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been given to the agents of the Federal her to be ignominiously oppressed and Government to proceed hereafter under degraded. But I cannot, will not beyour direction, and the company and field lieve that a majority of you are not true officers will be commissioned by you.” sons, who will not give your blood and

The secessionist Governor, John Letch- your treasure for Virginia's defence." er, met these declarations of independ- The Governor, at the same time, reence, and the efforts to defend it, on the minded the people of Western Virginia part of the new Governor, with a coun- of the “magnanimity” of the Eastern ter manifesto, asserting that Virginia districts, in consenting at last to an had seceded by a vote of the majority of equalization of taxation, by which the her people, and appealing to the West- cause of complaint of the former against ern Virginians “to yield to the will of the latter had been removed. “Let one the State.”

heart," exclaimed the Governor, “one “Men of the North-west,” he said, mind, one energy, one power nerve “I appeal to you, by all the considera every patriot to arms in a common tions which have drawn us together as cause. The heart that will not beat in one people heretofore, to rally to the unison with Virginia is now a traitor's standard of the Old Dominion. By all heart, the arm that will not strike home the sacred ties of consanguinity, by the in her cause now, is palsied by coward intermixtures of the blood of East and fear. West, by common paternity, by friend- "The troops are posted at Huttonsships hallowed by a thousand cherished ville. Come with your own good weaprecollections and memories of the past, ons and meet them as brothers !" by the relics of the great men of other Such proclamations and counter-procdays, come to Virginia's banner, and ( lamations and appeals to diverse loyaldrive the invaders from your soil. ties only served to quicken the rage of There may be traitors in the midst of fellow-citizen arrayed against fellow-cityou, who, for selfish ends, have turned izen, and more deeply to involve them against their mother, and would permit in the perplexing horrors of civil war.



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Failure in Missouri of General Harney's League.--Harney's Successor of "sterner stuff."--Life of General Lyon.-Birth

and early Life.--Parentage.-His rustic home.-Early fondness for Mathematics.-A cadet at West Point. -Grad. uation.-Service in the Army.---Mexican Campaign.-Good deeds and just recompenses.--Service in California. Indian Warfare.-In Kansas.-Sympathies with the Free-soilers.-Takes up the pen in their defence.-His writings and opinions.-Captain Lyon in command of the Arsenal at St. Louis.-His prompt action at the beginning of the Civil War.--Capture of Fort Jackson.-Seizure of the J. C. Swan.-Capture of lead at Ironton.-Lyon succeeds Harney.-Unsuccessful attempt of the secessionist Price to wheedle him.-Lyon refuses to be governed by the Harney League.- Alarm of the Secessionists.—The muster of the Secessionists in Jefferson City.- Personal interview of Governor Jackson with General Lyon.-Firmness of Lyon.- The Secessionists giving up all hope of promoting their cause by diplomacy.- Making a stand at Jefferson City.--Destruction of Telegraph and Railway bridges.--Proclamation of Governor Jackson.—Counter-proclamation of General Lyon.-General Lyon determines to rout out the disunion plotters from Jefferson City.

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THE league which General Harney | memory with the tribute : “He would

had, with a too yielding confidence have been an honor to any country.” 1861.

“ in their professions of peace, made. There is little record left of the boywith the secession leaders of Missouri, hood of General Lyon. It was passed failed, as has been recorded, to check among the simple associations of his rebellion in that State. After his re- rustic home. In the winter he was sent call, and the succession to the command to the village school, and in seed-time of General Lyon, a man of sterner and harvest he aided his father or his stuff, Missouri promised to vindicate neighbors in farm-work. An aged felmore decidedly its loyalty to the Union. low-townsman in recalling, at the grave

Nathaniel Lyon was born in Ashford, of the heroic soldier, his recollections of

ndham County, Connecticut. His the country boy, said: “Nathaniel father was Amasa Lyon, a hard-working worked for me on my farm when he was and thriving farmer of the place, where a boy. He was smart, daring, and reshis intelligence and integrity won the olute, and wonderfully attached to his appreciation of its inhabitants, who mother.” elected him a justice of the peace. His | General Lyon, on the night before his wife, whose family name was Kezia, was last battle, while lying with a fellowa descendant of the Knowltons, one of officer between two steep rocks, where whom, Colonel Thomas Knowlton, had the space was so narrow that there was served in the French colonial war, and hardly room to move, made light of the in the Revolutionary struggle, having inconvenience, and playfully remarked, commanded a Connecticut company at with a fond allusion to his home, that Bunker's Hill, and fallen on the plains he was “born between two rocks." He of Harlem. Washington honored his referred to the position of the house

where he was born, and the homestead of Vera Cruz, and at the battle of Cerro
of his family, which “stands about four Gordo, where his good service was ac-
miles from Eastford (Ashford was divided knowledged by the commander of his
in 1847, and the name of the northern regiment. No sooner,” said he,“ had
portion of the township changed to the height become ours, than the enemy
Eastford), on the road to Hampton. appeared in large force on the Jalapa
Leaving the little hamlet of Phoenix- road, and we were ordered to that
ville,” says his biographer, ** "we climb point. Captain Canby, with a small de-
a long hill, thence over a rough road to tachment, accompanied by Lieutenant
a valley, nestled in which, between two Lyon, pressed hotly in their rear, and
steep and rocky hills, about twenty rods were soon in possession of a battery of
from the highway, is the house—a small, three pieces which had been firing upon
old building, somewhat out of repair, us in reverse.”
with rusty clapboards, which were once At Contreras, too, he bore a gallant
painted red."

part, and in the pursuit aided in cap-
Though he found in the village school turing several pieces of artillery, which
little opportunity for the development were turned upon the fugitives. For
of his talent, he is reported to have his good conduct and spirit at Churu-
shown a natural aptitude and fondness busco, he was recommended by his
for the study of mathematics. This superior to "the special notice of the
early taste probably induced his parents colonel commanding the brigade," and
to obtain for him an appointment to a was rewarded for his services with the
cadetship in West Point, where he en- rank of brevet captain. At the capture
tered at the age of eighteen. He grad- of the Mexican capital, he was with the
uated in 1841, ranking the eleventh of advance, and while fighting spiritedly at
his class, a position which proved a fair the Belen gate, was wounded with a
degree of successful study. He com- musket-ball.
menced his military service, on leaving On the declaration of
the academy, as a second lieutenant of Mexico, Lyon, now captain, was ordered
infantry, and first entered upon active to Jefferson barracks, in Missouri, pre-
duty in Florida, during the campaign liminary to a proposed march across the
against the Seminole Indians. He was Rocky Mountains to California. He
subsequently stationed at various points was, however, finally despatched by se:
on our Western frontier, and on the around Cape Horn, and reached Cali-
breaking out of the war with Mexico, fornia soon after its acquisition by the
accompanied the army of Scott as first United States. Here he was chiefly oc-
lieutenant. He took part in the siege cupied with frontier duty, and proved

his activity and his capability as a skir• The Last Political Writings of General Nathaniel Lyon, mishing officer in Indian warfare. United States Army, with a Sketch of his Life and Military Services. New York, Rudd & Carleton, 1861.

Subsequently ordered to the territo

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