, their exactness in obeying orders, and the regularity of their manners, will depend in a great measure upon their vigilance. First sergeants must be capable of keeping a record of the proceedings
of their company, the rolls, &c. Teltow-officers and soldiers, the time is not far distant when you will he called into the fieli for active service in support of our Government and in defence of our country's flag: prepare yourselves, then, to perform that patriotic duty in a manner that will be creditable to yourselves, and reflect honor upon our giorious old Commonwealth. By order of Col. GEORGE CLARK, JR.
Wm. B. MITCHELL, Acting Adjutant.
May 9th. The regiment was ordered to Fort Warren, and was augmented to ten companies. While it remained at the fort it was officially visited by the Commander: in-chief and by the City Governments of Boston and Charlestown. Their uvofficial visitors, ladies and gentlemen, were numbered by thousands. The rigid drill and strict discipline the Eleventh was subjected to at Fort 'Warren caused thein to be particularly scrutinized by their visitors, and they were always spoken of in terms of compliment.
June 13th. Captain Marshall, of the U. S. Army, accompanied by Adjutant General Schouler and other officials, visited the fort, for the purpose of mustering the Eleventh into the U. S. service for a term of three years.
On the 7th of June, the Eleventh came up from Fort Warren, and proceeded up State Street at half-past twelve o'clock, on their way to their new quariers at Camp Cameron, North Cambridge, vacated on Saturday by the First Regiment. The last night of the regiment at Fort Warren was signalized by a cordial and spontaneous interchange of parting ceremonies between the members of the Eleventh and Colonel Webster's regiment. Just at dark, and after the Webster regiment were in quarters, the regiment fell into line of their own accord, and proceeded across the parade to the quarters of their companions-in-arms, from whom, after a pleasant intercourse of several weeks, they were about to separate. At their approach the whole of the Twelfth Regiment came out and were received with round upon round of hearty cheers, which they returned with equal vigor. The band of the Twelfth came out, and the members of both regiments, fifteen hundred strong, united in singing a series of patriotic psalmtunes, appropriate to the occasion, closing with "Auld Lang Syne,” which was rendered wiih tine effect by the grand chorus, whose voices awoke thrilling echoes within the fort. The officers of the two regiments followed the example of their men, and their friendship, which had been cemented by their garrison life, was sealed with pledges to meet if possible on the battle-field, and fight shoulder to shoulder in the common cause. The quarters of the Eleventh were kepi brilliantly illuminated until “tattoo." The regiment left Fort Warren about ten o'clock, in the steamers Nantasket and Nelly Baker, and arriving at Long Wharf were formed in column, and immediately marched up State Street, Court, and other streets, through Charlestown to North Cambridge. They were escorted from the fort to their new quarters by Companies A and B of the Webster Regiment, under command of Captain Murch, with the Milford and Gilmore's Brass Bands, and the band of the regiment. There was a large crowd of people on the sidewalks and streets to witness the passage through this city, and the soldiers were frequently and enthusiastically cheered. They made an excellent appearance, the knapsacks of the men being especially noticeable for the snug and uniform appearance. They packed their clothing, blankets, and overcoats, and the most critical observer failed to discover a single slouchy knapsack. On arriving in Charlestown, the regiment halted in Winthrop Square, where they were entertained by an acceptable coilation at the expense of the city. The quantity of solids and fluids distributed among the men consisted of five barrels of crackers, ihree hundred pounds of cheese, two hundred and fifty gallons of lemonade, and about four thousand cigars. The men were overjoyed at this hospitable reception, and voted nem con that the Charlestown folks were a whole-souled and liberal sei of people, deserving the thanks of the regiment. Meanwhile, the officers had been escorted, by a detachinent of the Bunker Hill Cadets, to the residence of Mayor Hutchins, in Chestnut Street, where, in addition, were assembled a bright galaxy of the fair daughters of Charlestown, who greeted the gallant sons of Mars with their sweetest smiles. A number of navy officers and others were present. An elegant collation was spread, to which the guests were invited. The company of volunteers recruited in Charlestown, and commanded by Capt. Wright, left the square, and proceeded to the residence of Hon. Phineas J. Stone, by whom they were hospitably en çertained. The next forward movement was made about three o'clock, when the regiment took up the line of march for Camp Cameron, passing the residence of Mayor Hutchins, and making the circuit of Monument Square, under escort of the Bunker Hill Cadets. Upon the arrival of the regiment at Camp Cameron they were placed upon army rations, and the lessons they there received in regard to the regular army manner of cooking and serving out rations proved of incalculable benefit to them when they arrived at the seat of war,
June 28th. A flag-staff of huge dimensions was erected on the camp ground. Speeches were made by R. S. Dana, Esq., and George Washburn, and patiiotić odes were sung by the assembly, soldiers, ladies, and gentlemen. The American flag was then raised by Col. Clark, and saluted with prolonged chcering. At the conclusion of these ceremonies Quartermaster-General Reed delivered the white banner of old Massachusetts into the keeping of the regiment. Gen. Reed said he was confident that the snowy standard of our cominonwealth would never be dishonored by the Eleventh in the struggle in which they were about to engage, and he delivered it into their hands with feelings of pride and pleasure. Col. Clark received the flag with a few remarks pertinent to the occasion, and pledged his regiment to fulfil every demand inade upon them.
The night before the departure of the Eleventh for Washington, Mrs. Captain E. H. Sanford presented them with an elegant flag, accompanied by the following patriotic letter:
Boston, June 28th, 1861. To Colonel George Clark, Jr., Eleventh Regiment Infantry, M. V., Camp Cameron,
Cambridge. Dear Sir :- By the hands of my son, I send you a color, of my own design; I wish you to present it to the Eleventh Regiment, under your command. It is my desire
that they bear it with them in the campaign upon which they are about to enter, as a souvenir, not only of the estimation in which you are individually held by me, but as a token of the deep interest I feel in the cause your brave men have taken up arms to defend on the battle-field.
I commit it to your keeping; and, whether it waves over you at the camp-fire, or is unfurled amid the din and carnage of batile, let the sight of it carry your niinds homewards, to the trusting hearts of those for whose rights you are battling.
I need not charge you to guard it closer than your life, nor to bear it in the battle's front, for in the lusty arms and brave hearts of those under your command there is ample assurance that it will wave where glory and victory light the way.
When peace once more smiles upon our beautiful land – which God grant may soon be the case - and the sword again rests in its scabbard, and the report of the rifle and booming of the cannon give place to the heartfelt shouts and wild hurrahs of a united and happy people, throughout the length and breadth of our land, I am sure you will bring back this flag, torn and blackened, perhaps, by the storm of battle, but the renown you will achieve under the shadow of its folds will make it as bright, beautiful, and pure in the eyes and hearts of your countrymen, as it now is, when committed to your charge.
With the best wishes for you individually, and a hearty God-speed and God's blessing on the brave men composing the Eleventh Regiment, I remain, very sincerely, yours,
MRS. E, H. SANFORD.
COL. CLARK'S LETTER OF ACKNOWLEDGMENT. Headquarters Eleventh Regiment Infantry, M. V., Camp Sanford, Washington City,
July 3, 1861. Dear Madam :-I take the first opportunity that has presented itself since the receipt of your magnificent donation to the regiment under my command, to express to you feebly, but most sincerely, the grateful thanks that are in the hearts of every man in the regiment. Your stand of colors was first unfurled to the breeze of our native State on Saturday last, and now waves proudly in more Southern lands, by the side of the stars and stripes and the banner of our dear old Commonwealth. Side by side they there shall float while the Eleventh has a man to lift an arm in their defence; and as they wave, we can never cease to bear in most grateful remembrance the kinda ness you have so constantly shown to us in our days of trial, crowned now by this last act of munificent liberality.
Rest assured, dear madam, that as long as we remain a regiment, your name shall never be forgotten in our he rts, and the memory shall ever be an incentive to renewed efforts in the cause of the union of our common United States. With the utmost respect, I have the honor to remain your obedient servant,
GEORGE CLARK, JR.,
Colonel Eleventh Regiment Infantry, M. V. To Mrs. Edward H. Sanford.
The flag was made of double silk, one side red, the other white. It was gorgeously trimmed with gold fringe and tassels, was inscribed with appropriate mottoes, and cost $200.
June 29th. The regiment, accompanied by a train of twenty baggage wagons, hospital carriages, &c., left Camp Cameron, were enthusiastically received in Boston all along the route, and took the cars at the Old Colony Depot for New York, arriving there at about ten o'clock Sunday forenoon. They were met at the pier by a delegation of the Sous of Massachusetts, resident in New York, and escorted to the Park, where they were formally welcomed by Richard Warren, Esq.
Appropriate responses were made by Col. Clark and Surgeon L. V. Bell, who replied at length in behalf of the regiment. The regiment then filed into the Park barracks for refreshment, and the field and staff officers were entertained to a banquet at the Astor House. Col. Stetson presided at the table, and speeches were made by Colonel Clark, Col. Frank E. Howe, of the Massachusetis Quartermaster's Department, Major Tileston, Surgeon Bell, Quartermaster Lakin, Capt. Stone, and others.
In the afternoon, the regiment embarked on board of the steamer Kil Von Kil, for Elizabeth port, and proceeded to Washington by way of Harrisburg. Pa. Upon their arrival in Baltimore, Col, Clark ordered his men to load with ball-cartridges, to be prepared for any emergency. Happily there was no occasion for violent measures, and Gilmore's Boston Band, which accompanied the regiment on their march through the Monumental City, awakened the sullen inhabitants with the strains of Yankee Doodle, Star Spangled Banner, Should Auld Acquaintance be Forgot (most appropriate), &c.
As soon as they arrived in Washington they were entertained to a substantial collation at the Casparis House, Capitol Hill, and then marched up Pennsylvania Avenue, greeted by the cheers of the thousands who throng that great thoroughfare. They passed in review before the President at the White House, and then encamped on the Treasury Grounds, adjoining the Presidential mansion. While they remained at this camp they were visited by some of the most distinguished men of the nation, and President Lincoln often stole away from the weighty cares of his office to their battalion drills and evening parades. One of the Washington papers thus announced the arrival of the Glorious Eleventh:”
“Unquestionably one of the finest regiments that have yet marched through the Avenue, arrived at noon on Tuesday, headed by Gilmore's celebrated band, and followed by twenty large, new, covered army wagons, each filled with camp equipments, &c., and drawn by four fat and sleek matched horses. The Eleventh, in their march up the Avenue, were pronounced a little in advance of the best A l regiment yet in the list of arrivals. Success to Colonel Clark and his noble regiment. May he be beaten, not on the battle-field, but by the arrival of another regiment even more magnificent if it can be done. 'The Eleventh numbers 1,048 officers and men."
The principal event connected with their sojourn in Washington was the arrival of a new light blue uniform, complete, from Massachusetts, and a parade in it down the Avenue.
On the 13th of July, Col Clark received orders from Gen. Mansfield to break camp and be in readiness to march to Alexandria, Va., on the morning following.
July 14th. Arrived in Alexandria, were attached to Gen. Franklin's brigade, and ordered to encamp on Shuter's Hill, near Fort Ellsworth.
July 15th. Received orders to be in readiness to march the next day, with three days' cooked rations in haversacks, and in “light marching order," i. e. without knapbacks or baggage. The blankets of the men were rolled up and tied over their shoulders, and forty rounds of ammunition served to each man.
July 16th. The morning was spent in cooking rations and making other preparations for the march. Capt. Stone, of Company K, being in feeble health, was left in charge of the camp with a guard of one lundred men, many of whom were sick or convalescent. It was now evident to all that a battle was forthcoming the most innportant and most unfortunate event of the war. The following details of the part played by the Eleventh in the march and on the battle, and related by an intelligent officer who was present, we give in his own language:
As soon as the regiment was in line and everything in readiness for leaving Shuter's Hill, Col. Clark called his officers to the front and addressed them and their commands. He assured them that they were about to meet the enemies of their country, and urged them to behave in a manner creditable to themselves, to the regiment, and old Massachusetts. The men responded with deafening cheers, and when they maiched out of camp they were greeted with joyous huzzas from the troops in Fort Ellsworth and the camps along the route. When the regiment arrived at the road leading to Fairfax, Companies A and G were left, under command of Capt. Davis, to escort a di tachment having in charge a thirty-pound Parrott gun, which, on account of the bad road, they were unable to bring up until the next morning. The rebels had placed trees and other obstructions across the roads, so that the regiment pushed on with much difficulty, and arrived at the place selected for bivouac at three o'clock on the moruing of the 17th. At four o'clock – after less than one hour's rest - the regiment was again on the march, which was continued, with occasional halts, until four o'clock, P. M., inaking a march of twenty-six hours' duration and only one hour's sleep. They then bivouacked at Sangster's Station, west of Fairfax, having gone over a long and circuitous route, in order to cut off the retreat of the enemy from that place. I'he rebels, however, had timely warning of our intention and retreated, burning the railroad bridge and destroying other property. The enemy's rear guard left the town about half an hour before the arrival of our advanced guard. The day was the hottest the regiment had encountered since leaving home, and many of the officers and men fell down, exhausted by the heat and over-exertion. The place selected for the regiment to bivouac that ni ht was most uncomfortable; the men were so worn out that they lay down upon the ground and were soon asleep. The following day, the 18th, the usual routine of camp duty was pursued, notwithstanding they were hourly expecting an engagement. In the afternoon the cannonading in the first Bull Run battle was distinctly heard by the Eleventh, telling them that their brethren of the Union army were engaging the foe. The regiment was held in readiness to march at a moment's notice. At four o'clock marching orders were given and the brigade advanced in the following order :Fourth Pennsylvania, Col. Hartstein, First Minnesota, Col. Gorman, Rickett's Battery, including the large Parrott gun alluded to above, the Eleventh Massschusetts, Colonel Clark, and the Fifth Massachusetts, Col. Lawrence. They had not proceeded far on the way when they met soldiers and spectators of the battle, of which they told the most exciting and extravagant stories. The regiment arrived at Centreville late in the evening, and bivouacked for the night. To those who had never seen large bodies of troops together, this bivouac was an interesting sight, and will long long be remembered. The troops were bivouacked in columns of regiments, with a distance between each regiment of one hundred paces, the artillery and cavalry in the centre of the brigade to which they were attached. General McDowell's headquarters was near this portion of the army.
Among the interesting incidents of this place was the return of scouting parties, bringing in prisoners, - one of them brought in a rebel flag which they had captured, and as each party arrived they were loudly cheered by the soldiers who crowded around them. A private in the Eleventh brought in a mail-bag belonging to Secessia, con. taining soine hundreds of letters, which were opened at the headquarters of the regiment, to see if they contained any information that would be of service to the army. Nothing of importance was gleaned from them, but they afforded some amusement. A prevalent rumor that the veteran General Scott was present in person caused great enthusiasm among the troops, who seemed overjoyed that they were to fight in the presence of their commander-in-chief.
At two o'clock the following Sunday morning (the 21st), the whole body of troops, some 30,000, quietly moved out through the village of Centreville, towards Manassas. A few minutes past six o'clock, four guns were fired by a battery in advance, but they were not answered by the enemy Arriving at the point from whence the guns were fired, the troops turred off to the right and entered the woods, and continued to march for several hours over a road scarcely wide enough for a single team, and yet it was crowded with ambulinces and curriages containing citizen spectators. The crowd on the road frequently caused the Eleventh to'halt, and then move on at double-quick to regain their position in the column, much to the annoyance as well as fatigue of the troops. At eleven o'clock the troops emerged into the open country. Immediately the batteries in advance engaged the enemy, followed by volleys of musketry, which showed that the infanıry had also got into action. Clouds of dust rising above the woods in the distance, indicated that large bodies of troops were either advancing or retreating, apparently the latter. At this moment the Eleventh, which had been suffering all the morning for want of water, were directed to fill their canteens at the “run," near the Stone Bridge. The water, though dirty and thick with mud, was like ambrosia to their parched lips. Orders were received here, to hurry forward the Eleventh to support the troops already engaged, and the order was promptly obeyed. For more than a mile the ground they passed over had been occupied by the enemy, and on every side the surgeons were at work on the wounded of the contending armies. Arriving at the scene of action, the men divested themselves of their blankets, that they might take more active part in the struggle. Turning from the main road, they entered into a field towards the enemy's batteries. Our batteries and the Fifth Massachusetts Regiment were hurrying in the same direction. The Eleventh was formed in close columns of platoons, and, by direction from General Franklin, marched round a piece of wood, which movement brought them under the fire of their own and the enemy's batteries. A small hill, however, on which they were afterwards ordered to lie down, partially protected them from the fire of the enemy. This position was occupied for some time, while the shots from both sides were hurled furiously over their heads. They were then ordered to advance to a road leading to a hill beyond, 10 support Rickett's Battery and the Fire Zouaves, who were about to charge the enemy's batteries. This road led to a fording place in Bull Run, which was swept by the enemy's guns, and it was at this point that the Eleventh suffered most. Col. Clark gallantly led his men up the hill, when the enemy opened a murderous fire, completely disabling our battery and compelling the Zouaves to retire. The Eleventh was compelled to lrave the road to allow the remnants of Rickett's Battery to retreat. They then advanced upon the hill, as directed, which position they occupied until the general retreat commenced, when they were dispersed by a galling fire from the enemy, which killed or disabled a great many brave fellows. 'The Sanford banner, the State flag, and iwo United States colors were borne in the fight. One of the color-bearers was shot dead and one badly wounded. During the retreat, Col. Clark, who had been suffering severely froni previous sickness and the fatigues of the day, fell from his horse, sun-struck, and was assisted from the field. The loss suffered by this regiment in the battle is as follows: Killed, 15; more tally wounded, 6; wounded, 37; missing, 30. Total, 88. Most of those wounded fell into the hands of the enemy, and several of them died before they were taken from the field.
The Eleventh returned to Shuter's Hill, Alexandria, on the 23d, where the first regimental line, after the battle, was formed. On the 27th, the first paynient from the United States was made to the soldiers. On the 9th of August, the Eleventh received orders to march to Bladensburg, Maryland, where they were joined by the First Massachusetts, Twenty-Sixth Pennsylvania, Second New Hampshire, and First Michigan Volunteers, all under command of Brigadier-General Joseph Hooker. During the two months the regiment remained in this camp they were once reviewed by the President and twice by Major-General McClellan. They also assisted in building the forts which protect Washington on the eastern branch of the Potomac. Some deaths occurred by casualties and disease. The troops were several tiines under marching orders, and on two occasions the beating of the “- long roll” at night called the men hastily to arms.
On the 11th of October, Col. Clark, who had been severely ill since the Bull Run battle, was advised by his physician to resign, and, much to the regret of both officers and inen,
he asked for and obtained an honorable discharge from the service. Tuis result be made known to the regiment in the following letter:
HARRISON SQUARE, DORCHESTER, MASS., Oct. 12th, 1861. To the Officers and Soldiers of the Eleventh Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers :
Having become fully satisfied that I shall be for some time physically unable to perform active duty in the field, in the responsible position I have had the honor to hold at the head of the regiment, and not wishing to occupy a post of so much importance without being able to take entire charge of its affairs, I have felt called upon to resign my cominission; a step I am convinced the good of the regiment at this time demands.
I confidently expected to have been with you until your services should be no longer required, and to have shared with you in all the glories that must attend your career, and in the praises that I have no doubt you will continue to deserve from your fellow-countryanen, but unfortunately for me that pleasure is denied inle. I shall, however, take deep interest in your future welfare, individually and as a regiment. I shall watch your future career with the fullest confidence in your ability and patriotism, and if not again permitted to meet you in the field, I trust I shall join in welcoming you on your return, which, I have no doubt, will be characterized by that enthusiasın which your already distinguished services coin mund. When the Governor of this Commonwealth appealed to our patriotic citizens to rally in defence of our nationality, you were the first to respond, and left your various business pursuits and your families, without any other inducement than the desire to serve your