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ship at Halle, with a salary of three hundred

For the Schoolmaster. thalers, must certainly have been actuated, not

The City by the Sea. by avarice, but by a nobler motive.

And just

Oy, city by the sea ! as little was he influenced by vanity. As teach

What do thy dark waves say, er, he sought the just reward,' and was not

Of those who sought the distant seas, the tinkling fool,' to direct his instruction From out thy harbor bay? more to the ear than to the understanding.' Oh! sea-girt shore ! There was in him such an extraordinary mea- From out thy harbor bay! sure of sturdiest sense and genial solidity, that

One little year ago, he was incapable of such ostentation. An in

It seemeth three to-day, trinsically rich man falls not into counterfeit

I saw the ship that bore you hence, ing."

Sail down the harbor bay, When the word practical confines itself to

Sweet friend! the methods of teaching particular branches, its

Sail down the harbor bay. moral bearing becomes more remote. Still, even The blue waves murmured low here, no dictum of practicalness should be ac- Of sunny isles afar! cepted. The genuine, not the improvised, ex- I only heard your last good bye perience of another, is worth much as incentive

Swell o'er the harbor bar; and illustration. I receive new light; but I

Sweet friend !

Swell o'er the harbor bar. must see how with me, too, it will work. Then I get a back-ground of my own, against which God keep the sailor's soul iny thought begins to assume firm relief. That Pure as the sunlit sea. only deserves to be stigmatized as impractical,

He who can calm the ocean's wrath, which is hazy, half, and insincere. It is high

Will surely care for thee,

His blasphemy to ridicule an enthusiastic man.

My friend !

Will surely care for thee. presence is sacred; but that of the conservative is polluted. Of all the men of our calling, I Remember us, oh! Lord, love and honor most highly one who was once,

That in life's dusky even as an innovator in grammar, hissed and hooted Together we may cross the bar

into the port of Heaven, from a meeting of Rhode Island teachers and

Dear Lord! conservatire officials. It occurred years ago,

Into the port of Heavən. but he remembers the honor. Such valuable experience with mobs is rare.

The newspapers sometimes present us remarkThe theorist seems, of late, in the esteem of teachers, to have fallen deep into disrepute of the Perry celebration at Cleveland, says,

able items. A Columbus paper, in its account There appears, too, be some good reason for this state of things. That lank, hard-faced miles in length, as was also the prayer of Dr.

“ the procession was very fine, and nearly two man, who is known to have in his travelling-bag Perry, the chaplain.” a dozen lectures, averaging two hours in length,

A Canada paper reports one of the Provincial – who, like a hungry camp-sutler, trails after

mayors, in his address to the Prince of Wales, institutes, ready, for five dollars, to mount the

as follows: " In addition to this, his worship rostrum, and utter forth to simple teachers end

had to say that a procession of Orangemen, with less verbiage of " solemn duty,” “ sacred re

dress or badges half a mile long, was awaiting sponsibility,” • noble calling,” “ cause of edu

his royal highness at the landing-place.” cation," — this hollow talker has usurped the

A Boston paper puts in the hands of each of name of theorist. May this whole species of

the soldiers in a certain Georgia fort, “ a breechtheorizing be catalogued, as speedily as possible,

loading carbine, throwing, in the hands of an under the head of cant. The true theorist is he who sees the clearest the possibilities of ed expert marksman, sixteen rifle balls a minute, a

Colt's revolver and a sabre.” ucation. He is therefore a genial man. far as school-keeping is a mere knack it re. An applicant for a license to teach, in Ohio, quires no faith, no geniality. But education is defined pedagogue : “ An unruly person ; one a higher lopic, for which self-trust and invinci- who thinks too much of himself.” We hope he ble perseverance are the most excellent qualifi- did not receive the certificate, lest he might have cations.

felt it his duty to have verified his definition.

M. C. I'.

In so






From St. Jamee! Magazine for May. ber of human beings, as they are also to the
The Ragged Schools of England.

scholars themselves.

One word as to the title of these schools, which admirably conveys the idea intended. But

it engenders in the minds of the scholars feelings The Ragged School movement is one the great

of degradation. It keeps continually before their ness and importance of which it is not possible

eyes their destitute and forlorn condition. It to overrate ; our highest admiration and praise

subdues those sentiments of self respect and are due to the benevolence of the noble mind

self-reliance which it is so essential to cultivate that suggested, promoted and carried it out, with such unexampled success, amidst the most over

amongst the poor. It tends to make them dis

contented with their station, and induces them whelming difficulties. What would our ances

to believe that the finger of scorn is pointed at tors say, if they were to find us educating with

them as mere outcasts of society. It encourages tenderness and care the outcast and forlorn, the

those ideas that are familiar to all those who re. desolate, the neglected and destitute children

member the old charity schools, which, in conwith whom our cities and towns abound--the

sequence, were dignified with the high sounding very lowest grades of society, the ragged, tattered and filthy urchins, boys and girls, who pour forth appellation of “ parochial.” The same ideas

that now cause the widowed mother to hesitate in swarms from our crowded courts, lanes and al

before she accepts a presentation for her boy or leys, covered with vermin, emaciated with disease and starvation, blaspheming, swearing and the dress of an old-fasbioned cap and fustian

girl to a school where they will be marked by pilfering all that comes before them—the companions of the most vicious and depraved? This gown, will prevent children, so distinguished,

from entering familiarly into the play and amusegreat movement commends itself to our sympa

ments of their fellows. The true mode of dothy and support at all times, and he whose heart

ing charity is to avoid hurting the feelings, or, gives no response to such a work must be callous

it may be, the prejudices, of the recipient. And indeed to the best instincts of our nature, and in

can we say that the feelings or prejudices of the sensible to the strongest appeals of Christianity

poor honest boy or girl, whose clothing is no inand philanthropy. The advantages which society has reaped from wounded, when meeting their playfellows on the

dex to the workings of their little hearts, are not the establishment of these schools are so great that new ones are being opened daily all over the way to the dignified “national” or “ parochial”

school, they recollect that they are the scholars country. Let us see what has been done in Lon.

of a “ Ragged School.” Lord Brougham, in his don alone. Here are 155 ragged schools and 15

inaugural address at the last meeting of the So. refuges, with morning, afternoon and evening

ciety for Promoting Social Science, suggested an Sabbath schools, and an average attendance of

appropriate name for them. The idea is of a about 26,400 scholars. There are 146 week-day schools, with an average attendance of 15,457. tion, to be beneficial, should be combined with

practical nature. His lordship says that "educaThere are 200 week-night schools, averaging over 9400, and there are 99 industrial classes, averag. into the ragged schools—if the scholars are

practical industry.” If this element is imported ing close upon 8750 scholars. There are over taught practically the elements or first principles 4300 voluntary teachers, 132 who were formerly of the trades or occupations they are to follow, scholars in ragged schools, and 416 paid teach the ragged schools may very appropriately be

The income is £29,280, and the expenses designated “industrial schools.” Indeed, we are £29,252. We add, with regret, that there is a debt of £2122. 834 boys and 652 girls have don ragged schools, that this element has been

find, on looking over the summary of the Lon. been sent to situations from these schools. 76

imported into some of them, and that the classes penny banks are connected with them, in which

are very well attended, particularly by girls. 25,637 depositors have deposited £8888 ; and there are fifty clothing clubs, to which the schol- THERE has been considerable argument among ars and their friends have subscribed £592. grammarians in regard to the expressions “ first These figures speak for themselves. They are two” and “two first.” Pat, in the following, facts that require no comment. Equally credita. seems to have settled the matter by a very hapble to the noble and good man at the head of this py compromise. “ Och! an' what's yer honor great social movement, and to those united with goin' to give, seein' as it's myself that has saved

yer house?

“ How so, Pat?” “ An' sure, him in raising the large sums required to carry when it cotched afire, was n't I the second that out the gigantic work of teaching so vast a num-hollered first ?'



From the Connecticut Common School Journal. of the essential work. Bad habits, in moveThe Teacher's True Mission.

ment, in word, in expression, must be eradicaIt is well known, by all familiar with our

ted, and good habits formed and confirmed. schools, that a large number of those who en

Daily the teacher should watch to detect and gage in teaching fail of success, – and, either labor to correct any deviations, no matter how continue in the work, adding failure to failure, trifling, whose further development would tend or, better for all concerned, devote their atten- to mar one's character and impair his usefultion to some other calling. The business of

How often are the pleasant and favorateaching is too sacred to be trifled with, and ble impressions made upon us on our first meettoo important in its intended results to be en

ing with persons, entirely removed and their ingaged in by incompetent persons. It should

fluence over us lost by the subsequent discovery therefore be the aim of all true friends of edu- of some uncongenial or uncourteous modes of cation to search out and remove all cuuses of action or expression. A person may, in comfailure, and open the way to higher and more pany, appear graceful, kind, amiable and intelcertain success. We believe that in the majority

ligent, a model in speech and deportment, and of cases the primary cause of failure is a 'want yet, if in more private life, he allows himself to of appreciation of the true duties of the office.

be overcome by some sudden ebullition of feelWith too many the whole mission of the in- ing, so that his acts and words shall be tinged structor seems to consist in the performance of

thereby, how entirely will a knowledge of the a certain round of exercises, treadmill fashion.

latter case diminish the respect and esteem To spend a certain number of hours, daily, in

awakened by the former. And is it not true the school-room, to listen to certain stereotyped

that many persons suffer during their life-time lessons, and to preserve a tolerable state of or

from the influence of unpleasant habits which der seems to constitute the entire work. But might have been corrected by the watchful care one may do all these and yet come far short of

and effort of parents or teachers. fulfilling the true mission of the teacher. As

Let not the teacher feel that "hearing lessons" well might a man claim to be a sculptor who and “ keeping school” are synonymous. It is should devote, daily, the usual hours of work the teacher's work so to train and direct the in hewing and cutting the senseless marble, minds of his pupils, as to guide their physical though each blow of the hammer should render development and so to expand and culture their the block on which he works more and more moral faculties as will tend to promote true unsuitable for the object for which it was in- growth of all that tends to the formation of tended. With no model in mind he works true men. Not only must he be able to teach without aim or method. If the artist would be his pupils how to learn, and encourage them in truly successful he must not only have in mind their efforts, but he must impart unto them, a correct ideal of what is to be done, but he daily, by example as well as precept, yea, more must also clearly understand each successive by example than by precept, those many kindly step to be taken in the development of the influences and graces which will do so much to model in mind. A slight misconception or a give true adornment to the character and make trifling deviation may render the work of months their possessors agreeable, as well as influential, utterly worthless. How much more important members of society. That the teacher may be that the teacher should both comprehend the successful in his efforts, he must carefully study nature and design of this work and possess the the peculiarities in the character and disposition ability to accomplish it in the best possible of each pupil, so that he may give unto each

And what is the teacher's work and "fitly spoken" words, uttered in “good season.” what has the community a right to expect of And, moreover, as the teacher is a co-worker him :

with parents, he should seek their acquaintance We answer, briefly, that the true mission of and coöperation, and learn what he may of the the teacher is to train and develop the mind, to home influences and surroundings of his pupils, mould the character, to cultivate the heart; in that knowing the true state and bearing of things a word, it is to make good citizens, useful and he may wisely direct his efforts. loyal men and women. As helps in this direc- The community expects much of the teacher, tion, he must teach the various branches studied and rightly, too. If a man assumes any office in our schools, but these alone, though inost under government, that government has a just thoroughly taught, will prove but a small part claim upon his time, his talents and his ener



gies. He, for the time being, belongs to the gov

From Temple Bar for May. ernment, and not, as some seem to imagine, the

A Chapter on Quacks. government to him. So the teacher belongs to the community which employs his services, and that VARIOUS KINDS OF QUACKS AND THEIR PREcommunity has a right to expect that his time, his talents, and his energies, will be all applied to efforts which will tend to the true improve

THE CHARITABLE QUACK. ment and elevation of the youth intrusted to his

Perhaps, of the two, the universal charity and care. Heis, in a measure, responsible for them,

brotherhood quack is more to be deprecated than

the Puritan : he is more dangerous to the young, and if he is truly faithful, when his term of ser

and infinitely more dishonest. When a man with vice expires he will surrender his charge improved and rendered more valuable by his judi.

glistening eyes, thick lids, moist lips and a

smooth, soft smile, talks to me of charity and the cious efforts and salutary influences.

supreme need of love,when he forgives every Fellow teachers, will you not carefully ex

sin against purity, but is inexorable towards the amine into the nature of your work, compre- follies of asceticism, when he accounts a lie less hend clearly what your true mission is, and noxious than severity, and holds chastity as the then enlist with that earnest and well directed lowest in the scale of human virtues—when such enthusiasın which will be sure, under the bless.

a man sets universal tolerance over all other moring of God, to crown your labors with abund- al qualities, and speaks with oily charity of the ant success :

fleshly frail, I count him & quack-one of the The Way the English Bring Up Children. very hierarchs of quacks—and bid him go squat

ter among the gulls in the reeds marsh; he has The English bring up their children very dif- no business here, out on the wide, pure ocean. ferently from the manner in which we bring up When another, keen-eyed, thin-lipped, spare of ours. They have an abundance of out-door air flesh and bloodless, vaunts purity as the sole esevery day, whenever it is possible. The nurse

sertial and justice as the sole judgment-has do ry maids are expected to take all the children helping hand for the fallen, no word of pity for out airing every day, even infants. This cus

the penitent, no shout of encouragement for the tom is becoming more prevalent in this country, failing-when such a man, who never felt his and should be pursued wherever it is practica

pulses throb with quicker beat, or knew the beadble. Infants should be early accustomed to the long force of passion, sits, cold and dry, measur

uring out the iniquities of the frail, I bid him tog open air. We confine them too much, and heat

begone, like a ghost, from out the happy sunthem too much for a vigorous growth. One of

shine ; let him cower back to the shadowy, specthe finest features of the London parks is said to be the crowds of nursery maids with their here of sins of which he never compassed the

tre-world which brought him forth, and not judge groups of healthy children. It is so with the

temptation, or mete out penalties for those impromenades of our large cities to a great extent.

perious desires of which he never felt the most but is less common in our country towns than

transitory need. what it should be. In consequence of their

And the man whose thoughts are crystaltraining, English girls acquire a habit of walk, clear, without shadow or reflection, whose will is ing that accompanies them through life, and like a single bar of iron-single and ot iron—who gives them a much healthier middle life than has no balancing of equal parts, who looks never our women enjoy. They are not fatigued with behiud and never to either side when he would a walk of five miles, and are not ashamed to ride down the timid and hesitating—those with wear, when walking, thick-soled shoes fitted for loving hearts wistful to harbor all—those with the dampness they must encounter. Half of

eager hands willing to bear many burdens, and the consumptive feebleness of our girls results grieving to be obliged to drop one-when he defrom the thin shoes they wear, and the cold nies the many.sideness of life, and insists on the feet they must necessarily have. English child. straight course always and without turning-I ren, especially girls, are kept in the nursery, send him too away to his home of stalactite cave and excluded from fashionable society and all and granite rock; he is a quack like the rest, the frivolities of dress, at the age when our girls and no teacher of living truth. Because the are in the very heat of flirtation, and thinking black pine throws a single shadow, straight and only of fashionable life.-Connecticut Common sharp upon the snow, must the aspen be forbidden School Journal.

to flicker golden light upon the grass and flowers?


thunderbolt in his hand, he is the Jupiter Tonans Then there is the quack literary, whose vessel of his order. What matters it to him that the is empty, for its own part, but who borrows the writer has for years toiled with good, hard, honwine of another man's vintage, which he filters est, upsparing work to perfect that book of his ? through it, drop by drop, till it gains a kind of What matters it if every part has been well veri. second-hand flavor of the grape which imposes fied, every assertion dug up from its roots ? А on the uninitiated; who knows absolutely nothing dash of the pen, a flourish of the inky thunderby original education, and must read up for bolt, and the autior lies at the foot of the throne, every paltry article as it is ordered; who talks smirched and scorched. The world which reads of bis hard work, and bemoans himself as a does not know that the writer of that hostile reslave of the press, if he gives a couple of days view calculated his work by its money-worth to clothing with his own words another man's only, that he knew nothing whatever of the subject researches, and the facts which have taken years but what he found in the book itself, and that his to collect and collate; who steals thoughts as sole object was to write a telling article which audaciously as a jackdaw steals spoons, and should insure his re-employment. never knew what it was to do a day's indepen

THE EDUCATIONAL QUACK. dent digging in the literary mine ; who is per

His friend and cousin is the quack educationpetually trying to make bricks without straw and to weave cloth without thread; who writes for

al, of whom there are many varieties. There is, just so much the line, without having anything

first, the man who undertakes to teach you a to say, and carries his brains to market as a far foreign language in six lessons ; who has always mer's wife carries her eggs; he, too, swaggers Parnassus is a mole hill which a child may jump

a royal road to learning on his estate, where noisily through his class-room, and chalks up the apotheosis of quackery on the black-board above over, or a bowling-green set round with lamps his head; he, too, lives on shams and lies, and ready lighted to show you the way to the arbor deals in paste and gamboge in lieu of the healing cal and moral suasion quack, who would do all

at the upper end. Then there is the phrenologicondiments of nature. Not infrequently the quack literary is seen in high places ; for he has

by appealing to what he calls the coronal region ; the climbing faculty of the ape, and can gather

who reads Solomon's rough-banded advice as a himself into a smaller space than a full-grown

nineteenth-century exhortation for such tender man. As a rule, be is amusing, and can buzz

dealing as mothers' hearts delight in, and speaks pleasantly on a sumgier's evening to a great

loftily of the degraded honor of a whipped boy man's ear; for he has cultivated the art of story.

of seven ; who constructs a system of education telling, has a trifle of accomplishments, and, if

out of the depths of his inner consciousness, he worked half as hard for his salvation as he and never pauses to inquire if it suits with the does for a dinner-table reputation, the worla nature and requirements of youth or no. And would see a saint in human flesh, and heaven be there is the quack on the muscular Christianity

basis, who travesties a noble truth and makes the richer for one more sinless soul.

ridiculous what was originally sublime ; who The quack literary is a good listener, and great gives to schoolboy games a religious significance, in the power of adaptation. He can take a sub- and makes the play-ground of more importance ject out of your own mouth, adopt the informa- than the class-room or the study ; whose end and tion you yourself have given him not a moment aim of masculine education is a maply bearing before, put it into new shape, dress it in new at football, and who ranks a good batter or a clothes, and dandle it before your eyes so deftly swift stroke before a Smith's prizeman or a transformed that you do not know your own double first; who places animal force higher again, and break out into pæans on his exceeding than brain power, and makes muscle of more acability, and the soundness of his views.

Often count than mind. And there is the home-edu. have I marvelled at the ease with which men are cation quack, who talks sweetly of maternal incaught by the novelty and beauty of their own fluence and feelingly of school-temptations, and reflections, with the tags and ribbons changed, would not have the young spirit sullied by the and how little intellectual capital beyond quick- world, and holds to the maiden purity of the ness and assurance it needs to set a man up in heart before every other quality or circumstance full swing as a literary quack.

of boyhood, flattering the mother's vanity and But it is as a critic that he shines in the bright- feeding her weakness, by assuming that no othest splendor of his phosphorescent light. Seated er mother's son is pure or noble enough to assoon the thrope of judgement, and with his inky ciate with hers, and that a special setting was

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