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sun, the sleepers leave their moist couch, the camp been regaling himself, but a little too late for his fire slowly sends it curling smoke from the soggy victim. His tent is up, he sits down patiently embers, the repast of coarse bread and rock bass, waiting for the supper bell. Our table is spread, done brown, is hastily devoured, the tent is struck, and sitting around through the grass, we eat like the boats glide from the shore and we bid adieu men fiercely hungry. The exploits of the day pass to "Chimney Island," and our course is onward in review, and ere the table had been lightened of its towards the dim landmarks far up the widening contents, our camp-fire glimmers among the dark stream. Our trolls are skimming the weedy shores; ravines in the back-ground, and the night hawk now and then a pike leaps at the shining bait; he whews aloft, the loons scream a "good night," is caught, and after a fierce struggle he takes an and snuggly nestled closer than sardines, we sleep unwilling berth on board our craft. He flounders "on our guns," calmly awaiting a summons, as we and leaps to drink once more the limpid waters, hear often distant skirmishing among the picket but nay, a victim, he ceases his throes, and slowly musquitoes. winks defiance to his artful captors.

10 o'clock-our "camp fire has gone out on the
musquitoe cry is fast dying in the
Good night.
Yours truly,

After a day of varied success our second "stage" shore, and the is found, many "parasangs' " from the last an- lonely west." chorage. A woody island, without a name, whose shores slope to the water's edge, fringed with the drooping birch and quivering poplar, invites us to its hospitality, as the sinking sun gilds its distant top with its unclouded rays.

at us.


PRIMARY instruction is of such vast importance, forming, as it does, the basis of the whole superstructure of knowledge, that we cannot fail now Now our boats are moored. Please take a look and then to direct especial attention to the subject. Between two large stones a fellow is light- It was with peculiar pleasure that sometime since ing a fire; dry sticks and leaves soon catch the we were permitted to partially examine the plan spark. He leaves the hearthstone, and, knife in and detail of a new Primary Geography about behand, sits down upon a flat stone. Several noblei ng published by Prof. Allen, of West Chester, black bass, just from cool water depths, await his Pa. A friend has furnished us the following exfearful scalpin. Now the scales fly, and cross-leg- tract from a letter from H. C. Hickok, Esq., late ged he prepares the fish for the evening fry. This Superintendent of Public Instruction, Pensylvafish monger is by no means a handsome man. He nia, which, as it calls attention to the defects in wears an old slouched hat, pants hung upon lofty the primary text-books now in use, we take pleaboot-tops, red shirt sleeves rolled to the arm-pits, sure in laying before our readers, feeling assured unshaven face, well parched by the sun, nose show-that one want, at least, is about to be supplied by ing the varied hues of vermillion and copper. He the Primary Geography referred to therein : is no singer, but as he dreams of fish and fried po- "It is true there is more interest taken in pritatoes, he tries to sing, and drily you might have mary instruction than formerly,' yet this comheard him growling out of his asthmatic throat, mendable zeal is not always happily directed. Paat every scrape over the finny victim, the beautiful rents who direct the studies of their children, as song, "In the days when we went a fishing, a long well as teachers of any considerable experience, time ago." By the fire stand several necessary come to very positive conclusions on this subject. articles, here a small bag of salt, neck open, stand- "Much that is both childish and abstruse, withing upright, as if to dry itself from the cold bath out being either child-like or lucid, finds it way of the previous evening. By its side an iron basin, into our primary text-books. A large proportion, innocent of water since it left the kitchen of the at least of the primary geographies of the day, good dame at home; near a small stew kettle, used strikingly illustrate this fact. For instance, 'What for the three fold purpose of boiling potatoes, mak- is the Earth? We have for answer, 'The planet ing tea, bringing water, and like the face of the on which we live.' Thus darkening counsel by cross-legged fellow on the rock, it has a long han- words which impart no knowledge, so far as the dle, by no means inconvenient. Scattered around mind of the child is concerned. If the teacher in generous profusion, lie sugar, tea, pickles, but- does not happen to be reasonably intelligent, there ter, knives, forks, (of solid tin) plates, a pepper is an end of the question, but not of the puzzled box, shawls, buffalo skins, powder, shot, caps, conjectures of the pupil. Even if the instructor raspberry vinegar, jack knives, guns, fishing tac-be more knowing, it is not always certain that the kles, hatchet, fire lighters, matches, wet and dry-child gets safely over the stumbling block that the former are not allowed to be used, as they will thus meets him at the threshold. His difficulties keep much better than the others. At a little dis- are not lessened when he afterwards encounters tance, a tall and over good looking man is unroll-Latitude and Longitude,' Climates, Zones and ing the tent, and sits busily on a stump investigat- Circles,' &c., &c., treated in the same blind, meing the mysteries of a hard knot in the tent cord; chanical manner that discourages and retards inever and anon he stops, and with a frightful slap, struction, instead of advancing it by a luminous he strikes precisely where a huge musquitoe had and intelligible method of presentation.

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"I am glad that a new Primary Geography by no need to fear or be doubtful of the issue. As Prof. F. A. Allen, of the Chester County Normal soon as we deserve it, victory will be ours; and School, is in course of completion, intended to were we to win it before, it would be an empty and supply a prevalent want and avoid the defects barren triumph. All history is but the prophecy which have been alluded to. From your explana- of our final success,- and Milton has put the tion of its plan and methods of illustration, and prophecy into words: Go on, O Nation, never to from my personal knowledge of his experience as be disunited! Be the praise and the heroic song a teacher, and my observation of his tact, skill of all posterity! Merit this, but seek only virtue, and success in imparting geographical knowledge not to extend your limits, (for what needs to win a to young pupils, I am of the opinion that the work fading triumphant laurel out of the tears of wretchwill be timely and popular, and will be welcomed ed men ?) but to settle the pure worship of God in by very many who have felt that something better his Church, and justice in the State. Then shall was greatly needed on this subject. the hardest difficulties smooth out themselves be fore thee; envy shall sink to hell, craft and malice be confounded, whether it be home-bred mischief or out-landish cunning; yea, other nations will then covet to serve thee, for lordship and victory are but the pages of justice and virtue. Use thine invincible might to do worthy and godlike deeds. and then he that seeks to break your union, a cleaving curse be his inheritance to all generations!'"

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THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY for September fully sustains the high character the magazine has acquired for literary excellence. The article entitled, "The advantages of Defeat," is just what the people of the North need to arouse them to the magnitude of the strife in which we are engaged. We extract a portion of the closing paragraph:


"Honor and courage are part of our religion; and the coward or man careless of honor in our I send you the following from the pen of our army of liberty should fall under heavier shame Captain, T. D. Shaw, who himself has been dethan ever rested on the disgraced soldier in for-servedly successful, and has felt the influence of mer times. The sense of honor is finer than the such opposition. I think it is the experience of common sense of the world. It counts no cost all who are any way successful in life, and it is im and reckons no sacrifice great. "Then the king portant to those starting in life to be forewarned. wept, and dried his eyes, and said, "Your courage I thought of writing you a letter, but fear the had neere hand destroyed you, for I call it folly train of thought suggested by being down here knights to abide when they be overmatched." watching secessionists would not be very appropos "Nay," said Sir Lancelot and the other, "for for an educational magazine. I am now on board once shamed may never be recovered." The ex- the U. S. Steamer Montgomery; have a good sitamples of Bayard, — sans peur et sans reproche, uation as officer of the ship, (if there is any good of Sidney, of the heroes of old or recent days, about war situations.) I would like very much to are for our imitation. We are bound to be no less hear from you or receive THE SCHOOLMASTER. worthy of praise and remembrance than they. They did nothing too high for us to imitate. And in their glorious company we may hope that some of our names may yet be enrolled, to stand as the inspiring exemplars and the models for coming MAXIM.If you want enemies, succeed in excelling others. If times. If defeat has brought us shame, it has you want friends, let others excel you. brought us also firmer resolve. No man can be They who are successful in their onward march said to know himself, or to have assurrance of his through life to their destiny, and achieve any deforce of principle and character, till he has been gree of respectability from merit, or even notorietested by the fires of trial in the crucible of defeat. ty, in any pursuit, must expect to make enemies. The same is true of a nation. The test of defeat So prone to selfishness, to petty jealousy and soris the test of its national worth. Defeat shows did envy is poor human nature, that whoever be

Success Makes Enemies.

J. L. B.

whether it deserves success. We may well be comes, even in a pecuniary way, a little more comgrateful and glad for our defeat of the 21st of July, fortable than his neighbors, or at all distinguished if we wrest from it the secrets of our weakness, for worth, is sure to be a mark for the malicious and are thrown back by it to the true sources of spite of those who probably do not deserve success strength. If it has done its work thoroughly, if themselves, and are galled in seeing and realizing we profit sufficiently by the advantages it has af- the fact that others are in a more prosperous condiforded us, we may be well content that so slight a dion than themselves. Moreover, the opposition harm has brought us so great a good. But if not, which originates in such despicable motives is sure then let us be ready for another and another de- to be of the most unscrupulous character, hesitafeat, till our souls shall be tempered and our forces ting at no iniquity and descending to the shabbiest disciplined for the worthy attainment of victory. kind of meanness. Opposition, if it be honest and For victory we shall in good time have. There is manly, is not in itself undesirable, but a sort of


"Our Orders"; by Mrs. Julia Ward Howe. "Denmark Vesey"; "The Ordeal of Battle"; "Nat Turner's Insurrection"; by T. W. Higginson.

"Napoleon Third"; "The United States and Europe"; by C. C. Hazewell.

"Elmer E. Ellsworth"; By John Hay. "Theodore Winthrop "; by Geo. Wm. Curtis. "American Navigation"; "Mail-Clad Steamers"; by E. H. Derby.

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whetstone to honorable advancement and distinc-"Washington as a Camp"; by the late Major tion. No one should deprecate opposition of such Winthrop. a character, but rather rejoice in it. It is only injustice, brought about by falsehood and vulgar meanness, which wounds, and it is this which the successful in life must meet, proportioned in the envy, spite and jealousy of your enemies, to the measure of your success. Men have a great propensity to overreach each other. As Richelieu says, Upon the dark and stormy tides where life gives battle to the elements and man wrestles with man for some slight plank which will bear but one." Never get on the same plank with your neighbor when it will float but one, and in your intercourse with the world cultivate that which is manly and just; it will so steel your heart as to resist the poisoned shaft which may be hurled at you by your jealous and malicious foes. Justice moves slowly, but it will come, and remorse will overtake your libellers. They can't escape it, it will haunt them day and night, lie down and get up with them. It is the ghost of conscience; therefore the wrongs of the present will be com- The coming numbers for this year will contain pensated by the future. If your conscience ap- a story, in three parts, by the author of "Life in the Iron Mills," and several brilliant tales by the late Major Winthrop,

proves, you can afford to despise the malignant attacks of disappointed malice, and let your petty calumniators have their brief days to vent their paltry spite.

T. D. S.

[THE announcement of the publishers with reference to the future of the Atlantic is fully set forth in the following notice: ]

'Dirge for One who Fell in Battle"; by T. W. Parsons.

"Where will the Rebellion Leave Us?" by Judge Hoar.

"Bread and the Newspaper"; by O. W. Holmes. "Saccharissa Mellasys"; by Major Winthrop. "The Advantages of Defeat"; by C. E. Norton. "Under the Cloud and Through the Sea." And many other valuable and seasonable productions, in prose and poetry.

Ticknor & Fields, publishers, 135 Washington Street, Boston.

Thermo Therapeia.

SINCE the publication of our first issue we have removed our office to the Thermo Therapeutic Institute, 353 Shawmut Avenue. As the greater part of our time is spent in mental labor, we cannot well forego the sanitary benefits of a frequent Thermo bath; to say nothing of the luxury not only of the delightful sensations while in the bath, but of the exquisite pleasure arising from an un

wonted sense of inward and outward purity.

THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY.-The publishers of the Atlantic Monthly feel that no words of theirs are needed respecting the literary character of their magazine, already so well understood and appreciated by American readers. While they will spare no exertions to maintain the high literary position it has gained, they are sensible that in the presence of the great events now agitating the It has just occurred to us that as in the Thermo country and the world, something more than a merely literary character is demanded of a journal baths there is an uncommon mental exhilaration like the Atlantic. They will aim, therefore, to and flow of thoughts, we might make the Sanitagive to its future issues a political tone in keeping rian a very taking paper by writing our editorials with its high literary standing, devoting much of in the Calidarium. When we reflect that this Inits space to the discussion of important aspects of stitute is the only place this side of Europe where the great questions of the day, and giving to its the celebrated Turkish, or Roman bath can be pages additional freshness, variety and importance, had, we are astonished that the buildings, though by the presentation of the best thought, in prose ample in their accommodations, are large enough and poetry, upon different phases of the nation's to satisfy the demands of a city like Boston. great struggle.

As a guaranty of their intentions for the future, they would call especial attention to the following list of authors and articles, in the last three and the present number :

"The Pickens and Stealin's Rebellion"; by James Russell Lowell.

Erasmus Wilson, a celebrated writer on the skin, speaking of a friend with whom he was enjoying a bath, and who had been for some time a frequenter of the Thermæ, says, "I looked for the first time in my life upon a really healthy skin." He also adds:

"In the judicious hands of the essentially practical medical man of Britain, I look to see Thermo "Army Hymn"; "Parting Hymn"; by O. W. Therapeia occupy a useful and dignified place; Holmes. and I trust that in a short time, in every small vil"March of the New York Seventh Regiment"; lage and hamlet in England, wherever a medical

man is found, there also will be found a British and begotten of promiscuous reading-lecturience Thermæ. The medical man will be too happy to I have elsewhere called it -is spurious of course, make himself the subject of his first experiments, and foredoomed to worthlessness."

to apprentice himself to an art wherein all is en

Here you

joyment; to learn, by his own impressions, how We have before us a large size Military Map, far he may push the remedy in the treatment of containing military portraits, a glossary of war his patient, and how often he may apply it. In terms, maps, arms, &c. Published by H. H. Lloyd his own person he will reap a rich reward, after & Co., 19 Howard street, New York. the cares and anxieties of the day; his Thermæ have portraits of the great Lieutenant General will give him rest and renewed life; his moral at- Scott, Major General McClellan, Major General mosphere will be brightened, his spirits revived, Butler, Major General Fremont, and others; also his power and usefulness enhanced." the various war terms explained, and in addition, an excellent map of the seat of war. The publishers wish for agents to sell this and other charts and maps which they publish.

But we cannot do better than to recommend our readers to study Erasmus Wilson's pamphlet upor. this subject, giving a full description of the baths and their physiological effects in the cure of disease. It can be procured for the sum of 12 cents, from WE are glad to welcome such newspapers as the C. H. Easterbrook, M. D., one of the proprietors Independent, Congregationalist, Watchman and Reflector, and Home Journal. These journals have the right ring in these troublous times.

of the Institute.

As we are very earnestly interested in physical culture and the use of Nature's remedies, for the

cure of the numerous ils that flesh is heir to, we WHY should THE SCHOOLMASTER be deprived will add that there is at this Institute, the most the perusal of that magazine for the million which liberal arrangements for Hydropathic and Electro-has been so long and so ably published by Harper Magnetic treatment, with physiological diet; also & Brothers ? that arrangements are being made for the addition of the Swedish movement cure, and instruction with daily practice in Dr. Lewis' new system of Gymnastics. Although we have been here but a short time, we have already witnessed some remarkable cures, in what might have been considered hopeless cases.-Sanitarian.

Our Book Table.

THE REBELLION RECORD; A Diary of American Events. 1860-61. Edited by Frank Moore, author of "Diary of American Revolution." This publication is now being issued in weekly THE LADIES' REPOSITORY for September is re- numbers, at 10 cents each, and monthly parts, at ceived, and we have been deeply interested in pe- 50 cents each, making in all a large, handsome rusing its columns. The Editor's department is filled with choice bits, from which we take the following on "The man of one book":

8vo. volume of 832 pages, every six months. The first volume will be illustrated with maps, and fine steel portraits, of Lieut. Gen. Scott, Brigadier Gen. Anderson, Major Generals Fremont, Dix, Butler, Banks, President Lincoln, Gen. Cameron, Jeff. Davis, Gov. Sprague, Brigadier Gen. McClellan, and others.

46 There is an admonition -cave ab homine unius libri. Beware of the single-book man; but I should never have felt its meaning unless I had so read Thucydides. One should study a book and know it, and feel it, prorsus penitusque, through This is just the publication to meet the wants of and through, till one fancies that one must have the people. From the flood of rumors and newswritten it one's self. We should have not merely paper reports it is impossible to preserve any thing a knowledge, but, as it were, a personal experience like a truthful account of the great American Reof it. We must feed upon it and digest it Ser-bellion. Such account every American wants. pens nisi serpentem comederet non fit draco. This He will find in the Record all there is of value and is the true practice. Whereas, in general, people truthfulness in the journals of the day. The facts read, and, if they comprehend as they go on, they are given in an impartial, systematic manner, and think it well; though all the while they grasp each the volume, when complete, will prove an indisThis is one of the successive subject only to pass it through their pensable book of reference. hands, cursores lampada tradunt, The truth is few publications which needs no recommendation. that the knowledge, not indeed of a language, but It will speedily find its way into the hands of every of a national literature, is like that of human na- intelligent person in the country, and we most ture; books are the spirits of men; to attain it cordially recommend it to every reader of THE we have many acquaintances, but we must have SCHOOLMASTER.

one or two thorough friends; we must marry our- It can be obtained, together with valuable maps selves to a wife, or otherwise we shall never be at of the seat of war, photographs of distinguished home, nor ever know the blessing of a proper, au- Generals, &c., &c., of the agent, S. Clough, 32 thentic, legitimate offspring. The intellect born Weybosset street, Providence.


The R. J. Schoolmaster.


OCTOBER, 1861.


NO. 10.

Quarterly Report of the Supt. of Public In- cise it to its fullest extent. Parents relinquish

struction of the City of Providence FOR THE QUARTER ENDING JULY. 1861.

to teachers no more of their natural right to control their children than is necessary for them to accomplish the great work to which they are PROVIDENCE, July 26th, 1861. appointed. Teachers cannot exact obedience To the School Committee of the City of Providence: to rules and regulations not required to advance GENTLEMEN : - The past term has been, in the best interests of their schools. They have some respects, an unfavorable one for our a specific object in view, and what is extraneous schools. The grave questions that have arisen, to this can not be enforced upon the pupils with involving the perpetuity and the very existence any pretence of right or reason. It may be of our government, have deeply moved the stated in general terms, and this is in accordyoungest as well as the oldest in our communi- ance with the legal decisions that have been ty. All classes seem to have been inspired with made in New England, that whatever is clearly a patriotism and an enthusiasm never surpassed. necessary to secure the highest intellectual and While, therefore, there has been less proficiency moral culture of the largest number of pupils in study than in former terms, we have gained in a school, may be legally enforced by the authat which is perhaps equally, if not more, val- thority of the teacher. This applies equally to uable, in the patriotic principles that have been modes of discipline and methods of teaching, invigorated in the youthful mind. and to all the details of the school-room. And The relative condition of our schools remains whatever is not essential to the accomplishment unchanged. Most of them are highly prosper- of the great purpose for which schools were esous and efficient; but there are a few which are tablished, if it conflict at all with the wishes or by no means what they ought to be, and some- the authority of parents, should never be atthing should be done to make them better. tempted. All individual cases may be decided They never can be brought to the highest stand-by reference to this general rule. It is applicaard of excellence till some efficient means are ble to all possible questions that may arise. applied to correct existing evils. This is, however, so very general that a large

As questions often arise respecting the rela- experience and sound discretion are required on tive rights of parents, teacher and pupils, it may the part of the teacher to apply it in particular be well to state upon what principles these have instances.

been explained and decided:-There are no A more specific statement of the rights of laws, written or unwritten, in which the rights teachers may be desired. In the first place, of teachers have been clearly and fully defined. teachers have a right to inflict bodily chastiseThe commonly received maxim is, that teachers ment upon their pupils, when not forbidden to when in school are in "loco parentis," standing in do so by any rule of the school committee; but the place of parents; but it is a mistake to sup- this must never be disproportioned to the ofpose that they are for the time being invested fence, nor unsuited to the age and condition of with all their authority, and can legally exer- the offender. It is left for the teacher to decide

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