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giments, &c.

Read good samples also of Eng-above all mercenary motives, a stern supporter of his counlish eloquence. Some of these may be found in try and bis country's honor, and though so passionately fond Small's American Speaker, and some in Cary's

of military adventure, as to be almost mad opon the subCriminal Recorder, in which last the defence of day to sell his sword to any other than his lawful prince.

ject; yet never condescending like the myrmidons of his Eugene Aram is distinguishable as a model of Such a character is rare in any age; in that in which he logic, condensation of matter and classical purity existed it was indeed a prodigy. It is not wonderful, thereof style. Exercise yourself afterwards in pre- fore, that he should have excited the astonishment of the paring orations on feigned cases. In this ob- venal and corrupt men of his day, and that posterity abould serve rigorously the disposition of Blair into in

still continue to contemplate his character with admiration,

as we regard a beacon, upon some buge cliff, blazing out in troduction, narration, &c. Adapt your language the plenitude of its glory, from the midst of surrounding and figures to the several parts of the oration, darkness. and suit your arguments to the audience before Many lives have, at various periods, been written of Bay. whom it is supposed to be spoken. This is your ard, the most remarkable, as well as by far the most graphic last and most important exercise--no trouble

of which, is that by “the Loyal Servant." It possesses all should therefore be spared. If you have any ing been long an attendant upon him and standing with him

the advantage of contemporary biography, the author havperson in your neighborhood engaged in the upon a footing of entire intimacy. Its details are highly same study, take each of you different sides of graphic and the tale is told with such an air of näive simthe same cause, and prepare pleadings accord- plicity, that it never fails to make a deep impression upon ing to the custom of the bar, where the plaintiff all who read it. The author, in fact, describes what he

saw with his own eyes ; and it does not require a reference opens, the defendant answers and the defendant

10 Horace's celebrated maxim to convince any one, that replies : It would further be of great service to there is a great difference between the narrative of him who pronounce your orations (having before you only has seen a thing with his own eyes, and him who relates it short notes to assist the memory,) in the presence only at second hand. Who does not see the difference beof some person who may be considered as your

tween Xenophon's Cyropædia and his Anabasis ? judge.

It strikes us, that Mr. Simms would have done a far Note. Under each of the preceding heads the English translation of this book, and published it with edi

more acceptable service to literature, had be revised the books are to be read in the order in which they are torial notes. It tells the tale in a much more picturesque named. These by no means constitute the whole manner, than can Mr. S., or anybody else, who was not a of what might be usefully read in each of these witness to the scenes described. The path, too, was a branches of science. The mass of excellent works beaten one, and we can see no reason why a man of origi

. going more into detail is great indeed; but those

nal talent should have ventured upon it when there bad

been ninety and nine before him. here noted will enable the student to select for

Be that however as it may, we do not mean to detract bimself such others of detail as may suit his par- from the merits of the book under consideration. It is writ ticular views and disposition, they will give him a ten in excellent English, (no small recommendation by-therespectable, an useful and satisfactory degree of bye,) and is calculated to sell well. The narrative is manknowledge in these branches, and will themselves aged with great adroitness, and if the subject were only s form a valuable and sufficient library for a lawyer, to Mr. Simms' skill. We hope to see many more speci

little less worn, the whole performance would do great credit who is at the same time a lover of science.

mens of his pleasing and graceful style. (Signed)

Th: JEFFERSON. The book may be had of Drinker & Morris.

66

Don Quixote De La Mancha. Translated from the

Spanish of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, by Charles
Jarvis, Esg. With numerous Illustrations by Tony Ja

hannor. In Two Volumes. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanch. Notices of New works.

ard. 1847.

Philip the Third once said, when he saw a student laugh

ing immoderately over a book, That man must be either Life of the Chevalier Bayard; the good Knight, out of his wits, or reading Don Quixote.” Certainly there

sans peur et sans réproche. By Wm. Gilmore Simms.is 110 production, that we have ever read, so provocative of New York: Harper & Brothers. 1848.

mirth as this strange narrative of the feats and follies of The name of the Chevalier Bayard has a magic in it, the gallant, the high-toned, the visionary Knight of La Manwhich appertains to few, even of the most eminent charac. cha. The book is far the best specimen that we have of ters, whose deeds form the subject of history. Born in an the mock-heroic. Almost every adventure of the Doa is a age when the sevdal system tottered to its fall, and when comic picture, and the “honest squire” amuses us as one of its institutions, that of Chivalry, was fast following other acquaintance can, save Doyberry or Falstaff. And in the footsteps of its parent, the glory of the whole Round yet we think that those who look upon Don Quixote merely Table seems for a moment io have revived in his person. a3 an amusing satire on overheated enthusiasm, or as a It was but for a moment, however, and the last flickering corrective administered to a vitiated public taste, have fuiled spark expiring with him, it resembled in its death struggle to catch its moral. It is at once the most ludicrous and the the dying dolphin, illuminating the surrounding waters with most mournful of all personal histories. The spectacle of the brilliancy of its unrivalled colors. He was the bravest,) a noble soul thwarted in every endeavor, a man of acute the most generosis, the most magnanimous of men ; loving sensibility exposed to ridicule at every turn, deeds of hics glory for itself, secking danger that it might add to his fume,'emprise ending in absurd and whimsical, sallies, cannot fail

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to produce a sad impression on every thinking mind. Sis for the sake of the army that no more such “ vile prints" mondi, looking at the book, as he does, in this light, con- of its officers will be sent forth. siders that it was intended but for a transient purpose- These volumes may be found at the store of Nash & that of reforming the literature of Spain. We recognize a Woodhouse. far deeper and more lasting significance. It was written hy one who had seen many vicissitudes of human life. After

CHEMISTRY, and its application to Physiology, Agricul. bfty years of observation, Cervantes sat down to instruct the world, with the exploits of a bero into whose mind he

ture, and Commerce. By Professor Liebig. New York: bad poured all the rich treasures of his fancy, and we be

Fowler and Wells, Phrenological Cabinet, 131, Nassau

Street. 1848. liere, that, as he laid by sheet after sheet of his immortal production, he felt a consciousness that he was writing for

Since the days of Sir Humphrey Davy, a new science posterity, that his allegory would be a heritage to nations has been introduced, growing out of researches into the yet unborn, who should live under strange skies and speak animal and vegetable kingdoms, which is known as Orgalatguages foreign to his own. This destined mission had nic Chemistry. Within the last twenty years, more espedouitless been uppermost in his thoughts at every period cially, great light has been thrown upon the path of inducof his life,-in battle, in poverty, in his Algerine slavery, tive investigation in this branch by such publications as the and when at last be embodied it in the pages of Don Quix

one now before us. The works of Smith and Johnston in ote, be felt that be had accomplished a valuable and an in- Great Britain and of Boussingault, Mulder, Sprengel and structive work. And so it has proved to be. Besides Liebig on the Continent have furnished the inquirer with Dany ercellent editions in the original tongue, it has been much valuable information and advanced the cause of Scitranslated again and again into every other language of Eu entific Agriculture. We have great faith in the efficacy of rope, until it has become associated with the literature of these labors to diffuse among our farmers a more general all countries and each looks upon “ Don Quixote” as es- desire for improvement in husbandry, by appealing to their sentially a part of its own peculiar wealth.

intelligence and supplying them with facts. And we do The present edition is most acceptable, as affording a

not think that we have seen any work of a more usesul good library copy, at a very reasonable price. It contains character than this publication of Dr. Liebig. Its exceedalso more illustrations than any edition we have before ing cheapness too (for it costs but 20 cents) places it within teen. Sancho Panza once predicted that his doings would the reach of every one. It is for sale by J. W. Randolph aford materiel for the pencil

. “I will lay a wager," said & Co. be," that before long there will not be a chop house, tavern, or barter's stall, but will have a painting of our achieve- | A History of Virginia, from its Discovery and SettleDents." Tony Johannot bas depicted many of the most

ment by Europeans to the Present Time. By Robert R. remarkable of these achievements, in a manner that would

Howison. Vol. II. From the year 1763 to the RetroDof offend the “squire" himself,

cession of Alexandria in 1847. Richmond : Drinker &

Morris. New York and London: Wiley and Putnam. The book is for sale by Drinker & Morris.

1848.

We cannot do more, at this time than announce the ap

pearance of a volume that demands a very large attention GENERAL SCOTT AND HIS Staff : comprising Memoirs at our hands. In dipping into its pages we have been much of Generals Scott, Twiggs, Smith, Quitman, Shields, pleased with its manner, and we do not doubt that a more Pillow, Lane, Cadwallader, Patterson and Pierce, &c., careful consideration will confirm our prepossessions. The &e, &c. With Portraits. Philadelphia: Grigg, El- book is beautifully printed and makes a very handsome ho: & Co. No. 14, North Fourth St. 1848.

companion for the first volume. It is published by our GENERAL TAYLOR AND HIS STAFF: comprising Memoirs

friends, Drinker & Morris, to whom we refer all those desirof Generals Taylor, Worth, Wool and Butler, &c., &c., ing to purchase an interesting History of our State. &c. With Portraits. Philadelphia : Grigg, Elliot & Co. No. 14, North Fourth Street. 1848.

Now And Then. By Samuel Warren, F. R. S. Néw We had occasion in the January number of our work to

York: Harper & Brothers, 82 Cliff street. commend a very excellent Life of General Taylor, from Several publications have appeared since “Ten Thouthe press of Grigg, Elliot & Co., prepared by J. Reese sand a Year,” which have been ascribed to the pen of Mr. Fry, and we have now to return our thanks to the same pub. Warren, but the present work bears the unmistakeable imJishers for two other works of a similar character. They press of his genius. No one can read it, without detectconsist almost entirely of accounts of the recent opera- ing on almost every page, those minute touches, which gave Lions of our army in Mexico, from the battle of Palo Alto such attractiveness to the “ Diary of a Physician.” All to the brilliant action of the Garitas, under the walls of recollect the truth-like representations of that sad narrathe great city. Short biographical sketches are also pre tive and the interest, almost personal in its nature, to every sented, of 30 or 40 officers, below the rank of General, reader, which it excited. In “ Now and Then” our symwbo have illustrated by their valor the arms of the country. pathies are brought into active play, by the verisimilitude of These books bear evident marks of haste in preparation, the description, in behalf of a young man, under sentence but as they were compiled with reference to documentary of death, for a crime of which he is innocent. We do not evidence in the bureaus at Washington, they may be relied know when we have read anything more touching than the upon as authentic.

exposition Mr. Warren gives us of the inward workings of We should have liked them all the better, we must con- that brave heart,—the alternations of hope and despairfess, if the “ accurate portraits” had been orgitted. We do the struggle between resentment at his wrongs and forgiveDot recollect when we have seen a collection of such disness of his accusers, anc., last of all, the uncomplaining lorted and lugubrious countenances. Really some of the resignation with which he goes out to the “light of his officers represented have just grounds, we think, for an ac- stern, last morning.” The incidents of the respite and the tion of libel. The portrait of General Twiggs is but a raconumulation of punishment, by which young Ayliffe's life is ricature of General Quirman and that of General Shields spared, are not new to us, but Mr. Warren has used them resembles the original only in his moustache. We hope only for the high purpose of inculcating a lesson.

1848.

The

3 character of Mr. Hylton is well drawn and commands our | Let none from the field of my glory returning, admiration. We do not doubt that Mr. Warren has been Pause v'er me and mournfully lean on the spear; engaged professionally in some criminal trial of absorbing But while the hot blood in each bosom is burning, and painful interest, which has addressed itself to him as Sing o'er me the feast song, and quaff the brown beer. a proper theme to be interwoven with the thread of ro. mance. Altogether, we think that " Now and Then” will let my billock be marked with the simple wild flower; add much to the previously acquired fame of its author, al

Nor care what the fate of my body mas be: though we confess that we are apt to look with a feeling of But if Hilda withdraws me in battle's dark hour, partiality at anything that comes from one who has given To Higelac* bear these rich garments for me: to the world, in his " Popular and Practical Introduction to the richest the gay loom of Veland hath woven;

30 Law Studies,” a treasure, which the lawyer, in all time to come, will gratefully appreciate.

Their splendor surpasses the breaking of day!

My faith to my kinsman and country I've proven, “Now and Then" is for sale by Drinker & Morris.

The face of stern fortune can turn as it may! HISTORY OF THE Girondists. By A. de Lamartine. w. Randolph & Co.

The “Lesson of Life" may be found at the store of I. Translated by H. T. Ryde. In 3 volumes. Vol. 2nd. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1848.

Perhaps the reader of our magazine will derive a better idea of the merit of this publication, from the article on the Literary News. Life of Charlotte Corday, which we have presented in preceeding pages of this number, than from any other source. The volume before us is full of interest, embodying vivid TO BE PUBLISHED IMMEDIATELY BY D. APPLETON AND CO. descriptions of the exciting and stormy scenes of the Revo

200 BROADWAY. lution and arraying in all the hues of poetry those persons and events, that most attach themselves to our sympathies. to which is appended a record of officers, non-commission

1. The origin, progress, and conclusion of the Florida War: Lamartine is certainly the least philosophical of all histo- ed officers, musicians, and privates of the U. S. Army, rians, but he is also the least tedious. His style never Navy, and Marine corps, who were killed in battle or died wearies. Glowing with fancy and brilliant in antithesis, it of disease. By John T. Sprague, Brevet Captain of the produces life-like portraits and enlivens its subject with United States Army. Illustrated with a Map and Wood personal anecdote, while the pages of a more abstruse Engravings, one volume octavo. chronicler would fatigue and discourage the inquirer. As a raconteur, Lamartine is superior, we think, to Thiers, and 2. Ollendorff's New Method of Learning to Read, Write, other stately writers upon the same tumultuous period; and speak the Spanish Language. With an appendix. ConAlison is not altogether reliable and Carlyle, we confess, taining a brief, but comprehensive Recapitulation of the is absolutely forbidding (and sometimes unintelligible) with Rules, as well as of all the Verbs, both Regular and Irhis strained conceits and introverted sentences.

regular, so as lo render their use easy and faciliar to the The book is well-printed and is prefaced with a steel most ordinary capacity. Together with practical rules for engraving of the gifted Madame Roland, who went up to Spanish pronunciation, and models of social and commerthe guillotine, in the name of Liberty.

cial correspondence. The whole designed for young learn

ers and persons who are their own instructors. By M. Ve. The Lesson of Life and OTHER Poems. By George H. lasquez and F. Simmonne. Professors of the Spanish and Boker. Philadelphia. George S. Appleton & Co. 148 French Languages. One vol., 12mo. The plan of this

work is substantially the same with that of the French, Chesnut Street, 1848.

German, and Italian Grammars of Professor Ullendorf. We think if Mr. Boker bad bestowed a little more care It consists of a series of Lessons so arranged as gradually upon the execution of his principal poem and had come to eliminate every idiom and construction of the language, pressed it within the dimensions of forty pages, instead of and to impart to the scholar a thorough knowledge of both extending it over sixty-six, he would have produced a work its theory and practice. of very great excellence. We had marked out several pas. sages in the “Lesson of Life,” of much poetic beauty, 3. Laneton Parsonage : A Tale. Second part. By the which indicate a want of finish, to bring to Mr. Boker's author of " Amy Herbert,” “Gertrude,” “Margaret Percinotice, but we rose from the perusal of it, so favorably im- val,” etc. Edited by the Rev. W. Sewell, D. D. One pressed with the high tone of sentiment which it conveys, volume 12mo. Uniform with the First Series. as to be quite disarmed of all critical severity. We must 4. The Sketches: Three Tales. 1. Walter Lorimore. say, however, that in the structure of blauk verse (of all 2. The emblems of Life. 3. The Lost Inheritance. By poetical adventures, perhaps, the most difficult, with the sin. the author of " Amy Herbert,” “ The Old Man's Home," gle exception of the Sonnet,) Mr. Boker would do well 10 and “ Hawkstone." Illustrated with engravings. One volbe more cautions in future.

ume 12mo. We do not think very highly of Mr. Boker's smaller

5. A System of English Versification; containing rules for poems. But we cannot resist the temptation of copying the structure of the different kinds of verses. Illustrated the following very spirited translation, (page 189) in which by Numerous Examples from the best Poels. By Erastus is infused much of the old Norse vigor of the rude songs of Everett, A.M. One volume 12mo. the Anglo-Saxons.

6. The Mystery of Godliness. By the Rev. Samuel L FRAGMENT FROM BEOWULF. Southard, A.M., Rector of Calvary Church, New York

City. One volume 8vo. If death from the fierce shock of battle should take me,

7. Instructions to Young Marksmen, in all that relates to My corse from the red field of slaughter ye'll bear;

the Improved American Rifle. By R. Chapman, Civil En. Remember a grave in the valley to make me,

gineer. One volume 12mo. And bury your iron clad warrior there.

* Higelac-king of Jutland, the kinsman of Beowulf.

TRANSLATED FROM THE ANGLO-SAXON.

PUBLISHED MONTHLY AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM-JXO.

R. THOMPSON, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

VOL. XIV.

RICHMOND, APRIL, 1848.

NO. 4.

VINDICATED.

nient to both, and not unjust to either. Virginia VIRGINIA;

was willing to yield something of her just rights,

if, by doing so, harmony could be secured and the HER ANCIENT TITLE TO THE NORTH-Western Ter- intercourse of the two States fixed upon a stable RITORY, AND HER RIGHTS UPON THE OHIO RIVER,

and friendly basis. This was her earnest desire. This failed of accomplishment. The two States remain upon their original and conventional rights,

as setiled by their histories, their constitutions and BY GEO. W. THOMPSON.

the just interpretation of the various laws touching

the very delicate questions involved. Some difficulty having originated on the co-ter- These States, if harmony was the true object, misous borders of Virginia and Ohio, involving and we are to believe ihey were sincere, in seekquestions of boundary and jurisdiction between these ing the settlement of these questions, are more States, the State of Ohio proposed a commission fully committed to that comity and kind feeling for the settlement of these questions. Whatever which should regulate the intercourse of neighdoubts can possibly exist on these subjects, arise bouring Commonwealths, having a common destiny out of the character and construction of the deed of good or evil, though differing somewhat in their of cession from Virginia, in 1784, of the territo-internal systems. But it is not to be expected, Ty " North-West of the river Ohio" 10 the Confed. that is an immense population with diversified ineration, and of the seventh clause of the fifih sec- terests and somewhat differing sentiments, that lion of the act of 181h of December, 1789, enti- collisions, between individuals in their transactions tled, “ An Act concerning the erection of the Dis- of business and impulsions to conduct, will not trict of Kentucky into an independent State." take place, involving all the questions submitted The popular opinion of Virginia, traditionally de- for adjustment. It is therefore just and expedient rived from the cotemporaneous construction of to enter into a full, and so far as practicable, perthese grants and reservations, had always pointed spicuous examination and settlement of the histoto bat one conclusion on this subject, namely, that ry of the title of Virginia and a statement of the the Ohio river was and remained the absoluie pro- conventional and national rights retained by her, perty of Virginia, drawing with it all the rights of and with a view fully to understand wbat rights, dorminion and jurisdiction, saving to the citizens of easements or jurisdictions have been surrendered the Voited States such easements and jurisdiction by her, heretofore, to other States or citizens, genonly, of the same, as are necessary to the “free erally, of the United States. and common use and navigation" of this river. This tone of poblic sentiment in Virginia general

HISTORICAL REVIEW. ly, has never changed, while on the immediate

On the 23rd of May, 1609, James I., as king border of the Ohio it is believed to have increased of England, granted by letters patent an extension in intensity. Some doubts and discussion, occa- of what may be called the corporation of Virginia. cioned by recent transactions, have, it is true, been the limits and jurisdiction of this corporate body started as to the exact line of boundary and the included "all those lands, countries and territories character of the anomalous jurisdiction, claimed situate, lying and being in that part of America, as against Virginia. But notwithstanding the uni- called Virginia, from the point of land called Cape versality and conclusiveness of this opinion on the or Point Comfort, all along the sea coast, to the part of Virginia, expressed in her legislative dec-northward, two hundred miles and from the said laration, the Commonwealth, in a spirit of frank- point of Cape Comfort all along the sea coast, to ness and concession, concurred in the request of the southward, two hundred miles, and all that Ohio to submit the matters referred to, to a joint space and circuit of land throughout, from sea to commission for settlement upon principles conve- sea, west and north-west." This was the descrip

tion of the territorial limits. A form of govern* This commission was composed of Messrs. Wm. C. Rires, Wm. Green and Geo. W. Thompson, on the part of

ment was ordained ; the executive and legislative Virginia

, and Messrs. Thomas Ewing, John Brough and authority was prescribed ; crimes were to be punJames Collier on the part of Ohio. These gentlemen met ished; contracts enforced; census to be taken and in the City of Washington, in the early part of January, the entire organism of a colonial government was 1848, but could not agree upon terms of adjustment, and finally adjourned on the 26th of the month.-[Ed. Mess. il Hen, 88,

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VOL. XIV--25

defined.” Jis boundaries and its jurisdiction were delegated authority of the crown upon the conti. prescribed. The corporation had a legal existence; nent, it was, in virtue of that relation, the occupant its jurisdiction was commensurate with the limits under the crown to the extent of the crown claim. of its grant. Whatever right belonged to, or was The extent of that claim and the title of England asserted by the crown of England, vested in the will appear as we progress. corporation ; soil and sovereignty both passed. At Carolina on the South, Maryland and Pennsyl. the Trinity Term of the Court of King's Bench, vania on the North, limited the territory of Vir1624, the corporation was dissolved by the judg- ginia. New York had no existence and no jurisment of that court. The legal existence of the diction could vest in her : she was conquered from corporation, as a monopoly, then ceased, and at the Holland in 1663. Then Virginia was not limited same moment the political existence of the Colo- farther than as above stated by any crown grants ny of Virginia commenced and continued uninter- of its adjacent territory, and before the establishruptedly to its independence. The corporation ment of New York as a distinct and separate was dissolved, but this made no change in the poli- crown colony, the grant to Pennsylvania, bounded tical condition of the people. All the elements of on Lake Erie, excluded her from the west and that government which had been granted to the corpo- colony was interposed between New York and the ration or developed by it, in the execution of pow- valley of the Mississippi. When, subsequently, ers necessary under the condition of things, were New York was created a proprietary colony and continued to the colony. From 1630 to 1642. a her bounds came to be definitely understood, they period of twelve years, there remain the partial were defined by the English historian with apparecords of sixteen legislative assemblies, and sub- rent accuracy. “ From forty-one degrees forty sequent to the judgment of dissolution these as minutes on Delaware river, New York runs twensemblies had been convened and were in corres- ty miles higher on Delaware river to the parallel pondence with the throne and their continuance is of forty-one degrees latitude, which by Pennsylvathe evidence of their recognition. The Colony of nia royal grant, divides New York from the pror. Virginia was in existence : it had merely passed ince of Pennsylvania. Upon this parallel, New from the condition of a proprietary, to that of a York is supposed to extend west to lake Erie: provincial or crown colony. The corporation of and from thence along Lake Erie and along the Virginia was, by the act of the crown, transmuted communicating great run of water from Lake Erie into the colony of Virginia, and by the act of to Lake Ontario,

,96 &c. This description of the transmutation, the limits of territory and jurisdic-bounds of New York is strengthened by “ A new tion were not altered. The colony succeeded to and accurate map of the British dominions in Amerthe authority, territory and jurisdiction of the cor- ica according to the treaty of 1763, divided into poration. It became a crown colony, subject only the several provinces and jurisdictions projected to express limitations by the crown, of its territory upon the best authorities and astronomical observaand jurisdiction. And to the extent of such ex

New York has her South West corner press restrictions was it limited and Virginia, as a resting upon Lake Erie and Pennsylvania interpocolony and as a State, has recognized all such sed between her and the west. But yet New known grants in the charters of Carolina, Mary-York is not in existence. Then, that Virginia was land and Pennsylvania.

not limited farther than as above stated, must be reThe claim of the crown embraced all the paral. peated. She had then a political existence. What Jels of latitude through to the South or Pacific sea. were its powers? It represented the sovereignty This claim could only be maintained under the law of England ; sold land ; and extinguished Indian of nations by possession of some kind. The Colo- title; in October, 1629, the Grand Assembly passny of Virginia was now the only political organi- ed an " Appropriation and Revenue law.** This zation on the continent, in virtue of which Great Grand Assembly was never suppressed and the coloBritain could claim any possession of the country. ny continued to exercise jurisdiction over all persons Virginia represented the crown upon the conti- and property within her limits. In 1652, upon nent; her political possession extending to the pos- the capitulation with the commonwealth, it was session and claim of the crown, except in the sub- stipulated that the "People of Virginia" should sequent cases of expressed grant and limitation by have all the liberties of the freeborn people of Eng. the crown to other colonies or proprietaries. As the land. At the termination of the Interregnum of

English history, in 1660, Sir William Berkeley · Instructions to Gov. Wyatt, 1621. I Hen. 114, et seq.

Wynne's Br. Emp. in America, vol. 1, p. 171. London, 3 1 Banc. 199, n.

1770. Smith's Hist. of N. Y., p. 14. + 1 Hen. 134. And expressly recognized by the procla. Map to Knox's War in America, vol I. London, 1769. mation of George 111., who guaran to the subjects of See also Map in Russ. Hist. of America. London, 1779. the new colonies, acquired by the treaty of 1763, the same vol. 2, p. 172 and title-page. institutions as existed in the other colonies. 7 Hen. 663. 81 Hen. 142. 5 Vattel, b. 1, c. 18, sec. 207.

1 Banc. 223.

lions."

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