Providence and the Invention of the United States, 1607-1876
Nicholas Guyatt offers a completely new understanding of a central question in American history: how did Americans come to think that God favored the United States above other nations? Tracing the story of American providentialism, this book uncovers the British roots of American religious nationalism before the American Revolution and the extraordinary struggles of white Americans to reconcile their ideas of national mission with the racial diversity of the early republic. Making sense of previously diffuse debates on manifest destiny, millenarianism, and American mission, Providence and the Invention of the United States explains the origins and development of the idea that God has a special plan for America. This conviction supplied the United States with a powerful sense of national purpose, but it also prevented Americans from clearly understanding events and people that could not easily be fitted into the providential scheme.
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abolition abolitionists African American Colonization Society American history American independence American Revolution antislavery argued argument audience Boston Britain British Britons Cambridge century Cheever Christian Church Civil colonists colonization conﬁdence conﬁrmed conﬂict Cong Congressional Globe debate declared Delivered difﬁculties divine Douglass Duch´e early emancipation empire England English fast day favor Federalists ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst free blacks French Revolution future Garrison George God’s plan Harper’s Haven historical providentialism Ibid idea Indians inﬂuence insisted James James Henley Thornwell January John judicial providentialism Liberia liberty Lincoln London Magazine manifest destiny Massachusetts minister mission national providentialism Native Americans North northern offered Oration Oxford Patriot Philadelphia political Price’s promised proslavery Providence Puritan race racial Reﬂections religious removal Republicans Review rhetoric Richard Price role scheme Sermon Preached sess signiﬁcance slavery slaves Smith Society South southern suggested Thomas United University Press Virginia Washington white Americans William William Lloyd Garrison Winthrop York