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confirmed in this belief by gentlemen who profess peal a law whenever it is known to be contrary to differ from me upon this subject. Sir, our ac io the wishes of the people. But gentlemen tell tions outweigh our words, and while gentlemen us this system is not displeasing to the people, from the South and West, whose constituents are that notwithstanding all that has been said upon cultivators of the soil, exclaim against a repeal the subject they do not believe itthey do not of the embargo as disgraceful, they say the duty believe the people disapprove of the embargo. demanded by the British Government must be Sir, unbelief has ruined many, and I do awfully paid by the growers of produce, and that the car- fear it will be our ruin. I am certain it will, if riers will receive full freight; and gentlemen we persist much longer in it. from the North and East, whose constituents Mr. Bibb observed that, whatever should be are many of them commercial, others seafaring the decision of the House, he should obtain one men, urge the repeal of the embargo, because it object; he should obtain the names of those who, deprives their constituents of commercial and in the commencement of the session, told the nautical profits. These arguments prove to me House that the proposition now uoder considerathat different habits and pursuits produce diver- lion was the most dishonorable that could be sity of sentiments; but that we all consider honor proposed, and would now vote in favor of it. and interest convertible terms. But I for one dis Mr. W. Alston said, notwithstanding the claim any share in that honor, which is contrary threat of the gentleman from Georgia, he should to our interest; nor do I wish to see our national vote against his motion. He had a right, as well concerns governed by the laws of chivalry, and as the gentleman from Georgia, to judge of the see nations. like imprudent individuals, destroying nature of the proposition submitted to him. each other withoui the prospect of gaining any. Every one who voted on the report of that comthing but a premature and inconsiderate death. mittee, did not adopt its reasoning, and might
But gentlemen inquire, do you not prefer war hare voted in whatever way he deemed proper, to disgraceful submission? Yes, sir, I do prefer without consulting their explanation of it. He war to submission-but I ever have preferred, and believed the nation looked forward to a modifica. yet prefer a candid, a full
, and friendly explana. tion of the embargo, and he should therefore vote dieth. For these reasons, I am for another at- Mr. Love opposed the motion to strike out the tempt at negotiation. And as this attempt, how twelfth section. He thought it premature, at ever honest and sincere it may be on our part, least, as there were considerable amendments may fail, I am for adopting some method to unite contemplated to the bill. Mr. L. took an extenthe American people. And although this bill, sive range of argument to show that if the emshould the amendments proposed by the gentle- bargo system was repealed the non-intercourse man from South Carolina and the genileman would be the best substitute; that the effects of from Pennsylvania be adopted, is not just what it would be felt by our enemies, perhaps in a I prefer, for I am decidedly in favor of repealing greater degree than the embargo, especially after the whole embargo and non-importation system, it was understood, in foreign nations, that the exand for permitting our merchants to arm in their ecution of the laws was opposed, even under the own defence; it is the best terms I expect to get, sanction of State authority; that the mode of and I am for accepting of it. And should the treating infractions of our laws, as it respected attempt at negotiation fail, and it prove neces our citizens, was a different thing, and he hoped sary, I would then prepare in earnest for war; would meet with proper attention. He thought I would proceed to vindicate the honor of the the system to be substituted-would probably bring nation and repel force by force. Then, sir, we our differences with foreign Governments to an shall have nothing to fear. The brave but peace issue of some kind, if the provisions were such as able citizens of the United States, when con- he wished. It was certainly desirable that a tervinced of the justice and necessity of such a war, mination of some kind should be had to those will unite as a band of brothers, not to support differences. The honor and independence of the the embargo party nor the Federal party, but as United States required it. Mr. L. replied to obfree Americans to vindicate the honor of the servations which had been made of the great nation, and maintain our rights, and transmit to power and revenues of England, by stating that posterity the rights and privileges which our the United States were better able now to meet fathers fought and bled to procure for us. But the power of England, if war was to be resorted they are not so fond of war as to prefer that to, ihan in the year 1776, when the same causes course, when they understand that these privi- of war existed, as at present, and when the releges could have been secured by a treaty. Be- sources of America were literally nothing. Mr. lieving this to be the desire and the interest of L. regretted the motion had now been made, as my constituents, and of the majority of the citi. he feared it was calculated to make another false zens of every portion of the Union, I am for impression on the people of the United States ; pursuing this course. I am for making this bill and, although he should vote against the motion, as perfect as possible, in order to satisfy the citi- he should not consider it as committing himself zens in every portion of the Union. Some gen- on the final question. ilemen represent it as disgraceful to yield to the Mr. Cook was against the motion. He considclamors or murmurings of the people. But 1ered the embargo as a measure which, in its consider it the duty of ihe Representatives to re- | friendship for commerce, was destroying it by
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grasping it too tight. He wished its grasp to be Thomas Newbold, John Porter, John Rea of Pennsylloosened.
vania, Benjamin Say, John Smilie, Richard Stanford, Mr. G. W. Campbell next took the floor. He John Taylor, George M. Troup, Daniel C. Verplanck, was in favor of the motion under consideration. Jesse Wharton, Robert Whitehill, and David R. WilHe said he was surprised at the change which a
liams. few weeks, during which he had been absent from Nars-Evan Alexander, Lemuel J. Alston, Willis indisposition, had produced on the minds of the Alston, jr., Joseph Barker, John Blake, jr., Adam Boyd, members of the House. It seemed as if some Robert Brown, Epaphroditus Champion, Martin Chitenchantment had spread itself over them, which tenden, Orchard Cook, John Culpeper, Richard Cutts, they perceived, and yet did not wish to remove. Samuel W. Dana, John Davenport, junior, Daniel M. He urged many reasons against a repeal of the Durell, James Elliot, William Ely, John W. Eppes, embargo, and against the bill proposed. But a
William Findley, James Fisk, Francis Gardner, Jas. few weeks ago, ihe House decided in favor of a Isaiah L. Green, John Harris, John Heister, William
M. Garnett, Thomas Gholson, jr., Peterson Goodwyn, continuance of the present system as the only Helms, Reuben Humphreys, Daniel Ilsley, Robert Jenmeans of honorably avoiding a war; and some kins, Walter Jones, James Kelly, Philip B. Key, John of the very same gentlemen were now about to Lambert, Joseph Lewis, jr., Edward St. Loe Livermore, adopt a measure, which the report of the Com- Edward Lloyd, John Love, Matthew Lyon, Josiah mittee on Foreign Relations had declared to be Masters, Wiliam McCreery, William Milnor, Daniel submission, viz: a partial repeal of the embargo. Montgomery, jr., Thomas Moore, Jonathan 0. Mosely, A removal of the embargo would render our Gurdon s. Mumford, Thomas Newton, Wilson c. property liable to capture, and give an opportuni- Nicholas, John Pugh, Josiah Quincy, John Randolph, iy to Brilish subjects to take from the country in John Rhea of Tennessee, Matthias Richards, Samuel the manner most advantageous to themselves, Riker, John Rowan, John Russell, Lemuel Sawyer, twenty millions of property, which would other-Ebenezer Seaver, Samuel Shaw, James Sloan, Jedediah wise be in the power of the United States in case
K. Smith, John Smith, Samuel Smith, Henry Southof war, which was at least probable. It was a ard, William Stedman, Clement Storer, Lewis B. measure which would relieve our adversary with. Sturges, Peter Swart, Samuel Taggart, Benjamin Tallout benefiting our own citizens in the slightest madge, John Thompson, Abram Trigg, Jabez Upham, degree. Mr. C. expressed his astonishmeni how James I. Van Alen, Philip Van Cortlandt, Nicholas gentlemen, whom he perceived supporting this Van Dyke, Archibald Van Horn, Killian K. Van bill, could reconcile it with consistency to do so, Alexander Wilson, and Nathan Wilson.
Rensselaer, Isaac Wilbour, Marmaduke Williams, when no change of circumstances had taken place, which could authorize a change in their
Mr. RANDOLPH moved to strike out of the opinions. Mr. C. also noticed the system of arın- twelfth section the exceptions to the general reing our merchant vessels, which he pronounced moval of the embargo. to be novel and futile. He did not state how he Mr. R. supported the motion on the ground of might vote on the bill when on its final passage.
the expediency, for general reasons, of a total reMr. Randolph replied to some of the observa- peal of the embargo. And, in addition to the tions of Mr. Campbell on the subject of the arm- general reasons in favor of a repeal, he observed ing system, and in relation to consistency: ihat although the embargo was to be but partially
Mr. Rhea, of Tennessee, replied to some of the repealed, in point of practice, no attention would remarks of Mr. Campbell, and defended himself, be paid to the remaining part of it. He depreas one who voted on the report of the Committee cated the fostering in the people of this country, of Foreign Relations, from the charge of incon- the sentiment which existed in almost every other sistency. He was in favor of the present bill, and country than ours, that obedience was due to the in voting for it should not change his ground. He laws so long as the whip of the executioner was thought that this bill was what the embargo flourished over the head, and no longer. ought to have been in the beginning. In com
Mr. Bacon was in favor of the motion, because menting on Mr. Campbell's observation in rela- he wished, by so doing, to make way for the tion to the property in this country, he said, that amendment of a gentleman from South Carolina, when we went to war for a moral right, he would (Mr. D. R. WILLIAMS,) for imposing additional not say that twenty millions of private property discriminating duties, &c. If the non-intercourse in this country should be taken possession of by system was to be adopted, Mr. B. was also ia favor Us.
of repealing the provisions of the embargo laws, The question was then taken on Mr. Bibb's and enacting others which should be more intel. motion, and negatived-yeas 39, nays 84, as ligible to the revenue officers, than as it would be, follows:
were it not repealed. YEAS-David Bard, Burwell Bassett, William W.
Mr. Quincy advocated the motion from the Bibb, William Blackledge, Thomas Blount, John total impossibility of enforcing the embargo, aster Boyle, William A. Burwell
, William Butler, Joseph the fourth of March, in some parts of the country, Calhoun, George W. Campbell
, Matthew Clay, John particularly in the district of Maine. Clopton, Josiah Deane, Joseph Desha, Meshack Frank
Mr. Macon said he cared but little about this lin, James Holland, David Holmes, Benjamin Howard, question, for the die was cast when the House deJohn G. Jackson, Richard M. Johnson, Thomas Kenan, cided partially to repeal the embargo. He never William Kirkpatrick, Nathaniel Macon, Robert Mari- had an idea, however, that the law could not be on,John Montgomery, Jeremiah Morrow, John Morrow, enforced; for, if it had been repealed on that
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ground, any large State would hereafter have it our honor asleep till the 20th of May, said he, in its power to procure the repeal of any law could it not be cradled a little longer for the pubwhich it conceived to militate against its inter- lic good? Mr. K. appeared to be wholly opposed
He declared that, notwithstanding all that to the non-intercourse system. had been said to the contrary, he would maintain Mr. W. Alston observed, in the course of some that the embargo had never brought an evil on observations in reply to Mr. Key, that there were this country.
some gentlemen whom no system that ever was Mr. Nicholas said that if the embargo were to invented would suit. As to political doctrines, be repealed, in order to erect the non-intercourse said Mr. A., God forbid that I should ever see the system on its own basis, provisions nearly similar day when the doctrines of that gentleman will to those contemplated to be retained in force become orthodox. would be necessary. As to yielding to resistance The question on Mr. Randolph's motion was to the laws, if it was to take place, let it come. then negatived-yeas 47, nays 75, as follows: It was time for the people to know whether they YEAS—Evan Alexander, Ezekiel Bacon, Joseph Barhad a Government or not.
ker, William W. Bibb, William Blackledge, EpaphroMr. ALEXANDER gave the reasons why he should ditus Champion, Martin Chittenden, Orchard Cook, vote in the affirmative on this motion, declaring John Culpeper, Samuel W. Dana, John Davenport, jr., that he was not influenced to do so by any oppo- James Elliot, William Ely, Barent Gardenier, Francis sition to the laws, in any quarter of the Union. Gardner, Jas. M. Garnett, John Harris, William Hoge,
Mr. Smilie had been in favor of the embargo, Daniel Ilsley, Richard Jackson, Robert Jenkins, James which he had considered the only means of pre- Kelly, Philip B. Key, Joseph Lewis, jr., Edward St. Loe serving us from war; and, as it was determined to Livermore, Edward Lloyd, Matthew Lyon, Josiah Masrepeal the embargo and not go to war, he was in ters, William Milnor, Jonathan 0. Mosely, Josiah Quinfavor of non-intercourse ; and he said that the sys-cy, John Randolph, John Rowan, John Russell, James tem of non-intercourse was not such a weak or Sloan, Samuel Smith, William Stedman, Lewis B. Sturnovel system as had been represented. He quoted ges, Benjamin Tallmadge, John Taylor, Abram Trigg, the instance in which it was adopted in the
Jabez Upham, Philip Van Cortlandt, Nicholas Van
year 1775, and agreed to in 1793
, though not put in Dyke, Archibald Van Horn, Killian K. Van Rennsse
laer, and David R. Williams. practice, because the President ordered a special
Nays-Lemuel J. Alston, Willis Alston, jr., David mission. Amongst the votes in favor of the Bard, Burwell Bassett, John Blake, junior, Thomas measure at that day were enrolled some of the Blount, Adam Boyd, John Boyle, Robert Brown, most respectable names to be found in American William A. Burwell, William Butler, Joseph Calhistory. " What were the causes which had pro-houn, Matthew Clay, Richard Cutts, John Dawson, duced a change in the minds of members of the Josiah Deane, Joseph Desha, Daniel M. Durell, John House, in relation to the embargo system, Mr. S. W. Eppes, William Findley, Meshack Franklin, Thos. said he did not know; but certain it was, that the Gholson, jr., Peterson Goodwyn, Isaiah L. Green, John threats of some gentlemen from the East had in. Heister, William Helms, Jas. Holland, David Holmes, fluenced in bringing it about. Mr. S. censured an Benjamin Howard, Reuben Humphreys, John G. Jackinsinuation made by Mr. Dana a few days ago, son, Richard M. Johnson, Walter Jones, Thomas Keon the subject of the relative physical strength of nan, John Lambert, John Love, Nathaniel Macon, the North and South, as improper to be used on
Robert Marion, William McCreery, Daniel Montgomthe floor, and unfounded in fact; for the States ery, jr., John Montgomery, Nicholas R. Moore, Thomas of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York, Moore, Jeremiah Morrow, John Morrow, Gurdon S. contained a population one-seventh greater than Mumford, Thomas Newbold, Thomas Newton, Wilson that of all the New England States together.
C. Nicholas, John Porter, John Pugh, John Rea of Mr. RANDOLPH supported the measure on the Pennsylvania, John Rhea of Tennessee, Jacob Rich. ground that as the law now stood, compounded Ebenezer Seaver, Samuel Shaw, John Smilie, Jedediah
ards, Matthias Richards, Samuel Riker, Benjamin Say, with the five supplementary embargo laws, it K. Smith, John Smith, Henry Suuthard, Richard Stanwould be almost unintelligible to the revenue ford, Clement Storer, Peter Swart, George M. Troup, officers. He expatiated at some length on this James I. Van Alen, Daniel C. Verplanck, Jesse Wharpoint. If you will have a system of non-inter- ton, Robert Whitehill, Isaac Wilbour, Marmaduke course, said he, enact it; but let us, for God's Williams, Alexander Wilson, and Nathan Wilson. sake, sing a requiem to the ashes of the embargo;
Mr. Gholson moved to strike out "the fourth let not our successors have to take up the doleful of March," the day at which the partial repeal of ditty where we left off. Mr. Key followed on the same side of the ques- of June.” Having before given his sentiments
the embargo is to take date, and insert the "first tion. He was happy to find that the doctrine on this subject, and so much having been said on which at the commencement of the session was it, Mr. G. said he would now add nothing. almost heretical, was now becoming orthodox.
The House adjourned before the question could He was not without hopes that, if he maintained
be taken. his ground, he should soon be found in the right church, preaching sound and saving doctrine. Mr. K. said that the provision of the bill by which
Wednesday, February 22. the commencement of the non-importation was On a motion made by Mr. Holmes that an enfixed for the 20th of May was evidence that it grossed bill concerning invalid pensioners, which could be still further postponed. If we can rock I was read the third time yesterday, and ordered to
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lie on the table, be recommitted to the considera The unfinished business of yesterday (the nontion of a Committee of the whole House, it was intercourse bill of this House) was ordered to lie resolved in the affirmative, and the bill was made on the table, 64 to 35. the order of the day for this day.
And the House resolved itself into a Committee The bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An of the Whole, yeas 65, on the bill from the Seoact supplementary to the act, entitled 'An act to are for interdicting commercial intercourse, &c. amend the charter of Georgetown," was read Mr. Masters moved to strike out of the 11th twice and committed to a Committee of the section, the words "and to cause to be issued unWhole to morrow.
der suitable pledges and precautions, letters of The bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An: marque and reprisal against the nation thereafter act making provision for the further accommo continuing in force its unlawful edicts against dation of the household of the President of the the commerce of the United States." United States," was read twice and committed to Mr. Milnor supported the motion on the ground a Committee of the Whole to-morrow.
thatthe Constitution of the United States provided The bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An act that Congress alone should have the power to deto interdict the commercial intercourse between clare war, and this bill, by giving the Presidenta disthe United States and Great Britain and France, cretion to judge when that war should commence, and ibeir dependencies, and for other purposes,” transferred the power to him. Could it be supwas read iwice and committed to a Committee posed that if it was not proper now to go to war, of the Whole this day.
it would be proper before the next meeting of A message from the Senate informed the Congress ? Certainly not. And if not, should House that the Senate have passed a bill, entitled the President of the United States have the power "An act freeing from postage all letters and pack- of declaring war before that time? It was giving ets to Thomas Jefferson;" also, a bill, entitled "An a pledge to one pation that if she would withdraw act supplementary to the act, entitled 'An act to her decrees, we would take part with her in the amend the charter of Georgetown;" to which war against the other, without giving the other a bills, respectively, they desire the concurrence of chance to withdraw hers, and thus prevent war; this House.
and he was, therefore, opposed to it, because it The bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An act tended to promote war. freeing from postage all letters and packets to Mr. Livermore also contended that the part Thomas Jefferson,” was read three times and proposed to be struck out was unconstitutional. passed.
power of Congress could not be delegated to The bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An act the President or any other person. They might for the relief of certain Alabama Indians," 10- as well delegate to the President power to make gether with the amendment agreed to yesterday, or revoke all laws. The bill did not contemplate was read the third time, and passed.
a legislative act for issuing letters of marque or
reprisal against a particular enemy, but gave a EXPENDITURE OF PUBLIC MONEYS.
power to the President to choose with which of Mr. RANDOLPH, from the committee appointed the belligerents he would take sides and against to inquire whether any advances had been made which he would declare war. If the natioa was by the War Department to the Commander-in-in favor of war, this was not the proper way to Chief
, contrary to law, and to what amount, stated make it. He conceived that if they passed this to the House that the committee had received bill their constituents would tell them that they from the office of the Accountant of the War were traitors to the Constitution; that they had Department a number of documents, which they betrayed the trust reposed in them. There was had directed him to present to the House as their a time when he should bave been astonished to report.
see such a bill as this come froin the Senate; but The documents were read, and a motion made the age of miracles was not passed. He should to print them was agreed to.
scarcely now be surprised at anything which On the question how many should be printed, could be proposed. Its passage would be a prea desultory conversation of near three hours took cedent which would redouad to the everlasting place, not confined to the question before the disgrace of the Congress of the United States. House, but touching somewhat the subject of the He said also that it was a clause which he conlegality or illegality of the advances niade. ceived would shake the Government of the Uni
Questions were severally taken on printing ted States to its foundation. He only considered 5,000, 1,200, 1,000, 900, and 600 copies, and nega- it in a Constitutional point of view; as to its intived' by large maiorities. The usual number expediency, that was a minor coosideration when were ordered to be printed.
put in competition with its unconstitutionality.
Mr. Lyon followed on the same side and on NON-INTERCOURSE.
the same grounds as Messrs. MILNOR and LIVERThe bill from the Senate for interdicting com- MORE. He believed that the people did not wish mercial intercourse between the United States for war. No men wished for it but those who and Great Britain and Frano and for other pur- wished offices or some other benefit from it. He poses, was ewice read, referred to a Committee of wished the nation to be permitted to grow. He the Whole, and made the order of the day for this knew of no mode by which this nation could day.
more effectually be plunged into war with Great
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The House resolved itself into a Committee of
Committee of the whole House in their agreement United States at war with the other. He had no idea of consulting the interests of those nations tive-yeas 48, nays 50, as follows: more than our own; and if it was ascertained
YEAS-Willis Alston, jr., David Bard, Joseph Barthat those nations were determined to continue ker, John Blake, jr., Adam Boyd, John Boyle, Wiltheir orders and decrees, no gentleman in the Thomas Gholson, jr., Peterson Goodwyn, Isaiah L.
liam Butler, John Davenport, jr., Meshack Franklin, House would say that this nation should not re- Green, John Harris, John Heister, William Helms, sist them, except perhaps the gentleman from James Holland, David Holmes, Reuben Humphreys, New York (Mr. GARDENIER) or the gentleman Daniel Jisley, John Lambert, Nathaniel Macon, Robert from Kentucky (Mr. Lyon.)
Marion, Josiah Masters, William McCreery, Daniel The Committee then rose, and on the question Montgomery, jr., Jeremiah Morrow, John Morrow, that it have leave to sit again, it was, after debate, Thomas Newbold, John Rhea of Tennessee, Jacob granted.
Richards, Matthias Richards, Benjamin Say, Ebenezer
Richard Stanford, Clement Storer, Samuel Taggart,
Benjamin Tallmadge, John Taylor, Abram Trigg, A motion was made by Mr. Ruea, of Tennes- George M. Troup, Daniel C. Verplanck, Jesse Wharsee, that the House do come to the following re-ton, Robert Whitehill, David R. Williams, and Alexsolution :
ander Wilson. Resolved, That an order of this House of the 18th Nars-Evan Alexander, Lemuel J. Alston, Ezekiel instant, directing " that, until the end of the present Bacon, William W. Bibb, William Blackledge, Thos. session, the daily hour of meeting shall be ten o'clock, Blount, Joseph Calhoun, Epaphroditus Champion, and should a quorum not appear, the names of the Martin Chittenden, John Culpeper, Josiah Deane, members shall be called, and those present noted in James Elliot, William Ely, William Findley, James the Journal of each day," be rescinded.
Fisk, Francis Gardner, James M. Garnett, William The resolution was read and ordered to lie on Jenkins, James Kelly, Joseph Lewis, jr., Edward
Hoge, Benjamin Howard, Richard Jackson, Robert the table. The House proceeded to consider the amend- John 'Montgomery, Nicholas R. Moore, Jonathan 0.
Lloyd, John Love, Matthew Lyon, William Milnor, ments proposed by the Senate to the bill, entitled Mosely, Gurdon S. Mumford, Thomas Newton, Wil"An act for the disposal of certain tracts of land son C. Nicholas, Josiah Quincy, John Randolph, Samin the Mississippi Territory, claimed under Span- uel Riker, Jedediah K. Smith, John Smith, Samuel ish grants reported by the Land Commissioners Smith, William Stedman, Lewis B. Sturges, Peter as antedated, and for other purposes :" Where- Swart, Jabez Upham, James I. Van Alen, Philip Van upon.
Cortlandt, Nicholas Van Dyke, Archibald Van Horn, Resolved, That this House doth agree to the Killian K. Van Rensselaer, Marmaduke Williams, and first, second, and third amendments.
Nathan Wilson. Resolved, That this House doth agree to the The bill was then read the third time: Wherefourth and last amendments of the Senate to the upon, a motion was made by Mr. Holland, that said bill; and that the title be, "An act for the the bill be recommitted to the consideration of a disposal of certain tracts of land in the Missis-Committee of the whole House: and the quessippi Territory, claimed under Spanish grants re- tion being put thereupon, it was resolved in the ported by the Land Commissioners as antedated | affirmative.
10th Con. 2d SESS.-48