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qualified surrender of the city, and that the emblem of the sovereignty of the United States be hoisted over the city hall, mint and custom-house, by meridian this day, and all slags and emblems of sovereignty, other than this of the United States, be removed from all the public buildings by that hour.

I particularly request that you shall exercise your authority to quell disturbances, restore order, and call upon all the good people of New Orleans to return at once to their vocations; and I particularly demand that no person shall be molested in person, property or sentiments of loyalty to their Government.

I shall speedily and severely punish any person or persons who shall commit such outrages as were witnessed yesterday, by armed men firing upon helpless women and children, for giving expression to their pleasure at witnessing the “old flag." I am, very respectfully,


Flag-Officer Western Gulf Squadron. To this demand, the mayor replied at length, in what may be termed a subdued tone of insolence and arrogance in distress. Professing to give expression to the universal sentiment of his constituents, he says:

"The city is yours by brutal force, not by my choice or the consent of its inhabitants. It is for you to determine what will be the fate that awaits her. As to hoisting any flag not of our own adoption and allegiance, let me tell you that the man lives not in our midst whose hand and heart would not be paralyzed at the mere thought of such an act. Nor could I find, in my whole constituency, so desperate and wretched a



renegade as would dare to profane with his hand the sacred emblem of our aspirations.

“ You have a gallant people to administrate during your occupancy of this city, a people sensitive to all that can in the least affect their dignity and self-respect. Pray, so, do not fail to regard their susceptibilities.

Your occupying the city does not transfer allegiance from the Government of their choice, to one which they have deliberately repudiated, and that they yield the obedience which the conqueror is entitled to extort from the conquered.” Flag-Officer Farragut then sent the following:

. ", } off City of New Orleans, April 26. To his Honor, the Mayor of New Orleans :

Your Honor will please give directions that no flag but that of the United States will be permitted to fly in presence of this fleet, so long as it has the power to prevent it; and as all displays of that kind may cause bloodshed, I have to request that you will give this communication as general circulation as possible.


Flag Officer. At ten o'clock the Commodore sent on shore Lieutenant Kortz, of the navy, and Lieutenant Brown, of the marines, with a marine guard to hoist the flag on the Custom-house, but the excitement was so great that the Mayor and councilmen thought it would produce a conflict, and great loss of life.

At eleven o'clock, pursuant to General Orders, all the officers and crews of the fleet assembled “to return thanks to Almighty God, for his great goodness and mercy in permitting them to pass through the events of the last two days with so little loss of life and blood.”

Early on the same morning a boat's crew were sent to hoist the flag on the Mint, which having been done it was speedily torn down by one W. B. Mumford, assisted by the Rebels, Lieutenant Holmes, Sergeant Burns, and James Reed. They took the flag in triumph up St. Charles street, where it was torn in shreds and distributed.

General Butler, after taking possession of the forts on the 28th, and finding them defensible, and well provisioned, and a good store of ammunition, left the 26th regiment Massachusetts volunteers in garrison, and

proceeded up the river with his main forces, to occupy New Orleans, being informed of its capture.

On arriving at New Orleans, General Butler reported officially, “I find the city under the dominion of the mob. They have insulted our flag, torn it down with indignity. This outrage will be punished in such manner as in my judgment will caution both the perpetrators and abettors of the act, so that they shall fear the stripes, if they do not reverence the stars of our banner.”*

General Butler, on assuming the authority of the city, issued his proclamation and caused it to be offered for publication to the several newspaper offices, but they all refusing, the guard took possession of the True Delta office, sent for northern printers, set it up, put it in the form, and worked it off in the edition.

The main noticeable points of the proclamation, were the following:

* Mumford, the principal in the outrage, was afterwards hung for it.

All persons in arms against the United States were required to surrender.

All ensigns, flags, and devices, tending to uphold any authority whatever, save the flag of the United States, and of foreign consulates, must be suppressed.

All persons still holding allegiance to the Confederate States to be held as rebels and enemies.

All rights of property to be held inviolate, subject to the laws of the United States.

All inhabitants enjoined to pursue their usual avocations.

The circulation of Confederate bonds to be suppressed.

All assemblages of persons in the streets by night or day to be suppressed.

All requirements of martial law to be enforced as long as United States authorities deem necessary.



The following incident, illustrating General Butler's mode of dealing with refractory cases at New Orleans, during his administration there, is vouched for by the very best authority.

A merchant of that city, who was a Secessionist of that stamp that took great pleasure in spouting about "Picayune Butler," found himself with arms in his hands on the Rebel side of the lines, after the taking of New Orleans.

But he was under the necessity of writing frequently to the agent who had his property in charge. In his

letters he frequently indulged in execrations of General Butler, and in one of them expressed a warm sympathy for men suffering under his tyrannous rule there, saying, that he believed a personal chastisement could be inflicted on Butler, and offering his friend and agent five thousand dollars to do the job.

It happened that this letter was seen by Butler, “and contents noted.” Soon afterward the order was issued requiring all persons who wished to hold their estates in that city, real and personal, to register their names and take the oath of allegiance.

The merchant in question had too much to lose, and slipping within our lines again, endeavored to make himself at home around the city, as though he had never been away; but while busy at the preparatory work, General Butler's orderly waited on him with a polite invitation to call at headquarters. He did so, suspecting nothing

General Butler received him very kindly, and begged to show him something of interest; taking the letter in question from his desk, he asked him if that was his handwriting and signature; and the convicted hater of Picayune Butler could do no less than own up.

General Butler then said to him, that as he was evidently a man of substance, with money to spare for good purposes, he might give his $5,000 to the fund for the support of the poor loyalists, as he had not been able to secure the threshing that he first proposed to pay it out for, and that he might have twenty-four hours in which to place the money in that fund, or go to the fort below, and wear a ball and chain.

The man made haste to liquidate, and registered himself on the side of General Butler's authority thereafter.

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