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the Pacific, and its development has scarcely commenced. During the war, when we were adding a couple of millions of dollars every day to our national debt, I did not care about encouraging the increase in the volume of our precious metals, we had the country to save first. But now that the rebellion is overthrown, and we know pretty nearly the amount of our national debt, the more gold and silver we mine, we make the payment of that debt so much the easier. Now, I am going to encourage that in every possible way. We shall have hundreds of thousands of disbanded soldiers, and many have feared that their return home in such great numbers might paralyze industry, by furnishing suddenly, a greater supply of labor than there will be a demand for. I am going to try to attract them to the hidden wealth of our mountain ranges, where there is room enough for all. Immigration, which even the war has not stopped, will land upon our shores hundreds of thousands more from overcrowded Europe. I intend to point them to the gold and silver that wait for them in the West. Tell the miners for me, that I shall promote their interests to the best of my ability, because their prosperity is the prosperity of the nation ; and we shall prove, in a few years, that we are indeed the treasury of the world.”
THE present generation of Ameri
cans can hardly obtain a correct idea of the difficulties attending the position of an anti-slavery man during the years immediately preceding the civil war.
The most moderate opponents of the existing order of things were sure to be misunderstood and misrepresented. The very nature of the institution itself compelled it to be aggressive. Unless it could continually grow, it must die, like a plant attaining its maturity. The unreasoning bitterness of the political conflict which was waged on behalf of it finds its best index in the fact of the civil war itself. Mr.
Lincoln's own aversion to slavery began in his youth and grew with his growth, but he at no time refused to see and acknowledge every, justice belonging, in law or in equity to the people of the southern States. While he was always in advance of the great mass of his fellow-citizens, and even of his own party, he was never a zealot, never incapable of appreciating the inherited views and interests of his adversaries.
In his perception, justice to all, 'the best good of all, white men or colored, demanded the preservation of the national integrity, in one government of one country. To this all other considerations were secondary, for it contained the future as well as the present, and for this every imaginable sacrifice of treasure, of suffering and of life itself, was to be freely made. To this central thought and purpose,