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but no sally was made to pursue them, and the retreat was conducted in good order.
The havoc among the allied armies was very great : of the French 700 were killed and wounded, and of the American regulars 240. The Charleston militia had one Captain killed and 6 privates wounded. The enemy on the contrary suffered but little in proportion, having had only 120 killed and wounded: among the former was Captain Tawes, of the provincials, an office. l intrepidity, who fell at the leading point o aving slain three of his
assailants with nis
General Prevost and his officers deservedly ac. quired great reputation, for their brave and successful defence of Savannah; the
lory of which, how
ever, belonged to Lieutenant Colore lived not to reap the rewards which would undoubtedly have been bestowed upon him by his applauding country, having died of the bilious fever a few days after our repulse. Nor could any troops or officers have behaved better than the united French and American armies. They effected every thing which valour alone could effect; and if any blame can attach to them for their want of success, it must be for the length of time which they suffered to elapse before the assault was commenced. Had Count D'Estaing opened his ordnance against the town upon his first arrival before it, even before the junction of General Lincoln's forces, instead of listening to the ingenious proposition of Prevost for delay, he would have carried it almost without opposition; for at that moment, Prevost had but ten guns mounted, and but little more than 2000 troops, to oppose to more than double the number. It is difficult to comprehend the Count's
reasons for delay, considering his hasty and impetuous temper, and the strong arguments that ought to have urged him to promptitude and decision of movement. It is matter of surprise too, that neither the Count nor General Lincoln, should have turned their attention to the route between Beaufort and Savannah, so as to have obstructed the march of Colonel Maitland's troops, and thereby have prevented his union with General Prevost. The route was in itself difficult and hazardous: the natural obstacles which Colonel Maitland had to encounter, were such as would have appalled a less enterprising officer; and if these difficulties had been increased, as they might have been, by throwing a few troops in his way to harass and worry him, it might have been impossible for him to have gained the town, at least without such a loss as would have rendered his junction but little important to General Prevost.
The retreat of our army was of course followed by the raising of the siege; the Count reembarked his troops without delay, while General Lincoln returned to South Carolina. Nothing could exceed the harmony which prevailed between the confederate Generals: not a whisper of reproach escaped either for their want of success, but they separated in mutual confidence and good will. Thus was the unfortunate D'Estaing a second time compelled to quit the United States, without reaping the laurels, that seemed to be waving within his grasp. His fleet encountered a severe storm in their passage to the West Indies, which separated and dispersed them. The Count himself returned to France.
One of the most extraordinary enterprises ever related in history, one indeed which nothing but the
respectability of the testimony could have prevented our considering as marvellous, occurred during the siege of Savannah. It was an enterprise conceived and executed by Colonel John White, of the Georgia line. A Captain French of Delancey's 1st battalion, was posted with 100 men, British regulars, on the Ogeechee river, about 25 miles from Savannah, There lay also at the same place five armed vessels, the largest mounting 14 guns, and having on board altogether 41 men. Colonel White, with Captain Etholm, three soldiers, and his own servant approached this post on the evening of the 30th of September, kindled a number of fires, arranging them in the manner of a large camp, and summoned French to surrender, he and his comrades in the mean time riding about in various directions, and giving orders in a loud voice, as if performing the duties of the staff to a large army. French, not doubting the reality of what he saw, and anxious to spare the effusion of blood which a contest with a force so superiour would produce, surrendered the whole detachment, together with the crews of the five vessels, amounting in all to 141 men, and 130 stand of arms! Colonel White, however, had still a very difficult game to play; it was necessary to keep up the delusion of French, until the prisoners should be secured; and with this view, he pretended that the animosity of his troops was so ungovernable that a little stratagem would be necessary to save the prisoners from their fury, and that he should therefore commit them to the care of three guides with orders to conduct them to a place of safety. With many thanks for the Colonel's humanity, French accepted the proposition, and marched off at a quick pace under the
direction of the three guides, fearful at every step that the rage of White's troops would burst upon them in defiance of his humane attempts to restrain it. White, as soon as they were out of sight, employed himself in collecting the militia of the neighbourhood, with whom he soon overtook his prisoners, and they were conducted in safety for 25 miles to an American post.
Thus ended the southern campaign of 1779, which had been attended with some daring and brilliant projects on both sides, but which closed with the balance of advantage greatly in favour of the British. The prospects of success to the Americans had been frequently flattering, but they were in every thing baffled at the moment when victory seemed to be most certain. The defeat of Howe, which commenced the campaign, the subsequent disgraceful flight of Ashe, with a large detachment of the enemy, and the repulse of Lincoln from Stono, and the unsuccessful issue of the siege of Savannah, were counterbalanced only by the preservation of Charleston, and the continued possession of the upper parts of Georgia.
The contests with our Indian neighbours will now demand our attention. We have already seen the attempts of Lieutenant Governour Hamilton of Detroit to excite the Indians to hostilities against our frontier settlements. In December, 1778, he set on foot an extensive expedition of this sort, in which he expected to be joined by 200 Indians from Michilimackinaw, and 500 from the Cherokee, Chickasaw, and other nations. His design was to penetrate up the Ohio, and scour the whole of Kentucky as far as Fort Pitt; and with a view to be ready for an early
movement in the spring, he had taken post at St. Vincents. Colonel Clarke, of whose bravery and enterprise we have before had occasion to speak, was fortunately apprised of Hamilton's situation and intention, and instantly determined to attack him. It was a desperate resolution, but it offered the only probable means of saving the back settlements of Virginia and Kentucky, and Colonel Clarke had given proofs that he was not to be appalled by danger or difficulties. He arrived unexpectedly at St. Vincents on the 23d of February, and immediately commenced an assault upon the town, which after surrendering offered to assist in the attack against the fort. Hamilton on the 24th surrendered his garrison, Thus was amounting to 79 men, prisoners of war. this hostile expedition nipped in its bud. Clarke had commenced his march with but 180 men, had to traverse a country without roads, in the most inclement season of the year, over a distance of more than 200 miles. While at St. Vincents, Colonel Clarke sent a detachment of his men to encounter an Indian party who were just returning to the fort from one of their expeditions; of this party nine were taken prisoners, and he had also the satisfaction of releasing two Americans from their hands. Hearing at the same time of a convoy of provisions and goods, on their way from Detroit, he sent a detachment of 60 men in armed boats to attack them. They met them about 40 leagues up the river, and succeeded in capturing the whole, taking 50 prisoners, and goods and visions to the amount of ten thousand pounds. Thus was this nest of robbers and murderers completely broken up. It was found that Hamilton was in the habit of giving considerable rewards for American