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CONTENTS.

CONTENTS.

Administration of President Pierce.-Position of the Democratic Party.- President

Pierce's Message to Congress in December, 1853.- Domestic Controversies passing

away.”—The Civil War began in Kansas. Statement of the Question in regard to

Kansas.-Mr. Webster's Views of the Effect of the Compromise of 1850.--Mr. Clay's

Opinion of the Impolicy of an Imaginary Line.--The Bill for the Organization of the

Territory passes the House, making no Mention of Compromise or Slavery, and is

introduced into the Senate by Mr. Douglas, from the Committee on Territories, with-

out amendment.--The Debate in the Senate chiefly in regard to the Rights of the

Aborigines.-The Bill laid on the Table, for further Consideration of this Topic, and not

taken up during the Session. At the next Session, Mr. Douglas introduces (January

4th, 1854) an Amendment to the Bill, proposing the Specific Repeal of the Missouri

Compromise.-The large Majority in favor of it.-Memorials to Congress, in oppoși-

tion to its Passage-one from three thousand and fifty Clergymen of New England.-

Effect of this Clerical Movement upon the Public Mind.Final Passage of the Bill by

the House.-Action of the North. The "Emigrant Aid" Companies.-Secret Associa-

tion of Members of Congress to resist the Objects of the Act.-The several Reports to

Congress--Further Proceedings as to Kansas.--Opposite Opinions of Mr. Davis and

Mr. Yancey.---Position of Mr. Douglas.--Extension of Slave Territory does not mean

Increase of Slavery.-The reasons why the Adoption of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill was

unavoidable,

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Mr. Buchanan's History of his Administration. His embarrassing Position.-Unanimous

Vote of Approbation by the Legislature of Massachusetts.--Anxious Waiting for the

Meeting of Congress.--A " John Brown” Incident in Boston.-Official Opinion upon

“Coercion," of the Attorney-General of the United States.—Conciliatory Propositions

in the Albany Journal, a leading Republican Paper in the Interest of Mr. Seward.

Upon Motion of Mr. Boteler, of Virginia, a Committee of One from each State (33)

appointed, to consider and report upon “ the present Perilous Condition of the Coun

try.”—Mr. Powell, of Kentucky, moves in the Senate for a Committee of Thirteen.--

Proposition of Mr. Andrew Johnson in the Senate.--Speech of Mr. Wade, of Ohio.-

He does not “so much blame the People of the South."--Allusion to the Speech by

Mr. Nicholson, of Tennessee, in the House.Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky, offers

Resolutions.-Extracts from Speeches of Mr. Andrew Johnson.-Great Number of

Memorials in favor of the Crittenden Resolutions.--Opinion of Mr. Pugh, Senator from

Obio, of the Popular Vote in their favor, had they been adopted by Congress.—The

New York World (Rep.) on the Effect of “one Word that way" from Mr. Seward.

Strong Statement of Boston Daily Advertiser (Rep.) as to Popular Aversion to a War.

-Changes of Feeling.-The New York Tribune against a “Reactionary Spirit" for

Union.-Resolution of Mr. Clark, Senator from New Hampshire, to defeat the Critten-

den Propositions.—Mr. Seward disappoints Public Expectation by his Vote. His

Speech.-Its Effect.--The “Conservative” Republican Journals become quasi radical.

--Statement of Mr. Wilson, Senator from Massachusetts. Mr. Sumner, Senator from

Massachusetts, on “the Barbarism of Slavery.”—The “ Irrepressible Conflict.”—Inter-

position of Virginia.—The Appointment of Commissioners to the “Peace Conference.'

Messrs. Shurz, Chandler, and Bingham.-Mr. Chase on this Subject.--The Spirit of

the Radicals. The Conference.--Its Propositions,

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CHAPTER XX.

Inauguration of Mr. Lincoln.--His Character. The Grand Question at the Time how to

avoid War. Mr. Everett's Favorable Position to judge, and his Opinion.-Resolutions of

a pacific Spiritqass the House by a two-thirds Vote too late, but not acted upon in the

Senate.The Inaugural Address.-The Purpose only to maintain and defend the

Union.-A Disayowal of any Intent to use Force. The Policy temporizing and con-

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