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from Mrs. Johnson's, where he boarded, he to sit with him, and tell him, with an interest would be much obliged.” So he wrote a list, which surprised myself, of the events of that and I took it to the store, and having done my little world, of the troubled or peaceful reign, own errands, came cheerfully back, glad that I of some touching or amusing incident! The carried in my hand two letters for Arthur. One children began to love me, and often brought had many stamps and marks on it, and I felt me tokens of their affection, in flowers and sure that it was from the artist-brother, and so fruit, which I brought, in my turn to Arthur; it proved. Arthur read me many extracts from and sometimes I took one of the little girls, who it, and I knew the two brothers were much had a very sweet voice, home with me, to sing alike, and worthy of each other.
to him, for I, alas ! could not sing. How I enThe other was from his only sister, who was vied that little one as she stood by his bedside a great invalid, and had not been apprised of and sang to him the hymns he loved, in her this accident.
clear, childish voice, “On Jordan's stormy That night Sam Johnson brought the things, banks I stand," and "Jesus, lover of my soul,” and I unpacked them from the basket in which while he drank in the sounds with a delight his mother had carefully placed them. There easily read in his rapt countenance. Ah! how were several books, two pictures, a pretty white swiftly those weeks flew by, while Arthur vase-It was my mother's, Arthur said, as I Brownly staid with us. They are the sunshine took it out, and I sent for it to put your flow- of my memory, and all of gladness and of ers in, Miss Margaret'a writing desk, and a pleasure that has flowed into my life since then few articles of clothing. The two pictures I had its source in those two months. have now, and as I gaze upon them, the happy I often read to him in the bible, and as he hours come back in which Arthur and I talked loved to hear a little at a time, and then to talk them over. One was a bright sunset, shining it over, it became to me a new book. It gained in a quiet valley, and touching every tree and a personal familiar character, as I saw how earock with tongues of flame. The still river was gerly he appropriated it to himself, how it susmolten gold, and the dark figures of the cattle tained and cheered him. One day, when I had grazing on the shore, and drinking a little way been reading in the fourteenth chapter of John, down the stream, relieved the dazzling water. of the peace which the world can neither give The windows of the village glistened back the nor take away, he raised his beautiful eyes to beams of splendor, and the purple clouds were mine and said: “Margaret, have you this fringed with gold.
The other was a quiet, peaceful morning I burst into tears; and when he took my hand scene. The sky was blue, and varied here and in his thin fingers, and spoke tenderly of the there with soft white clouds. There was a peace which had so long been his, and of Him beautiful green meadow, with hills swelling up whom, as he said, he followed, “ feebly and afar on either side, a few elms in the foreground, off,” I begged him to lead me to those still waover-arching the picture with interlacing ters. boughs, and far back mighty forests and cloud- From that time our intercourse was deeper capped mountains. The artist brother had and nearer. We read no more of poetry or painted them for Arthur ere he left home. The travels; the Bible and the Hymn-book were first was a view of their native village, the other our daily study. He was the teacher, and I a fancy; “The Land of Beulah,” Arthur called was the scholar; and day by day as I drank it.
from these living fountains he became more ex“ How often, after that, I sat gazing on those alted in my eyes. Out of school hours I was pictures, and talked of them with Arthur! However at his side-by turns his scholar and his I loved them, as he pointed out to me beauties my nurse. In all this time he had many hours of unaccustomed eye had not at first discovered! pain, but was always so cheerful, that I do not How often we read those books together, some think of them when I remember the heavenly times one, and sometimes the other, being read- days in which he sojourned with us. er! How he led my soul upward through those daily more gentle and peaceful, and began to books, till my dull heart, fairly aroused, began care more for those around me. My mother to seek after the peace which was his anchor in was astonished at my happy but thoughtful his hours of pain! How much pleasanter was face, and I knew from the pleasant smiles that the school while I practiced there the lesson of were returned to my greetings, that my own patience and love he indirectly taught me; and had been warmer than of old. I now and then how gladly did I hasten home when it was over, went, at Arthur's request, to see some poor
people whom he had aided, and carried them so sweet since I knew you-I had such bright his alms, and so learned to know the very poor, darling? I love you more than you know-but
visions. We shall meet in heaven, shall we not, and give them such aid as my scanty purse I leave you in God's hands-He knows bestwould allow. And so they passed, those days love Him, and we shall meet, and never part, in of happiness, and I said to myself, with a thank- heaven.” ful heart: “My cup runneth over.”
I could not answer, but bending down I kissBut sorrow was at hand, though my heart did flowing tears wet his cheek. "He smiled so
ed him passionately many times, while my fastnot feel its coming shadow. Love, strong and sweetly, and looked so like an angel as he lay true, had sprung up in my heart for him who there, that I could not stay. I went to my own lay helpless beneath our roof, yet in his help- room, and prayed in an agony for strength, till lessness was so much stronger and wiser than but he seemed to sleep. As morning dawned,
strength came. I sat with him all that night, I. And no troubling doubts crossed my mind he roused again, and stretching out his arms to whether he loved me, as might have vexed me me, said: “good bye, darling!" had he been well, and mingling in the society supernatural strength, then
fell back on his pil
For a moment he held me to his heart with of others. Now he was all my own, and I low. So he lay for some time, with my hand thought not of the days of separation that clasped in his, and then said softly, with a ramight come. At last the time came, and we diant smile:- I will arise and go to my father! were severed, but not by his altered heart, nor then all was
In my father's house are many mansions !” And forever.
For a day or two I was very calm, but after Gradually the doctor grew graver when he the funeral was over, and the house was quiet came. Strange symptoms began to show them- again, the loneliness seemed intolerable. For selves in Arthur. Though his limb healed, he many weeks the world seemed very dark, and
å terrible burden, but I repeated over and seemed to gain no strength; his cough grew over to myself, Arthur's dear words. I read more alarming, and one morning the fit of again and again in the Bible the texts and pascoughing resulted in a violent hemorrhage. I was sages he loved, and at last a sweet peace enteraway at the time, and as I had tried to shut my troubles since then, but nothing could shake
ed my heart, never to depart. I have had many eyes to his daily increasing weakness, which that abiding sense of rest. All seemed light afwas not so hard when the spirit within burned ter that one great sorrow, and life has never so bright, when the smile was ever ready on his been to me the gloomy, weary thing it was be
fore I knew him. In living for others' comfort, lips, on my return, I was shocked at his pallor I have found happiness myself
. He left me in and his prostrate condition. For several days his will (a few words written with difficulty, he was forbidden to speak, and I sat by him, while he was ill, but which no one disputed,) a while at home, with a heavy heart; though when small sum to carry out some charitable plans he
had formed, and this gave me employment for he smiled his thanks for any little attention, I
some time, which was very sweet, for it seemed forced myself to smile too. Once when he raised as if his spirit ever hovered over me, while I my hand to his lips, as I handed him a glass of fulfilled his wishes. My scholars were more inwater, I left the room, and in my own chamber teresting to me because he had cared for them,
and all life seemed thus brightened with him. gave way to my uncontrollable grief. But How often I repeated to myself the words gravdreading to lose sight of him, I soon subdued en on his head-stone: “He being dead yet speakmy emotion, and returned again to minister to eth!”. the patient and gentle sufferer.
And now I shall not wait much longer. I am
not strong, and age creeps upon me fast. The For some time after he was allowed to speak. children whom Arthur knew are grown up now, He seemed to have something on his mind that and their children now fill the benches where he could not trust himself to say, but would they sat in my little school-room. With every follow me with his eyes around the room, or lay heaven. Mother went long ago, and I am only
year that passes, I rejoice that I am nearer gazing at me as I sat at work, till it seemed as waiting the Lord's will, knowing I shall soon if I must give way to myself, and allow the see him I have loved so long. When I look pent-up feelings to burst forth. But I restrain, back upon my life, I am thankful to God for ed myself for his sake. Only at night, when I that great joy which has left its shining through should have slept, watering my pillow with all my days, notwithstanding the dark cloud of tears, I besought God to spare him to me yet a sorrow that came with it. The cloud has grown little while.
lighter with every passing year, and now, as I One afternoon I had thrown open the blinds come nearer to the brightness of heaven, the to let into his room the golden rays of the set- two glories meet, and life is a sweet peace, a ting sun, and resumed my place at his side, calm waiting. Thus I dwell in the land of Beuwhen he stretched out his hand for mine, and lah; feeling every night when I lie down, that holding it tenderly in his own, he said to me in ere the morning may come the summons, and broken sentences :
every morning that the evening may find me “ Margaret, my sun is almost set. I am going lying on my death-bed. Then, then shall I fast. At first it seemed so hard-life has been find him waiting for me!-Knickerbocker.
For the Schoolmaster.
the important characteristics of a child's mind The Education of Children Under Five are fixed before it is four years old. Certainly Years of Age.
that course of training that slaughters one
seventh of its subjects in one year, and twoThe teacher of a high school knows what
fifths in five years, which has enlisted into serqualifications are necessary for candidates for
vice for its amelioration the energies of the most admission to his school, and he is familiar with
distinguished teacher of modern times, and has the course of training to which thry should be
drawn from the leading educator of Great Bripreviously subjected. At the examination of
tain the remarkable statement above quoted, the new class, or a few weeks afterwards, he has at least a claim on our attention. Let us, can tell in what studies the children from school then, pass its important points in review, to A excel, or else are deficient, and in what those draw thence such useful deductions or timely from school B. So the teachers of the grammar warnings as we may. schools are aware that preparation is made in
Shall we divide education into mental, moral the primary schools, that there the elements of reading, spelling and arithmetic should be learn- and physical, as many do ? Perhaps it would ed, the foundation of orderly and industrious
be well, yet with this reservation; that the onhabits laid ; and they, too, can easily detect any the child is affected, is not trice, made up of
ly education really existing, that by which only deficiency in the preparatory studies and train
these three units, but an indivisible whole, whose ing. But the primary teacher, I fear, too often supposes that children have received no educa- leading characteristics, for our convenience and
because of our imperfect powers, we study setion before coming under her charge; that hitherto they have eaten, played and slept, but now
parately. So we study sepals, petals, stamens their education really commences.
and pistils separately, neither of which is a
flower; so the properties of sulphur, of oxygent Yet there has been development before the of iron, but neither of these is copperas. fifth birth-day, training and education also ; and I propose to consider, for a few moments,
Which of our powers, the mental, moral or some of the more important features, to sketch
physical, shall be first considered ? Is one set onthe outlines of this five years' course, as a scho
ly developed during the first year, another later, lar at the blackboard maps out the broad sur
and the third afterwards ? No, all of these ex
ist potentially, if not actually, from the time of face of some great State, stretches out the chains
birth; occasion or developinent is necessary to of mountains, runs the courses of the rivers, and locates the important towns.
call them forth, so that we can easily discover
them. Does one receive far more of direct atThere has been development, for see there a child running hither and thither, gracefully
tention from nature during the first five years
than the others? Yes, and that division, in inoving its limbs and poising its body, showing
some respects the lowest, is the physical. And signs of love and aversion, of joy and of sorrow, quick in its observations, having great
yet nature gives this the more attention with an powers of will, and wielding with more or less eye to the welfare of the others, laying it down skill that subtle instrument, the English lan
as the basis on which only it can safely and
surely rear its perfected fabric, a well-poised guage. Five years ago it was helpless, scarcely
human soul. exhibiting emotion, nearly regardless of the world about it, its will dormant and its tongue natural education of the muscles, and at what
What are some of the important steps in this dumb. This period in the life of the child has also age are they generally taken ? Crying, as soon
as born; then kicking and sprawling; sitting been considered as an impottant one, by those
up, at six months; creeping, eight months; acknowledged wise and humane. Miss Night
standing, eleven; walking, twelve to fifteen ; ingale says that of the infants in England one in seven dies before the end of the first year, till the age of five.
then incessant playing, alternating with sleep, and that, in London, two out of five die before the end of the fifth year. Pestalozzi thought Two points are to be noticed in the above dethis period so important that he devoted many velopment. 1. Certain muscles, those of the of the best and ripest of his years to investigat- chest and some others, are used in crying, a very ing and explaining the best methods of rightly good and a pretty violent exercise. Others are improving it. Lord Brougham is reported to used in the motions of the arms and legs; those have said, at a recent educational meeting, that of the back in sitting, and so on through creep.
ing, standing and running. There is progres- soft to bear the weight of his body. But they sion from few to more; the exercises are so might have been made strong enough. What, graded as to keep bringing into play fresh mus- then, is the final cause ? cles. 2. It is easily seen that there is progres- Let us call the self, the person and the sum sion, from less to more difficult. So that na- total of his powers, “the I"; the rest of the ture, in her first lessons, lays down two impor- universe “ the Not-I.” Now as adults, hithtant fundamental rules in education : from less erto blind, when sight is suddenly bestowed on to more, from simple to complex.
them, do not readily distinguish between the I What end has nature in view, when she keeps and the Not-I, so is it with all in infancy. The this young being in continual motion, except in Not-I is harsh and inexorable; incapable of afsleep, gradually increasing the number and the fection, it has no consideration for the feelings complexity of her exercises? The final cause, of others. It is antagonistic to the life of the if final causes we can comprehend, is to secure child, until it has learned to extract its sting by a well-developed physical nature, so that in af-acting in obedience to its laws. If fire, it says ter life not only may no sickly body dwarf the to the child, I will burn you; if water, I will soul's stature, but when great crises come, when drown you; if cold, I will freeze you; if the a great grief impends, or a great pecuniary loss hard floor, I will thump you; if sharp corners, is threatened, and the mental powers are strain- I will blind you; if the open window, I will ed, or the body taxed, to the utmost, neither dash you in pieces, until my secret is learned ; may break down through the weakness of the after that I will be the ready servant of your latter. Two days' work in one is at times im- will. posed on every man; weeks of mental agony Now, if the babe, in its ignorance, with the seem crowded into hours. How fortunate is it full force and command of its physical powers, then to be borne up by a vigorous physical con- should rush against these agencies, life would stitution.
be ended, ere its first hour is past, development But what means does nature employ to keep would be arrested, nature's plan frustrated. As the child in motion ? For the object nature has it is, with feeble strength, it, at first, tries them; in view, is not comprehended by it. It is im- receives here a scratch, there a thump, a knock, pelled to ends and by means that it knows not a burn, a fall. It is experimenting; these are of.
the experiments of its nursery, important and Matter, we see, is still, unmovable, except practical ones, too, which we, by a strange cawhen some force is applied to it. Here is a ball price, spell and pronounce experience. By harsh at rest; it does not move; give one stroke, it trials the properties and more common laws of goes to the right; another, it goes to the left, matter are learned, and it governs itself accordand when the force is spent rests as before. ingly. Nature grants it its physical powers From repeated observations we at last get to in proportion as she gives it skill and caution the belief that matter moves not except when in the use of them. The final cause sought for acted on by some force, and the force originates then, is, that power to rush into extreme danin our spirit, or in some other spirit.
ger may not be granted anterior to experience, Spirit is also acted on by what are called mo- this latter not being needed by animals, who tives, active powers,—1. The appetites ; 2. The have, in instinct, a perfect guide, yet one incadesires; 3. The affections; 4. Self-love. But pable of progress. besides these there is the pleasure that the young The growth of the body and exercise, one of all animals feel, that arising from physical through need of material, and the other through exercise, which, in part, accounts for the glad- waste of it, demand aliment, nourishing food some bounding of a child as well as for the play- and drink. The increase of the size of the body ful gambols of the kitten. Nature, by means of in infancy is rapid, and, in the earlier years of the pleasure accompanying muscular action, se- childhood, the waste, from continuous motion, cures, when other agencies fail, physical devel- is great. Hence, the appetites, hunger and thirst, opment.
are at that period keen. It might, perhaps, have Ducks waddle and paddle about, and fishes been left to our observation, to learn from the swim, as soon as they are born. Why has not the sensations of weakness and prostration, at man as full possession of his bodily powers at what times it is desirable to take food; and birth? Some may say that the structure of his good sense, in some, might have prescribed rebody does not allow it, that his bones are too gular periods for taking it, withoạt the spur of the appetites. But how often, in the most me- this drug, which destroys the young man, is ofthodical of individuals, would engrossing plea- ten implanted in his system in infancy. Assure, or the press of business, or intense love of tonished neighbors and weeping friends wonder study, put off the regular meal, and both mind that the boy should take to so evil courses ; his and body thereby suffer. Otten, too, some is the most of the suffering, but his not wholly younger and more dependent one among us or chiefly the blame. Truth points out for remight perish, did not appetite, by its sharp de- proach and warning, those guardians of the mands, loudly make known to us its wants. young, who, for the sake of an extra leisure Nature has, therefore, wisely implanted in us the hour, or to be present at the evening party, twin appetites, hunger and thirst, which, taking stilled his cries, or hushed him early to slumber, their rise from the body, and recurring at regu- by the use of narcotics. A mother, who, unlar intervals, are allayed by the food they crave der such circumstances, would administer opifor.
ates to her babe, is unworthy the glorious gift of How appropriate is the natural food of the a child. Something in excuse, indeed, might be infant. Could some wise chemist, on analyzing pleaded by the tired washer-woman, and jaded the human body, set aside separately the matc- seamstress ; such are to be pardoned, not justirials of which it is compounded, the oxygen
fied; their wearied bodies need rest; and they and nitrogen, the phosphorous and the sulphur, know not, perhaps, the harm they do. Those, and then cast about to compose some aliment, at least, are to be reproved who act thus to save which should contain all these elements in due an additional hour of watching and tending. proportion, and in a form palatable to the in- Not only have great geniuses, Coleridge and fant and easily taken, he could devise none oth- DeQuincy, Burns and Poe, been shorn of much er than nature has provided.
of their power and happiness by alcohol and opiBut at the age of twelve or fifteen months and um, but their sad effects on households throughthereafter, what are the most appropriate food out all civilized communities are but too appaand drinks for the child? Water, bread and rent. Errors here in education, more harmful milk; the fruits, such as apples, pears, peaches
than in the after course of school studies, slay and grapes, ripe and uncooked; the berries, as
their thousands. strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, and cur
But why were children made so helpless, so rants; juicy beef, rare ; poultry, and well-cook- dependent on their parents for protection, sheled mutton; white bread and brown, with sweet ter, food and clothing: The helplessness of butter. All these articles of food are palata- infancy awakens all the tenderness of a mother's ble, easily digested and nutritious. But veal heart. The babe is watched, tended, cared for, and pork, preserves and pastry, cakes and can- played with ; love more than repays the troudies are not to be recommended. Some child.ble, or rather there is no trouble. Through the ren are allowed to sit at table with their parents mutual exchange of kindly offices and of affecand eat everything that the parents do. I can- tion, of filial and maternal love, domestic bliss is not but think that roast pork and hot buck- increased. The affections which spring up in wheat cakes, mince pies and hot biscuits, are the sacred precincts of the family-circle, welloften the cause of convulsions in children ap- ing over, first reach the near relatives, then parently healthy, and of sudden and violent friends, towns-people, the State, one's country, paroxysms of sickness.
and the world, in somewhat modified form Buc there is another class of substances often in each, so that Christian philanthropy embraaduinistered to babes and young children, by cing all our kind, the patriotism that is ready untrustworthy nurses and weak if not wicked to suffer and to lose all for country, may have mothers. I refer here not only to the gin and some of their sources in the weakness of babes whiskey rightly complained of, in former times, newly born. by the good Washingtonians, but to those per- The appetites are not susceptible of educanicious compounds, extracts of opium and tinction in any proper sense of the term, except that tures of morphine, sold under the names of they are to be subjected to control. With this paregoric, carminative and cordial, combining proviso they should be left as nature gave them in one all the odious qualities of opium and of to us, only not perverted. Attention and edualcohol. The use of opium in these forms goes, cation divert them from their natural use, – to hand in hand, with that other increasing evil, warn us when the body needs nourishment,opium eating. Undoubtedly, the hankeriug forland cause gluttony, drunkenness and misery.