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After talking for four days, the Seceders' Convention adjourned to meet in Richmond, Virginia, on the second Monday in June. Delegates were present from the following States: Alabama, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, Delaware.
THE SECEDERS AT RICHMOND.
business, as they now come up for consideration before You
pal subjects of action were before it. One, the adoption Prior to the adjournment of the Convention, two princiof the doctrinal resolutions constituting the platform of the Convention; the other, voting upon the question of the nomination of a candidate for the Presidency.
In the course of the discussion on the adoption of a platform, the Convention adopted a vote, the effect of which was to amend the report of the majority of the Committee on Platform by substituting the report of the minority of that Committee; and after the adoption of that motion, and the substitution of the minority for the several resolutions constituting that platform, being five majority report, a division was called for upon the in number. The 1st, 3d, 4th and 5th of those resolutions were adopted by the Convention, and the 2d was rejected. of those resolutions, a motion was made in each case to After the vote on the adoption of the 1st, 3d, 4th and 5th
According to adjournment, the Seceding delegates met at Richmond, Va., on the 11th June. Delegates were present from Alabama, Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, South Carolina, Florida, 2d Congressional Dis-reconsider the vote, and to lay that motion of reconsidtrict of Tennessee, and the 7th Electoral District of Virginia. The Hon. John Erwin, of Alabama, was chosen President, with several Vice-Presidents and Secretaries. The Convention adopted the following resolutions, and on the 12th, at 12 o'clock, adjourned:
eration upon the table. But neither of those motions to reconsider or to lay on the table was put, the putting of those motions having been prevented by the intervention of questions of privilege, and the ultimate vote competent in such case, to wit, on the adoption of the report of the majority as amended by the report of the minority, had not been acted upon by the Convention. So that at the time when the Convention adjourned there remained the resolutions constituting the platform, and the ulterior pending before it these motions, to wit; To reconsiderquestion of adopting the majority as amended by the substitution of the minority report. Those questions, and those only, as the Chair understood the motions before the Convention, were not acted upon prior to the adjourn.
privilege, a motion was made by Mr. McCook, of Ohio, to After the disposition of the intervening questions of proceed to vote for candidates for President and VicePresident. Upon that motion, the Convention instructed the Chair (not, as has been erroneously supposed, in the recess of the Convention, the Chair determining for the make no declaration of a nomination except upon a vote Convention, but the Convention instructing the Chair) to equivalent to two-thirds in the Electoral College of the United States, and upon that balloting, no such vote beman from Virginia (Mr. Russell), laid on the table, for the purpose of enabling him to propose a motion, which he subsequently did, that the Convention adjourn from the city of Charleston to the city of Baltimore, and with a provision concerning the filling of vacancies embraced in the same resolution, which resolution the Secretary will please read.
The Convention reassembled on the 21st; but, without doing any business, adjourned to the following day, and so continued to meet and adjourn, awaiting the action of the Convention at Baltimore, till after the nomination of Breck-ing given, that order was, upon the motion of the gentleinridge and Lane; when such of the Delegates as had not joined the Seceders in Baltimore, adopted the candidates and platform of the Breckinridge party, and adjourned sine die.
THE NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION AT BALTIMORE.
In accordance with the adjournment at Charleston, the National Democratic Convention reassembled at Baltimore, on Monday, the 18th June, and held their sessions in the Front street theatre.
At eleven o'clock, President Cushing, who appeared on the platform but did not take the chair, directed the Secretary to call the roll of States in order to ascertain if the delegates were present.
On the calling of the roll, the following States were found to be fully represented: Maine, New-Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New-York, NewJersey, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Missouri, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, California, Oregon.
Connecticut was represented in part, there being some misunderstanding as to the hour of meeting, which had been fixed at 10 o'clock.
Two delegates were present from Delaware. When the State of South Carolina was called, the Chair directed that only those States be called which were present at the adjournment of the Convention at Charleston, consequently South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas and Texas, were not called.
In consequence of a misapprehension as to the time, the President delayed calling the Convention to order till 12 o'clock, when he took the Chair and said:
GENTLEMEN OF THE CONVENTION: Permit me, in the first place, to congratulate you upon your being reassembled here for the discharge of your important duties in the interests of the Democratic party of the United States; and I beg leave, in the second place, to communicate to the Convention the state of the various branches of its
The Secretary read the resolution as follows:
"Resolved, That when this Convention adjourns to-day, it adjourn to reassemble at Baltimore, Md., on Monday, the 18th day of June, and that it be respectfully recommended to the Democratic party of the several States, to make provision for supplying all vacancies in their respective delegates to this Convention when it shall reassemble."
The President.-The Convention will thus perceive that the order adopted by it provided, among other things, that it is respectfully recommended to the Democratic party of the several States to make provisions for supplying all vacancies in their respectives delegation to this Convention when it shall reassemble. What is the construction of that resolution?-what is the scope of its application ?-is a question not for the Chair to determine or to suggest to the Convention, but for the Convention itself to determine.
However that may be, in the preparatory arrangements for the present assembling of this Convention, there were addressed to the Chair the credentials of members elected, or purporting to be elected, affirmed and confirmed by the original Conventions and accredited to this Convention. In three of those cases, or perhaps four, the credentials were authentic and complete, presenting no question of controverting delegates. In four others, to wit-the States of Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana and Deleware-there were contesting applications. Upon those applications the Chair was called to determine whether it possessed any power to determine prima facie membership of this Convention. That question was presented in its most absolute and complete form in the case of Mississippi, where there was no contest either through irregularity of form or of competing delegations, and so also in the cases of Florida, Texas and Arkansas. In those four States, there being an apparent authenticity of commission, the Chair was called upon to determine the naked, abstract question whether he had power, peremptorily and preliminarily, to determine the prima facis membership of alleged members of this Convention. The Chair would gladly have satisfied himself that he had this power, but upon examining the source of his power, to
wit-the rules of the House of Representatives-he was unable to discern that he had any authority, even prima facie, to scrutinize and canvass credentials, although they were such as, upon their face, were free from contest or controversy either of form or of substance, and therefore he deemed it his duty to reserve the determination of that question to be submitted to the Convention. And in due time the Chair will present that question as one of privilege to this body.
Gentlemen, the Convention is now in order for the transaction of business.
The Address of the President was delivered in a clear, loud voice, with much emphasis, and was listened to with close attention. The statement of the position in which the business was left at the time of the adjournment at Charleston, created an evident sensation, inasmuch as it indicated that, according to the opinion of the Chair, the platform question, as well as the resolution declaring that a vote equal to two-thirds of the full electoral college to be necessary to the nomination of a candidate for the Presidency, were each in a position to be again brought up for the action of the Convention.
ADMISSION OF DELEGATES.
Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, offered the following resolution: Resolved, that the President of this Convention direct the Sergeant-at-Arms to issue tickets of admission to the delegates of the Convention as originally constituted and organized at Charleston.
Mr. Cavanaugh, of Minnesota, moved to lay the resolution on the table, and upon that motion called for a vote by States; but by request withdrew his motion to permit Mr. Sanford E. Church, of N. Y., to offer the following, which was read for the information of the Convention and created much excitement:
Resolved, That the credentials of all persons claiming seats in this Convention made vacant by the secession of delegates at Charleston be referred to the Committee on Credentials, and said Committee is hereby instructed, as soon as practicable, to examine the same and report the names of persons entitled to such seats, with the district-understanding, however, that every person accepting a seat in this Convention is bound in honor and good faith to abide by the action of this Convention and support its nominations.
After a running debate on questions of order, in which Messrs. Cochrane, of N. Y., Saulsbury, of Del., Clark, of Mo., Montgomery, of Pa., Cavanaugh, of Min., and the Chair participated.
Mr. Church moved his resolution as an amendment to that offered by Mr. Howard, and upon that he called for the previous question.
Messrs. Gilmor and Randall rose to debate the question, but the Chair ruled debate not in order.
Mr. Avery, of North Carolina.-I call for a division of the question, so that the first question shall be upon referring those credentials to the Committee, and the second question upon the proposition to initiate testoaths in the Democratic Convention. [Applause.]
The Chair could not entertain such a proposition at that time, as the previous question had been demanded. The question was-Would the Convention second the demand for the previous question?
Mr. Russell, of Va.-I ask that this Convention will allow me to make a friendly, candid and sincere appeal to the gentleman who made the call for the previous question (Mr. Church, of New-York) to withdraw his call.
The President.-The Chair has no authority over that question.
Mr. Russell. I ask the Chair to appeal to the gentleman to allow fair play in this Convention.
Mr. Stuart, of Mich.-I insist that the Chair preserve order.
The President.-The gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Russell) is not in order.
Mr. Russell.-If we are to be constrained to silence, I beg gentlemen to consider the silence of Virginia as somewhat ominous. (Applause and hisses.)
The question was stated to be upon seconding the demand for the previous question. Being taken viva voce,
The President stated that the noes appeared to have it.
Mr. Richardson, of Ill., doubted the announcement, and asked that the vote be taken by States, which was ordered.
Mr. Brodhead, of Pa., stated that Mr. Church was willing to withdraw his call for the previous question. The Chair decided that it was too late.
Mr. Saulsbury, of Delaware, moved a recess to 4 P.M. Lost: 73 to 1784.
Mr. Howard, of Tennessee.-I hold in my hand a respectful communication from one of the States of this Union, Mississippi, not now represented upon this floor, addressed to the President of this Convention. I desire that it be read for the information of the Convention.
The President.-It can only be done by common consent, as the seconding the demand for the previous question is now pending. Cries of object," "object," from various quarters. The President-Objection being made to reading this communication, the Secretary will proceed to call the roll of States upon the seconding the demand for the previous question.
The question being then taken by States upon seconding the demand for the previous question, it was not agreed to.
YEAS.-Maine, 6; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 41; Massachusetts, 4; Connecticut, 8; New-Jersey, 24; Pennsylvania, 94; Maryland, 2; Missouri, 21; Tennessee, 8; Kentucky, 1; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 24-1081.
NAYS.--Maine, 2; Vermont, ; Massachusetts, 8; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 2-one absent; New-York, 35; New-Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 16; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; Arkansas, 1; Missouri, 6; Tennessee, 8; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 14; California, 4; Oregon, 3-140).
On calling the roll, the New-York delegation asked permission to retire for consultation, and during the interim there was an entire cessation of business. The vote of the State as a unit was finally rendered against the call for the previous question.
The question was then stated to be upon the amendment to the amendment.
Mr. Gilmor, of Pennsylvania, offered the following amendment to Mr. Church's resolution:
Resolved, That the President of the Convention be directed to issue tickets of admission to seats in the Convention, to the delegates from the States of Texas, Florida, Mississippi, and Arkansas, in which States there are no contesting delegations.
Without taking a vote on Mr. Gilmor's resolution, the Convention, on motion of Mr. Randall, of Pa., took a re
cess till 5 P.M.
When the Convention reassembled, the President said: amendment moved by Mr. Gilmor, of Pennsylvania. Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania, has the floor upon an
Before proceeding in the debate, the Chair begs leave to state to the Convention that he has had placed in his hands tion, from the States of Delaware, Georgia, Alabama, Flothe credentials of gentlemen claiming seats in the Convenrida, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Arkansas, including in that enumeration the letter presented to the Convention, in his place, by Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, in behalf of the gentlemen claiming seats from the State of Mississippi, and in addition to that, there has been addressed to the Chair, a communication from Mr. Chaffee, claiming a seat from the State of Massachusetts. The Chair deems it his duty to communicate the fact to the Convention that those several documents have been placed in his hands, to be presented at the proper time to the consideration of the Convention.
Mr. Gilmor, of Pennsylvania.-I have made a small addition to the amendment I offered this morning to the amendment of the gentleman from New-York (Mr. Church), for the purpose of covering the cases mentioned by the Chair just now.
The amendment, as modified, was read as follows:
Resolved, That the President of the Convention be authorized to issue tickets of admission to seats in this Convention, to the delegates from the States of Arkansas, Texas, Florida, and Mississippi, in which States there are no contesting delegations, and that in those States, to wit: Delaware, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana, where there are contesting delegations, a Committee on Credentials shall be appointed, by the several delegations, to report upon said States.
After discussing points of order, Mr. Clark, of Missouri, offered a substitute for Mr. Gilmor's amendment, which was read for the information of the Convention, as follows:
Strike out the proviso in the amendment of Mr. Church, of New-York, and add the following:
Resolved, That the citizens of the several States of the Union have an equal right to settle and remain in the Ter.
ritories of the United States, and to hold therein, unmo- | lested by any legislation whatever, their slave and other property; and that this Convention recognizes the opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States in the Dred Scott case, as a true exposition of the Constitution in regard to the rights of the citizens of the several States and Territories of the United States, upon all subjects concerning which it treats; and that the members of this Convention pledge themselves, and require all others who may be authorized as delegates to make the same pledge, to support the Democratic candidates, fairly and in good faith, nominated by this Convention according to the usages of the National Democratic Party.
Mr. Randall then took the floor and opposed the amendment of Mr. Church, and favored that of Mr. Gilmor. The amendment of the gentleman from New York imposes a condition upon the returning members of the several States that seceded at Charleston. I deny the power of the Convention to impose any such condition. The right of their constituents is unqualified and beyond the power of this Convention, to send their representatives to this body without condition and without limitation. (Applause and hisses). It is an interference with the right of the constituents of seven seceding States to impose any qualification upon their representatives in this body. I deny its equity or its justice. We who sit here--the honorable gentleman who moved the amendment, the President, the Vice-Presidents of this body-all who sit here, are unfettered by any such limitation or condition. (Applause.) What justice in imposing upon others the condition that they shall come in here as slaves, with the bands and the iron fetters about them, with no right to exercise their judgment or their patriotism, except as the majority of this body may choose to indicate? I deny the power or the right. The proposition has been put in the least offensive shape.
It is said in the amendment that it is "understood." Understood! an apology for the broad declaration of a naked invasion of the rights of freemen. Not that the members of this body thus admitted have denied the right, but it is understood that they are pledged to do what other members are not pledged to do-to conform to the decision of the majority. Mr. President and gentlemen, I invoke you to look at the injustice of every such qualification-a qualification which no honorable man, except under very peculiar circumstances, could ever submit to; a qualification which it is known that the representatives of these seven seceding States will never submit to. (Applause and hisses.) But, Mr. President and brethren of the great Democratic family, who are now contending for the success of the Democratic 'cause, I ask you to halt, not simply upon the ground of right and justice, but of policy. Not a member of this body but knows that the representatives of those States will not give any such pledge (applause and hisses); that it is tantamount to a declaration of secession from the body. (Applause and hisses.)
The debate was continued by Messrs. Richardson, of Ill., Cochrane, of N. Y., Montgomery, of Pa., Merrick, of Ill., King, of Mo., and West of Ct., against Mr. Gilmor's amendment, and by Messrs. Russell, of Va., Ewing, of Tenn, Loring, of Mass., Hunter, of Mo., Avery, of N. C., and Atkins, of Tenn., in favor. At last, Mr. Atkins moved the previous question, which was sustained, 233 to 18, and the Convention adjourned till Tuesday morning.
On the reassembling of the Convention, Mr. Church asked and obtained unanimous consent to make a proposition which he thought would produce harmony. He said:
Upon consultation with the gentleman (Mr. Gilmor,, who moved that amendment to my amendment, we have agreed, if it meets the approbation of this Convention, for the purpose of harmonizing the action of this Convention, to an arrangement alike honorable to both sides, and which, if carried out, will terminate the controversy as to pending questions. The proposition which has been made and accepted is simply this: The gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Gilmor) is to withdraw his amendment to my amendment, and then I am to withdraw the latter part of my resolutions, leaving only a simple resolution of reference to the Committee on Credentials. (Applause).
This proposition was accepted, and the resolution, as thus amended, was adopted without a division. Vacan cies in the Committee on Credentials were filled, and the committee, as now constituted, consisted of the following gentlemen:
Md.; E. W. Hubbard, Va.; R. R. Bridges, N. C.; B. F.
A paper was presented from Mr. O'Fallon, of Missouri, who had acted at Charleston in the place of one of the regularly appointed delegates from that State, but had been refused a ticket in Baltimore, asking admission.His case was referred to the Committee on Credentials.
The memorial of the contesting delegates from Arkansas was also presented, and was handed to the Committee on Credentials. And the Committee took a recess till 5 P.M., at which time it reassembled, but, the Committee on Credentials not being ready to report, the Convention, without transacting any business, adjourned to 10 o'clock the following day, 20th.
The Convention met at the usual hour, on Wednesday, the 20th, but, in consequence of the delay of the Committee on Credentials in reporting, no business was transacted.
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS.
Credentials presented their report, or rather reOn Thursday, the 21st, the Committee on ports, for there were three; the majority report being presented by Mr. Krum, of Missouri, as follows:
1st. Resolved, That George H. Gordon, E. Barksdale, W. F. Barry, H. C. Chambers, Jos. R. Davis, Beverly Matthew, Charles Clarke, W. L. Featherston, P. F. Slidell, C. G. Armistead, W. F. Avaunt, and T. J. Hucston, are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Mississippi.
2d. Resolved, That Pierre Soulé, F. Cotterman, R. C. Wickliffe, Michael Ryan, Maunsell White, Charles Bienvenala, Gustav Lenroy, J. C. Morse, A. S. Heron, N. D. Colburn, J. N. T. Richardson and J. L. Walker are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Louisiana.
3d. Resolved, That R. W. Johnson, T. C. Hindman, J. P. Johnson, Henry Carroll, J. Gould, and John A. Jordan, be entitled to seats as Delegates from the State of Arkansas, with power to cast two votes, and that Thomas H. Bradley, M. Hooper, and D. C. Cross be also admitted to seats as delegates from the same State, with power to cast one vote; and, in case either portion of said delegates shall refuse or neglect to take their said seats and to cast their said votes, the other portion of said delegates taking seats in this Convention shall be entitled to cast the entire three votes of said State.
4th. Resolved, That J. M. Bryan, F. R. Lubbock, F. S. Stockdale, E. Green, H. R. Runnels, Wm. B. Ochiltree, M. W. Carey, Wm. H. Parrows, R. Ward, J. F. Crosby, B. Burrows, and V. H. Manning are entitled to seats from
5th. Resolved, That James A. Bayard and William G. Whiteley are entitled to seats from the county of NewCastle, Del.
6th. Resolved, That K. S. Chaffee, who was duly admitted at Charleston as a delegate from the fifth congressional district of Massachusetts, is still entitled to said seat in this Convention, and that B. F. Hallett, who has assumed said seat, is not entitled thereto.
7th. Resolved, That John O'Fallon, who was duly admitted at Charleston as a delegate from the eighth electoral district of Missouri, is still entitled to said seat in this Convention, and that Johnson B. Gardy, who has assumed said seat, is not entitled thereto.
Sth. Resolved, That R. A. Baker, D. C. Humphrey, John Forsyth, Wm. Jewett, I. I. Seibles, S. C. Posey, L. E. Parsons, Joseph C. Bradley, Thomas B. Cooper, James Williams, C. H. Brynan, Daniel W. Weakley, L. M. B. Martyr, John W. Howard, W. R. R. Wyatt, B. Hanson, Thos. M. Matthews, and Norbert M. Lord are en titled to seats in the Convention as delegates from the State of Alabama.
9th, Resolved, That the delegation from the State of Georgia, of which H. L. Benning is chairman, be admitted to seats in the Convention, with power to cast onehalf of the vote of said State, and that the delegation from said State, of which Col. Gardner is chairman, be also admitted to the Convention, with power to cast oneC. D. Jameson, Me.; A. P. Hughes, N. H.; Stephen half of the vote of said State; and if either of said deleThomas, Vt.; Oliver Stevens, Mass.; George H. Brown, gations refuse or neglect to cast the vote as above indiR. I.; James Gallagher, Conn.; Delos De Wolfe, N. Y.;cated, that in said case the delegates present in the ConA. R. Spear, N. J.; H. M. Forth, Pa.; W. S. Gittings, vention be authorized to cast the full vote of said Stato.
Mr. Stevens, of Oregon.-I rise, Mr. President, to pre-sylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 54; Virginia, 14; sent the report of a minority of the Committee on cre- North Carolina, 9; Arkansas, ; Missouri, 5; Tennessee, dentials, and I will proceed to read it; 10; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 14; California, 4; Oregon, 3-100.
To the President of the Democratic National Convention:
Sir: We, the undersigned, members of the Committee on Credentials, feel constrained to dissent from many of the views and a large portion of the action of the majority of the Committee in respect to the rights of delegates to seats referred to them by the Convention, and to respectfully recommend the adoption of the following resolutions:
1. Resolved, That B. F. Hallett is entitled to a seat in this Convention, as a delegate from the 5th Congressional district of the State of Massachusetts.
2. Resolved, That Johnson B. Gardy is entitled to a seat in this Convention as a delegate from the Sth Congressional district of the State of Missouri.
3. Resolved, That James A. Bayard and William G. Whiteley are entited to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Delaware.
4. Resolved, That the delegation headed by R. W. Johnson are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Arkansas.
5. Resolved, That the delegation of which George W. Bryan is chairman are entitled to seats in this Convention from the State of Texas.
6. Resolved, That the delegation of which John Tarleton is chairman are entitled to seats in this convention as delegates from the State of Louisiana.
7. Resolved, That the delegation of which L. P. Walker is chairman are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Alabama.
NAYS-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 4; Vermont, 81; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 34; New-York, 35; New-Jersey, 3; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 2; Virginia, 1; North Carolina, 1; Arkansas, }; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 1; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 21-150.
Maryland, vote not voted; Tennessee, 1 vote not cast. The question then recurred on adopting the majority report. A division being called for, the vote was taken on the first resolution, admitting the original delegates from Mississippi, which was adopted almost unanimously, 250 to 24.
The vote was then taken on the second resolution, admitting the Soulé (Douglas) Delegates from Louisiana, which resulted-Ays, 153; Nays, 98-as follows:
YEAS-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 44; Vermont, 44; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 8; New-York, 35; New-Jersey, 24; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 2; Virginia, 1; North Carolina, 2; Arkansas, ; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 2; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 18; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 24-158.
NAYS-Maine, 23; New-Hampshire,; Vermont, ; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 24; New-Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 5; Virginia, 18; North Carolina, 8; Arkansas,; Missouri, 5; Tennessee, 10; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 1; California, 4; Oregon, 3—98.
So the second resolution was adopted.
8. That the delegation of which Henry L. Benning is chairman are entitled to seats in this Convention as dele-mitting Col. Hindman and his colleagues (the original delegates from the State of Georgia.
The question was then taken on the third resolution, ad9. Resolved, That the delegation from the State of his colleagues (the contestants) with power to cast one gates) with power to cast two votes, and Mr. Hooper and Florida accredited to the Charleston Convention are in-vote; and providing that, if either set of delegates refuse vited to take seats in this Convention and cast the vote to take seats, the other shall be entitled to cast the whole vote of the State, (Arkansas).
of the State of Florida.
The Committee presented an elaborately argued report to sustain their resolutions, which was signed by I. I. STEVENS, Oregon, E. W. HUBBARD, Va., A. R. SPEER, N. J., R. R. BRIDGERS, N. C., H. M. NORTH, Penn., W. H. CARROLL, Tenn., JOHN H. BEWLEY, Del., GEO. H. MORROW, Ky, D. S. GREGORY, Cal.
A division of the question being called for, the President decided that the resolution was divisible.
The question was taken on the three several propositions, viz.-1st. The admission of the Hindman delegates, which was adopted, 182 to 69. 2d. The admission of the Hooper delegates, which was adopted, 150 to 1004. 3d. On the giving power to one set to cast the whole vote if the other set withdrew, which was adopted without a division. majority report, admitting the original delegation from
A vote was then taken on the fourth resolution of the
the State of Texas, which was adopted almost unaniBayard and Whiteley from Delaware. Adopted without diA vote was next taken on the fifth resolution, admitting vision.
In the points of difference between the ma-mously. jority and minority reports of the Committee on Credentials, I concur in the conclusions of the minority report in the cases of Georgia, Alabama, Missouri and Massachusetts.
AARON V. HUGHES, New-Hampshire.
The sixth resolution, giving R. L. Chaffee the seat in the Massachusetts delegation contested by Mr. Hallett, was then adopted-yeas, 138, nays, lit.
Mr. Stuart, of Michigan, at this point, made motions to reconsider each vote taken, and to lay the same on the ta
Mr. Gittings, of Maryland, presented still an-ble, it being understood that the motions were not to be other report, concluding with the following resolutions :
Resolved, That so much of the majority report of the Committee on Credentials as relates to Massachusetts, Missouri, Delaware, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas, be adopted.
Resolved, That the delegation of which L. P. Walker is chairman, be, and they are hereby, declared the only regularly authorized representatives of the State of Alabama, and as such are entitled to seats in the National Democratic Convention.
Mr. Stevens demanded the previous question, which was sustained by the Convention, and the main question was ordered, but, without taking the vote, the Convention adjourned.
When the Convention assembled on the 22d, Mr. Gittings withdrew his report, which brought the minority report proper-that of Mr. Stevens, of Oregon-first in order, and the question being put on the substitution of the whole minority report for the report of the majority, the motion was lost, 100 to 150, as follows:
YEAS-Maine, 23; New-Hampshire, ; Vermont, 1; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 24; New-Jersey, 4; Penn
put till votes on all the propositions had been taken.
The seventh resolution, declaring J. O'Fallon entitled to Gardy, was then adopted-yeas, 1884, nays, 112. the seat in the Missouri delegation claimed by John B.
The eighth resolution, admitting the contesting delegates from Alabama, was next adopted. Yeas, 148; Nays,
The question then being on the ninth and last resolution of the majority report, admitting both delegations from Georgia, and dividing the vote of the State between them, with the provision that, if either refused to take seats, the remaining delegates cast the vote of the State.
Before the vote was taken, Mr. Seward, of Georgia, pre
sented a communication from Col. Gardner, Chairman of the contesting delegates from Georgia, withdrawing from the contest, and the resolution was lost-106 to 145. The original (seceding) delegation from Georgia, headed by H. L. Benning, was subsequently admitted. The President stated the next question to be upon laying upon the table the motion to reconsider the vote by which the Convention refused to substitute the resolutions reported by the minority of the Committee on Credentials for those reported by the majority of said Com
The question being then taken by States, the motion to lay on the table was not agreed to-yeas, 113; Nays, 128 -as follows:
YEAS-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 3; Vermont, 4; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 8; New
Jersey, 3; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 2; North Caro- | maintained and supported the Northern Democracy for the lina, 1; Arkansas,; Missouri, 44; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 21-113.
NAYS-Maine, 24; New-Hampshire, 2; Vermont, ; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 24; New-York, 35; NewJersey, 3; Pennsylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 9; Arkansas,; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 12; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 1; California, 4; Oregon, 3-1384.
When New-York was called, her delegates asked time to consult, but finally gave her thirty-five votes against the motion to lay upon the table, which, had it prevailed, would have precluded all further reconsideration of the subject.
The question recurred upon the motion to reconsider the vote rejecting the minority resolutions.
Mr. Cessna, of Pa., moved the previous question, which was sustained, and the question being taken by States, the motion to reconsider was rejected-103 to 149-as follows:
YEAS-Maine, 23; New-Hampshire, 2; Vermont, 1; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 24; New-Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 9; Arkansas,; Missouri, 44; Tennessee, 10; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 1; California, 4; Oregon, 3103. NAYS-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 3; Vermont, 4; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 34; NewYork, 35; New-Jersey, 24; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 2; North Carolina, 1; Arkansas,; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 2; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 2149. The several motions to lay on the table the question of reconsidering the votes by which each of the resolutions of the majority had been adopted, were then put and carried in the affirmative, and the several delegates who had been voted in were then admitted to seats.
Mr. Russell, of Virginia.-If it be the pleasure of your self, Mr. President and the Convention, I will now make the brief announcement of which I made mention this morning.
I will detain the Convention but a very brief time. I understand that the action of this Convention upon the various questions arising out of the reports from the Committee on Credentials has become final, complete and irrevocable. And it has become my duty now, by direction of a large majority of the delegation from Virginia, respectfully to inform this body that it is inconsistent with their convictions of duty to participate longer in its deliberations. (Loud applause in the Convention and in the galleries, with loud cries from the galleries.)
The disorder continued for some minutes, after which Mr. Russell resumed-The delegates from Virginia, who participate in this movement, have come to the conclusion which I have announced, after long, mature and anxious deliberation, and after, in their judgment, having exhausted all honorable efforts to obviate this necessity. In addition to the facts which appear upon your record, I desire the attention of this body long enough only to state that it is ascertained that the delegations to which you, sir, under the order of this Convention, have just directed tickets to be issued-some of them at least and all of them whom we regard as the representatives of the Democracy of their States-will decline to join here in the deliberations of this body. For the rest, the reasons which impel us to take this important step will be rendered to those to whom only we are responsible, the Democracy of the Old Dominion. To you, sir, and to the body over which you preside, I have only to say in addition that we bid you a respectful adieu.
The portion of the delegation from Virginia which retired then left their seats and proceeded out of the Hall, shaking hands with members of various delegations as they passed along.
Mr. Moffatt, of Virginia-made a speech in defense of his course, and that of his colleagues
who remained in the Convention.
WITHDRAWAL OF NORTH CAROLINA.
Mr. Lander, of North Carolina.-Mr. President, painful as the duty is, it is, nevertheless, my duty to announce here, as a representative of the delegates from North Carolina, that a very large majority of them are compelled to retire permanently from this Convention on account of the unjust action, as we conceive, that has this day been perpetrated upon some of our sovereign States and fellow citizens of the South. We of the South have heretofore
reason that they are willing to attribute to us in the South equality in the Union. The vote to-day has satisfied the majority of the North Carolina delegates that, that being refused by our brethren of the Northern Democracy, North Carolina-Rip Van Winkle, as you may call her-can no longer remain in this Convention. The rights of sovereign States and of gentlemen of the South have been denied by a majority of this body. We cannot act, as we conceive, in view of this wrong. I use the word "wrong" with no intention to reflect upon those gentlemen of the North Carolina delegation who differ with me or with the majority of the delegation. For these reasons, without assigning any more, as I have no idea of inflicting a speech upon this Convention, who are in no state of preparation to receive it, I announce that eight out of ten of the votes of North Carolina ask to retire.
WITHDRAWAL OF TENNESSEE.
Mr. Ewing, of Tennessee.-Mr. President, in behalf of the delegation from Tennessee, I beg leave to address this Convention upon this occasion, so important, and, to us, so solemn in its consequences. The delegation from Tennessee have exhibited, so far as they knew how, every disposition to harmonize this Convention, and to bring its labors to a happy result. They were the first, when the majority platform was not adopted, to seek for some proposition for compromise--something that would enable us to harmonize. They have a candidate who was dear to them. They cast away his prospect for the sake of harmony. They have yielded all that they can. They have endeavored, with all their power, to accomplish the result they came here for; but they fear that the result is not to be accomplished in a manner that can render a just and proper account to their constituents. We have consulted together, and, after anxious and long deliberation, without knowing exactly what phase this matter might finally present, we have not adopted any decisive rule for our action; but a large majority of our delegates some twenty to four -have decided that, upon the result now obtained, we shall ask leave of this Convention to retire, that we may consult and announce our final action. We shall take no further part in the deliberations of this Convention, unless our minds should change; and of that I can offer you no reasonable hope.
A PORTION OF MARYLAND WITHDRAWS. Mr. Johnson, of Maryland.-Mr. President, I am authorized by my colleagues to report the state of facts in regard to a portion of the Maryland delegation. Representing, in part, a district in Maryland upon which the first blood of the irrepressible conflict was shed, a district which sent fifteen men in midwinter to the rescue of Philadelphia and New-Jersey, we are obliged now to take a step which dissolves our connection with you, and to bid you a final adieu. We have made all sacrifices for the grand old Democratic party, whose mission it has been to preserve the Constitution and to care for the Republic for more than sixty years, until it now seems as if you were going to substitute a man in the place of principle. (Calls to order.) I desire to be respectful. I desire to say that the action of the majority of the late Convention-a majority created by the operation of a technical unit rule imposed upon the Convention contrary to Democratic precedent and usage-States have been disfranchised, and districts deprived of their rights, until, in our opinion, it is no longer consistent with our honor or our rights, or the rights of our constituents, to remain here. Cherishing deeply and warmly the remembrance of the many gallant deeds you have done for us in times past, hoping that hereafter no occasion may ever occur to weaken this feeling, I now, on behalf of the representatives of Maryland, tell you that in all future time, and in all future contests, our lot is cast with the people of the South. Their God shall be our God, and their country our country. (Applause.)
Mr. Glass, of Virginia, declined any further participation in the proceedings of the Convention, but did not indorse the action of his colleagues in withdrawing.
Mr. Watterson, of Tennessee, declined to withdraw.
CALIFORNIA WITHDRAWS--AN EXCITEMENT. Mr. Smith, of California, said: While I cannot say with the gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Jones) that my Democracy dates back to that time of which I have no recollection, yet I can say that it is unspotted as the vault of heaven. California is here with melancholy faceCalifornia is here with a lacerated heart, bleeding and weeping over the downfall and the destruction of the De