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From the Journal of Agriculture.
three, and two sisters — bright, intellectual to A Teacher's Views.
a wonder; thin, delicate, with brains largely
developed, and the best scholars in school. The following is an extract from a confiden
Study wears upon them. The oldest boy is tial letter received a short time since from a school teacher in Massachusetts - one who has
nervous, irritable, and very timid — shrinking
almost from himself. It is a crime for them to taught for years and k:10ws the defects of our
do as they did last term ; now what shall I do common school system. I hope she will not
with them? think this a breach of confidence, for I can ill
“ Friend Cartland, if you or any other of our afford to lose the kind missives which we occasionally have the pleasure of reading, especial. many teachers who read the Journal, will please
answer these queries, they will oblige more than ly when they contain ideas of such vital impor
one teacher, and may benefit many of the dear tance to every one of the Fraternity.
children who will be shut up in prison six tours Says the teacher in question :
in a day for the next three months. " It you were teaching school, where, out of twenty boys of all ages, there were scarcely Note. With no time for a full reply to the any who did not use profane language, włat above, we insert it approvingly, simply saying would you do to check it? This is a great trial that we have, on various occasions, condemned, to me. 'Tis the atmosphere in which most of most earnestly, the practice of dooming our them have lived from early childhood.” children to so many hours confinement in the She continues :
school-room, It is cruel, to say the least of it. “ I have been thinking deeply, the past few Such confinement cannot be enforced without days, upon the evils of our present common rebelling against the laws of God — without school system. Not that there is no good in it. trampling upon the rights of children as claimFar from that; there is great good, and I love ed by their natures. We are glad the subject and appreciate, I trust, the motives and princi- is arousing attention in many quarters. Let ples which led some of our best and noolest every friend of education, and of human namen of past generations to establish such a sys. ture, help swell the rising tide of public sentitem. But I do not think the health and physi ment, till the demands of childhood shall be cal developnsent of children are cared for as triumphantly vindicated. The deeper the sleep they słould be. Who is there who would not in the public mind, the more stern should be the call any mother hard, unfeeling and cruel who trumpet blast which we would invoke to awakshould, every morning, at 9 o'clock, set her lit- en it. tle girl in a chair, with book or work, and with slight interruption of the labor, keep her sitting
From tbe Century. in the same position for three hours, and then
Newspapers and Education. after an intermission of two hours persist in the
Some days since, a little girl accosted us on a same course in the afternoon. Every one would ferry boat: “Please tell me what o'clock it is, be ready to cry out against such an unnatural sir ?” “ It is just nine.” “Then,” said she, “I parent, and even the stones would join the cry. shall be late at school.” “Do you cross the riv
“ But is not this the course pursued by every er to go to school ?” “No, sir, but I have been parent who sends his or her little ones to any to my aunt's on a visit, and I am now going back; of our public schools? And how can the evil I'm afraid my mother will not let me go again if be remedied? My whole heart cries out against I am late.” “What are you studying ?" "I'm it. A bitter, bitter lesson has brought this vi. in ancient geography, rhetoric, composition and vidly before me. I feel, sometimes, as if I could grammar.” “Do you not study modern geonot go into school again. What can I do in graphy que "No, sir, but I am going to study that little, ill-ventilated school-room with forty physiology, geology and metaphysics.” “Are scholars: The best I can do for them may not you, indeed ?” “Yes, sir; my mother says they prevent some of them from dying.
are the fashionable branches ; modern geography “I have thought, unless something is done ir. and arithmetic are so common, you know,-everymy school, I shall feel as though I must call the body learns them. She wants me to learn the parents in the district together, and try to set higher branches.” “Will you take a message to before them the evil. Tell me, would it be your mother from me ?” “Yes, sir.” “ Tell wrong, immodest or unwomanly ?
ber that you met a gentleman on a terry boat “I have five children in school, brothers, who told you that ancient geography, and rhetor
ic and physiology are not the studies for a child It is possible that we overrate the influence of your age; and that modern geography, arith of the newspaper as an educator, but we think metic, and a good newspaper are the higher not. It is the voice of the living world. It is branches. Don't forget this."
history, art, philosophy, science, truth, justice, It would be for us a perilous undertaking to as- rhetoric, grammar, and everything else — not sert that girls in general, are not equal to boys, unmixed with falsehood and nonsense, but not and consequently that women are not equal to more so mixed than the home infant school for men.
We assert no such thing. We are afraid girls, from which boys brer k away before their to do it-we fear almost to put the case hypo- bones are out of the gristle. Take Grammar, thetically. Are girls equal to boys, and women Natural History, Rhetoric and Composition. to men, in tact and ability to accomplish what is Where are these so well taught as in the careequally within the capacity of either sex? Have fully edited newspaper ? What better lessons they equal presence of mind in danger, equal in Rhetoric than to see some popular writer or readiness of resource, equal knowledge of passing famous scholar roasted alive on the hot coals of events, equal power to seize new arts and to take criticism? Where are better examples of tasteadvantage of opportunities ? To sum up in a ful composition ? Where is a better cabinet of word, do they make as much and as good use of natural history? What in all the world escapes their faculties as boys and men ?
the newspaper editor ? And ii' he commits blunWhy not? Is it because master Bob asserts ders in grammar, or logic, or fact, or philosophy, a divine right to the newspaper of mornings, so is he not forth with served up on a gridiron by anthat his sister, poor little soul, is obliged to go other editor? Where, but in the newspaper, to school to have all the philosophy thrust down will be found a running history of al: the literher intellectual throat, without any knowledge ature of the day? Where else are you told of the real matters in life by which they are il- what books you may safely buy, what are not lustrated and to which they are applied ? Is it worth putting on your shelves, and what would because the poor child must drink in rhetoric be as hurtful to the minds of your children as without having read the fine periods of Seward henbane to their bodies. ? and Everett, or the glowing eloquence and the criticism of the leading columns ? Is it because
FORBIDDEN Fruit.-Mr. Noel, a French agrishe's in the maid's hands to be fixed up," culturist, speaking of the introduction of the with her thoughts and aspirations directed to a potato into France, says: new hoop-skirt, and to have have her hair and
“ This vegetable was viewed by the people her mind twisted into curls, while Bob is catch with extreme disfavor when first introduced, ing the magnetism of dutiful greai deeds, by and many expedients were adopted to induce reading telegrams from California, France, Eng. them to use it, but without success. In vain land, Italy and China ?
• Hurrah! Garibaldi did Louis XVI. wear its flower in his button is at Naples ! Hurrah! The Sardinians have hole, and in vain were samples of the tuber diswhipped Lamoriciere, and the Pope is going to tributed among the farmers; they gave them to be kicked out of Rome,” shouts Bob, as little their pigs, but would not use them themselves, hoop-skirt comes into the breakfast room, and At last, Parmentier, the chemist, who well knew simpers in her darling accents :-“ Ma, I want the nutritive properties of the potato, and was a pair of jet armlets — Evelina Louisa Sophro- most anxious to see it in general use, hit upon nia Smith has a pair, and I think it's a shame the following ingenious plan : He planted a that I can't have them. Won't you make Bob good breadth of potatoes at Sablons, close to stop that drea-a-dful noise ?”
Yes, dear, Paris, and paid great attention to their cultivayou shall have the armlets. Ma will go out and tion. When the roots were nearly ripe, he put get them this very day.”
notices around the field, that all persons who Ma is going to make herself over again in her stole away any of the potatoes would be prosechild. She never reads the papers, excepting cuted with the utmost rigor of the law, and
gendarmes were employed to watch the field day the marriages and fashions, and the horrors, and and night, and arrest all trespassers. No soonthe sickening romances, and the small gossip, er were the new roots thus f rbidden, as it were, and why should her daughter ?
by authority, than all persons seemed eager to Some judicious families and circles must be eat them, and in a fortnight, notwithstanding
the gendarmes, the whole crop was stolen, and excepted from this not carricature, where we without doubt eaten. The new vegetable has. see girls equal to boys, growing up into women ing been found to b: excellent food, was soon who will not be inferior to men.
Icultivated in every part of the kingdom."
For the Schoolmaster.
a complete system of intellectual training, must Physical Culture.
have an almost infinite variety of exercises.
To select any one and dignify it with the title BY DIO LEWIS, M. D.
of " a system” is simply to talk nonsense. But The passion for specialty – for the all-ab- if you must select one and make it alone the sorbing one idea, so abused and perr.icious in means of development, in behalf of wonen, politics, religion, art, and perhaps in all other children, and to speak briefly, in behalf of ninehuman affairs, is certainly very funny and mis- tenths of all who need gymnastics, let that one chievous in matters gymnastic.
exercise. I pray, be anything rather than lifting. Here in America are millions who are dying
He who would instruct the world in a sys. for physical culture. We are all agreed in re
tem of gymnastic training, must not forget the
following: gard to the imperative necessity. What shall be done? Now for the funny and
First, that there are myriads of children mischievous specialties !
feeble boys and girls — who will never, either The first man says, spar! spar! spar!!
by coaxing or coercion, pursue any system of
Take lessons in sparring, and join a regular boxing training, no matter how good, which is not full elub. Tnis, sir, will give health and vigor to
of beautiful games, requiring very little muscuall !
lar strain, but full of competition, skill and exThe second says, fence ! fence! fence!! Take
hilaration. lessons of a fencing master, and devote yourself
Second, there are any number of ladies who to small sword. This, sir, will ensure health will never be drawn into any system which is and vigor to all !
not full of grace, womanly propriety and social The third says, lift ! lift ! lift!! Procure hea- pleasure. You may say, they ought to do this vy dumb-bells and kegs of nails! Every day
or that; you are probably right. I simply speak devote half an hour to lifting! This is the of what is practicable.
Third, young men and women, as a general Now is not all this both funny and mischie- fact, will not continue through a series of years vous ? I can't hear one of these gentlemen in a gymnasium unless the two sexes can minwithout being reminded of the tailor who saw gle in the games and exercises. Never until nothing in the magnificence of Niagara but the one sex is willing to dance alone, will a gymna* splendid opportunity to sponge a coat!"
sium, excluding either sex, prove a flourishing And again, I am reminded of that American
and permanent institution. orator who declared that no man could make a
Fourth, gymnasia must furnish ir. unlimited truly great speech without first imbibing a glass profusion fresh air and sunshine. A large, loose of brandy. Himself of phlegmatic tempera- and this is particularly important and indispen
dress is indispensable to successful training, ment, and needing this fiery stimulus to move his brain, he immediately leaped to the conclu
sable to females, sion that what was good for him must be good
The above four points are fundamental necesfor all other men.
sities of successful and rational gymnastic trainWe quietly smile at the near-sightedness of the
ing. professor of Greek who advocates the knowl
From Rev. Warren Burton's District School as it Is. edge of Greek as the great means and end of
My First Teacher, education.
We are always very patient and good natured Mary Suitu was my first teacher, and the with the professor of mathematics who urges a dearest to my heart I ever had. She was a knowledge of his specialty as the only worthy niece of Mrs. Carter, who lived in the nearest object of education.
house on the way to school. She had visited And I do not know why we ought not to her aunt the winter before ; and her uncle being treat with as much patience and good nature chosen committee for the school at the town the man who contends for lifting heavy weights meeting in the spring, sent immediately to her as a complete system of physical culture. home in Connecticut and engaged her to teach
Such a silly introversion may surprise and the summer school. During the few days she puzzle us, but we must treat it as an halluci- spent at his house, she had shown herself pecunation.
liarly qualified to interest and to gain the love A complete system of physical training, like of children. Some of the neighbors, too, who
dropped in while she was there, were much to my memory by the ties created by gentle pleased with her appearance. She had taught tones and looks. one season in her native State ; and that she That hardest of all tasks, sitting becomingly succeeded well, Mr. Carter could not doubt. still, was rendered easier by her goodness. He preferred her, therefore, to hundreds near When I grew restless and turned from side to by; and for once the partiality of the relative side, and changed from posture to posture, in proved profitable to the district.
search of relief from my uncomfortableness, she Now Mary Smith was to board at her uncle's. spoke words of sympathy rather than reproof. This was deemed a fortunate circumstance on Thus I was won to be as quiet as I could. my account, as she would take care of me on When I grew drowsy, and needed but a comthe way, which was needful to my inexperi- fortable position to drop into sleep and forgetenced childhood. My mother led me to Mr. fulness of the weary hours, she would gently Carter's to commit me to my guardian and in- lay me at length on my seat, and leave me just structor for the summer. I entertained the most falling to slumber, with her sweet smile the last extravagant ideas of the dignity of the school. thing beheld or remembered. keeping vocation, and it was with trembling re
Thus wore away my first summer at the disluctance that I drew near to the presence of so trict school. As I look back upon it, faintly lovely a creature as they told me Mary Smith traced on memory, it seems like a beautiful
But she so gently took my little quiver- dream, the images of which are all softness and ing hand, and so tenderly stooped and kissed peace. I recollect that, when the last day came, my cheek, and said such soothing and winning it was not one of light-hearted joy - it was words, that my timidity was gone at once. one of sadness, and it closed in tears. I was
She used to lead me to school by the hand, now obliged to stay at home in solitude, for the while John and Sarah Carter gamboled on, un- want of playmates, and in weariness of the less I chose to gambol with them, but the first passing time, for the want of something to do; day, at least, I kept by her side. All her de- as there was no particular pleasure in saying meanor toward us all, was of a piece with her A, B, C, all alone, with no Mary Smith's looks first introduction. She called me to her to read, and voice for an accompaniment. not with a look and voice as if she were doing
The next summer, Mary Smith was mistress a duty she disliked, and was determined that I again. She gave such admirable satisfaction, should do mine too, whether I liked it or not, that there was but one unanimous wish that as is often the manner of teachers; but with a she should be re-engaged. cheerful smile and softening eye, as if she were Mary was the same sweet angel this season as at a pastime and wished me to partake of it. the last. I did not, of course, need her sooth
My first business was to master the A, B, C, ing and smiling assiduity as before; but still and no small achievement it was; for many a she was a mother to me in tenderness. She little learner waddles to school through the was forced to caution us younglings pretty ofsummer, and waddles to the same school through ten; yet it was done with such sweetness, that the winter, before he accomplishes it, if he hap- a caution from her was as effectual as would be pens to be taught in the manner of former times. a frown, and indeed a blow, from many others. This might have been my lot had it not been for At least, so it was with me. She used to resort Mary Smith. Few of the better methods of to various severities with the refractory and idle, teaching, which now make the road to know- and in one instance, she used the ferulu; but ledge so much more easy and pleasant, had not we all knew, and the culprit knew, that it was then found their way out of, or into, the brain well deserved. of the pedagogical vocation. Mary went on in At the close of the school there was a deeper the old way, indeed; but the whole exercise sadness in our hearts than on the last summer's was done with such sweetness on her part that closing day. She had told us that she should the dilatory and usually unpleasant task was never be our teacher again, – should probably to us a pleasure, and consumed not half so never meet many of us again in this world. much of my precious time as it generally does She gave us much parting advice about loving in the case of heads as stupid as mine. By the and obeying God, and loving and doing good to close of that summer, the alphabet was securely everybody. She shed tears as she talked to us, my own. That hard, and to me unnecessary, and that made our own flow still more. When string of sights and sounds, were bound forever we were dismissed, the customary and giddy laugh was not heard. Many were sobbing with zling gifts, beginning with the oldest. I being grief, and even the least sensitive were softened an abecedarian, must wait till the last; but as and subdued to an unusual quietness. I knew that my turn would surely come in due
The last time I ever saw Mary Smith was order, I was tolerably patient. But what was Sunday evening, on my way home from meet- my disappointment, my exceeding bitterness of ing. As we passed Mr. Carter's, she came outgrief, when the last book on Mary's lap had to the chaise where I sat between my parents, been given away, and my name not yet called ! to bid me good-by. Oh, that last kiss, that Every one present had received, except myself last smile, and those last tones! Never shall I and two others of the A, B, C rank. I felt the forget them so long as I have the power to re- tears starting to my eyes; my lips were drawn member or capacity to love. The next morning to their closest pucker to hold in my emotions she left for her native town; and before another from audible outcry. I heard my fellow sufsummer she was married. As Mr. Carter soon ferers at my side draw long and heavy breaths, moved from the neighborhood, the dear in- the usual preliminaries to the bursting out of structress never visited it again.
grief. This feeling, however, was but momenThere is one circumstance connected with the tary; for Mary immediately said, “ Charles and history of summer schools of so great impor- Henry and Susan, you may now all come to tance to little folks, that it must not be omitted. me together; ” at the same time her hand was It was this: The mistress felt obliged to give put into her work-bag. We were at her side little books to all her pupils on the closing day in an instant, and in that time she held in her of school. Otherwise she would be thought hand — what? Not three little picture books, stingy, and half the good she had done during but what was to us a surprising novelty, viz. : the summer would be cancelled by the omission three little birds wrought from sugar by the of the expected donations. If she had the least confectioner's art. I had never seen or heard generosity, or hoped to be remembered with or dreamed of such a thing. What a revulsion any respect and affection, she must devote a of delighted feeling now swelled my little boweek's wages, and perhaps more, to the pur
“If I should give you books,” said chase of these little toy-books. My first
Mary, “you could not read them at present; so
present, of course, was from Mary Smith. I have got for you what you will like better, not a little book for the first summer, but it perhaps, and there will be time enough for you was something that pleased me more.
to have books when you shall be able to read
them. So, take these little birds and see how The last day of school had arrived. All, as I have somewhere said before, were sad that it long you can keep them.”
We were perfectly was now to finish. My only solace was that I
satisfied, and even felt ourselves distinguished
above the rest. should now have a little book, for I was not
My bird was more to me than unmoved in the general expectation that prevail
all the songsters in the air, although it could ed. After the reading and spelling and all the
not fly, or sing, or open its mouth. I kept usual exercises of the school were over, Mary
it for years, until by accident it was crushed to took from her desk a pile of the glittering little pieces, and was no longer a bird. things we were looking for. What beautiful
For the Schoolmaster. covers, – red, yellow, blue, green! Oh, not
The Reward. the first buds of spring, not the first rose of summer, not the rising moon, nor the gorgeous No man desires to work without pay. ". The rainbow, seemed so charming as that first pile laborer is worthy of his hire,” — a maxim not of books, now spread out on her lap, as she sat only acceptable to him, but entirely consistent in her chair in front of the school. All eyes with Christian ethics. It is true, we hear comwere now centred on the outspread treasures. plaints that toil is poorly requited, and in a peAdmiration and expectation were depicted on cuniary sense that is quite correct. Among every face.
Pleasure glowed in every heart; others, the teacher often speaks of his thankless for the worst as well as the best counted upon task, the demand and the impossibility of the certainty of a present. What a beautifier pleasing all; and then his compensation is scarceof the countenance agreeable emotions are ! ly “enough to keep soul and body together.” The most ugly visaged were beautiful now with But whatever may be the exact truth in this the radiance of keen anticipation. The scholars regard, it is well to look farther than this, to were called out, one by one, to receive the daz- those higher and more enduring rewards which