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the rebel sharpshooters were stationed. aves, storm the battery! Forward !" The 10th Connecticut was placed in sup- was General Foster's reply. They startport of the 25th Massachusetts. General ed on the run, yelling like devils, cheered Reno now came up with his brigade, con- by our forces on every side. Colonel sisting of the 21st Massachusetts, 51st Hawkins, who was leading two companies New York, 51st Pennsylvania, and 9th in the flank movement, joined his regiNew Jersey, and pushing through the ment on the way. On they went with swamps and tangled undergrowth, took fixed bayonets, shouting "Zou! Zou ! up a position on the right, with the view Zou !” into the battery, cheered more of turning the enemy. This was done loudly than ever. The rebels, taking with the greatest alacrity. Meanwhile, fright, as the Zouaves started, went out the contest raged hotly in front, our men when they went in, leaving pretty much behaving gallantly, not wavering for a everything behind them, not even stopmoment. The Massachusetts men vied ping to spike their guns, or take away with the men of Connecticut; those of their dead and wounded, that had not New York and New Jersey courageous- been removed. General Foster immedily supporting their brethren of Pennsyl- ately reformed his brigade, while General vania. Our troops were gradually over- Reno, with the 21st Massachusetts and coming the difficulties which impeded 9th New York, went in pursuit. Followtheir approach, and though fighting at ing in quick time, General Foster overgreat disadvantage, and suffering severe- took General Reno, who had halted to ly, were making a steady advance. Reg- make a movement to .cut off the retreat ulars were never more steady. General of a body of rebels, numbering between Burnside was near the place of landing, 800 and 1,000, on the left, near Wier's hurrying up the reserves, receiving re- Point, and not far from the upper batports, and, so far as practicable, giving tery. Taking a part of his force, Genorders.
eral Reno pushed on in that direction. "General Foster was in active com- It being understood that there was a twomand on the ground. His brave and gun battery near Shallowbag Bay, Colocollected manner, the skillfulness with nel Hawkins, with his Zouaves, was diswhich he, as well as General Reno and patched in that direction. General Parks, manæuvred their forces, General Foster pushed on at doubletheir example in front of the line, and quick with the 24th Massachusetts, foltheir conduct in any aspect, inspired the lowed by an adequate force, in the tracks troops to stand where even older soldiers of the rebels, who, panic-stricken, were would have wavered. In this they were fleeing at the top of their speed, throwseconded nobly by officers of every grade. ing away, as they went, guns, equipments, General Parks, who had come up with everything, so that the road for miles the 4th Rhode Island, 8th Connecticut, was strewn with whatever the fugitives and 9th New York, gave timely and gal- could disencumber themselves of. Thus lant support to the 23d and 27th Massa- was the pursuit kept up for five or six chusetts. The ammunition of our artil- miles, when General Foster, as he was lery getting short, and our men having close on the heels of the enemy, was met suffered severely, a charge was the only by a flag of truce, borne by Colonel Pool, method of dislodging the enemy. At of the 8th North Carolina, with a mesthis juncture, Major Kimball, of Hawkins' sage from Colonel Shaw, of the North Zouaves, (New York 9th,) offered to lead Carolina forces, and now senior officer in the charge, and storm the battery with command, asking what terms of capitulathe bayonet. “You are the man, the 9th tion would be granted. General Foster's the regiment, and this the moment! Zou- answer was, Unconditional surrender.'
Colonel Pool wanted to know how much storm, should it hold out. But the rebels time would be granted. "No longer than had fled : our troops entered the battery will enable you to report to your senior.' unopposed, and at quarter past four the Colonel Pool retired, and, after waiting stars and stripes floated from four points of for what he supposed was sufficient length the work. The rebels had already left the of time without a reply, General Foster two batteries above. The expedition commenced closing on the enemy, when against the barricade had pushed its way Major Stevenson, of the 24th Massachu- through into the waters of Albemarle, and setts, who had gone with Colonel Pool to at that moment we had possession of that receive Colonel Shaw's answer, appeared chain of sounds, whose strategic importwith a message that General Foster's ance had been recognized and acknowlterms were accepted. The usual forms edged on both sides by making it the of capitulation were gone through, and scene of so important operations. Our about 2,000 rebels laid down their arms. forces, as they flung out the Union banThey were variously affected. Some of ner from Pork Point battery, were welthem had arrived from Norfolk the same comed by a burst of cheers from the gunmorning, and they joked and swore by boats and transports in the sound. Flagturns at the way they had been led into Officer Goldsborough immediately hoisted the trap. The celebrated Wise Legion, the signal “ The fort is ours," which called among the captives, were disposed to be forth long-continued cheers, and were considerably uproarious. Some of the responded to by our brave men in the officers expressed themselves glad that battery. Simultaneously with these the result was as it was, and appeared to scenes of triumph, another was being be well satisfied. As a general thing, enacted on the opposite side of the sound, utter dismay and astonishment prevailed. which is here about five miles across. Meanwhile, General Reno had pushed on, The rebel steamer Curlew, which in the and came up with a body of about 800 conflict the afternoon previous had been rebels, commanded by Colonel Jordan, disabled by a shell exploding in her hold, who surrendered his entire force uncon- and which, to prevent her sinking, had ditionally, and afterward stacked their been run ashore under the battery on arms in the presence of the victors. Redstone Point, was at this moment set Colonel Hawkins, finding the two-gun on fire by the rebels to prevent her fallbattery on Shallowbag Bay deserted, took ing into our hands. The battery and possession of it, and shortly after came barracks were also set on fire, and a up with a body of rebel fugitives, about cloud of smoke and a sheet of flame rose 200, whom he took prisoners. Wise here over the scene. It was the rebel sign undertook to escape in a boat, and with that all was lost. The other rebel steamothers had already moved off, when he ers had already disappeared up Albereceived three shots, one of them through marle Sound. The schooners, which in his lungs, wounding him mortally. The the morning had landed on Weir's Point batteries which the rebels had construct the rebel force from Norfolk, had suddened on the island fell with this surrender. ly left, taking what few men they could Indeed, the surrender to General Foster snatch from the tide of disaster which included all the defences and forces on was sweeping onward. The fire which the island.
had been lit at Redstone Point continued “ After completing the surrender, Gen- to burn, and illuminated the darkening eral Foster immediately returned to sky. The magazine of the battery exreport the result to General Burnside. ploded with the noise of thunder, sending At the same time, a force was started for up a sheet of flame high in the air, sucthe Pork Point battery, to take it by ceeded by a gloom which seemed to render the scene symbolic of the rebellion ferson Davis, in his message to the Conin its last throes."
federate Congress at the close of the Colonel Edward Ferrero, in command month, "of the surrender of Roanoke Isof the 51st New York volunteers, which, land to make us feel that it was deeply in company with the Massachusetts 21st, humiliating, however imperfect may have took the rebel battery in flank on its been the preparation for defence. right, claims in his report the honor, for Among the Union losses, were two the company of Captain Wright of his officers, who fell much lamented by their regiment, of first planting the American commander and the army. One of these, flag in the fort. Lieutenant-Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Vigier de Monteil, Maggi, in command of the Massachusetts was a native of France. The son of an regiment, also commemorates the share officer of the army of Napoleon, he had of his men in this crowning incident of passed his life from boyhood in the service the day. After describing the passage of his country, in which he had attained of the swamp in face of the enemy, he the rank of First Lieutenant of Artillery. says, in his report to General Reno, Compelled to leave France after the re"At the edge of the swamp and in front volution of 1848, in consequence of his reof me, was an exposed ground of one publican opinions, he sought refuge in the hundred yards. The regiment once in United States, and made his home at line, I charged that distance and ordered New York, where like many of his counthe men to lie down and load, covered trymen in exile in other days, he honorby a small natural elevation. During ably supported himself by teaching his that march we suffered four or five min- native language. At the first call of his utes a thick fire, and lost fifteen men. adopted country, the old soldier sprang The battery was already flanked. You to arms and became Lieutenant-Colonel came and said to me : Charge and take of the regiment of volunteers known as it!' We arose and did so. At our the D'Epineuil Zouaves. When this left flank, were three companies of the regiment was sent back from Hatteras by 51st New York. Our State color was General Burnside, De Monteil remained the first on the battery, afterward the behind, and accompanied the army to flag of the 51st, then, immediately after, Roanoke. On the day of the battle, he our regimental flag. One of our men liad taken a Sharp's rifle, as a volunteer, found in the battery a rebel flag, with and joined the ranks of the 9th New the motto: `Aut vincere, aut mori.?" York, Hawkins' Zouaves. When the Thus gallantly was the capture of Roan- order to charge was given he was found ake effected, with what resolution, may among the foremost cheering the men in be estimated from the disparity in the the onset, and as he advanced to the asnumbers killed and wounded, of the sault, he fell, killed on the instant by a assailants and defenders. While the ball through the head.
- The last I saw Union loss is stated at 50 killed, and of him alive,” says Colonel Hawkins, in 222 wounded that of the enemy, was 16 a letter of condolence to the widow of killed and 39 wounded.* The rebels, this gallant man, "he was standing on a though opposed by superior numbers, fallen tree, urging my men on to the liad the advantage of fighting from well- charge. The last words I heard him guarded positions and behind intrench- utter were, ' Charge, mes enfans ; charge,
The opinion was freely ex- Zouaves !! No soldier ever more galpressed at Richmond, that they should lantly acted or more nobly fell. He was have made a more obstinate resistance. the bravest of the brave, and truly pa"Enough is known,” said President Jef-triotic, and died in one of the best causes
for which man has ever fought.” In an
* New York Herald, Record of the Rebellion, for 1862.
order of the day, at Roanoke Island, “ About ten o'clock," says the narrative General Burnside "desiring to express of the engagement, published in the his deep respect for the memory of a Richmond Enquirer, * fiding his batgallant soldier,” gave the name of Detalion exposed to the galling fire of a Monteil to one of the batteries captured regiment, turning to Captain Coles, (of in the action.
his own regiment, the 46th Virginia) he Coupled with this officer in gallantry, said, 'This fire is very hot ; tell Colonel General Burnside, in his dispatch, re- Anderson we must fall back or be reincords the name of Colonel Charles Lam- forced.' Captain Coles turned to pass bert Russell, of the 10th Connecticut | the order and was shot through the heart, volunteers. A native of that State, a dying instantly. Captain Wise was resident of Birmingham, where he was wounded, first in the arm and next engaged in business, he had for many through the lungs, which latter wound years served as an officer of militia, when threw him to the ground. He was borne the rebellion called him to the field as to the hospital in charge of the gallant Adjutant of the 2d Connecticut volun- Surgeon Coles, and received two additeers. He was at the battle of Bull Run, tional wounds while being borne from his name appearing in the report of Col- the field. That evening Surgeon Coles onel Keyes, honorably mentioned for his put him into a boat to send him to Nag's "conspicuous gallantry in defending the Head, but the enemy fired upon it, and regimental colors during the retreat." he was obliged to return. The enemy He subsequently raised a company for seemed to regret this and treated him the 8th Connecticut volunteers in the him very kindly, taking him out of the new enlistments, from which which he was boat on a mattress and starting back to promoted, to the command of the 10th. the hospital. The next day about eleven He fell in the charge at Roanoke, at the o'clock, A. M., he calmly and in his perhead of his men. No external wound fect senses, without suffering, softly being found upon his body he was sup- passed away. Colonel Hawkins, and posed to have been killed by the concus- Lieutenant-Colonel Betts of the 9th New sion of a cannon ball.
York regiment, were with him when he Captain 0. Jennings Wise, “the fight- died, and wept like generous-hearted ing editor of the Richmond Enquirer," soldiers. The former said, “There is a the most noted of the confederate officer's brave man."" who fell in this engagement, was the son The dispatches of General Burnside of General Henry A. Wise, former Gov- and Flag Officer Goldsborough, announernor of Virginia. The latter, whose cing the victory to General McClellan
have followed in the and Secretary Welles, celebrate the western part of the State, was at the courage of their respective commands, time of the action, in command at Nag's and especially the fidelity with which Head, on the spit of sand between Roa- their plans, formed before the expedition noke and the ocean, from whence he left Hatteras, had been carried out. "It sent, on the morning of the 7th, a bat- is enough to say," wrote General Burntalion of the "Wise Legion," to the side, “that the officers and men of both island in command of his son. A arms of the service have fought galsevere attack of pleurisy prevented lantly." “Roanoke Island," wrote Flag General Wise taking further part in the Officer · Goldsborough on the 9th, “is engagement than to forward troops to the ours. The military authorities struck to field. On the morning of the 8th, Cap- us yesterday. Their means of defence tain Wise was in command on the left of were truly formidable, and they were the fort where the main action occurred. I used with a determination worthy of a better cause. They consisted of two in pursuit of the fleet of the enemy which elaborately constructed works, mounting had fled up the Albemarle Sound, a distogether twenty-two heavy guns, three tance of some thirty or forty miles, into of them being 100-pounders, rifled. Pasquotank river toward Elizabeth City. Four other batteries mounting together The squadron of Captain Rowan, numtwenty guns, a large proportion of them bering fourteen vessels, sailed from Roabeing also of large calibre, and some of noke on the afternoon of Sunday, the them rified ; eight steamers, mounting day after the surrender, and arrived at two guns each, and each having a rifled the mouth of the river at night. The gun with the diameter of a 32-pounder, following morning, the 10th, the fleet asa prolonged obstruction of sunken vesselscended the river and at eight o'clock came and spiles to thwart our advance, and, in presence of the enemy's gunboats conaltogether, a body of men numbering sisting of seven steamers and a schooner scarcely less than 5,000, of whom 3,000 armed with two heavy 32-pounders, are now our prisoners."
drawn up in front of the city. On givPresident Lincoln associating this new ing chase, it was found, says Lieutenant victory at Roanoke with the recent suc- Quackenbush, the commander of the cess at Fort Henry, commemorated both United States Steamer Delaware, the achievements by a general order. “The flag-ship of Captain Rowan, in his spirited President, Commander-in-Chief of the report, " that the enemy had a battery Army and Navy, returns thanks to of four guns on our left, and one of one Brigadier-General Burnside, and Flag- gun in the town facing us. At six minOfficer Goldsborough, to General Grant, utes past nine, A. M., engaged gunboats and Flag-Officer Foote, and the land and and battery, and closed in fast upon them, naval forces under their respective com- filling the air with shot and shell. At mands, for their gallant achievements in twenty-five minutes past nine, A. M., the the capture of Fort Henry and Roanoke schooner struck her colors and was found Island. While it will be no ordinary to be on fire. About the same time, the pleasure for him to acknowledge and rebel.flag on the battery at Cobb's Point reward, in becoming manner, the valor was taken down and waved, apparently of the living, he also recognizes his duty as a signal for the rebel gunboats. Wilto pay fitting honor to the memory of liam F. Lynch, Flag-Officer, was in comthe gallant dead. The charge at Roanoke mand of the fort. This signal was afterIsland, like the bayonet charge at Mill wards ascertained to be an order for the Spring, proves that the close grapple evacuation of the rebel gunboats. They and sharp steel, and loyal and patriotic immediately ran close in shore, and were soldiers, must always put rebels and instantaneously abandoned and set on traitors to flight. The late achievements fire by their crews, some of whom esof the Navy show that the flag of the caped in boats, and others, jumping overUnion, once borne in proud glory around board, swam ånd waded to the shore. the world by naval heroes, will soon Lieutenant-Commanding Quackenbush, again float over every rebel city and now gave the order to his aid, F. R. Curstronghold, and that it shall forever be tis, to man the cutter and bring off a rehonored and respected as the emblem of bel flag for Commander Rowan. J. H. liberty and union in every land, and Raymond, acting Master's Mate, together upon every sea."*
with a part of his division, immediately The victory at Roanoke Island was jumped in the boat with F. R. Curtis, immediately followed up by an expedi- and boarded the rebel steamer Fanny, tion in command of Captain Rowan sent which was at the time on fire, and haul* Order Washington, February 15th, 1862.
ed down the rebel flag; then proceeded