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of life, and yet contemplative—of a tem- screened by the woods from Lewinsville, per, indeed, which seems to take some and a few hundred yards from the place, of its color from that of the accidents of I sent forward, under Major Terrill, a its surroundings in time and place. portion of his command, stealthily to
On the 11th September a reconnois- reach the wood at a turn in the road, and sance was made to Lewinsville, four or reconnoitre beyond. This was admirafive miles from Camp Advance at the bly done, and the Major soon reported to Chain Bridge, by General William F. me that the enemy had a piece of artilSmith, commanding the brigade at that lery in position in the road just at Lewpost. He had with him the 79th High- insville, commanding our road. I directlanders, New York State Militia, battal- ed him immediately to post his riflemen ions of Vermont and Indiana volunteers, so as to render it impossible for the canand of the 1st United States Chasseurs, noneers to serve the piece, and, if possia cavalry company, and Griffin's West ble, to capture it. During subsequent Point battery-in all about 2,000 men. operations the cannoneers tried ineffectA topographical survey was accomplish- ually to serve the piece ; and finally, ed, and the party was about returning in after one was shot through the head, the the afternoon, when they were attacked piece was taken off. While this was goby a body of the enemy—the 13th Vir- ing on, a few shots from Rosser's section, ginia Volunteers, 305 men ; a section of at a cluster of the enemy a quarter of a Rosser's battery, Washington Artillery ; mile off, put the entire force of the enemy and a detachment of the 1st Cavalry ; in full retreat, exposing their entire colthe whole under command of Colonel J. umn to flank fire from our pieces. Some E. B. Stuart. The dispositions of the wagons and a large body of cavalry first enemy, who were favored by the ground, passed in hasty flight, the rifle piece and were skillfully made, their battery being howitzer firing as they passed; then placed so as to command the road over came a flying battery, eight pieces of arwhich the Union troops were returning. tillery (Griffin's), which soon took posi
My intention," says Colonel Stuart in tion about six hundred yards to our his report of the affair," was to sur- front and right, and rained shot and prise them, and I succeeded entirely, shell upon us during the entire engageapproaching Lewinsville by the enemy's ment, but with harmless effect, although left and rear, taking care to keep my striking very near. Then passed three small forces an entire secret from their regiments of infantry at double-quick, observation. I at the same time care- receiving in succession, as they passed, fully provided against the disaster to Rosser's unerring salutation, his shells myself which I was striving to inflict bursting directly over their heads, and upon the enemy, and felt sure that, if ne- creating the greatest havoc and confusion cessary, I could fall back successfully in their ranks. The last infantry regibefore any force the enemy might have ; ment was followed by a column of cavalfor the country was favorable to retreat ry, which at one time rode over the rear and ambuscade. At a point nicely of the infantry in great confusion. The * Correspondence of the London Times, Washington, field, general, and staff officers were seen
exerting every effort to restore order in
October 1-20, 1861.
VISIT OF PRINCE NAPOLEON.
their broken ranks, and my cavalry vi- The summer and autumn saw the ardets, observing their flight, reported that rival of several distinguished persons they finally rallied a mile and a half be- from the old world. In July, Prince low, and took position up the road, Jerome Napoleon visited New York in where they supposed our columns would his steam yacht, accompanied by his be pursuing them Captain Rosser, wife, the Princess Clotilde. He avoided having no enemy left to contend with, at ceremony on his travels, and interested his own request was permitted to review himself, as a cultivated student in many the ground of the enemy's flight, and lands, in the inspection of what the counfound the road ploughed up by his solid try had to show at this time best worthy shot and strewn with fragments of shells ; of observation. Immediately presenting two men left dead on the road, one mor- himself at Washington, he was entertaintally wounded, and one not hurt taken ed by the President, visited the houses prisoner. The prisoner said the havoc of Congress, inspected the camps, and in their ranks was fearful, justifying what passed beyond the lines to the encampI saw myself of the confusion. Major ment of the enemy. He was accompaTerrill's sharpshooters were by no means nied by General McDowell, with an idle, firing wherever a straggling Yankee escort of cavalry, beyond Alexandria to showed his head, and capturing a lieuten- the Confederate pickets before Fairfax ant, (captured by Major Terrill himself,) Court-House, where he was received by one sergeant and one private, all belong- Colonel Stuart, and conducted thence by ing to the 19th Indiana (Colonel Mere- way of Centreville to Manassas. There dith's). . . . Our loss was not a scratch he was entertained by Generals Beaureto man or horse. We have no means of gard and Johnston, and after a day knowing the enemy's, except that it spent in the camps and reviewing the must have been heavy, from the effect of troops, returned to Washington without the shots. :
We found in all four dead extending his journey further in the reband · mortally wounded, and captured el States. He then rejoined the Princess four. Of course they carried off all they at New York, visited the western praicould."
ries, Niagara and Canada, and about the On the other hand, General McClel- middle of September left New York in lan reported to the Secretary of War his yacht for Boston and Halifax, on his that Griffin's battery silenced the enemy's return to Europe. His journey was battery, while Adjutant Ireland of the thought to have some political signifi79th regiment, reported the retreat of cance from his relationship to the Emthe enemy under a well directed fire peror Louis Napoleon, though it was from the left wing, while the right cap- probably only of importance in this way tured a Major of Colonel Stuart's cavalry in the information of the country which regiment. The lowest estimate of the an intelligent observer carried to a Euroenemy's loss, he added, was four killed, pean court, where it was thought his intwo wounded, and one prisoner. "Our fluence was not unfriendly to the North. men, ” said General McClellan in his des- The correspondence of a member of the patch,“ behaved most admirably under party with the Opinion Nationale of fire."
Paris, was noticeable for its candid criti
cism of public events during the Prince's As the Union army gained strength, visit to the United States.
and symptoms of an approaching moveA few days before the departure from ment in the ranks began to be evident, New York of Prince Jerome Napoleon, the enemy, apparently well advised of several other visitors, also distinguished the condition of affairs in the camps, reby relations to the French throne, arriv- called their advanced pickets and receded at the city. The new party included ed from some of their posts of observathe Prince de Joinvilie, son of Louis tion in the immediate neighborhood of Philippe, who came to place his son, the Washington. Munson's Hill, in the vi Duke de Penthievre, a youth of sixteen, cinity of Alexandria, their occupation of in the United States naval school at which had been something of a scandal to Newport. He also brought with him his the army in its front, was thus evacuated two nephews, sons of the late Duke of by them on the morning of the 28th of SepOrleans--the Count de Paris and the tember, when the position was formally Duke de Chartres. Presently proceed- taken possession of by the Union troops. ing to Washington, the two young Princes On their arrival they were surprised at tendered their military services to the the slight construction of works which Government, were accepted, and duly had been represented to the public as of commissioned with the rank of Captain, a really formidable character. were assigned to the staff of General respondent who visited the spot immediMcClellan. It was expressly stipulated ately after its abandonment by the eneby them that they would receive no pay my, thus describes the scene on the sumfor their services. Their motive in at- mit of the hill. “Everybody, was taching themselves to the army was laughing. The utter absurdity of the undoubtedly to secure the military ex- works as means of defence, their smallperience which the organization of the ness, meanness, insignificance, touched large force before Washington was so everybody's sense of the ludicrous. The well calculated to yield, and to gain for enclosure comprises about four acres, themselves, by actual service, that pres- around which earth is roughly thrown to tige of reputation in war which no nation a height of perhaps four feet. Of course values more highly than the French. It there is no ditch, no glacis-nothing, in was a valued tribute also to the national fact, to give it the character of a fortificause, that the representatives of so dis- cation of any kind. It is not even regutinguished a house, with a possible future lar in form, but coils loosely and waverin the politics of Europe, should, in so ingly about the ground, as a huge snake marked a manner, identify themselves might enfold it. In every respect it with its interests. The Princes remained looks a squirmy piece of work. There in the service, faithfully fulfilling the ob- are no embrasures for guns, but upon ligations they had assumed, and were two of its projections are mountedwith the army through the winter, in what! guns? No, indeed, but old logs, the forward movement in the spring, with a black circle painted in the middle and in the battles before Richmond, in of the sawed part to represent a formidwhich they were honorably distinguish- able armament. At such a distance as ed, to the close of the campaign. that of Bailey's Roads, the deception
FORTS AROUND WASHINGTON.
might very easily have remained unde- "Fort Richardson ;" that known as Fort tected. In the middle of this wretched Albany, “Fort Albany ;' that near the 'fort,' the remains of a hastily-constructed end of Long Bridge, “Fort Runyon;" hut still stood ; but, with the exception the work next on the right of Fort Albaof a few trees, it contained nothing else. ny, "Fort Craig ;" the work next on the Behind it, on the slope of the hill, were a right of Fort Craig, “Fort Tillinghast ;' group of irregular shanties, thrown to the work next on the right of Fort Tilgether for the protection of troops. Their linghast, "Fort Ramsay;" the work next number was sufficient for the accommoda- on the right of Fort Ramsay, "Fort tion of about one regiment, certainly not Woodbury :” that next on the right of
A considerable quantity of straw Fort Woodbury, “Fort De Kalb;" the and a few forgotten rations lay about. work in rear of Fort Corcoran and near The usual offensive odors of a rebel Vir- the canal, “Fort Haggerty ;" that known ginia camp were heightened in this case as Fort Corcoran, “Fort Corcoran ;' by the stench from a lead and decaying that to the north of Fort Corcoran, horse, which the rebels apparently had "Fort Bennett;" that south of Chain not energy enough to remove, but left to Bridge on the height, “Fort Ethan rot among them."
Allen;" that near the Chain Bridge on An enumeration of the military works the Leesburg road, "Fort Marcy;" that in the vicinity of Washington, in the on the cliff north of the Chain Bridge, General Orders issued by General Mc- " Battery Martin Scott;" that on the Clellan on the 30th of September, will height near the Reservoir, “ Battery afford some idea of the organized labor Vermont;" that near Georgetown, “Batperformed by officers and men of the tery Cameron ;'' that on the left of Tenarmy in the brief period of two months- nallytown, “Fort Gaines ;" that at Tenduring which, it should be remembered, nallytown, "Fort Pennsylvania ;" that the hastily collected levies were being at Emory's Chapel, “Fort Massachureceived, armed, equipped, and instruct- setts ;" that near the camp of the 2d ed in the elements of military service. Rhode Island regiment, "Fort Slocum ;' The toil thrown upon the engineering that on Prospect Hill, near Bladensdepartment was immense in this work of burg, “Fort Lincoln ;" that next on the encircling the capital, on both sides of left of Fort Lincoln, "Fort Saratoga ;' the Potomac, with a chain of mutually that next on the left of Fort Saratoga, supporting fortified posts and intrench- "Fort Bunker Hill;" that on the right ments. The following names were given of General Sickles' camp, “Fort Stanto these works in the "order" alluded to. ton;" that on the right of Fort Stanton, The work south of Hunting Creek, "Fort "Fort Carroll ;" that on the left towards Lyon;" that on Shuter's Hill, “Fort Bladensburg, "Fort Greble.” Ellsworth ;" that on the left of the Semi- A grand review of artillery and cavalnary, "Fort Worth ;" that in front of ry, on the 8th of October, descrihed in Blenker's brigade, "Fort Blenker ;" that the reports of the day as the grandest in front of Lee's House, “Fort Bard;" spectacle of the kind ever witnessed on that near the mouth of Four Mile Creek, this continent, was accepted by the pub"Fort Scott.” that on Richardson's Hill, lic as an indication of the strength and spirit of the national army on the Potom- once, by the blessing of God, united. ac, and its rapidly advancing efficiency prosperous, and happy, is now afflicted for the early resumption of hostilities. with faction and civil war, it is peculiarSix thousand cavalry and one hundred ly fit for us to recognize the hand of and twelve guns, with an artillery force God in this visitation, and in sorrowful of fifteen hundred men, appeared in this remembrance of our own faults and spectacle, at which President Lincoln, crimes as a nation and as individuals, to the Secretary of State, the Prince de humble ourselves before Him, and to Joinville, and other celebrities were pray for His mercy--to pray that we "present. General McClellan was on the may be spared further punishment, field with his staff. General Stoneman though justly deserved ; that our arms conducted the review, the artillery being may be blessed and made effectual for commanded by General Barry, and the the reëstablishment of law, order,
and cavalry by General Palmer. The area peace throughout our country, and that for the movements embraced about two the inestimable boon of civil and religious hundred acres.
liberty, earned, under His guidance and In accordance with the resolution of blessing, by the labors and sufferings of the recent Congress, President Lincoln, our fathers, may be restored in all its on the 12th of August, had issued the original excellence ; Therefore, I, ABRAfollowing Proclamation for a National HAM LINCOLN, President of the United Fast-Day :" Whereas, a Joint Commit- States, do appoint the last Thursday in tee of both Houses of Congress has September next as a day of Humiliation, waited on the President of the United Prayer, and Fasting for all the people of States, and requested him to recommend the Nation, and I do earnestly recoma day of Public Humiliation, Prayer, and mend to all the people, and especially to Fasting, to be observed by the people of all Ministers and Teachers of religion of the United States with religious solemni- all denominations, and to all heads of ties, and the offering of fervent supplica- families—to observe and keep that day tions to Almighty God for the safety according to their several creeds and and welfare of these States, His blessings modes of worship, in all humility, and on their arms, and a speedy restoration with all religious solemnity, to the end of peace; And whereas, It is fit and be- that the united prayer of the Nation may coming in all people at all times to ac- ascend to the Throne of Grace, and knowledge and revere the Supreme Gov- bring down plentiful blessings upon our ernment of God, to bow in humble sub- own country." mission to His chastisements, to confess As the appointed day approached, the and deplore their sins and transgres- recommendation was seconded by various sions in the full conviction that the fear Proclamations of Governors of States, of the Lord is the beginnin and to pray with all fervency and con- and forms of prayer issued by the clergy. trition for the pardon of their past All breathed a serious, reverent spirit, offences, and for a blessing upon their and were calculated to impress upon the present and prospective action; And heart of individuals a sense of the calamwhereas, When our beloved country, Iity which had befallen the land, and at