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vice; also the total number examined, the total number exempted, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in each State, under the draft made under the call of July 18, 1864, (being the third draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 15, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which drafted men were found unfit for military service ; also the total number exempted in cach district, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in the United States, under the draft made under the call of July 18, 1864, (being the third draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 16, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which drafted men were found unfit for military service; also the total number exempted in each State, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in the United States, under the draft made under the call of July 18, 1864, (being the third draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 17, showing the total number examined, the total number ex empted, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined for each distinct disease or disability, alphabetically arranged, in the United States; also the total number examined, the total number exempted, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined for each disease or disability, alphabetically arranged, in each State, under the draft made under the call of July 18, 1864, (being the third draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 18, showing the total number examined, the total number exempted, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined for each class of diseases and disabilities in the United States; also the total number examined, the total number exempted, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined for each class of diseases and disabilities in each State, under the draft made under the call of July 18, 1864, (being the third draft made under the enrolment act.)

Tables Nos. 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, and 24 relate to the fourth draft made under the call of December 19, 1864, and give the following information :

Table No. 19, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct diseases and disabilities, alphabetically arranged, for which drafted men were found unfit for military service; also the total number examined, the total number exempted, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in each district, under the draft made under the call of December 19, 1864, (being the fourth draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 20, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities, alphabetically arranged, for which drafted men were found unfit for military service; also the total number examined, the total number exempted, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in each State, under the draft made under the call of December 19, 1864, (being the fourth draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 21, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which drafted men were found unfit for military service; also the total number exempted in each district, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in the United States, under the draft made under the call of December 19, 1864, (being the fourth draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 22, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which drafted men were found unfit for military service; also the total number exempted in each State, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in the United States, under the draft made under the call of December 19, 1864, (being the fourth draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 23, showing the total number exempted, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined for each distinct disease and disability, alphabetically arranged, in the United States; also the total

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1,000 examined for each distinct disease and disability, alphabetically arranged, in each State, under the draft made under the call of December 19, 1864, (being the fourth draft made under the enrolment act.)

Table No. 24, showing the total number exempted, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined for each class of diseases and disabilities in the United States; also the total number exempted, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in each State, under the draft made under the call of December 19, 1864, (being the fourth draft made under the enrolment act.)

In tables Nos. 25, 26, 27, and 28 will be found the consolidated medical results of all the drafts made under the enrolment act, and from these tables may be learned the following statistical information :

Table No.25, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities alphabet. ically arranged, for which drafted men were found unfit for military service; also the total number examined, the total number exempted, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in each State, under all the drafts made under the enrolment act.

Table No. 26, showing by States the distinct diseases and disabilities classified for which drafted men were found unfit for military service; also the total number exempted in each State, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in the United States, under all the drafts made urder the enrolment act.

Table No. 27, showing the total number exempted, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined for each distinct disease and disability, alphabetically arranged, in the United States; also the total number exempted, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 ex. amined for each disease and disability in each State, under all the drafts made under the enrolment act.

Table No. 28, showing the total number exempted, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined for each class of diseases and disabilities in the United States; also the total number exempted, the total number examined, and the ratio exempted per 1,000 examined in each State, under all the drafts made under the enrolment act.

The tables from No. 29 to No. 140, inclusive, exhibit by angular lines the prevalence of diseases and disabilities for which drafted men were exempted under all drafts, and are given for the purpose of facilitating the study of table No. 27, and render unnecessary a minute examination and comparison with each other of the ratios indicating the prevalence of diseases in each State and the United States.

Tables Nos. 141, 142, 143, 144, and 145 show the number of recruits examined and rejected for physical or mental disabilities in the following manner:

Table No. 141, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct diseases and disabilities, alphabetically arranged, for which recruits were found unfit for service; also the total number examined, total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in each district, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 142, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities, alphabetically arranged, for which recruits were found unfit for service; also the total number examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in each State, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 143, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which recruits were found unfit for service; also the total number rejected in each district, total number examined, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in the United States, for the months of Sep

tember, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 144, showing by States the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which recruits 'were found unfit for service; also the total number rejected in each State, total number examined, and ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in the United States, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 145, showing the total number of recruits examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined for each distinct disease. or disability, alphabetically arranged, in the United States; also the total number examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined for each disease or disability, alphabetically arranged, in each State, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1964, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

In the same manner as in the case of recruits, tables Nos. 146, 147, 148, 149, and 150 illustrate the medical results of the examination of substitutes.

Table No. 146, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct diseases and disabilities, alphabetically arranged, for which substitutes were found unfit for service; also the total number examined, total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in each district, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 147, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities, alphabetically arranged, for which substitutes were found unfit for service ; also the total number examined, total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in each State, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 148, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which substitutes were found unfit for service; also the total number rejected in each district, total number examined, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in the United States, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 149, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which substitutes were found unfit for service; also the total number rejected in each State, total number examined, and ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in the United States, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 150, showing the total number of substitutes examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined for each distinct disease or disability, alphabetically arranged, in the United States; also the total number examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined for each disease or disability, alphabetically arranged, in each State, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Tables Nos. 151, 152, 153, 154 and 155, have been compiled from the latest statistical records that could be obtained of Great Britain, France, and Belgium, and are given for the purpose of comparison with like statistics of the United States.

Table No. 151, showing the causes of rejection of the recruits found unfit for service at the headquarters of each of the recruiting districts in Great Britain, in the ten years from April 1, 1842, to March 31, 1852.

Table No. 152, showing the number of young men exempted from military service on account of physical unfitness, in France, in each year from 1831 to 1843, inclusive, and specifying the various causes of exemption. (Compiled

Table No. 153, showing the number of enrolled militia and different causes of exemption during the period of five years from 1851 to 1855, in each of the provinces of Belgium. (Document Statistiques publiés par le Ministre de l'Interieur: Bruxelles, 1857.)

Table No. 154, showing the number of recruits examined, the number rejected for physical and mental disability, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in Great Britain, for each year from 1832 to 1851, and from 1860 to 1862, inclusive; also, giving the total examinations, total rejections for physical and mental disability, and the ratio per 1,000 rejected.

Table No. 155, showing the number of young men examined, number exempted for physical and mental disability, and the ratio per 1,000 exempted, in France, in each year from 1831 to 1843, inclusive. (Compiled from the “Comptes Rendus au Roi sur le Recrutement de l'Armée.")

Table No. 156, showing the ratios of exemptions or rejections from military service for mental and physical infirmities in the United States, France, Great Britain, and Belgium.

Table No. 157, showing by nationalities the average height and chest measurements at expiration and inspiration of 340,179 drafted men, recruits, and substitutes examined by the several boards of enrolment of the United States for military service.

Table No. 158, showing by States the average height and chest measurements at expiration and inspiration of 233,806 drafted men, recruits, and substitutes, natives of the United States, examined for military service.

In preparing the statistical tables of height and chest measurement it is to be regretted that sufficient time was not permitted in which to compile them in the more preferable and scientific manner which is now adopted by statisticians, viz: the number examined of each nationality of each particular height or chest measurement. It is, however, believed that they will be of interest and practical value in the form in which they are presented.

In conclusion, I have the honor to state that some discrepancy will be observed in the results of the number examined and exempted, given in the tables herewith submitted, and those submitted by the enrolment branch of your bureau. It does not, however, materially affect the ratio of exemptions, and arises from the fact that, in a few cases, later returns have been received by the enrolment branch than those on file in this office.

In a few districts the reports are not incorporated in the tables presented, on account of being imperfect.

The ratio exempted for physical or mental disability per thousand examined in the fourth draft may seem disproportionately small when compared with the results of the other drafts. In the fourth draft many men who reported to boards of enrolment were discharged by the order discontinuing recruiting and drafting, and although they are counted in the total examined by the board, yet numbers who would probably have been exempted for physical disabilities were not examined by the surgeon, such examination being unnecessary, as the drafted men were discharged by the order above cited.

It is respectfully submitted, that the valuable and interesting information contained in the reports and records on file in this branch of your bureau should not be lost, and that it would be not only of interest, but scientific importance, that minute results deduced therefrom should be made public. I have the honor to be, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

J. H. BAXTER,
Surgeon and Brt. Col. U. S. Vols., and Chief Medical Officer

Prorost Marshal General's Bureau, 17 PG

tember, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 144, showing by States the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which recruits 'were found unfit for service; also the total number rejected in each State, total number examined, and ratio rejected per 1,000 ex. amined in the United States, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 145, showing the total number of recruits examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined for each distinct disease. or disability, alphabetically arranged, in the United States; also the total number examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined for each disease or disability, alphabetically arranged, in each State, for the months of Septeinber, October, November, and December, 1964, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

In the same manner as in the case of recruits, tables Nos. 146, 147, 148, 149, and 150 illustrate the medical results of the examination of substitutes.

Table No. 146, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct discases and disabilities, alphabetically arranged, for which substitutes were found unfit for service; also the total number examined, total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in each district, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 147, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities, alphabetically arranged, for which substitutes were found unfit for service; also the total number examined, total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in each State, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 148, showing, by congressional districts of each State, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classified, for which substitutes were found untit for service; also the total number rejected in each district, total number examined, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in the United States, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 149, showing, by States, the distinct diseases and disabilities, classi. fied, for which substitutes were found unfit for service; also the total number rejected in each State, total number examined, and ratio rejected per 1,000 examined in the United States, for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, and January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Table No. 150, showing the total number of substitutes examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,000 examined for each distinct dis: case or disability, alphabetically arranged, in the United States; also the tota number examined, the total number rejected, and the ratio rejected per 1,001 examined for each disease or disability, alphabetically arranged, in each State for the months of September, October, November, and December, 1864, an January, February, March, and April, 1865.

Tables Nos. 151, 152, 153, 154 and 155, have been compiled from the late statistical records that could be obtained of Great Britain, France, and Belgiu and are given for the purpose of comparison with like statistics of the Unit States.

Table No. 151, showing the causes of rejection of the recruits found unfitt service at the headquarters of each of the recruiting districts in Great Drita in the ten years from April 1, 1842, to March 31, 1852.

Table No. 152, showing the number of young men exempted from milit: service on account of physical unfitness, in France, in each year from 1831 1843, inclusive, and specifying the various causes of exemption. (Comp

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