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no demonstration of applause on the ele- portions of the 89th New York and 6th vation of the national flag. The voice New Hampshire. They immediately proof the multitudes who thronged the oppo- ceeded to Elizabeth city and commenced site shores was, however, not to be re- disembarking on the 19th inst., at midpressed. They sent up three loud cheers night, at a point about three miles below at the sight of the banner, which were on the cast side. Colonel Hawkins' briheard distinctly within the fort.

gade was landed by three o'clock in the There were comparatively few casual- morning, when he was ordered to proties in the reduction of Fort Macon. The ceed at once against South Mills. GenUnion loss at the batteries was but one eral Reno remained to bring up the other killed, William Dart of the 3d artillery, two regiments, which had been detained killed, and two wounded ; and that of by the transports which carried them the enemy within the fort, eight killed getting agroundat the mouth of the river. and twenty wounded, out of a garrison of They came up at daylight, and were four hundred and fifty. “It is remarka- landed by 7 A. M., when General Reno ble,” says Commander Lockwood, “ that proceeded directly toward South Mills. so important a victory should have been About twelve miles out he met Colonel achieved with so little loss of life, partic- Hawkins' brigade, which, owing “either ularly as the interior of the fort was lit- to the treachery or incompetency of the erally covered with the fragments of the guide,” had been led some miles out of bombs and shells, and many of their guns their way, thus defeating the chances of were disabled.”

a surprise, and wearying the men before By a general order dated Beaufort they arrived at the scene of action. The harbor, April 26, General Burnside paid tired brigade then fell behind General his tribute to the officers and men who Reno's fresher regiments, and advanced had secured this victory : “ The general with them four miles further, to within a commanding takes peculiar pleasure in mile and a half of South Mills, or Camthanking General Parke and his brave den. Here the enemy were unexpectedcommand for the patient labor, fortitude, ly discovered, with a battery of four guns and courage displayed in the investment in a line across the road on which the and reduction of Fort Macon. Every expedition was advancing. There was a patriot heart will be filled with gratitude clear open space in front of the guns, and

, to God for having given to our beloved behind was the protection of a dense country such soldiers. The regiments wood. A better position for defence and artillery companies engaged have could not be desired. The 51st Pennsylearned the right to wear upon their colors vania and the 21st Massachusetts were and guidons the words Fort Macon, ordered to pass over by the edge of a April 25, 1862.''

wood on the right to turn the enemy's While General Parke, with his brigade, left, and Colonel Hawkins was presently was engaged in the capture of Fort Ma- sent with the 9th and 89th New York con, General Reno, by order of General to support the movement. The 6th New Burnside, departed from Newbern on an Hampshire was placed to the left to supexpedition to the upper waters of Albe- port four small howitzers in the advance marle sound, in the rear of Norfolk. He on the road, under charge of Colonel left Newbern on the 17th of April with Howard, of the coast guard, who renderthe 21st Massachusetts and 51st Penn-ed most efficient service in the engagesylvania regiments, stopped at Roanoke ment. "As soon," continues General island, and was there joined by a brigade Reno, in his officical report, “ as the 51st commanded by Colonel Hawkins, com- Pennsylvania and 21st Massachusetts posed of part of his 9th New York and had succeeded in turning their left, they

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THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, LENOX AND TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.

A DIVERSION IN THE REAR OF NORFOLK.

403

opened a brisk musketry fire, and about that a portion of the command had to the same time the 9th New York also march forty-five miles, and the others coming in range, and being too eager to thirty-five, and fight a battle in the engage, unfortunately charged upon the meantime, and that all this was accomenemy's artillery. It was a most gallant plished in less than twenty-four hours, I charge, but they were exposed to a most think that the commanding general bas deadly fire of grape and musketry, and every reason to be satisfied with his were forced to retire, but rallied imme- command. Brigadier-General Albert diately upon the 89th New York. I Blanchard, the Confederate commander, then ordered both regiments to form a promptly acceded to the request to pajunction with the 21st Massachusetts. role the wounded, and their surgeon who In the meantime the 51st Pennsylvania had been left with them."* and 21st Massachusetts kept up an in

The Union loss in this affair was 14 cessant fire upon the rebels, who now killed, 96 wounded, and 2 taken prisonhad withdrawn their artillery, and had ers. That of the enemy was not ascercommenced to retreat in good order. tained. The chaplain of the New York The 6th New Hampshire had steadily regiment left in charge of the wounded, advanced in line to the left of the road, reported having seen on the field thirty and when within about 200 yards poured killed, besides several wounded, the main in a most deadly volley, which complete body of the wounded having been taken ly demoralized the enemy and ended from the field when the enemy retreatthe battle. Our men were so completely ed.† General Burnside, in a congratufagged out by the intense heat and their latory order expressed his satisfaction in long march that we could not pursue the courage and endurance shown by the them.

troops in carrying out his directions and “The men rested under arms in line ordered that the regiments engaged in of battle, until about ten o'clock, P. M., the affair inscribe upon their respective when I ordered a return to our boats, colers, “Camden, April 18," a day, he having accomplished the principal object remarked, “already memorable in the of the expedition,, conveying the idea bistory of our country.” It was the day that the entire Burnside expedition was of Lexington, 1775, and of Baltimore, marching upon Norfolk.

Owing to a 1861. want of transportation I was compelled A few days after, on the 23d, a naval to leave some sixteen of our most severe- cxpedition under Lieutenant Flosser was ly wounded men. Assistant Surgeon sent to the Dismal Swamp canal, when Warren was left with the men. I sent a the entrance was obstructed by sinking a flag of truce the next day to ask that schooner, and placing other impediments they might be returned to us. · Com- in the way. There was another engagemander Rowan kindly volunteered to ment on the 6th of June in the vicinity attend to it. We took only a few pris- of Washington, when the 24th Massachuoners, some ten or fifteen. Most of them setts, stationed there, sustained a sharp belonged to the 3d Georgia regiment. conflict with the enemy, with the loss of The 9th New York suffered most severe- seven killed and eleven wounded. In ly, owing to their premature charge. ** July General Burnside was called, with The return march was made in perfect a considerable portion of his force, to order, and few, if any, stragglers were Newport News, to the aid of the Army left behind. Considering that during the of the Potomac. advance the weather was intensely hot,

* Brigadier-General J. L. Reno to Capt. Lewis Richard, and that on the return a severe rain A. A. G. Newbern, N. C., April 22, 1862. rendered the roads very muddy, and

+ General Burnside to Secretary Stanton. Newbern, April 29, 1862

A permanent foothold having been to the arms of General Burnside and his gained at various important points in divisions, here was an old friend who North Carolina, and numerous represen- would receive the oath of allegiance, and tations having from time to time been smooth the way in the most agreeable made, as we have recorded in the demon- manner possible, to the return of the strations on Hatteras island, of the Union people to the beneficent government of feeling of at least a portion of the inhab- the United States. Unfortunately, the itants, the administration at Washington, minds of the people were so perverted ; with a view of conciliation, determined they were so much under the influence to supplement the authority of General or control of the rebel authorities at Burnside, by the appointment of a so- Richmond ; or they were so uncertain of called military governor, with powers the events of the war, that little or nosimilar to those conferred on Andrew thing was to be done, outside of the limJohnson in Tennessee. The Honorable ited area occupied by the United States Edward Stanley, who was selected for forces. The commander-in-chief, in fact, this appointment, belonged to an old and was the inevitable and only genuine milhonored family in North Carolina, and itary governor of North Carolina. Govhad gained considerable distinction as a ernor Stanley could add nothing to the Whig representative from the State in territory subjected to the Union. In Congress, during the administration of vain, in an address on the 17th of June, President Van Buren. He had, for at Washington, when the citizens of the some years past, pursued his profession neighboring counties were freely admitof the law in California, where he re- ted within the Union lines to the assemceived the commission calling him once bly, he called upon the people of the more to his native State. On his arrival State to return to their allegiance, and at Washington in May, 1862, he received warned them of the danger of persisting his instructions from the War Department in the rebellion. They either could not, and at the close of the month made his or would not, contend against the usurappearance in his new character at New- pation of Jefferson Davis. A conference bern. " It is obvious to you," wrote proposed by Governor Stanley to GoverSecretary Stanton in a letter of instruc- nor Vance, who was thought not to be tions, “that the great purpose of your on the best of terms with the Confederate appointment is to reëstablish the author- government, met with as little success, ity of the national government in the the rebel governor declining the interState of North Carolina, and to provide view. the means of maintaining peace and se- There was some excitement at Newcurity to the loyal inhabitants of that bern immediately upon Governor StanState, until they shall be able to estab- ley's arrival, in reference to the treatment lish a civil government. Upon your of the negro population. Entertaining wisdom and energetic action much will the hope of freedom, they had welcomed depend in accomplishing that result. It the Union army and rendered it many is not deemed necessary to give any spe- important services. Placed in a depencific instructions, but rather to confide in dent position, they were necessarily cared your sound discretion to adopt such mea- for by the military authorities. It hapsures as circumstances may demand.” pened opportunely that there was pres

The mission, in fact, was a conciliatory ent with the army a gentleman peculiarly expedient, and depended for its force suited to attend to their welfare. This altogether upon the loyal disposition of was Mr. Vincent Colyer, an estimable the inhabitants. If there were any whose artist of New York, who had been inpride would be wounded by submission duced by his philanthropy to proceed to

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