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the President of the Council and Speaker of the House of Representatives, are hereby constituted a board of commissioners to carry into effect the provisions of this act, and to use all the means necessary and proper to that end. Any three of them shall constitute a Board; and the board shall have power and authority, in respect to each and all of the elections hereby authorized or provided for, to designate and establish precincts for voting, or to adopt those already established; to cause polls to be opened at such places as it may deem proper in the respective counties and election precincts of said Territory; to appoint, as judges of election at each of the several places of voting, three discreet and respectable persons, any two of whom shall be competent to act; to require the Sheriffs of the several counties, by themselves or deputies, to attend the judges at each of the places of voting, for the purpose of preserving peace and good order, or the said Board may, instead of said Sheriffs and their deputies, appoint, at their discretion, and in such instances as they may choose, other fit persons for the same purpose; and when the purpose of the election is to elect delegates to a Convention to form a Constitution, as hereinbefore provided for, the number of delegates shall be sixty, and they shall be apportioned by said Board among the several counties of said Territory, according to the number of voters; and in making this apportionment, the Board may join two or more counties together to make an election or representative district, where neither of the said counties has the requisite number of voters to entitle it to a delegate, or to join a smaller to a larger county having a surplus population, where it may serve to equalize the representation. The elections hereby authorized shall continue one day only, and shall not be continued later than sundown on that day. The said Board shall appoint the day of election for each of the elections hereby authorized, as the same may become necessary. The said Governor shall announce, by proclamation, the day appointed for any one of said elections, and the day shall be as early a one as is consistent with due notice thereof to the people of said Territory, subject to the provisions of this act. The said Board shall have full power to prescribe the time, manner and places of each of said elections, and to direct the time and manner of the returns thereof, which returns shall be made to the said Board, whose duty it shall be to announce the result by proclamation, and to appoint therein as early a day as practicable for the delegates elected (where the election has been for delegates) to assemble in Convention at the seat of Government of said Territory. When so assembled, the Convention shall first determine, by a vote, whether it is the wish of the proposed State to be admitted into the Union at that time; and if so, shall proceed to form a Constitution, and take all necessary steps for the establishment of a State Government, in conformity with the Federal Constitution, subject to the approval and ratification of the people of the proposed State. And the said Convention shall accordingly provide for its submission to the vote of the people for approval or rejection; and if the majority of votes shall be given for the Constitution so framed as aforesaid, the Governor of the Territory shall, within twenty days after the result is known, notify dent the United States of he same. And thereupon the President shall announce the same by proclamation, and thereafter, and without any further proceedings whatever on the part of Congress, the admission of the said State of Kansas into the Union, upon an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever, shall be complete and absolute.

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§4. And be it further enacted, That in the elections hereby authorized, all white male inhabitants of said Territory over the age of twenty-one years, who are legal voters under the laws of the Territory of Kansas, and none others, shall be allowed to vote; and this shall be the only qualification required to entitle the voter to the right of suffrage in said elections. And if any person not so qualified shall vote or offer to vote, or if any person shall vote more than once at either of said elections, or shall make, or cause to be made, any false, fictitious or fraudulent returns, or shall alter or change any returns of either of said elections, such person shall, upon conviction thereof before any court of competent jurisdiction, be kept at hard labor not less than six months, and not more than three years.

§ 5. And be it further enacted, That the members of the aforesaid Board of Commissioners, and all persons appointed by them to carry into effect the provisions of this act, shall, before entering upon their duties, take an oath to perform faithfully the duties of their respective offices; and on failure thereof, they shall be liable and subject to the same charges and penalties as are provided n like cases under the Territorial laws..

§ 6. And be it further enacted, That the officers mentioned in the preceding section shall receive for their ser

vices the same compensation as is given for like services under the Territorial laws.

§7. And be it further enacted, That the said State of Kansas, when her admission as a State becomes complete and absolute, shall be entitled to one member in the House of Representatives, in the Congress of the United States, till the next census be taken by the Federal Government.

§ 8. And be it further enacted, That the following propositions be, and the same are hereby offered to the said people of Kansas for their free acceptance or rejection, which, if accepted, shall be obligatory on the United States and upon the said State of Kansas, to wit: First, That the sections numbered sixteen and thirty-six in every township of public lands in said State, and where either of said sections, or any part thereof has been sold or otherwise disposed of, other lands equivalent thereto, and as contiguous as may be, shall be granted to said State for the use of schools. Second, That seventy-two sections of land shall be set apart and reserved for the use and support of a State University, to be selected by the Governor of said State, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, and to be appropriated and applied in such manner as the Legislature of said State may prescribe for the purpose aforesaid, but for no other purposes. Third, That ten entire sections of land, to be selected by the Governor of said State, in legal subdivisions, shall be granted to said State for the purpose of completing the public buildings, or for the erection of others at the seat of government, under the direction of the Legislature thereof. Fourth, That all salt springs within said State, not exceeding twelve in number, with six sections of land adjoining, or as contiguous as may be to each, shall be granted to said State for its use; the same to be selected by the Governor thereof within one year after the admission of said State, and when so selected, to be used or disposed of on such terms, conditions and regulations as the Legislature shall direct: Provided, That no salt springs or land the right whereof is now vested in any individual or individuals, or which may be hereafter be confirmed or adjudged to any individual or individuals, shall by this article be granted to said State. Fifth, That five per centum of the net proceeds of sales of all public lands lying within said States, which shall be sold by Congress after the admission of said State into the Union, after deducting all the expenses incident to the same, shall be paid to said State, for the purpose of making public roads and internal improvements, as the Legislature shall direct: Provided, The foregoing propositions hereinbefore offered are on the condition that the people of Kansas shall provide, by an ordinance, irrevocable without the consent of the United States, that said State shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil within the same, by the United States, or with any regulations Congress may find necessary for securing the title in said soil to bond fide purchasers thereof, and that no tax shall be imposed on lands belonging to the United States, and that in no case shall non-resident proprietors be taxed higher than residents. Sixth: And that the said Sate shall never tax the lands or the property of the United States in that State: Provided however, That nothing in this act of admission shall be so construed as to ratify or accept the ordinance attached to said Constitution; but said ordinance is hereby rejected by the Government of the United States.

The following are the Yeas and Nays:

YEAS TO AMEND OR SUBSTITUTE.
CALIFORNIA.-McKibbin-1.
CONNECTICUT.-Clark, Dean-2.

ILLINOIS.-Elihu Washburne, Farnsworth, Lovejoy, Kellogg, Morris, Harris, Shaw, Robert Smith, Sam. S.

Marshall-9.

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Morgan, Pottle, Parker, Kelsey, Andrews, Sherman, | manded the previous question. The call for the Burroughs, Fenton-23. previous question was lost by the casting vote of the Speaker: 108 to 108. Very much to the surprise of the House, Mr. English, of Indiana, who had acted with the Anti-Lecompton party up to this time, moved that the House agree to a Conference Committee, and that a committee of three be appointed by the Speaker to meet a similar committee of the Senate, and on this he called for the previous question, which was ordered. The Yeas and

NAYS.

ALABAMA. Stallworth, Shorter, Dowdell, Moore, Hous- Nays were called, and the vote stood 108 to ton, Cobb, Curry-7. 108: the Speaker voting in the affirmative, Mr. English's proposition was agreed to. The Yeas and Nays were as follows:

ARKANSAS.-Greenwood, Warren-2.

CALIFORNIA. -Scott-1.

OHIO.-Pendleton, Groesbeck, Campbell, Nichols, Mott, Cockerill, Harlan, Stanton, Hall, Horton, Cox, Sherman, Bliss, Tompkins, Lawrence, Leiter, Wade, Giddings, Bingham-19.

PENNSYLVANIA.-E. J. Morris, Owen Jones, Hickman,
Roberts, Kunkel, Grow, Edie, Covode, Montgomery,
Ritchie, Purviance, Stewart, Dick, Chapman.—14.
RHODE ISLAND.-Durfee, Brayton-2.
VERMONT.- Walton, Morrill, Royce-3.
WISCONSIN.-Potter, C. C. Washburne, Billinghurst
3.-Total, 120.

CONNECTICUT.-Arnold, Bishop-2.

DELAWARE.-Whiteley-1.

FLORIDA.-Hawkins-1.

YEAS.-Messrs. Ahl, Anderson, Atkins, Avery, Barksdale, Bishop, Bocock, Bonham, Bowie, Boyce, Branch,

INDIANA -Niblack, Hughes, Gregg-3.
KENTUCKY.-Burnett, Peyton, Talbott, Jewett, Elliott,
Clay, Mason, Stevenson-8.
LOUISIANA.-EUSTIS, Taylor, Davidson, Sandidge-4.*
MARYLAND.-Stewart, Kunkel, Bowie-3.
MISSOURI. ANDERSON, Clark, Craig, WooDSON, Phelps

GEORGIA.-Seward, Crawford, TRIPPE, Gartrell, Wright, Bryan, Burnett, Burns, Caruthers, Caskie, Clark (Mo.),
Jackson, HILL, Stephens-8.
Clay, Clemens, Clingman, Cobb, John Cochrane, Craig
(Mo.), Craige (N. C.), Crawford, Curry, Davidson, Davis
(Miss.), Dewart, Dowdell, Edmundson, Elliot, English,
Eustis, Faulkner, Florence, Garnett, Gartrell, Goode,
Greenwood, Gregg, Hall (Ohio), Hatch, Hawkins, Hill,
Hopkins, Houston, Hughes, Jackson, Jenkins, Jewett,
Jones (Tenn.), J. Glancy Jones, Owen Jones, Keitt,
Kelly, Kunkel (Md.), Lamar, Landy, Leidy, Letcher,
Maclay, McQueen, Mason, Maynard, Miles, Miller, Mill-
son, Moore, Niblack, Orr, Pendleton, Peyton, Phelps,
Phillips, Powell, Quitman, Ready, Reagan, Ruffin, Rus-
sell, Sandidge, Savage, Scales, Scott, Searing, Seward,
Shaw (N. C.), Shorter, Singleton, Smith (Tenn.), Smith
(Va.), Stallworth, Stephens, Stevenson, Stewart (Md.),
Talbott, Taylor (N. Y.), Trippe, Ward, Warren, Watkins,
White, Winslow, Woodson, Wortendyke, Wright (Ga.),
Wright (Tenn.), Zollicoffer-109.

MISSISSIPPI.-Lamar, R. Davis, Barksdale, Singleton,

Quitman-5.

NEW-JERSEY.-Huyler, Wortendyke-2.
NORTH CAROLINA.-Shaw, Ruffin, Winslow, Branch,
Scales, Craige, Clingman-7.

[The four in italics had hitherto voted anti-Lecompton.]

-5.

New-YORK.-Searing, Taylor, Sickles, Kelly, Maclay,
John Cochrane, Ward, Russell, Corning, Hatch-10.
OHIO.-Miller, Burns-2.

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PENNSYLVANIA.-Florence, Landy, Phillips, Glancy Jones, Leidy, Dimmick, White, Ahl, Gillis, Reilly, Dewart-11.

SOUTH CAROLINA.-McQueen, Miles, Keitt, Bonham, Boyce-5.

TENNESSEE.-Watkins, MAYNARD, S. A. Smith, Savage,
READY, Jones, Wright, ZOLLICOFFER, Atkins, Avery-10.
TEXAS.-Bryan, Reagan-2.

VIRGINIA.-Garnet, Millson, Caskie, Goode, Bocock,
Powell, Smith, Faulkner, Letcher, Clemens, Jenkins, Ed-
mundson, Hopkins-13. Total, 112.
Absent-Caruthers (Mo.)

RECAPITULATION.

Yeas.

NAYS.-Messrs. Abbott, Andrews, Bennett, Billinghurst, Bingham, Blair, Bliss, Brayton, Buffinton, Burlingame, Burroughs, Campbell, Case, Chaffee, Chapman, Clark Conn.), Clark (N. Y.), Clawson, Cockerill, Colfax, Comins, Covode, Cox, Cragin, Curtis, Damrell, Davis (Md.), Davis (Ind.), Davis (Mass.), Davis (Iowa), Dawes, Dean, Dick, Dodd, Durfee, Edie, Farnsworth, Fenton, Foley, Foster, Giddings, Gilman, Gooch, Goodwin, Granger, Groesbeck, Grow, Hall (Mass.), Harlan, Harris (Md.), Harris, (III.), Haskin, Hickman, Hoard, Ho: ton, Howard, Kellogg, Kelsey, Knapp, Lawrence, Leiter, Lovejoy, Marshall (Ky.) Marshall (Ill.), Matteson, Montgomery, MorRepublicans, 92; Democrats, 22; Americans, 6. Total gan, Morrill, Morris (Penn.,) Morris (Ill.), Morse (Me.), Morse (N. Y.), Mott, Murray, Nichols, Palmer, Pettit, Pike, Potter, Pottle, Purviance, Ricaud, Ritchie, Robbins, Royce, Shaw (Ill.), Sherman (Ohio), Sherman (N. Y.), Smith (I.), Spinner, Stanton, Stewart (Penn.), Tappan, Thompson, Tompkins, Underwood, Wade, Walbridge, Waldron, Walton, Washburne (Ill.), Washburne (Me.), Wilson, Wood-108.

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The following, not voting, had paired off:

Adrain with Huyler, Dimmick with McKibbin, Gillis with Roberts, Clark B. Cochrane with Sickles, Reilly with Thayer, Taylor (La.) with Kunkel (Pa.), Washburne (Wis.) with Arnold, Olin with Corning." Whiteley, absent.

-120.
Nays.
Democrats, 104; Americans, 8. Total-112.

The bill having been returned to the Senate on the second day of April, Mr. Green moved to disagree to the House amendment which motion was adopted: Yeas, 34, Nays, 22.

The following are the Nays:

Messrs. Broderick, Cameron, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Crittenden, Dixon, Doolittle, Douglas, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Hale, Hamlin, Harlan, King, Seward, Simmons, Stuart, Trumbull, Wade, Wilson.

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The Committee of Conference was composed of Messrs. James S. Green, (Mo.), Robert M. T. Hunter, (Va.), and William H. Seward, (N. Y ), of the Senate; and Messrs. William II. English, (Ind.), Alexander H. Stephens, (Ga.), and William A. Howard, (Mich.), on the part of the House.

On the 23d of April, the Committee made their report (susceptible of various interpretations), Messrs. Seward of the Senate, and Howard, of the House, dissenting. After a running fight of a week between the friends and opponents of the new scheme, on the 30th of April, the report of the Committee was adopted by both branches of Congress. It was as follows:

An Act for the Admission of the State of Kansas of Kansas did, by a convention of delegates assembled into the Union.-Whereas, the people of the Territory at Lecompton on the 7th day of Nov., 1857, for that pur

pose, form for themselves a constitution and State government, which constitution is republican; and ohereas, at the same time and place, said convention did adopt an ordinance, which said ordinance asserts that Kansas, when admitted as a State, will have an undoubted right to tax the lands within her limits belonging to the United States, and proposes to relinquish said asserted right if certain conditions set forth in said ordinance be accepted and agreed to by the Congress of the United States; and whereas, the said constitution and ordinance have been presented to Congress by order of said convention, and admission of said Territory the Union thereon as a State requested; and whereas, said ordinance is not acceptable to Congress, and it is desirable to ascertain whether the people of Kansas concur in the changes in said ordinance, hereinafter stated, and desire admission into the Union as a State as herein proposed: Therefore,

Be it enacted, etc., That the State of Kansas be, and is hereby admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original States, in all respects whatever, but upon this fundamental condition precedent, namely: That the question of admission with the following proposition, in lieu of the ordinance framed at Lecompton, be submitted to a vote of the people of Kansas, and assented to by them or a majority of the voters voting at an election to be held for that purpose, namely: That the following propositions be, and the same are hereby offered to the people of Kansas for acceptance or rejection, which, if accepted, shall be obligatory on the United States and upon the said State of Kansas, to wit: First, That sections mumber sixteen and thirtysix in every township of public lands in said State, or where either of said sections or any part thereof has been sold or otherwise disposed of, other lands equivalent thereto, and as contiguous as may be, shall be granted to said State for the use of schools. Second, That seventy-two sections of land shall be set apart and reserved for the support of a State University, to be selected by the Governor of said State, subject to the approval of the Commissioners of the General LandOffice, and to be appropriated and applied in such manner as the legislature of said State may prescribe for the purpose aforesaid, but for no other purpose. Third, That ten entire sections of land, to be selected by the Governor of said State, in legal subdivisions, shall be granted to said State for the purpose of completing the public buildings, or for the erection of others at the seat of government, under the direction of the legislature thereof. Fourth, That all salt springs within said State, not exceeding twelve in number, with six sections of land adjoining, or as contiguous as may be to each, shall be granted to said State for its use, the same to be selected by the Governor thereof, within one year after the admission of said State; and, when so selected, to be used or disposed of on such terms, conditions and regulations as the legislature may direct: Provided, That no salt spring or land, the right whereof is now vested in any individual or individuals, or which may hereafter be confirmed or adjudged to any individual or individuals, shall by this article be granted to said State. Fifth, That five per centum of the net proceeds of sales of all public lands lying within said State which shall be sold by Congress after the admission of said State into the Union, after deducting all the expenses incident to the same, shall be paid to said State for the purpose of making public roads and internal improvements, as the legislature shall direct: Provided, The foregoing propositions herein offered are on the condition that said State of Kansas shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the lands of the United States, or with any regulations which Congress may find necessary for securing the title in said soil to bona fide purchasers thereof, and that no tax shall be imposed on lands belonging to the United States, and that in no case shall non-resident proprietors be taxed higher than residents. Sixth, And that said State shall never tax the lands or property of the United States in that State.

At the said election the voting shall be by ballot, and by indorsing on his ballot, as each voter may be pleased, "Proposition accepted," or "Proposition rejected." Should a majority of the votes cast be for "Proposition accepted," the President of the United States, as soon as the fact is duly made known to him, shall announce the same by proclamation; and thereafter, and without any further proceedings on the part of Congress, the admission of the State of Kansas into the Union upon an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever shall be complete and absolute; and said State shall be entitled to one member in the House of Representatives in the Congress of the United States until the next census be taken by the Federal Government. But should a majority of the votes cast be for "Proposition rejected," it shall be deemed and

held that the people of Kansas do not desire admission into the Union with said Constitution under the conditions set forth in said proposition: and in that event the people of said Territory are hereby authorized and empowered to form for themselves a Constitution and State Government, by the name of the State of Kansas, according to the Federal Constitution, and may elect delegates for that purpose whenever, and not before, it is ascertained by a census duly and legally taken, that the population of said Territory equals or exceeds the ratio of representation required for a member of the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United ates; and whenever thereafter such delegates shall assemble in Convention, they shall first determine by a vote whether it is the wish of the people of the proposed State to be admitted into the Union at that time; and, if so, shall proceed to form a Constitution, and take all necessary steps for the establishment of a State Government, in conformity with the Federal Constitution, subject to suchlimitations and restrictions as to the mode and manner of its approval or ratification by the people of the proposed State as they may have prescribed by law, and shall be entitled to admission into the Union as a State under such Constitution, thus fairly and legally made, with or without Slavery, as said Constitution may prescribe.

§ 2. And be it further enacted, That for the purpose of insuring, as far as possible, that the elections authorized by this act may be fair and free, the Governor, United States District Attorney, and Secretary of the Territory of Kansas, and the presiding officers of the two branches of its Legislature, namely, the President of the Council and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, are hereby constituted a board of Commissioners to carry into effect the provisions of this act, and to use all the means necessary and proper to that end. And three of them shall constitute a board; and the board shall have power and authority to designate and establish precincts for voting or to adopt those already established; to cause polls to be opened at such places as it may deem proper in the respective counties and election precincts of said Territory; to appoint as judges of election at each of the several places of voting, three discreet and respectable persons, any two of whom shall be competent to act; tc require the sheriffs of the several counties, by themselves or deputies, to attend the judges at each of the places of voting, for the purpose of preserving peace and good or der; or the said board may, instead of said sheriffs and their deputies, appoint at their discretion, and in such in stances as they may choose, other fit persons for the same purpose. The election hereby authorized shall continue one day only, and shall not be continued later than sun down on that day. The said board shall appoint the day for holding said election, and the said Governor shall an nounce the same by proclamation; and the day shall be as early a one as is consistent with due notice thereof to the people of said Territory, subject to the provisions of this act. The said board shall have full power to prescribe the time, manner, and place of said election, and to direct the time (within) which returns shall be made to the said board, whose duty it shall be to announce the result by proclamation, and the said Governor shall certify the same to the President of the United States without delay.

§3. And be it further enacted, That in the election hereby authorized, all white male inhabitants of said Territory, over the age of twenty-one years, who possess the qualifications which were required by the laws of said Territory for a legal voter at the last general election for the members of the Territorial Legislature, and none others, shall be allowed to vote; and this shall be the only qualifi cation required to entitle the voter to the right of suffrage in said election. And if any person not so qualified shall vote or offer to vote, or if any person shall vote more than once at said election, or shall make, or cause to be made, any false, fictitious, or fraudulent returns, or shall alter or change any returns of said election, such person shall, upon conviction thereof before any court of competent jurisdiction, be kept at hard labor not less than six months and not more than three years.

§ 4. And be it further enacted, That the members of the aforesaid board of commissioners, and all persons appointed by them to carry into effect the provisions of this act, shall, before entering upon their duties, take an oath to perform faithfully the duties of their respective offices and on failure thereof, they shall be liable and subject to the same charges and penalties as are provided in like cases under the Territorial laws.

§ 5. And be it further enacted, That the officers mentioned in the preceding section shall receive for their services the same compensation as is given for like services under the Territorial laws.

The vote in the Senate, on agreeing to the Conference Committee's Report, stood-Yeas, 30; Nays, 22; as follows: YEAS.-Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Benjamin, Bigler, Biggs, Bright, Brown, Clay, Davis, Evans, Fitzpatrick, Green,

Gwin, Hammond, Houston, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson (Ark) | retaining as a part of the new State the western
Johnson (Tenn.), Jones, Kennedy, Mallory, Mason, Polk, gold region about Pike's Peak, which was
Pugh, Sebastian, Thompson (N.J.), Toombs, Wright,
Yulee.
NAYS.-Messrs. Broderick, Cameron, Chandler, Colla- beginning to attract great numbers of immi-
mer, Crittenden, Dixon, Doolittle, Douglas, Durkee, grants; for the exclusion from the State of
Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Hale, Hamlin, Harlan, King, free negroes, and for the prohibition of bank
Seward, Simmons, Stuart, Trumbull, Wade, Wilson.
PAIRED.-Bell with Pearce, Fitch with Sumner.
issues, but had been defeated as to all these
ABSENT.-Clark, Bates, Henderson, Reid, Thompson points.
(Ky.), Slidell.

In the House, on the final vote, among those who had voted against the original Lecompton Bill and who now supported the English scheme, were Gilmer, Am., of N. C., and the following Democrats, viz.: English and Foley, of Ind.; Cockerill, Cox, Groesbeck, Hall, Lawrence and Pendleton, of Ohio; and Owen Jones, of Pa. Gen. Quitman, of Mississippi, and Mr. Bonham, of S. C., fire eaters, voted No, and the following members "paired off," viz.: Washburn (Wis.) with Arnold; Matteson with Reuben Davis; Purviance with Dimmick; Morrill with Faulkner; Horton with Hill; J. C. Kunkel with Miles Taylor; Montgomery with Warren; Thompson with Stewart (Md.); and Wood with George Taylor.

ries of the new State were declared to be the By the Constitution, as adopted, the boundaState of Missouri on the east, the 37th parallel of north latitude on the south, the 41st parallel of north latitude on the north, and the 23d meridian of longitude west from Washington on the west. The western boundary cuts off the Pike's Peak region and the desert which bounds it on the east, and limits the new State to the habitable eastern portion of the Terri tory, embracing an area of some sixty thousand square miles. The Executive is to consist of a Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Attorney-General, and Superintendent of Public Schools, to be chosen by the people, and to serve for two years. The House of Representatives is to consist of seventy-five members, to serve one year, and the Senate of twenty-five Senators, to serve two years, the numbers to be regulated by law, but never to exceed one hundred Representatives, and thirty-three Senators. The pay is to be three dollars a day and fifteen cents per mile travel. All bills must originate with the House, and no act can include more than one subject. The Supreme Court is to consist of three Judges, to be chosen by the people, to hold office for six years, one to go out every two years. There are to be five District Judges, to be chosen by the people of their respective districts, and to serve for four years. Each county is to choose a Judge of Probate, to serve for two years, and each township is to choose Justices of the Peace, to serve also for two years. Elections are to be by ballot. Every white male adult who is a citizen of the United States, or who has declared his intention to become one, having been a resident in the State for six months, and

THE WYANDOT CONSTITUTION.

The Territorial Legislature passed an act (Feb. 11, 1859) to refer the question to the people of a new Constitutional Convention, the election to be held on the first Tuesday in March, 1859. The election was held, and resulted in a majority of 3,881 in favor of a Convention. This result being ascertained, the Governor issued his proclamation for an election of delegates. The old party organizations were now abandoned, and those of Republicans in the precinct for thirty days, is entitled to vote. and Democrats substituted, and it was on this The State is prohibited from becoming a basis that the canvass for the election of dele-party in carrying on any work of internal imgates proceeded. The Convention was to provement, nor can any debt, to exceed a milconsist of fifty-two delegates. The Democrats lion of dollars, be contracted, unless the quesproclaimed themselves disciples of Mr. Douglas tion be previously submitted to, and the debt and his Territorial Sovereignty doctrine, and authorized by, a popular vote; and in all cases decidedly opposed to making Kansas a Slave a special tax must be levied sufficient to pay the State. The Leavenworth district, where, interest and provide a sinking fund adequate through its contractors for army supplies, the to meet the principal when it becomes due. All Government exercised a great influence, and corporations, banks included, must be estabwhich from its population was entitled to ten lished under general laws only, and the corpodelegates, elected the Democratic ticket, not, rators made liable to twice the amount of their however, without the aid of fraudulent votes. stock. The sale of lottery tickets is prohibited. But the Republicans, by their predominance in The schedule annexed to the Constitutio other parts of the Territory, succeeded in claimed of Congress $500,000, or in lieu theresecuring a majority in the Convention of thirty-of 500,000 acres of land, to meet the claims five to seventeen. audited to nearly that amount for losses incurred by citizens of Kansas during the late troubles. The Commissioners had declined to entertain the claim of the New-England Emigrant Aid Society, to the amount of $25,000, for the destruction of their hotel at Lawrence, on the ground that they had no authority to act on any claims except those presented by citizens of Kansas, and the Convention de

In accordance with this act of Congress, the people of Kansas went into an election on the 3d of August, 1858. Notwithstanding the liberal offers in regard to donations to Kansas of public lands, in this bill, and the threat that if the people did not accept a State Government with the Lecompton Constitution, they should not be permitted to come in as a State with any Constitution, till they should have a full population of 93,340, still, the Lecompton Constitution was again rejected by more than ten thousand majority. This may be regarded as the final disposition of this famous Constitution. From first to last, it had been the cause or the subject of more speeches in Congress than any measure ever brought before that body.

The Convention met at Wyandot on the 5th of July, and adjourned on the 27th of the same month, after adopting a Constitution by a vote of thirty-four to thirteen, all the Democrats present voting against it and refusing to sign it. They had strenuously contended, in the Convention, for the annexation to Kansas of that part of Nebraska south of the Platte; for

sioners.

clined to go beyond the report of the Commis- | DAVIS, Edmundson, English (Indiana), Garnett, Gartrell, GILMER, Hamilton, HARDEMAN, John T. Harris, Hawkins, HILL, Hindman, Houston, Hughes Jackson, Jenkins, Jones, Keitt, Lamar, JAMES M. LEACH, Leake, Love, MALLORY, MAYNARD, McQueen, McRae,

A grant is asked from Congress of 4,550,000 acres of land for internal improvements, also the swamp lands of the State to be appropriated | Miles, Millson, LABAN T. MOORE, Sydenham Moore, NEL SON, Noell, Pugh. QUARLES, Reagan Ruffin, Scott (Cal.), as a school fund. Sickles (N. Y.), Simms, Singleton, Wm. Smith, W. N. H. SMITH, Stallworth, Stevenson, STOKES, Thomas, VANCE, Whitely, Winslow, Woodson.

55

Democrats, in Italics, (3 from Free States),
Americans, in SMALL CAPS (all from Slave States), 18

78

Prefixed to the Constitution is a Bill of Rights, which includes a prohibition of Slavery. This Bill of Rights also provides that no person shall be incompetent to testify on account of his religious belief.

By a provision of the schedule, this Constitution was submitted to a popular vote on the first Tuesday in October, which resulted in its ratification by the people by a majority of some four thousand. The Territorial election in November attracted but little interest from the general expectation of the admission of the State under the new Constitution. The Republicans, however, succeeded in electing their delegate to Congress and a majority of the Legislature.

The first State Election under this Constitution was held December 6, 1859, and resulted in the election of Charles Robinson (Rep.) as Governor by 2513 majority. Martin F. Conway (Rep.) for Congress by 2107 majority, and the entire Republican ticket for State officers by majorities ranging from 2000 to 2,500, also a Legislature which was Republican in both branches by very decided majorities.

Feb. 15-Mr. Grow introduced in the House, a bill to admit Kansas under the Wyandot Constitution. Referred to Committee on Territories, which (March 29th) reported (majority) through Mr. Grow in favor of admission.

April 11.-Mr. Grow demanded the Previous Question on the passage of the Bill, which was seconded, and the main question ordered.

Republicans, in Roman,

Democrats (from Free States.), in Italics,
Anti-Lecompton Democrats, Roman spaced,
Americans, in SMALL CAPS,

Total,

PAIRED-D a vis (Indiana), with Phelps.
Sherman with HARRIS, of Md.
Wade with Peyton.
Somes with McClay (N.Y.)
Van Wyck with Underwood.
Burroughs with Dejarnette.
ABSENT UNPAIRED-Davis (Mis.), Landrum, Martin,
(Va.), Kunkel.

103
22

6

3

Senate, Feb. 21st.-Mr. Seward introduced a bill for the admission of Kansas under the Wyandotte Constitution.

On the 5th June, this bill being under consideration,

Mr. Wigfall, of Tex., explained his views. He declared he would not vote for the admission of this socalled State, under any circumstances. He objected to their moral character, and was not willing Texas should associate with such a State.

(taking in Pike's Peak), was discussed by Mr. Wade, Mr. Greene's amendment, to change the boundary who said the effect of the amendment would be to defeat the bill.

Mr. Hunter moved to postpone the subject, and take up the Army bill.

Mr. Trumbull opposed the motion. He should keep the Kansas bill before the Senate till it was finally disposed of. It was more important than the appropriation bills, which appeared to be kept back in order to

interrupt other important business.

Mr. Seward hoped the friends of Kansas would let a vote be taken, so that the responsibility might lie where it belonged.

Mr. Barksdale, demanded the Yeas and Nays

-ordered.

Mr. Trumbull called attention to the fact that the

lent to the defeat of the Kansas bill, and the Senator He said the effect of the vote just taken was equivafrom Pennsylvania must have known the effect of his vote.

The question was then taken, and decided in the affirmative: Yeas, 134; Nays, 73, as follows: YEAS-Messrs. Chas. F. Adams, A drain, Aldrich, Allen, Alley, Ashley, Babbitt, Barr, Barrett, Beale, Bingham, Blair (Pa.), Blake, Brayton, BRIGGS, Buffinton, Burch, Burlingame, Burnham, Butterfield, Campbell, Senator from Pennsylvania (Bigler) desired to postpone Carey, Carter, Case, Horace F. Clark, Clark B. Coch- the Kansas bill because the Senate was not full. The rane, John Cochrane, Colfax, Conkling, Cooper, Corwin, vote showed that sixty votes had been cast, with two Covode, Cox, Curtis, Dawes, Delano, Duell, Dunn, Edger-paired off, showing the fullest vote of the session. ton, Edwards, Elliot, Ely, ETHERIDGE, Farnsworth, Fenton, Ferry, Florence Foster, Fouke, Frank, French, Gooch, Grow, Gurley, Hale, Hall, H a skin, Helmick, Hickman, Hoard, Holman, Howard (Ohio), Humphry, Hutchins, Irvine, Junkin, Francis W. Kellogg, William Kellogg, Kenyon, Kilgore, Killinger, Larrabee, De Witt C. Leach, Lee, Logan, Longnecker, Loomis, Lovejoy, Marston, Chas. D. Martin, McClernand, McKean, McKnight, McPherson, Wm. Montgomery, Moorehead, Morrill, Edward Joy Morris, Isaac N. Morris, Morse, Niblack, Nixon, Olin, Palmer, Pendleton, Perry, Pettit, Porter, Potter, Pottle, Rice, Riggs, Christopher Robinson, James C. Robinson, Royce, Schwartz, Scranton, Sedgwick, Spaulding, Spinner, Stanton, Stevens, Wm. Stewart, Stout, Stratton, Tappan, Thayer, Theaker, Tompkins, Train, Trimble, Vallandigham, Vandever, Verree, Waldron,' Walton, C. C. Washburn, E. B. Washburne, Israel Washburn, WEBSTER, Wells, Wilson, Windom, Wood, Woodruff.

the House had once defeated the Army bill, because it Mr. Wigfall desired to call attention to the fact that did not want the army used against the Black Republi

can thieves and murderers in Kansas.

The vote was taken by yeas and nays, and resulted, Yeas, 32; Nays, 27. It was a strict party vote, except that Messrs Pugh (Dem., Ohio) and Latham (Dem., Cal.) voted with the Republicans not to postpone. Mr. Kennedy (S. Am., Md.) voted with the Democrats. Messrs. Crittenden (S. Am., Ky.), Douglas, Clay, (Dem. Ala.), and Nicholson (Dem., Tenn) were absent. Messrs. Douglas and Clay were paired.

So the motion to postpone, and take up the Army bill prevailed.

June 7.-Mr. Wade, of Ohio, moved to take up the Kansas bill, which was lost-as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Bigler, Bingham, Cameron, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Hamlin, Harlan, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Dixon, Doolittle, Durkee, King, Pugh, Seward, Simmons, Sumner, Ten Eyck. Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson, Republicans, 25; Democrats, (Bigler and Pugh) 2-27.

NAYS-Messrs. Bayard, Benjamin, Bragg, Bright, Brown, Chesnut, Clingman, Davis, Fitch, Fitzpatrick, Greene, Gwin, Hammond, Hemphill, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson, (Tenn.) Lane, Latham, Mallory, Mason, Nicholson, Pearce, Polk, Powell, Rice, Sebastian, Slidell, Thomson, Toombs, Wigfall, Yulee.-32. [All Democrats.]

Mr. Douglas was paired with Mr. Clay; Crittenden (Am.), with Johnson, of Ark., Ken

Total,

134

NAYS-Messrs. GREEN ADAMS, Thos. L. Ander son, W.

C. ANDERSON. Ashmore, Avery Barksdale, Bocock, Bon-nedy and Saulsbury absent.

ham, BOTELER, Boyce, BRABSON Branch, BRISTOW, Bur

nett, John B. Clark, Clopton, Cobb, James Craig, So both Houses adjourned and left Kansas Burton Craige, Crawford, Curry, Davidson, HENRY W still in the condition of a Territory.

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