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manding, with sincere sorrow, announces memory, which they felt he would so to the Army of the Potomac the death freely have rendered to kindred excelof Colonel Edward D. Baker, who fell lence. McDougal, celebrated his “Godgloriously in battle on the evening of given gifts-sensations, memory, thought Monday, 21st of October, near Lees- and action, going hand in hand together," burgh, Va. The gallant dead has many his love of music—"not only music as it titles to honor. At the time of his death gives present pleasure to the ear, but he was a member of the United States music in the sense in which it was underSenate for Oregon, and it is no injustice stood by the old seekers after wisdom, to say that one of the most eloquent who held that in harmonious sounds speakers in that illustrious body has rested some of the great secrets of the been silenced by his fall. A patriot, infinite” — and recalling his love of zealous for the honor and interests of his poetry, told how once, many years beadopted country, he has been distinguish- fore, on the wild plains of the West, in ed in two wars, and has now sealed with the middle of a star-lit night, as they his blood his devotion to the national were journeying together, he had first flag Cut off in the fullness of his pow- heard from him the chaunt of that noble ers as a statesman, and in the course of song, " The Battle of Ivry,” in anticia brilliant career as a soldier ; while the pation, as it were, of his own gallant country mourns his loss, his brothers in conduct in the fieldarms will envy, while they lament his fate. He died as a soldier would wish

“ The King has come to marshal us, in all his armour

drest; to die-amid the thick of battle, his And he has bound a snow-white plume upon his voice and example animating his men to

gallant crest.

He looked upon his people, and a tear was in his brave deeds." At the next meeting of the National He looked upon the traitors, and his glance was

stern and high; Congress, a day, the 11th of Decem- Right graciously he smiled on us, as ran from wing ber, was given in the Senate to the to wing,

Down all our line, a deafening shout, ‘God save our memory of its late member, General

Lord the King ! Baker. The unusual presence of the And if my standard-bearer fall, and fall full well he President of the United States on the may,

For never saw I promise yet of such a bloody fray, occasion, gave additional significance to

Press where ye see my white plume shines, amid the the proceedings. Mr. Lincoln came as a

ranks of war;

And be your oriflamme to-day, the helmet of Namourner, to listen to the eulogies, some

varre." to be pronounced in no unstinted measure, of his fallen friend. Addresses Mr. Browning spoke of the devotion were delivered by Nesmith of Oregon, to political principles which had taken McDougall and Latham of California, his friend from the Senate to the battle Browning of Illinois, Cowan of Penn- field. “He was a true, immovable, insylvania, Dixon of Connecticut, and Sum- corruptible, and unshrinking patriot. ner of Massachusetts. All seemed to He was the fast, firm friend of civil and have caught something of the fervor of religious liberty, and believed that they the eloquent hero whom they lamented, should be the common heritage and blessto whom reason presented itself in the ing of all mankind ; and that they could language of passion and imagination ; be secured and enjoyed only through the heroism and devotion of whose death the instrumentality of organized constiwere the poetry of his life in action. tutional government, and submission to, Lilies and purple flowers were heaped and obedience of, its laws; and the conwith full hand upon his grave, as his old viction upon his mind was deep and companions brought that homage to his profound that if the wicked rebellion

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which had been inaugurated, went unre- wings of his own eloquence : 'They buked, and treason triumphed over law, have killed me, because I was opposed constitutional government in North Amer- to the extension of slavery and a corrupt ica would be utterly annihilated, to be administration ;' and as the impassioned followed by the confusion of anarchy, orator repeated these words, his own and the confusion of anarchy to be suc- soul was knit in sympathy with the dead ; ceeded by the oppressions and atrocities and thus at once did he endear himself of despotism. He believed that what to the friends of freedom, even at a ever the horrors, and plagues, and deso- distance, lations of civil war might be, they would • Who would not sing for Lycidas ? He knew still be far less in magnitude and dura- Himself to sing and build the lofty rhyme.' tion than the plagues and calamities "There are two forms of eminent talent which would inevitably follow upon sub- which are kindred in their effects-each mission and separation. The contest in producing an instant present impression, which we are engaged had been, without each holding crowds in suspense, and cause, or pretext of cause, forced upon each kindling enthusiastic admiration. I

We had to accept the strife, or so mean the talent of the orator and the submit to an arrogant assumption of talent of the soldier. Each of these, superiority of right, as to show ourselves when successful, wins immediate honor, unworthy of the liberties and blessings and reads his praise in a nation's eyes. which the blood and treasure, and wis- Baker was orator and soldier. To him dom and virtue of illustrious sires had belongs the rare renown of this double achieved for us; and he believed that character. Perhaps he carried into war the issue of the contest was powerfully something of the confidence inspired by and vitally to affect the welfare and hap- the conscious sway of great multitudes, piness of the American people, if not, in- as he surely brought into speech somedeed, of all other nations, for centuries thing of the ardor of war. Call him, if

With these views, both just you will, the Prince Rupert of battle ; and patriotic, he recognized it as his he was also the Prince Rupert of debate. duty to give his services to his country

Not content with the brilliant whenever and in whatever capacity they opportunities of this Chamber, he accould be of most value and importance ; cepted a commission in the army, and and with as much of self-abnegation as vaulted from the Senate to the saddle, as the frailties of humanity would allow, he he had already vaulted from Illinois to took his place in the serried ranks of California. With a zeal that never tired, war; and in the strict and discreet dis- after recruiting men, drawn by the atcharge of his duty as a soldier, fighting traction of his name, in New York and for his country in a holy cause, he fell." Philadelphia, and elsewhere, he held his

With classic taste and eloquence, Mr. brigade in camp near the Capitol, so that Sumner dwelt upon the qualities of the he passed easily from one to the other, man, and of those exigencies of the and thus alternated between the duties times which had brought him to a prem- of a senator and a general.

His latter ature grave. "The Senator,” said he, career was short, though shining. At a " to whom we to-day say farewell, was disastrous encounter near Ball's Bluff he generous in funeral homage to others. fell, pierced by nine balls. That brain More than once he held great companies which had been the seat and organ of in rapt attention while he did honor to such subtle power, swaying assemblies, the dead. Over the coffin of Broderick and giving to this child of obscurity he proclaimed the dying utterance of place and command among his fellowthis early victim, and gave it to the fiery men, was now rudely shattered ; and that

yet to be.

WILLIAM LOWELL PUTNAM.

63

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bosom which had throbbed so bravely “The boy-soldier,” said the speaker,

“ was rent by numerous wounds. He " whose remains are before us, came, by died with his face to the foe ; and he both parents, from the best New England died so instantly, that he passed without races. His father is descended from the pain from the service of his country to ancestor of old General Putnam, and his the service of his God—while with him family on this side contains such statespassed more than one gallant youth, the men and scholars as Timothy and John hope of family and friends, sent forth by Pickering. His mother's family has given my own honored commonwealth. It is to us statesmen, sages, patriots, poets, sweet and becoming to die for one's scholars, orators, economists, philanthrocountry. Such a death — sudden, but pists, and now gives us also a hero and

. not unprepared for—is the crown of the martyr. His great-grandfather, Judge patriot soldier's life.”

Lowell, inserted in the Bill of Rights, When the Senate resolutions of respect prefixed to the Constitution of this State, to the memory of Colonel Baker were the clause declaring that all men are communicated to the House of Repre- born free and equal,' for the purpose, as sentatives, like proceedings were held, he avowed at the time, of abolishing and enthusiastic speeches delivered by slavery in Massachusetts ; and he was Sheil of Oregon, Phelps and Sargent of appointed by Washington federal judge California, Colfax of Indiana, Kelly of of this district. His grandfather was Pennsylvania, and other members. minister of this church, honored and

Among the victims of this lamentable loved, as few men have been, for more disaster at Bail's Bluff, there was an in- than half a century. Born in Boston in genuous youth, standing on the entrance 1840, he was educated in Europe, where to manhood, with every advantage before he went when eleven years old—and him which cultivated taste and scholar- where, in France, Germany and Italy, ship, high principles and distinguished he showed that he possessed the ancessocial standing could possess in the ca- tral faculty of mastering easily all lanreer of life. This was William Low- guages, and where he faithfully studied ell Putnain of Boston, 2d Lieutenant classic and Christian antiquity and art. of the 20th Massachusetts Volunteers. Under the best and most loving guidHe was carried forth from the field ance, he read with joy the vivid descripwounded, and died in the hospital at tions of Virgil, while looking down from Poolesville the following day. His death the hill of Posillipo, on the headland of was sincerely mourned at Boston, not Misenum, and the ruins of Cumæ. He only in consideration of himself and his studied with diligence the remains of family, but in the wide-spread fellowship Etruscan art, of which perhaps no Amerof sorrow which the losses of the Massa- ican scholar, though he was so young, chusetts' regiments created in so many knew more. Thus accomplished he rerespected homes of the city. At the fu- turned to his native land, but modest neral services at the West Church, Boston, and earnest, he made no display of his a commemorative address was delivered acquisitions, and very few knew that he by the Rev. James Freeman Clarke, had acquired anything. When the war from which we take the following bio- broke out his conscience and heart urged graphical passages. They afford a strik- him to go to the service of his country. ing' indication of the zeal and sense His strong sense of duty overcame the of duty and honor with which the war reluctance of his parents, and they conwas in many instances entered upon at sented. A presentiment that he should the North-not without counting the cost, not return alive was very strongly in his and fearlessly braving the sacrifices. mind and theirs. But he gave himself

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cheerfully, and said, in entire strength souls, our heroes and saints ; go with of his purpose, 'that to die would be Ellsworth, protomartyr of this great cause easy in such a cause ;' and in the full of Freedom ; go with Winthrop, poet and conviction of immortality, he added, soldier, our Korner, with sword and lyre ; • What is death, mother ? it is nothing go with the chivalric Lyon, bravest of but a step in our life. His fidelity to the brave, leader of men ; go with Baker, every duty gained him the respect of his to whose utterance the united murmurs superior officers, and his generous, con- of Atlantic and Pacific oceans gave elostant interest in his companions and sol- quent rhythm, and whose words flowdiers, brought to him an unexampled ered so early into heroic action. Go affection. He realized fully that this war with our noble Massachusetts boys, in must enlarge the area of freedom, if it whose veins runs the best blood of the was to attain its true end-and in one of age. his last letters, he expressed the earnest Colonel William Raymond Lee, who prayer that it might not cease till it was taken a prisoner by the enemy, and opened the way for universal liberty. long held as a hostage at Richmond, was These earnest opinions were connected born in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1807, with a feeling of the wrong done to the descendant both on the father and mothAfrican race, and an interest in its im- er's side, of revolutionary ancestors. He provement. He took with him to the entered West Point at sixteen, and comwar, as a body_servant, a colored lad pleted his course without pursuing the named George Brown, who repaid the military profession. Choosing the occukindness of Lieutenant Putnam by grati- pation of a civil engineer, he was emtude and faithful service. George Brown ployed by a Boston company in the followed his master across the Potomac survey of lands, which they claimed in into the battle, nursed him in his tent, Texas, and while engaged in this busiand attended his remains back to Boston. ness, was taken prisoner by the MexiNor let the devoted courage of Lieuten- cans, and held for several months in ant Henry Sturgis be forgotten, who captivity. He resumed his profession listed his wounded friend and comrade of engineering on his return, and found from the ground, and carried him on his various employment in the superintendback a long distance to the boat, and re- ance of the Boston and Providence Railturned again into the fight. In the fatal road, and other engagements connected battle a week ago Lowell fell, as is re- with railways. On the breaking out of ported, while endeavoring to save a the Rebellion, he offered his services to wounded companion,-fell, soiled with the Government, which were accepted. no ignoble dust, non indecoro pulvere He set about the formation of a regiment, sordidum. Brought to the hospital tent, the 25th Massachusetts Volunteers, with he said to the surgeon who came to dress which he proceeded to Washington in his wound, 'go to some one else, to whom September. He was at once sent to the you can do more good ; you cannot save advance post on the Upper Potomac, me,' like Philip Sydney giving the water where we have found him ready for duty to the soldiers who needed it more than at the first intimation of a movement himself.

Farewell dear child, against the enemy. brave heart, soul of sweetness and fire. So unhappy an affair as that at Ball's We shall see no more that fair, candid Bluff could not be allowed to pass by brow, with its sunny hair, those sincere without bitter comments on the misman eyes, that cheek flushed with the com- agement which led to the melancholy dismingling roses of modesty and courage. aster. The folly of committing men in Go and join the noble group of devoted small detachments, to so untenable a

BALL'S BLUFF IN CONGRESS.

65

position, with such paltry means of com- remarks afford an idea of the impressions munication as the three flat boats at this event, seemingly so difficult of comHarrison's Island, need no military crit- prehension, created on the public mind. icism or judgments to insure its condem- A month after this debate General Stone, nation. It was a blunder for which the having been continued in his command public demanded an account. Why, it on the Potomac, was arrested by an was asked, were not means of communi- order from the War Department, on cation provided, if the movement was charges, it was said, among other mata necessary one, and why was it not ad- ters, involving his conduct at the Batequately supported by the large force tle of Ball's Bluff., Of that, however, no below, on the Virginia side ? Imme- authoritative information was given to diately on the meeting of Congress a re- the public. The fact only was certainly solution was passed by the House of known that he was carried to Fort Representatives, “That the Secretary of Lafayette, and was there detained a War be requested, if not incompatible prisoner of State till the following Augwith the public interest, to report to this ust, when he was released without trial House whether any, and if any, what or any other public proceedings. measures have been taken to ascertain In the month of July the Battle of who is responsible for the disastrous Ball's Bluff was again brought before the movement of our troops at Ball's Bluff ?" | attention of Congress in the speech on To this an answer was received on the the conduct of the war already cited by 16th of December, communicating a letter Senator Chandler of Michigan. The batfrom Adjutant-General Thomas, "that tle of Ball's Bluff was reviewed on this the General-in-Chief of the Army is of occasion, chiefly in reference to the opinion an inquiry on the subject of the neglect of General McClellan and of resolution, would, at this time, be in- General Stone to coöperate with Coljurious to the public service.” A dis- onel Baker by a flanking movement. cussion was held in the House of Repre- The course of Colonel Baker was desentatives on the subject of this resolu- fended on the ground that he had every tion on the 6th of January, 1862, when reason to trust to reinforcements being an animated speech was delivered by Mr. sent, in the confidence that forty thouRoscoe Conkling, a representative from sand effective men, in the divisions of New York, in which he vividly present- McCall, Smith and Stone, were within ed the circumstances attending the battle twelve miles of him ; being ignorant that field at Ball's Bluff. "The chief mourn the commands of the two former had acers for that battle,” said he, “those who tually been withdrawn ; while he was suffered most severely in it--are the exonerated from the charge of rashness States of New York, Massachusetts and by his prudent dispositions in the field, Pennsylvania. To those States it was and the necessity he was under, as a man the battle of Cannæ, for the very pride and of courage and gallantry, of proceeding flower of their young men were among to the relief of the small body of troops its victims. No wonder that the army which had preceded bim, and which were and the country burn with indignation at beset by the enemy when he crossed.

Why," asked the Senator, fortified by "The deep damnation of their taking off.'

the evidence taken before the War ComNo wonder that twenty millions of people mittee, of which he was a member, “ was and their presses are yet discussing this little band permitted to be destroywhether the battle was fought on orders ed by a force little more than double its issued by General Stone, or on forged numbers in the presence of forty thouorders, or on no orders at all.” These sand splendid troops? Why were Mc

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