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now ready for the market. At our next exercise, ing a course of new gymnastics, with copious illusperhaps I will resume the subject and tell you fur-trations; admirably adapted to promote vigorous ther about it. health and cheer the hearts of the wives and daugh

I ought to tell you that you are indebted through ters of the military. If any feel interested in this me, to Messrs. Buxton & Olds, officers of the Ori- paper who are too poor to subscribe, let them inental Company, for the explanations which I have duce some friend to subscribe, and they shall be given you about the process of making the powder. furnished freely. We will also give 'Dr. Lewis' These gentlemen were very accommodating and New Gymnast,' (price $1,) or a gilt edged copy of polite to me, partly, I suppose, for your sakes."

the Linden Harp," to every subscriber who will

send us the name of one new subscriber.

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We take pleasure, as editors of THE SCHOOL'We purpose having the Kindergarten departMASTER, in placing before our readers a new en-ment handsomely illustrated. Every child who terprise, which, as it is projected and carried for-prizes this part of our paper, and will get us one subward by a lady of acknowledged talent and worth, scriber, shall have an extra gilt copy of the Linden and as its subject is one of vital interest to all, Harp. We have great faith in the dear children, should claim our sympathy and hearty cooperation. and are sure they will work for us. We wish that "We wished to have the first number of the the many thousands who play and sing the songs Sanitarium judged upon its own merits, and not in our Harp might form a Try Army,' to sustain criticised as woman's work, and are abundantly the Sanitarian. What say our would-be soldiers? satisfied with the experiment. Commendations Who will be first to enlist and act as captain in the are constantly coming to us, addressed to Mr. army?

We

C. M. Rollins,' or 'C. M. Rollins, Esq.' Some friends in the country have sent us their issue our second number under our full name be- names without the money. We decline recording cause we need the pecuniary benefits resulting them on our list, as, with us, justice precedes genfrom such a course. erosity. We always pay our bills in advance, and We have nothing to say of woman's wrongs,' therefore cannot afford credit to others. One dolbecause we do not know of them by experience. lar's worth of your friendship will aid us to place We might say much of woman's rights,' because the Sanitarium on such a permanent basis, that, we have always enjoyed them. In our short, hap- instead of supporting it, as we are now obliged to py married life we had all of earth's blessings we do, it shall, in the future, help to support us and could ask. In our seven years of widowhood, our our cause. Address Mrs. C. M. Rollins, Box 74, services, as teacher of Sanitary Science, have been Boston, Mass." most amply remunerated, and we have often felt that our classes were larger and our pay greater than if we had been ranked among our brothers, the lords of creation.' The ready justice of our patrons has ever rendered it unnecessary even to

A GOOD FAMILY SCHOOL.-We wish to call the attention of our friends to the family school of Rev. Geo. A. Willard, at Old Warwick.

Mr. Willard is a kind, faithful, decided, ener

present our bills for instruction. In publishing getic Christian man, of large experience as a our paper we look for the same pleasant results. teacher, always successful; and his Family School We have not met them while remaining incognito, for Boys has for many years shown the appreciaand therefore emerge from our hiding-place, and tion in which he has been held by our Rhode Isappeal to our friends, to the friends of Sanitary land people. This school is delightfully situated reform everywhere, to aid us in our enterprise, and on the Narraganset Bay, ten miles from Proviwe will pledge our best efforts to make our journal dence, in a very healthy location, away from all worth the price of subscription. places of public resort which would endanger the "We intend hereafter making the most effective morals of scholars. The advantages of a family Sanitary regulations for maintaining the health of school are apparent to every one, and we know of the army one of the principal subjects for discus-no school of this description to which we would sion in this journal, and will give valuable premi-sooner send boys to acquire a sound, thorough ums for the best articles that shall be furnished us; Christian education than to this. and will also double every dollar sent us for fur-pupils is limited to twelve. nishing the paper free to the military. In what commence September 12. better way can we manifest our gratitude for their services, than by due efforts to promote their moral, mental and physical health.

The number of The next term will

A NEW PRIMARY GEOGRAPHY.-We are informed that Prof. Allen, of West Chester, Pa., has In the next number we shall commence publish- nearly ready for the press, a primary geography

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THE SANITARIUM. A Journal of Moral, Mental and Physical Culture. Edited and published monthly at 353 Shawmut Avenue, by Caroline M. Rollins. Vol. I. No. 2. Terms: $1 per year; four copies, $3; eight copies, $5; twelve copies, $6.

which promises to be a great improvement on those now in use. We think there is yet room for improvement in books for the little ones, and in their behalf we say to Prof. Allen, Let us see your new geography soon.

Our Book Table.

PRIMARY OBJECT LESSONS FOR A GRADUATED
COURSE OF DEVELOPMENT. A Manual for
Teachers and Parents, with lessons for the
proper training of the faculties of children. By
N. A. Calkins. Harper & Brothers, publishers,
New York.

BATTLES OF THE UNITED STATES BY SEA AND LAND. By Henry B. Dawson, member of the New York Historical Society, &c. Illustrated with splendid steel engravings from entirely new We have perused this volume with great care and original designs, by Chappell. New York and satisfaction. It meets fully the demand that Johnson, Fry & Co., 27 Beekman street. Copy- is now being made for guides to teachers in properly right work. Sold only to subscribers. We have subscribed for this work, as well as directing the minds of children. There has been many of our friends, and we deem it worthy of the much written on the subject and many attempts at enterprise to say, that nothing of the kind has be- systematizing, but we have not seen anything so well adapted to suggest to teachers a practical plan and fore so fully supplied the want of such a history. course of training for our schools as the work beThe text has been carefully compiled from docufore us. The author is a practical teacher and has ments at Washington, and has been pronounced by Mr. Everett, and others, as thus far reliable, in spent many years in studying the natural process of education, and no one is better prepared to point out to his fellow teachers the order and process by which children gain knowledge, and the steps to be taken in developing the faculties.

Teachers of primary schools, if you desire to accomplish the greatest amount of good to those entrusted to your care, study carefully and practice thoroughly the suggestions and plans presented in

this volume.

Vol. XII.

the fullest sense of the term. It embraces the whole of the Revolutionary, Indian, 1812, and Mexican wars. The illustrations and embellishments will all be of the highest order, designed by Alonzo Chappell, whose services have been exclusively engaged for this work, and will consist of battle scenes by sea and land, with full-length portraits of illustrious military and naval heroes. The cost of the designs and engravings alone, will exceed fifteen thousand dollars. This work will be published in semi-monthly parts at twenty-five cents each. It is intended to complete the work The Messrs. Appleton & Co. have laid the Amein about thirty-six parts, but should it exceed for-ican people under great obligation to them for ty, all over that number (forty) the publishers this excellent work; and Messrs. Ripley and guarantee to subscribers gratis. A branch house Dana, the editors, have secured lasting distinction may be found at 22 Broomfield street, Boston. for the eminent skill and ability displayed in its Teachers, give Mr. Taylor, the agent, a warm arrangement, completeness and accuracy. Each reception, when he calls, and subscribe, or you may live to repent it.

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THE NEW AMERICAN CYCLOPEDIA.
Mozambique- Parr.

subsequent volume not only increases the work in value but displays more fully the ability employed in its construction. As before, we most heartily eommend it to all school libraries and teachers. No real, earnest, industrious, thinking teacher can afford to be without it. It will be completed in four more volumes, forming probably the most valuable library of sixteen volumes in the world.

Subscriptions received at Sidney S. Rider's bookstore, 17 Westminster street.

M.

THE FIFTH READER OF THE SCHOOL AND FAMILY
SERIES. By Marcius Wilson. New York:
Harper & Brothers.

We unhesitatingly say that no more attractive reading book has ever been written for our schools. In addition to a sufficient variety to give instruction in the art of reading, it contains a vast fund of knowledge on natural science which will never

"VII. Burial;" an elaborate, extensive and be gained by the majority of our youth in any othmemorable article.

64

VIII. The Attic Bee."

"IX. Francis Bacon;" severely critical. "X. Michigan."

"XI. New Books on Medicine; " discriminative

and energetically written.

"XII. The Right of Secession."

"XIII. Hugh Latimer."

er way. The entire series is beautifully illustrated by Parsons. The publishers have done their part in a style not to be out-done.

ANNIE OF THE VALE. A Song and Chorus.
Words by George P. Morris, Esq. Music by J.
R. Thomas, author of "Cottage by the Sea,"
and "Down by the River Side." New York:
Firth, Pond & Co., publishers, 547 Broadway.
Here is a beautiful song with a fine chorus. We
have too few choruses for a quartette, adapted to
This is a choice

"XIV. Critical Notices." "New Publications drawing-room entertainments. Received,"

=

addition to our musical fund.

The R. J. Schoolmaster.

3ད.

SEPTEMBER, 1861.

VOL. VII.

NO.9.

For the Schoolmaster.

The Perfect Teacher.

imparted to the pupils, they are helps to instruction, they are aids to discipline, they increase by what they impart, and the legitimate WHAT are some of the qualities that contri- fruits of them are kindness of disposition and bute to form the perfect teacher? I shall in- gentleness of manner, both in the teacher and stance, without any fear of contradiction, as the taught. Where these abound, sternness is first and foremost of these, moral qualities, as rather an accident than a habit. They help the standing far above any merely intellectual at- teacher to distinguish between what is childish tainment or social accomplishment. By this I and what is vicious; and this power I must do not mean that low standard of outward mo- place high among the essential qualifications of rality that puts the tender touch of policy upon an accomplished teacher. It has largely to do some of the so-called social virtues, but that with common sense, "a sagacity which penemoral nature which takes hold of and assimi-trates the peculiar disposition and genius of the lates truth unto itself because it is truth, that pupil and the skill which happily adapts to it a has an abiding sense of responsibility, not only corresponding course of government and into the child, to the parent, to man, but to the struction." Creator and the Judge; - that estimates the val

No amount of mere intellectual attainment ue of the charge committed to it, not in the can compensate for a want of this knowledge feeble twilight of time, but in the awful blaze of human nature, and this discernment when of eternity; - that not only trains a being for directed by the precepts not only of mental but earth, but a soul for heaven. of moral philosophy. In matters of discipline

Moral qualities such as these — springing out it will do much to engender that love which of a warm heart and generous affections-be- casteth out fear. The pupil will note the instincget an enthusiasm and a desire that have for tive desire of the teacher for his highest good, their object the pupil's highest possible good and obstinate and sulky and vicious indeed and improvement. They also furnish a sustain- must be the disposition of that child, with such ing power which the teacher so much needs in an example before him, if he does not early the arduous and thankless round of his pro- learn to obey rather from choice than from aufession. They enable him to labor and to wait. thority. A teacher endowed with this sagacity They awaken in the bosom of age all the fresh- to discover and this disposition to foster merit, ness and fervor of youth. Such moral qualities will not estimate his pupils by what they are, are a vestal fire, kept alive by Him who has but by what they may become. As the skillful promised to be with us even unto the end. Such eye of the lapidary judges of the diamond, not qualities never tire while they have a seed to by its roughness in the quarry, but by its capasow or a ray of light to direct. Unlike ambi- bilities of polish under the hand of the artizan, tion, they care not for you or yours, the con- so the discernment of the teacher will discover sciousness of doing good is all the reward they beneath the forbidding exterior of a selfish or seek. Such qualities are contagious, they are obstinate temper those traits of character which

need but a skillful training and the blessing of would be but the beggarly elements of a fallen Heaven to make their possessor a virtuous and people. Hence every faithful teacher may justa useful man; he feels what a responsibility ly claim a share in his pupil's future fame and rests upon him in freeing this compound from glory, and every unfaithful and incompetent the alloy, in separating the silver from the dross, teacher should be made to feel the burden of his and making it fit for the great refiner's use. carelessness or neglect in the future shame and "It is related of the celebrated Dr. Busby, that misery of those from whom he embezzled the he early espied the genius of South lurking life of their youth. Dr. Adam, rector of the under idleness and obstinacy. I see,' said he, High School of Edinburgh, always claimed a great talents in that sulky boy, and I shall en- share in the success of his pupils, and it was no deavor to bring them out."' It is a common doubt his "judicious mixture of censure and observation of skillful teachers, that they have praise, supplanting habits of indolence and inalmost always found superior mental endow- attention," that made the author of Waverly ment overshadowed by some moral enormity, the intellectual giant that he was, and it does or disturbed by some physical defect; and it is not impress us very favorably with the generothe part of a skillful teacher to remove that ra- sity of Sir Walter's disposition that he should pacity which shuts out the light and to strength- have indulged his criticism in exposing the foien that casket too frail for its gem! "How bles of a teacher to whom he owed so much. often has early genius been withered and blight- Referring to the good old man, Scott says: ed by the moral stupidity of the master, which Dr. Adam, to whom I owed so much, never would have flourished and blossomed sweetly failed to remind me of my obligations to him in the atmosphere of gentleness and love! and when I had made some figure in the literary how many a youth of noblest promise has sunk world. As Catholics confide in the imputed prematurely into the grave, consumed by the in- righteousness of their saints, so did the good tensity of his own intellectual fires, for want of old Doctor plume himself upon the success of that physical culture which would have expand- his scholars in life, all of which he never failed ed his chest, invigorated his limbs, and sent to consider as the creation, or at least the fruits, more swiftly through his life the languid cur- of his early instruction. He remembered the rent of life." fate of each boy at his school during the fifty

...

It is a very miserable and degrading concep-years he had superintended it, and always traction of the teacher's office to regard as its chief ed their success or misfortune entirely to their design and business to instruct the young in the attention or neglect when under his care. His elementary principles of reading, writing and noisy mansion, which to others would have been ciphering; that forsooth they may stand a grade a melancholy bedlam, was the pride of his heart, higher in social position than their less fortu- and the only fatigue he felt amidst din and tunate fellows; that they may pass through life a mult, and the necessity of reading themes, hearlittle more respectably; that they may make ing lessons and maintaining some degree of ormoney with a little greater facility; that they der at the same time, was relieved by comparmay hold a better hand for the loaves and fishes ing himself to Cæsar, who could dictate to three of political chicanery. No! the teacher's office secretaries at once." It was this same Dr. Adam, rises as far above this as the mind is more val- whom Scott should have been ashamed to ridiuable than matter. cule, who, in the delirium which preceded his death, conceived himself to be still in school, and after some appropriate remarks of approval and censure, said, "But it grows dark- the boys are dismissed," and then died.

He who possesses the moral qualities that fit him for this high vocation deserves a distinguished place in the honors and esteem of those whom the world calls great. The teacher's work lies at the foundation of all other work. Let us now consider the mental qualification The cultivator of the soil, the skillful in the me- of the perfect teacher, and here I include both chanic arts, the dispenser of medicine and the his natural endowment and his intellectual culexpounder of law, aye, he whose office it is to ture. He must have a mind capable of compreminister in holy things, all owe most of what hending and holding on to truth, and this is they are to the faithful impression of the com- what we usually call a strong mind. I would mon school. Blot these out of New England, insist that every teacher should be a strongand in one generation your agriculture, your minded man or woman. I would insist upon mechanic arts, and your learned professions this through the whole range of education

from the primary school to the university. No only by the craftiness of the Evil One in an evil mind can communicate truth until it has first hour that any thing else ever did enter it. It received it, and no mind can receive and retain was the Great Teacher's mission to drive out it unless it has capacity and strength. Let eve- the falsehood and reinstate the truth. How it ry teacher of youth be possessed of a vigorous exalts the teacher's office that its business is to intellect and rapid mental action. Would you deal with intelligent mind through the medium have your children smart, wide awake, ener- of truth? It is not physical force, but love for getic, see to it that your teacher is so. On the the truth that moves the intellect. "The mind," contrary, show me a sleepy teacher, and I will it is truly said, "is not a piece of iron to be furnish you with a school of blockheads. I care laid upon the anvil and hammered into shape, not what their original endowments may have or a block of marble in which we are to find been, so true is it, "as is the teacher so is the the statue by removing the rubbish, nor a reschool." Strong mental action in the teacher ceptacle into which knowledge may be poured. begets strong mental action in the pupil. If a It is rather a flame that is to be fed," a seed that teacher expects to keep his school awake he is to be quickened into life by the light of truth must open his own eyes. No teacher can ac- and the warmth of love and the generous nourquire a due ascendancy over the minds of his ishing of a sympathizing heart. This is the pupils except by transfusing into their minds business of the teacher, and when he has acthe active qualities of his own. If he expects complished this he has fulfilled his mission. them to be bright he himself must be bright. When he has inspired into the minds of his puChildren like bright ideas, and this choice fol- pils a desire for truth, and taught them the prolows them up to the verge of manhood, and cess by which it is to be acquired, he may also slopes back again to old age. Pass a child a say of his work, "It is finished." The future bright and a dull penny, he immediately takes superstructure, however large and imposing it the bright one, you are welcome to the dull one. may be, must be laid upon these foundations. Just so with ideas the bright are taken, the All future progress must be the result, in greatdull ones never. Give us teachers of strong er or less degree, of force thus early applied. and active original powers of mind, but those The majestic oak is only the rightly developed of feeble understanding never. A schoolmaster acorn.

may succeed with but a moderate share of attainment, but not with a moderate share of intellect.

But a teacher should not only have the power of receiving truth, which we may call strength,| but he should also possess the power of imparting truth, which may in this connection be called perspicuity. He must not only receive vigorously, he must communicate clearly. These two qualities are by no means concomitant. Many a genius would make but an indifferent teacher, and this "aptness" for teaching is a gift and not an acquisition. It is capable of improvement, but not of acquirement. It must be born with the man, like his hand or his foot, or it can never be a part of him.

C.

THE FOLLY OF PRIDE.-After all, take some quiet, sober moment of life, and add together the two ideas of pride and of man; behold him, creature of a span, high stalking through infinite spaces, in all the grandeur of littleness. Perched on a speck of the universe, every wind of heaven strikes into his body the coldness of death; his soul floats from his body like music from the string; day and night, as dust on the wheel, he is rolled along the heavens through a labyrinth of worlds, and all the creations of God are flaming above and beneath. Is this creature to make himself a crown of glory-to deny his own flesh, to mock at his fellow, sprung from the dust to which both will soon return? Does the proud man not err? Does he not suf

We also include in the mental qualification fer? Does he not die? When he reasons, is he of the teacher his intellectual culture, i. e., his not stopped by difficulties? When he acts, is knowledge of things and subjects, and here it he never tempted by pleasure? When he lives, is perfectly obvious, in the first place, that this is he free from pain? When he dies, can he knowledge must be accurate - it must be truth. escape the common grave? - Pride is not the This is the business of teaching—the communi- heritage of man; humility should dwell with cation of truth. This is what the mind of the frailty, and atone for ignorance, error and imchild or the man was made for, and this is all it perfection. was made for as recipient. It was never designed that anything else should enter it, and it was

THE man who knows himself knows all men.

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