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The World as a Place to Live In.

The Teacher's Office.

overseer.

Many people seem to take a strange pleasure

Take heed that ye despise not one of these little

ones."-MATT. xviii. 10. in decrying this life, as unworthy of their notice and unfit for their enjoyment. They forget that, Desirest thou a Teacher's work? Ask wisdom from

above: for each of us, the world is very much what we

It is a work of toil and care, of patience and of love, choose to make it. They fail to remember that Ask for an understanding heart to rule in godly fear this is the very world created for man, adapted the feeble flock of which the Lord hath made thee to his needs with consummate skill, and introduced to his notice as a residence eminently fitting. The Creator at its completion “saw that Alas! thou surely may'st expect some evils to en. it was good." They are so irreverent and pre- dure sumptuous as to insist that it is bad.

E'en children's faults are hard to bear, and harder

still to cure ; But, then, the world is unsatisfying and full

They may be willful, proud, perverse, in temper of disappointment. Of course, we would not

unsubdued, wieh to have it otherwise. No material blessing In mind obtuse and ignorant, in manners coarse is a permanent pleasure. The sweetest sleep is and rude, but for a night. The most acceptable dinner Thou may'st contend with sluggish minds, till only appeases the hunger of a day. And this weary and depress'd, beneficent arrangement not only gives us a suc. And trace the windings of deceit in many a youthcession of dinners and dreams, but npens a way

ful breast;

Yet scorn them not: remember Him who loved for the discipline of wakefulness and hunger, a

his lambs to feed, discipline to which we owe more than we would

Who never quench'd the smoking flax, nor broke like to acknowledge. Then, too, our plans are

the bruised reed ; sometimes defeated, our noblest efforts fail of Who for the thankless and the vile poured out his accomplishing their purpose. Be it so, in the

precious blood; name of all that is manly. Richly dowered as And makes His sun to rise upon the evil and the we are, we can afford an occasional defeat. Nay, good. more, we cannot afford to do without it. Ulti. The love of God extends to all the works His hand mately, as a general thing, success follows de

has fram'd; sert. It is the uncertainty of each individual He would not that the meanest child should perish

unreclaim'd. pursuit that gives it zest. When we fail we can

Pray that His Holy Spirit may thy selfish heart in. make of the failure a pedestal upon which to

cline stand while aiming at a loftier achievement. To bear with all their waywardness as He has borne God has not taken so much pains in framing

with thine. and furnishing and adorning this world, that they who were made by Him to live in it should If by example, or by word, thou leadest them to despise it. Why then do we disparage it ? For sin, its wickedness? It shall teach us a loftier vir- Thou perilest the precious souls that Jesus died tne. For its deceit and treachery? It shall

to win; make our frankness beautiful. For its poverty ?

If thou from indolent neglect shouldst leave their

minds unsown, No, truly ; for it has given us very much that

Or shouldst their evil passions rouse, by yielding money could not buy. This very wickedness

to thine own; and deceit and poverty are needful ingredients Shouldst thou intimidate the weak, and thus dein the soil from which the noblest fruit must

stroy their peace, grow. For our purpose the world does not or drive the stubborn to rebel by harshness or cacontain too much. Let us take heed that it find price; not its only “superfluity of naughtiness” in Shouldst thou their kindlier feelings chill by apathy oui selves.-Springfield Republican.

aud scorn, "Twere good for them, and for thyself, that thou

had'st ne'er been born. The worst passions of men, in common life. are sometimes inscrutibly prospered.-WILLIS.

But oh! what blessings may be thine, when thou

hast daily striven A well-informed mind is better than a hand. To guide them in the narrow path that leadeth up some person.

to heaven;

What joy to see their youthful feet in wisdom's way Free Academy.....

820 remain;

Boys' Grammar Schools.

25.632

do do To know that, by the grace of God, thy labor is Girls'

20 670 not vain;

Primary Departments..

66.429 To watch the dawn of perfect day in many a hope. Colored Schoo's.

Primary Schools.

26 917

2291 ful child;

Evening Schools.

15 567 To see the crooked mind grow straight, the rugged Corporate Schools.

7,000 temper mild;

Total. ........

1(5 226 To mark the sinful habit check'd, the stubborn will subdued ;

Being an increase of 3,398 over the number unThe cold and selfish spirit warm’d by love and gra- der instruction during the preceding year. titude;

of this number, 35,957 have attended school To read in every sparkling eye a depth of love un- during the entire school year; 17.910 for eight known;

months, and less than ten; 19,364 for six months, To hear the voice of joy and health in every silver and less than eight ; 29,008 for four months, and tone !

less than six; 29,672 for two months, and less If such the joys that now repay the Teacher's work than four; and 32,664 for a period less than two of love,

months. If such thy recompense on earth, what must it be above!

For the Schoolmaster.
Oh! blessed are the faithful dead who die unto the

Physical Culture.
Lord;
Sweet is the rest they find in heaven, and great is

The subject of physical culture is beginning their reward;

to claim the attention of educators, and finds Their works performed in humble faith are all re- the public mind ready for a reform in this branch corded there;

of human development. Gymnasia are estabThey see the travail of their souls, the answer to lished in various parts of the country; authors their prayer:

write long articles on the muscles and their de. There may thoʻTeacher and the Taught one glori- velopment; lecturers hold forth on the impor. ous anthem raise ;

tance of attention to this subject, and enthusiAnd they who sow, and they who reap, unite in endless praise !

asts, looking forward, see, in imagination, the - English Pupil Teacher.

Ameriean people with the perfect physical de

velopment of the ancients without their barba. The Public Schools of New York. The rous customs. annual report of the City Superintendent of Pub

Notwithstanding the resolution recently passlic Schools was presented to the Board of Educa- ed by the common council of one of our good. tion on Wednesday evening. There are in the ly cities, to the effect that physical training is city of New York fifty-one Grammar Schools for not considered by that body a branch of public boys, fifty for girls, fifty Primary Departments, instruction for which the money of tax payers and forty Primary Schools ; a Free Academy for can with propriety be employed, we venture to boys; three Normal Schools—one for female offer a few ideas and present a few inquiries teachers, one for male, and one for colored teach- arising in our own mind on this subject. ers of both sexes; twenty-three Evening Schools Is our educational system all that it should for males, twenty for females, and two for colored be? Does it accomplish all that the most arpersons, male and female; and ten Corporate dent lover of human progress could desire, or Schools, sharing in the distribution of the public are there defects, which, if understood, can be money.

remedied? Does the educational mill which The whole number of teachers in the several takes in the unwrought material of humanity schools, under the jurisdiction of the Board, is at the primary school and turns it out at the 1548, of whom 1368 are females, and 180 males. university, finished, send forth men with that Of this nuniber, 173 hold State certificates of qua- completeness of development which nature delification, 27 are graduates of the State Nɔrmal signed they should have — with all the faculties Schools, and the remainder hold certificates from trained and ready for the active and stern du. this department.

ties of life — or has the stock been spoiled in the The whole number of pupils in these several working and rendered unfit for anything through institutions, (exclusive of the Normal Schools) some defect in the machinery? on the first day of October last, was 165,226, viz: Let the question be answered by facts which we have only to open our eyes to see. While learned it only to regret that she is lost so early. we look with a just pride upon our public Contrast the fresh, healthy appearance of the schools, our seminaries and our colleges; while enthusiastic young teacher just entering upon we look upon the high intellectual culture of his labors, with the ghostly, woebegone expresour times and thank God that our lot has been sion of the dyspeptic, who has spent only a few cast in this intellectual age, rather than in that years shut up in the school-room, paying no atbarbarous age in which the possession of mere tention to anything but the brair. His strength animal force was the source of all human great- is failing, for his stomach has refused to perform ness, let us not fear to look upon the dark side its duties, since it receives no assistance from the of the picture. Let us look at facts as they are. other members of the body, his blood flows slug

Where the effect is bad let us look for the g‘shly in his veins, and soon his work will be cause, that we may know how and where to ended, perchance but half done. apply the remedies. But what are the facts : Read biography, and notice the number of While walking up Tremont street, Boston, one the intellectual, the brilliant and the gifted, day last August, in company with a friend, we whom the world cannot well spare, suddenly met a large crowd of men and women coming cut off in the midst of their labors and usefulout of Tremont Temple. Our friend, ignorant ness, victims of physical neglect and pitiable of the character of the meeting held there, af- weakness. ter looking upon the company in silence with a 0, why, we say, must these bright lights so look of curiosity and surprise for a minute, ex- soon go out, since the world needs them so much! claimed, “ Where in the world did all these Is it a cruel necessity of our nature that the giftsickly looking people come from?" " These ed and the learned must be the first to pass away, are the members of the American Institute of or is there some miserable defect in our educaInstruction,” we said. “ Ah, they are teachers, tional system by which our natures are develthen," he replied, “ that explains it.” After a oped, that sends so many to an early grave ? short silence, as we walked along, he said : The fault is not in nature. There must be some “ Cannot some of the intellectual persons here defect. Stern necessity does not require that so assembled devise some means of driving away many victims should be offered up at the shrine that ghostly look which sits upon the counte- of the intellect. nances of so many of our teachers ? Are not But all the victims thus immolated are not these teachers laying themselves upon the altar missed by the world. No, for their lamp of to be offered up a sacrifice to intellect, extin- life goes out before the world sees the light. guishing that light which might shine forth to So the great bustling world moves on as unillumine many a dark corner of our world : mindful of the multitude of young people who Are they not crushing out that life and energy are yearly laid in the grave as though they had which God has given them, and going down to never lived. Yet the loss is not less because an early grave, when they might live to bless unknown to the world. the world? I can look upon this only as a most

We were about to say that the question might pitiable company, spending their life nobly as be asked, are these things really so? Is it a far as it goes, but far too soon bringing their fact, that so many are yeariy sacrificed upon the life of labor and usefulness to a close." We altar of the mind, or is this a mere fancy sketch could not but feel, on hearing this, that our generated in the iniaginative brain of the writer? friend was rather too hasty in his conclusions. Were any one so blind as to ask such a quesbut on a careful examination of the matter, we tion, we would say to him - Go into our cememust say that we believe he is about right.

teries and there read the great number of inCan we witness the career of some, yes, of scriptions written over the dust of the “ early many of our lady teachers and not feel that it dead”; go into the families of our cities and is too true! See the young lady with elastic villages and there count the number of those step and bright hopes entering upon her chosen clad in mourning for a sister or a daughter who and noble calling, that of educating the young. has departed in the prime of womanhood, to be Soon her step loses its elasticity, the color fades forgotten by the world; count the number of from her cheek, a pale, wan countenance passes boys and girls, young men and women, who before her pupils and disappears, and the fair have returned home from the academy, the semyoung teacher is borne away to her silent rest, inary and the college, broken down by study, perhaps ere the world has learned her worth, or to die and be forgotten ere their work of life is begun, and then ask yourself if this looks like crushed out and all is dark again. The housea fancy sketch. Look at those who are to be hold is dark, the hearts of those parents are the feeble mothers of the next generation, and dark, and a still deeper darkness would reign ask if we paint a fancy sketch when we talk of there did they but consider that it was their a nation growing physically weak.

ambitious spirit that hurried their child to his It is useless to waste time in proving what grave. But they, afflicted ones, console themnot only every intelligent educator, but every

selves in this dispensation of Providence, with man of common sense, already knows. We, as the cheering thought that their beloved child a nation, are physically weak and are growing " knew too much to live.” Kind parents, do not weaker, and we all know it. What is the cause mock God by laying the death of your child to of this defect. Let us seek that in order that the charge of His Providence. we may know where to apply the remedy. But we sometimes think that girls are much

The answer must suggest itself to every think- greater sufferers, more pitiable victims to socieing mind. Our education is but partial. In ty, than boys. How often, when we see a troop the earnest attempt to elevate the mind, to cul- of school girls, are we reminded of sickly looktivate the intellectual, we have given almost no ing plants, colorless and fragile, growing up in attention to the physical. In avoiding the error the cellar where no sunshine can reach them. of the ancients in cultivating the physical pow. Poor little Aygusta Adelaide must be a little ers exclusively, we have fallen into the opposite woman, and all her conduct must be perfectly extreme and avoided physical culture altogether. lady-like ; she must not get in the dirt, but alNow this one-sided culture prɔduces a one-sided ways look as though just taken from the bandand dwarfed human nature, so sadly out of box; she must be careful that the sun does not balance that it topples over by its own weight shine upon her fair skin, for it must be kept as in one grand ruin.

colorless as possible; she must not be seen runWe have but to open our eyes to see victim ning, for that is vulgar and beneath the dignity after victim of the over-taxed brain falling

of a lady. So the poor little plant grows up in around us. Yet in the very face of these glar

the shade to droop and die early, or to live to ing and sad truths, fond parents deliberately

curse the world with her feeble progeny. lay their own children upon the altar to be of

We are not now talking of extreme cases, but fered up a sacrifice to intellect.

of everyday life. True, the majority of child. The quick eye of the parent discovers the ren do not die so early in life, but far too many budding of genius in the little son — perhaps do. All diseases which flesh is heir to are not long before it is perceptible to any one else,

contracted at school, but far too inany are. All and forth with crams his little brain with all physical deformities are not owing to the hard sorts of profound knowledge at the expense of benches and bad management in the school. his bodily growth and development, while na- room, but again we say, far too many are. Durture intended that during this time he should ing the long years in which the intellect is un be growing. His tender limbs are made to con- dergoing its course of training, the body is alform to the hard, straight benches of the school- most entirely neglected, and when the youth room for six long hours, where, much to the comes forth with “ finished education" to enpraise of the disciplinarian who rules there, ev- ter upon the duties of active life, his weak frame erything goes on “like clock work,” where sinks under the pressure which the mind impo"no muscle dare murmur, no nerve rebel; the ses, and that intellect, giant though it be, is for. tongue must cleave to the roof of its mouth, bidden to wave its sceptre of influence over the the hand forget its cunning, the back ache but world, for its throne totters beneath it and crumgive no sign, the eye forbear its poetic frenzy bles to dust. Sometimes, indeed, reason may and look right on at vacancy — or Virgil.” His be said to forsake her throne, but much oftener brain is unduly developed, and his great head is may it be said that the throne breaks down uncarried about by a feeble body scarcely able to der reason. sustain it. Soon his place is vacant in the We would not exalt the physical at the exschool-room, his voice is not heard at the fire- pense of the mental. By no means. But we side, he is missed at the table, for he has sunk would rather exalt the mental to a much higher down to die, unable to bear the heavy pressure. level by exalting the physical. It needs no ar The first gleaming of that light which might gument to prove that without the physical the have shone an ornament in the world has been mental must of necessity be inefficient. He who has all the functions of the body in a good, designed that the boy should grow, let him healthy condition will be able to do much more grow, and let nature fashion him after her own mental and physical labor than the pale-faced perfect model. When the little girl feels herdyspeptic in the same time, and in addition to self so light that it is a task for her to remain this he has the promise of a much longer life, quiet for a moment, let her jump and run, for thus making his opportunities for usefulness nature has placed that very elasticity in her two-fold.

limbs, and the jumping and running is necessary Both reason and example concur in support for her perfect development. Do not let the of this truth. Those men who have wielded little ones be cheated out of their share of sunthe greatest influence in the world, and whose shine and air. The heat which an active circunarres now stand highest on the scrolls of fame, lation of the blood, assisted by pure air, geneare they who have possessed a sound body with rates, is far more healthful than the heat issuing the sound mind, and who have had an ample from a stove filled with glowing anthracite. physical education. Says an eminent educator: Sunshine is far better than the heat from the

" Intellect needs body. Come, then, and see furnace. Tvo true is the following, addressed me build a man. A calm, silent devotion, a

to America by an ancient sage : conscience pure and reverent, a heart manful

“Oh! latest born of time, the wise man said, and true, an intellect clear and keen, a frame of A mighty destiny surrounds thy head; iron, — with these will we dower our hero, and Great is thy mission, but thy puny son call his name Washington. From me Wash- Lacks strength to finish what the sires begun; ington needs no eulogy. Free America is at Thy hapless daughters breathe the poisoned air, once his eulogy and his monument. It is use- Fair they may be, but fragile more than fair ; less to say more. Every one feels in his heart a They know not, doom’d ones, that the air of heaven, higher praise than can be uttered by the tongue. They know not half the things which life requires,

For breathing purposes to man was given; But let me ask you, What would Washington's

But melt their lives away where stoves and fires, qualities of mind and heart have availed his

And furnace issuing from the realms beneath, country, unless the manly strength, the frame of Distils through parlor floors its poisonous breath. iron, had been added ? A good man he might Sooner or later must the slighted air have been, a patriot he surely would have been; And exercise take vengeance on the fair. but the Father of his Country, never ! The Ah! one by one I see them fade and fall, soul that trusted in God, the conscience that Both old and young, fair, dark, or short or tall, felt the omnipotence of justice and right, the Till one stupendous ruin wraps them all.” heart that beat for his cour try's weal alone, the mind that thought out her freedom, was upborne by a body that knew no fatigue, by nerves that

Common Schools in Massachusetts. knew not how to tremble."

The Twenty-fourth Annual Report of the That angel of mercy that ministered to the

State Board of Educatioa was transmitted to the wants and cheered the hearts of so many sufferers in the gloomy hospital of the Crimea, mighting summary is presented, which gives all the

Massachusetts Legislature recently. The followhave possessed the same noble heart beating in leading and important facts connected with the compassion for suffering humanity, the same

public schools of the State. The figures are for intellect, the same Christian love, the same gen- the school year 1859–60: tleness and tenderness, which dwelt in her bo

334 som, still without that fortitude and power of Number of towns in the commonwealth..

Number of public schools.....

4,497 endurance to carry into effect the promptings of

Number of persons in the State between her heart, the dying soldier would have seen no

tive and fifteen years of age, May 1st, 1859 223,714 shadow upon his pillow to kiss as her angel Number of scholars of all ages in all the form passed its nightly rounds, and the world

public schools in summer...

207,939 would never have heard the name of Florence

In Winter. ........

217,894 Averag- attendance in summer..

162,785 Nightingale.

In Winter.i....

124,582 Since, then, reason and example alike teach Ratio of the mean average attendance to the importance of a thorough physical develop

to the whole number of children between
five and fifteen ...

74 ment, let us exalt it to its proper level, and there

Number of children under five, attendirg by render more efficient the intellectual powers. public schools......

10,428 Let human nature have its due. While nature number of persons over fifteen............. 28,365

B. F. o.

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