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Editors' Department.

the old lady is incensed, and the gentleman apologizes : the scholars began to titter; and the teach

er turns around and frowns terribly, incontinently SCHOOL DAYS' There is a magic spell which squelching a small boy who is rising up to obtain ever lingers around those words, there is an unal

a better view of the proceodings. alloyed measure of bliss during those days which

“The young ladies' essays embrace every topoften vanishes at their close. How often do you ic, from Dress' up to .Patriotism,' and abound say, “Would I were a boy or a girl again," that I in cuphuistic aphorisms, generally misquoted, and might run back to those halcyon days, and live diminutives in let. In describing a sail upon the them o'er again. But like all pleasant things they lake, the .gently gliding boatlet' is alluded to, have wings, and ere we are conscious of it, they whereupon a crusty old cus-tomer, who is a deaare numbered amid the dreamy hours of the past. con in the church, and a practical man, suggests The “Editor's Table” of the last Knickerbocker to his neighbors that skifflet would do just as well. has cast a glance into the country “winding up”

“The large boy from the city gives us Mark Anof school days. Hear him:

tony's oration over Cæsar's body, in what we supe “Well : a few years pass, and school-days are pose is the most approved theatrical style. He coming to an end. The last performance is to be astonishes and captivates the scholars, especially an exhibition, and a grand affair is expected. Our the weaker vessels, to whom his anointed locks, parents, brothers and sisters are to be there, and city-made clothes and miwaculous tie,' are irrewe look forward to the day with joyful anticipa- sistible : but he by no means pleases the older tion.

portion of his audience. His antics are likened to “What great preparation we make! taking at those of a wet hen, a short-tailed b-ovine in fly titudes and making grimaces before the glass; re- time, and other ludicrous objects, familiar to rushearsing our pieces out behind the wood-shed and tic eyes. Unfortunately his vehement efforts disup on the hay-loft; vainly attempting to catch the turb the slumbers of one or two infants, whose intonation and superb gestures of the large boy cries do not at all enhance the tragic effect, but who has been to the city, and says that is the way are much too violent for the occasion ; being quite they do at the theatre : putting on our new trow- audible though smothered under shawls and parsers, dislocating our vertebrae in trying to get a tially jolted down by a vigorous trotting on marear view of them, and only succeeding in making ternal knees. out an indistinct, baggy outline. At last the long- “And now the last piece is spoken, the doxololooked-for evening comes, and the little country sy is sung, the wheezy old sexton coughs out the church is brilliantly illuminated with tallow can-candles and locks the door, and school days are dles, and gorgeously decorated with sprigs of as-over.” paragus. The scholars, highly polished by much washing and redolent of dubiously-flavored soap,

Surprises Still Continue. are seated on the platform, and performance begins. It consists of declamations from Webster,

NOTWITHSTANDING the belligerent attitude of Burke, Spartacus, Rienzi, and other eminent men; our people, our school teachers are not always alwith essays on 'The Seasons' (taken individually lowed to “sit alone." We select the following and collectively,) on Napoleon,' on "The Revo- notice from the Evening Press, setting forth a lution,'on Our Country,' etc., interspersed with pleasant in-break of loyal subjects upon our wormoral dialogues and choral singing.

thy coeditor and our very able head of the "Writ“ It passes off pleasantly enough, although some

ten Examination Questions.” Speaking of this of the boys find themselves the victims of mis- department, we would here state that in our humplaced confidence in trusting to their memories : ble judgment, the questions for written examinaand in their embarrassment make all sorts of ir- tions are most ably given, especially those of men

We were not relevant gestures, and shuffle about in a most dis- tal arithmetic in the May number. consolate manner.

in the least surprised to hear that his pupils had “One, in speaking of the Past and Future, for- sprung a trap upon him. He deserves to be caught gets what gestures to make, and keeps his arm

in just such a place. Furthermore we know of a oscilating while he tries to recall it : in studying number of teachers who by their kindness and dethis up, he forgets what to say next, and retires, cision of discipline, have won such a crowd of love blushing with mortification. Don't laugh at him, ing pupils that we shall certainly suffer surprise if boys: this very incident may rouse his spirit ; and they don't at some time fall victims to ice creams you at your rustic fireside may yet read his elo- and entwined affections. The Press says:quent speeches in Congress.

“SURPRISE PARTY.-The Principal of the Prospect “Between the parts, an officious gentleman, in called into his parlor last evening to see a friend, when

Street Grammar School, Mr. A. J. Manchester, was attempting to snuff one of the candles with his behold, there stood in graceful array his graduating fingers, pulls it out of the tin sconce, and drops it class, thirty in number, “ armed and equipped" with into the lap of an old lady in bombazine ; whereat speech, bouquet, and silver goblet, each admirable of its kind. Imagine his “phelinks.” In his sur. ness of feeling, received the tribute not only of prise and embarrasement, words expressive of pleasure admiration but of tears. and gratitude struggled in vain for utterance.


“At the close of the exercises, Mayor Knight hour was pleasantly spent in mutual congratulations gracefully complimented the school upon the sucand agreeable chat, enlivened by musio and singing, cesses of the afternoon, and then proceeded to diswhen a second “surprise” appeared in an adjoining tribute the diplomas to the graduates. room, in the attractive form of ice cream and refreshments, which the class, in a way best known to them

“Ex-Mayor Rodman then addressed the school selven, had smuggled in. Such occasions are produc- in one of his happiest efforts, as full of the finest tive of mutual happiness, indicating the best relations spirit of poetry as it was of words of counsel and between teacher and pupil. They form so many oases encouragement to the youthful scholar. The exin the pathway of daily life to which the instructor ercises were concluded by the benediction from and the instructed will often refer with ever increasing Rev. George T. Day." delight.”

We give the

Annual Exhibition of the Providence High

HYMN .“Strike the Cymbal.”

PRAYER. The Providence High School closed its last SALUTATORY, by Warren R. Perce, Classical term of the year on Wednesday, the 8th of May, Department. with its Annual Exhibition. The hall was crowd- ESSAY — Aaron Burr, by Emma A. Aldrich, ed, and never was there a more undisputed need Girls' Senior Class. of a better place for holding it than then. The ORATION - French Literature in the time of exercises were of a remarkably high character, Louis XIV. by Fred G. Chaffin, English Departand passed off without a mar or failure in the reci- ment, tation.

SINGING — "Hark, the Hollow Woods SurroundA disinterested spectator, as we suppose him to ing," by all the Classes. be, thus writes for the papers upon the subject. DISCUSSION - Isabella of Spain, written by JuWe copy from the Press :

liette L. Wilcox, Harriet A. Swan, Phebe A. An" These academic festivals grow more and more drews, Harriet M. Cole. meritorious every year, and that for 1861 was cer


Spring's Delights," by all the tainly very far in advance of those we were accus- Classes. tomed to attend several years ago. The exercises ORATION - Don Quixote, by Charles F. Easton, not only disclosed the faithful training and versa- Classical Department. tile accomplishments of those who took part in ESSAY -“Frailty ! thy name is Woman," by them, but ministered in a remarkable degree to Agnes L. Mason, Girls' Senior Class. the intellectual gratification of the spectators. The ORATION - Frederic the Great, by Virgil Fisher, most assiduous industry of teachers and pupils English Department. must have been required to have brought about so SINGING -" While all is Hushed,” by Sarah elegant and successful a termination to the year's Essex, Olive P. Cleveland, John A. Reynolds, course of study. The hall was very richly and Edwin J. Valentine. tastefully decorated with national flags, and was ORATION LATINA — Excidium Trojæ, by Daniel hung around with a great variety of drawings ex- Angell, Jr., Classical Department. ecuted by the pupils. Over the rostrum appeared Essay — The Supernatural as an Element of in letters of evergreen, the motto selected by the Poetry, by Clara M. Southwick, Girls' Senior graduating class — Quo Deus Vocat - "Whither Class, read by Phebe J. Wood. God calls." The singing was of a high order of ORATION — The Discovery of Leverrier, by F. excellence, and much of it would have done credit J. Pierce, English Department. to the concert-room. All the literary exercises SINGING “ The Sea's Columbia's Glory," by were original, and showed a maturity of intellect all the Classes. which elevated them much above the range of or- DISCUSSION-Les Péculiarités Américaines, writdinary compositions. The appointees from the ten by Edward E. Slocum, Fred. G. Chaffin, Engboys' department of the school presented thought- lish Department. ful and carefully written essays, which they de- ORATION — The Last of the Plantagenets, by claimed in a natural and energetic manner. The William D. U. Shearman, Classical Department. pieces read by the ladies showed thorough study, SINGING -“All Things are Beautiful," by Sa. extensive familiarity with the resources of litera- rah Essex, Olive P. Cleveland. ture, sprightly imagination and originality of ORATION - The Self Made Man, by Edward E. thought. While all were admirable, the conclud- Slocum, English Department. ing essay on the “Poetry of Life," by Miss Mar- ORATION — The Heroic Age, Daniel W. Lyman, tha A. Bradford, with the valedictory address, was Classical Department. worthy of especial praise. Its refinement of sen- SINGING —“The Red, White and Blue," by all timent, elegant diction, correct taste and tender-Ithe Classes.


ESBAY - Mythologie Classique, by Abbie M.

We part that flag beneath Richards, Girls' Senior Class.

Which floats on Freedom's breath, ORATION - The Valley of the Nile, by Fred. C.

And ne'er shall fall. Spooner, Classical Department.

To guard it from all ruth, VALEDICTORY — The Poetry of Life, by Martha

We pledge our ardent youth,

Our fealty, and our truth,
A. Brailford, Girls' Senior Class.

Our lives, our all !
Song, by the Graduating Classes.

Teachers belov'd, farewell!

Within our hearts ye dwell ;

Keep us in yours.

Brothers and Sisters, say-

“ Farewell, this parting day, Girls' Department.--Emma A. Aldrich, Ada B.

In hope to meet for aye

Where Love endures." Almy, Evelina Almy, Phebe A. Andrews, Lucy C. Barrus, Martha A. Bradford, Lavana L. Cook, Harriet M. Cole, Olive P. Cleveland, Dency E. Quarterly Report of the Superintendent of

Public Schools, Providence. Dunbar, Sarah Essex, Josephine M. Harkness, Sarah B. Hale, Bethia T. Howland, Agnes J. Mason, Ella E. Mason, Emily E. Monroe, Mary E. Public Schools in this city, we find so many valua

[In the Report of the Superintendendent of Olney, Abbie M. Richards, Alpha Simmons, Har- ble hints to the practical teacher, and so wisely riet A. Swan, Clara M. Southwick, Janette R. said, that we are inclined to give it to our readers Tingley, Phebe J. Wood, Juliette L. Wilcox, Hen

entire:] rietta A. Winch.

PROVIDENCE. May 10, 1861. Boys' English Department. — Fred G. Chaffin, To the School Committee of the city of Providence : Virgil Fisher, Frank J. Pierce, Edward E. Slocum.

Gentlemen-It is with much satisfaction that I am

able to present my report of the condition of the Boys' Classical Department.—Daniel Angell, Jr., schools the past term. Never have I seen them so Frank J. Bicknell, Charles F. Easton, Daniel W. prosperous and efficient as at the present time. The Lyman, Warren R. Perce, William D. U. Shear- teachers with but few exoeptions are earnest, skiltul man, Frederick C. Spooner.

and laborious in the great work in which they
gaged. Their fidelity and devotion I have never seen


All who are familiar with the character of the High BY REV. WILLIAM C. RICHARDS.

School; the complete classification of its pupils; the Air-" America."

liberal and systematic course of study, and the results Now let our song arise,

of the thorough, faithful teaching, evidenced by the In sadness to the skies,

written examinations and the annual exhibition, must Our parting song.

acknowledge that it is now one of the very best insti. Here must our paths divide :

tutions of the kind in our land. Nor, longer, side by side,

The Grammar Schools are also in a high state of ef In happy tasks allied

ficiency. As compared with previous years, the recent We move along.

written examinations show conolusively that there has

been a decided advance in every department of study; The shining days are gone,

of this the friends of education can be fully convinced of childhood's golden zone,

by a personal inspection of the written evidence that That clasped us here;

may be submitted to them. For us, no more these halls !

Many of the Intermediate and Primary Schools Though Memory oft recalls,

have likewise attaided to a very high degree of excel. The scenes within their walls

lence both in discipline and instruotion, and are, each With trembling tear.

term, gaining in everything that pertains to a good

school. There are, however, a few exceptions that Farewell, dear Academe !

fall far below the standard of model schools. This is How dearer yet to seem,

evident to the most casual observer. The contrast beThan e'er before ;

tween the best and poorest schools in the same grade When morning calls us not,

is so great as to be obvious to every visitor. There are To this long-haunted spot,

however local circumstances that aff et unfavorably Forsaken, not forgot

for a time the state of a school, so that the best teachBut loved the more.

ers may not produce such results as will be satisfacto

ry to those who are not fully acquainted with the difLaunched on Life's anknown sea,

ficulties with which such teachers have to contend. 'Neath stormy skies are we,

But when schools continueterin after term in the same A youthful crew.

state of inefficiency, showing but little, if any, proDark clouds above us lower ;

gress, and when no special reason can be assigned, Mad passions sway the hour;

why they are not accomplishing all that they onght Eternal Power !

the fault must be attributed to the want of faithful Their dangers through.

thorough teaching.

Guide us,

How many

It may be well to point out more in detail the differ- with a firm and inflexible adherence to truth and right, ence between our best teachers and those who par- and such will aim to govern rather by appeals to the tially or wholly fail in their work. In the first place, consciences of their pupils, than by threats and inflicour best teachers manifest a deep interest in their work tion of bodily pain. The one tends to develope and and devote themselves to it with all their energies. strengthen right principles of action, and to elevate They seem to be fully impressed with the responsibili- the moral character, while the other has a tendency to ties they bave assumed, and the solemn obligations degrade it. resting upon them,-and are ever anxiously and con- I had intended to point out the differenoe between scientiously seeking how much can be accomplished our best and poorest schools in the modes of teaching, for those under their charge. They neglect no means but this I shall defer to some future time. or opportunities by which they can become better fitted The whole number of pupils admitted the past term for their arduous duties. The art of teaching is re-i8 7602. Of this number, 283 have been received into garded by them as one of the most difficult &e well as the High School, 1992 into the Grammar Schools, 1994 one of the most important of all arts. And no sacri- into the Intermediat: Schools, 3333 into the Primary fice of ease or pleasure is deemed too great-no labor Schools. too exhausting, that they may promote the highest All which is respectfully submitted. well being of those entrusted to their care.

DANIEL LEACH, There are, however, a few teachers that appear to

Superintendent of Pubiic Schools. have but little heart in their work. Their aim seems to be, not how much they can accomplish and how well, THE DARVEL CALCULATING GIRL. — The Ayr but from how much they can be relieved, and how lit- Advertiser has an account of a public examination tle will satisfy the public and the Committee, 80 that at Beth, of the little girl whose wonderful powers they can retain their places and receive their salary. of calculation have attracted so much notice. The Such teachers are almost always complaining about gentleman in charge of the child allowed any one Bomething. Nothing satisfies them. Their duties seem

Among the to them arduous and irksome in the extreme, and their present to propose questions to her. chief anxiety is how these may be lessened, and the queries thus submitted to her were: weary toil of the school-room beguiled. Instead of times does a clock strike in the month of June striving in season and out of season to bring back the 4,680, was the prompt reply. In the year 1855 ? unfortunate children wandering in the streets without 56,940; in a lifetime of 75 years ? 4,170,500. She moral restraint or parental influence; they seek rath- was now asked the value of 313 yards of linen at er for the sake of their own ease and comfort, how 2s. 94d per yard, and in 35 seconds she gave the they may be rid of the trials and vexaʻion that the answer, £44 (s. 34. Being requested to show the presence of unwary youth necessarily bring-by 1e- modus operandi, she began aloud with 313 & make priving them of the privileges and the only means by 939, the 4's in 939, 234 times and 4 over, and so of which they can be saved from utter ruin. There can

all the other denominations. She was now asked be no more striking contrast between a conscientious and a faithless teacher than this. The one labors un- to cube 795 and give the quotient of that product ceasingly with all the means and influences in his pow. divided by 19. The product, 502,459,875, and the er to bring the fatherless and homeless child under the quotient, 26,445,256 11-19, were both correctly givsalutary discipline of the eobool-room, that he may be en. In the performance of this last heavy quesrescued from destruction and from contaminating his tion, her teacher begged to be allowed to give her associates; while the other, apparently actuated by the square upon the board to assist her memory, Do higher principle than that of selfishness, will often but she did not avail herself of the use of it. spurn from his presence the poor and des pised child of poverty or of unfortunate parentage, and turn him We learn that, during the present session of the over to the heartless sympathies of an unfeeling world. New York Legislature, a charter has been granted

There would be few truants in our streets, few roam- for an educational establishment for ladies. The ing about in filth, begging and pilfering as opportuni: design is to confer upon females a course of study ty offers, if the teachers in their several districts would unite heartily with the true friends of the poor, in car.

as thorough as can be obtained in most of our colrying out effectually such benevolent plans for their leges. A beautiful site has been selected near reform as might be desired. Were such the case, we Poughkeepsie, upon which elegant buildings will ehould not have to mourn over the prevalence of vice soon be erected. This has in contemplation a selfand juvenile crime, which are increasing from year to sustaining institution, enjoying a munificent enyear.

dowment from one Matthew Vassar, Esq., of P. There is also a great difference between our best and This will enjoy an independent income, and will poorest teachers, in the mode of governing their secure the services of the best talent in the counschools. As self-government is the first and the

try. highest requisite in any teacber, so it must be considered an indispensable qualification. Nothing can PEOPLE may be taken in once, who imagine that supply its place. All the learning and wisdom of the an author is greater in private life than other men. past and present will be utterly unavailing when this Uncommon parts require uncommon opportunities is wanting. To be successful, a teacher must poseeds for their exertion. it. At whatever cost of persevering effort and study, it must be gained before a teacher's labors can be EVERY one at the bottom of his heart cherishes crowned with complete success. In the true teacher vanity; even the toad thinks himself good lookthere will be united mildness and dignity of manner, ling-rather tawney, perhaps; but look at his eyes!

Natural Science.

NAME. The name of an interesting object is generally asked for; give the name and let the

child repeat it. This is its first lesson in expresCOMMUNICATIONS for this Department should be ad

sion, and should be the type of all after ones; to dressed to 1. F. CADY, Warren.

get an idea first, and then a term for it.

DIRECTION. 1. The direction of the person from For the Schoolmåster. The Sense of Sight and the Faculty of

objects, or of objects from the person, both being Expression.

at rest, is given at once by sight. At the suitable

age let the child be taught which is his right hand Bring a child, six months old, into a room, and and which is his left hand, and be led to speak of the first thing that it does, is to fix its eyes, in things as at the right, the left, in front of, and beturn, on all the prominent objects in the room : hind, before or beside him; as, above or below, observation engrosses it as completely as intense over or under him. 2. Direction of person and thought may hereafter in the years of its manhood. object from each other, one, or the other, or both, Mind is at work here whether we recognize it or being in motion. Let the teacher, the scholars not. As educators it behooves us to carefuly note afterwards imitating the motion, step forwards, its operations.

backwards, sideways; or move the hand higher, By the sense of sight this child perceives, 1, the lower, downwards, upwards; or from, towards, object; 2d, its direction; 3, its situation with re-nearer to, farther from, a thing. spect to other objects; and, later in life, if not Let the child notice, several mornings and erenow, 4, its outlines ; 5, light and shade, and hencenings, the sun's rising and setting; then with bis form ; 6, its color; 7, number; 8, its distance; 9, right hand towards the rising and his left hand toits length; 10, its size (area); 11, its bulk; 12, wards the setting sun, let him learn the points of motion.

the compass. Later in life he should learn also How vast the field and how large the range of the following directions - from north to south, east objects to exercise the faculty of observation to west, right to left, and their opposites; and the through the sense of sight, is at once apparent following motions — with the hands of a watch, from the above enumeration. The faculty of ob- with the sun, in a right hand spiral or helix ; and servation is, moreover, developed very early in their reverse. Most of these directions and molife, certainly in a marked degree before the age of tions can be taught by the hand, and care should four years, to the great annoyance of some teach- be taken that the direction or motion is first learners, whose energies are wasted in attempts, tooed and then the proper term to describe it, -a often, alas, successful, to make the child sit still second lesson in expression. and keep its eyes fixed on its book.

With sorrow The SITUATION of one body with respect to anis this recorded as the chief object aimed at in other is only an extension of the last topic. By this many primary schools ; schools the most interest- time the right use of the whole list of prepositions ing in many respects, to teach, where as much art will be preity well understood. Take for your exin teaching is requisite as anywhere, and which, ercise, for example, the situation of a book on certainly, are not the least important schools in your desk to all the other books there, to the parts the State.

of the desk, and to the walls of the room or the The child wishes to take hold of, to handle and position of these things with respect to the book. play with whatever interests it; let it by all means This will be a good preparation for the future do so whenever it will neither do nor receive any workman, to enable him to understand a descripharm. But the most that it learns thereby belongs tion of the parts of a machine, or to describe them under another head, the sense of touch.

himself; or for the young student so that he can OBJECT. An object is seen by a babe for the comprehend and illustrate the morphology of a first time; it is in one direction from him, has a plant or an animal. certain light upon it, with a certain side turned OUTLines of planes should be taught first. Let towards him; when he sees it again all these con- there be many sets of the more common geometrical ditions may be changed, and another view is pre- figures, as the circle, the square, the parallelogram, sented to it; yet, especially if he be allowed to the equilateral triangle, and the right angled trihandle it, how quickly and inevitably will he de-angle, cut from pasteboard. Selecting one of tect the common object in which these views re- these, let the class find another just like it; then side. When his mother stands face to him, side all that are like it; do the same with the other to him, or back to him, three different objects meet figures. Sameness or equality is here noticed; his eye, yet the babe in each instance stretches out the child is learning to match things, an important its arms to its mother. Herein is the working of point in many trades, and skill in doing this should mind, which, aware of its own capacities, now be more fully developed, by cutting patterns from treats things sensible, as, by and by, it will things paper with a knife and with scissors. intelligible; it perceives the same truth under dif- The outlines now being interesting, their names ferent forms.

will readily be learned. Then, selecting a circle,

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