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national salute of artillery; and a procession of wide-awakes escorted him to his hotel, where, having been introduced to the people by William B. Allison,' he made the following speech:

FELLOW CITIZENS: Language would fail me if I should attempt to express the acknowledgments that I owe you for this manifestation of your regard and respect. You will excuse me, I know, for passing by what I treasure up in my heart of hearts, the kind words that have been spoken in my ears concerning myself alone. That is the place where I always store memories of kindness and of affection, and there I prefer to let them rest until the season shall come when they may fructify into some action on my part that shall manifest the gratitude which I seem to suppress.

“Fellow citizens, passing from what was merely personal, I have to say that we are here some half dozen citizens-political pilgrims who were accustomed to worship at the shrine of freedom in the east, and we have taken our scrip and staff and come to the west. We stopped first, as we passed, on the shores of the Niagara river; then on the shore of Detroit river; then on the coast of lake Michigen; and thence we made our way across to the Mississippi, and ascended that magnificent river to the head of navigation, where we rested for a day or two, enjoying the hospitalities of the newest admitted state-the best and worthiest of the three free states admitted into the Union within the last ten years as a result of the decisive action of the republican people of the northwest, since the compromise of 1850. Thence we set our faces downward and southward, hoping to be here in time to have a full and free conference with you, to give you the results of our examination, into the condition of our great cause in other parts of the Union, and to learn from you what may be anticipated as the action of the people of this yet new but grand western state."

Mr. Seward was persuaded to remain in Dubuque another day. The people, disappointed the previous day, again gathered in the public square, eager to hear him speak on the great subjects agitating the country. He spoke for more than an hour of the West, its destiny and its duty, and of the one idea on which its institutions are founded.

From Dubuque Mr. Seward was obliged to travel rapidly through Illinois and Missouri, in order to meet his appointments in Kansas. His journey through these states was marked by public expressions no less flattering than those he had received in Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan. Wherever the cars stopped, even for a few minutes, spontaneous crowds of people were in waiting to salute him.

At Quincy, Illinois, where he crossed the Mississippi river and entered the state of Missouri, he met with a hearty reception.

1 For Mr. Allison's speech see Appendix.


Brookfield, in Missouri, a collation was prepared for him. Here he received a telegraphic dispatch from Chillicothe, the next large town on the road, requesting him to address the people at that place while the cars stopped there.' At first, Mr. Seward was disposed to decline the invitation, remarking that the people of Missouri could not expect him to speak to them when their laws prevented him from speaking freely what he thought. On his arrival at Chillicothe, however, at the urgent solicitation of the committee and a number of respectable citizens of the state, he consented to make a brief address. The committee frankly stated to him that they, themselves, as well as the audience assembled, were pro-slavery in their principles.

"GENTLEMEN: I have been very kindly invited by some citizens of your place to make you a speech. I would be glad to do so, but it is impossible. To make a speech, requires a voice; and I have left mine behind me. But even if my lungs had not failed me, it would be impossible for another reason-want of time. A speech has been well defined to be an extended expression, having a beginning, a middle and an end. I might make a beginning; but before I could get fairly into the middle, the train would be off, and you would never hear the end of it. Politics seems to be the all-absorbing topic with you. As I am supposed to be something of a politician, it is, perhaps, expected that I should allude to that subject. Here too is a difficulty which you have not considered. In regard to the candidates you support here, I feel very much like a man, who, wishing to get married, applied to the father of a number of girls, for one of two young ladies. 'Well,' said the parent, which of them do you propose to take?' 'I declare,' said the suitor, 'I have not thought of that, I had as lief have one as the other, and on the whole I think a little liever.' I feel so in regard to Mr. Bell, Mr. Douglas, and Mr. Breckinridge. I have, however, not a word to say against either of them. They are good personal friends of mine-of whom I always speak well; and I hope they always speak well of me. But I cannot make up my choice in favor of either of them. From the variety of banners and mottoes around me, I think you yourselves are in the same quandary. What, then, would you say, if I should propose to you to agree on my candidate, Abraham Lincoln? But I need not ask you; I know you would not take him. I think too, that I know the reason. He is famous for splitting rails. Judging from your wide pastures with osage orange hedges, and the scarceness of timber about me, I think you don't use many rails here. So, we may as well eschew politics altogether. I am glad to be able to say that you are located in a splendid country. Fifteen years ago, I visited St. Louis, and, at that time, observed that Missouri was destined to be great and prosperous. I have now come two hundred miles into the interior, and can say that my former impression of the state has been confirmed. So far as I am able to judge you are in the best part of it. You ought to be gratified that such is the fact. I have noticed on my way that you have a custom here which does not prevail in the east,-shooting for beeves. And it does not surprise

1 The Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company extended, freely, to Mr. Seward the courte sies of their road.

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me, for I see that your beeves are worth shooting for. You have also fine horses. But if you could come to an understanding with me,- —a black republican,-I think we could improve them. During my recent visit to Syria, I was presented with some fine Arabian horses. They are said to be the finest horses in the world By uniting them with American horses, I think our stock might be greatly improved. [Here the whistle blew, and Governor Seward was obliged to close.] God bless you all! I thank you most kindly for your attention. Good bye."

"As the train moved off, cheers were given out of courtesy to the speaker; and were followed by cheers for Douglas, Bell and Breckinridge. The remarks of Mr. Seward were made in a familiar, good natured style, and had a very happy effect upon the audience.”1

At St. Joseph, in Missouri, where he arrived late on Saturday evening, he was surprised by a most enthusiastic reception. He was escorted from the cars to the hotel by a large procession of wide-awakes and citizens, who insisted upon his addressing them. that evening, as it was known that he would leave the city early on Monday morning for Kansas. Moved by the cordiality and evident sincerity of their greetings, he appeared on the balcony of the hotel, and having been introduced by Mr. T. J. Boynton, of St. Joseph, spoke as follows:

"MR. CHAIRMAN, GENTLEMEN AND FELLOW CITIZENS: I think that I have, some time before this, said that the most interesting and agreeable surprise that ever human being has had on this earth was that which Colurabus felt when-after his long and tedious voyage in search of a continent, the existence of which was unknown to himself, as to all mankind, and the evidence of whose existence was nothing but a suggestion of his own philosophy, surrounded as he was by a mutinous crew, who were determined on the destruction of his own life if he should continue the voyage unsuccessfully another day-he went out at night on the deck of his little vessel, and there rose up before him, in the dark, the shadow of an island, with habitations lighted by human beings like himself. That was the most interesting surprise that ever occurred to any man on earth. And yet I do not think that Columbus was much more surprised than I and those who are with me have been to-night.

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We have been traveling in a land of friends and brethren, through many states from Maine to Missouri!-along the shores of the ocean, along the shores of the great lakes and the banks of great rivers-and I will not deny that our footsteps have been made pleasant by kind and friendly and fraternal greetings. We entered the soil of Missouri this morning, at ten o'clock, feeling that, although we had a right to regard the people of Missouri as our brethren, and although we were their brethren and friends, yet we were to be regarded by its citizens as strangers, if not aliens and enemies; but this welcome which greets us here sur

1 The above report of Mr. Seward's remarks is taken from the Free Democrat, published at St. Joseph, Missouri.

passes anything that we have experienced in our sojournings from Bangor, in the state of Maine, to this place. The discovery that here there is so much of kindness for us, so much of respect and consideration, takes us by surprise. I will confess freely that it affects us with deep sensibility, for we did not propose to visit St. Joseph. There is a land beyond you-a land redeemed and saved for freedom, through trials and sufferings that have commended its young and growing people to the respect of mankind and to our peculiar sympathy.

"We proposed to be quiet travelers through the state of Missouri, hoping and expecting without stopping here, to rest this night on the other side of the Missouri, where we knew we would be welcome. [A voice-'We won't hurt you.'] No, I know you won't hurt me. The man who never wished evil to any human being, who challenges enemies as well as friends to show the wrong with which any being made in his own form can accuse him when he comes before the bar of justice, has no fear of being harmed in the country of his birth and of his affection. But I stated that, not merely for the purpose of showing how agreeable is this fraternal welcome. It is full of promise. I pass over all that has been said to me of consideration for myself. There are subjects on which I take no verdict from my fellow citizens. I choose to take the approbation, if I can get it, of my own conscience, and to wait till a future age for the respect and consideration of mankind. But I will dwell for one moment on this extraordinary scene, full of assurance on many points, and interesting to every one of you as it is to me.

“The most cheering fact, as it is the most striking one in it, is that we who are visitors and pilgrims to Kansas, beyond you, find that we have reached Kansas already on the northern shores of the Missouri river. Now come up here-if there are any such before me-you, who are so accustomed to sound an alarm about the danger of a dissolution of the Union; come up here, and look at the scene of Kansas and Missouri, so lately hostile, brought together on either shore in the bonds of fraternal affection and friendship. That is exactly what will always occur whenever you attempt to divide this people and to set one portion against another. The moment you have brought the people to the point where there is the least degree of danger to the national existence felt, then those whom party malice or party ambition have arrayed against each other as enemies, will embr embrace each other as friends and brethren.

"Let me tell you this simple truth; that though you live in a land of slavery` there is not a man among you who does not love slavery less than he loves the Union. Nor have I ever met the man who loved freedom so much, under any of the aspects involved in the present presidential issues, as he loved the Union, for it is only through the stability and perpetuity of this Union that any blessings whatever may be expected to descend on the American people.

"And now, fellow citizens, there is another lesson which this occasion and this demonstration teach. They teach that there is no difference whatever in the nature, constitution or character of the people of the several states of this Union, or of the several sections of this Union. They are all of one nature, even if they are not all native born, and educated in the same sentiments. Although many of them came from distant lands, still the very effect of their being American citizens is to make them all alike.

"I will tell you why this is so. The reason is simply this: The democratic principle that every man ought to be the owner of the soil that he cultivates, and the owner of the limbs and the head that he applies to that culture, has been adopted in some of the states earlier than in others; and where it was adopted earliest it has worked out the fruits of higher advancement, of greater enterprise, of greater prosperity. Where it has not been adopted, enterprise and industry have languished in proportion. But it is going through; it is bound to go through. [A voice-'It's not going through here.'] Yes, here. As it has already gone through eighteen states of the Union so it is bound to go through all of the other fifteen. It is bound to go through all of the thirty-three states of the Union for the simple reason that it is going through the world."

On Monday (September 24), Mr. Seward reached Kansas. As he passed down the Missouri river, he was recognized at several places on the Missouri and Kansas shores of the river, and saluted with cheers, entering into frank and familiar conversations with the people. His first step on the soil of Kansas, at Leavenworth, was announced by the firing of cannon and the shouts of thousands of people. He was escorted to the hotel by a procession of citizens, including all the mechanics in the city, bearing their various tools and implements. Mr. A. C. Wilder, in introducing Mr. Seward to the people, spoke of him as the representative of Kansas in the senate of the United States.' Mr. Seward's remarks in response were, at the time, briefly sketched as follows:

"Mr. Seward began his reply, by saying that it was well that he had not the voice to enable him to speak at length, for the emotions which were crowding upon him could not be expressed in words. He would not have them think him wanting in gratitude, if his language failed to express the feelings which oppressed him. Many years ago, when he visited General Lafayette, the brave Frenchman who fought for us, he saw, at the entrance of his residence, two brass cannons, which bore the inscription, 'Presented by the liberty-loving citizens of Paris." Here, at his entrance into Kansas, he found two symbols of the spirit of her free people. The one was the cannon which was booming on the hill near by. He had heard that it was captured by the free state men during the commotion which existed several years ago, when they were struggling for free institutions. Another evidence of the free impulses by which we were animated was the organization of the wide-awakes whom he saw around him, not in the customary costume of that body, but as an army of free laboring men-carpenters, masons, and mechanics of all kinds-who had come out, in their working clothes, with their tools of all kinds, in a body, to welcome him. Mr. Seward proceeded to pay a handsome compliment to the wide-awake club. He then alluded again to the subject of free labor, and said that it must be respected as being the foundation of

1 See Appendix.

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