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CHAPTER XII.

1865-1912.

HISTORY OF UNITED STATES FINANCES.

Conditions at the close of the war....

395

The funding act of 1866..

396

Contraction of the currency.

396 97

The resumption of specie payments..

.397-398

The panic of 1873.....

.398-399

Changes in taxation.

400

Tariff revision

.400–401

The efforts to demonetize silver.

. 401-402

Further tariff revision...

402-403

The panic of 1893.....

.403-405

The Gorman-Wilson and Dingley tariffs. . 405-406

Spanish-American War finances...

406

The crisis of 1907...

407

Recent modifications of banking laws...... 408

CHAPTER XIII.

1865–1912,

LABOR AND ITS PROBLEMS.

Peonage and padroning after the war......

409

The rise of labor unions..

409-411

Strikes and other labor conflicts.. .411-413

The boycott and blacklisting.... 413–414

Industrial combinations vs. competition. .414-415

Compulsory arbitration

415

Child and female labor..

415-416

Legislative restrictions on child labor...... 416

Factory acts, workmen's compensation and
other labor legislation..

.416-419

CHAPTER I.

1865-1912,

HISTORY OF EDUCATION SINCE THE WAR.

Establishment of the Bureau of Education. 421-422

The “ township unit

.422-423

Public schools

423-424

Introduction of the kindergarten....

424

Intermediate and high schools..

425

Improvements in the methods of teaching. 425-426

Manual training

426

Vocational schools

426

Public high schools..

.426-427

Extension of studies..

427

Medical inspection

428

Open-Air schools

428-429

School discipline

429-430

Evolution of the text book..

430

Teachers' salaries and equal pay... 430-431

Normal schools and other training schools for

teachers

431-432

MODERN TENDENCIES OF AMERICAN LITERATURE.

PAGE

.....447-449

CONTENTS OF VOLUME X.

PAGE

Rural schools

432

Negro education

.432-433

Education funds

433

Indian education

434

Private elementary, professional and indus-

trial schools ....

.434–435

Colleges and universities.

.435-436

Indirect education

.436-437

CHAPTER II.

1865–1912.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF RELIGIOUS IDEALS AND THE

GROWTH OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS.

Religious revival

438–439

Materialism, rationalism and skepticism. 439-441

Relative denominational growth... .441-442

Statistics ...

442-443

C. DEVELOPMENT OF GOVERNMENTAL DEPARTMENTS AND GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES IN REGULATING COM-

MERCE AND INDUSTRIES.

CHAPTER I.

1865–1912.

THE NATIONAL LEGISLATURE,

STITUTIONS.

The great statesmen of the period. .......463–464

Changes in forms of legislative procedure. 464-465

Increase in executive responsibility... .465-466

Constitutions adopted since the Civil War... 475

Characteristics and tendencies in recent con-

stitutions ..

475-477

Methods of enacting and amending constitu-
tions ...

.477 478
The ease and frequency of change.. .478-479

CHAPTER II.

1865-1912.

THE NATIONAL EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS.

CHAPTER V.

1865-1912.

Work of the Department of Agriculture.... 467

Bureaus of the State Department.... 467-468

Additions to the Treasury Department...... 468

Attorneys-General .

468

Work of the Post-Office Department.

469

The Department of the Interior...

...469–470

The Department of Commerce and Labor.... 470

ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IN REG-

ULATING COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY.

CHAPTER III.

1865–1912.

THE JUDICIARY.

Federal control of railways..

480-482

Anti-trust legislation

482-484

The Department of Commerce and Labor., 484-486

The Post-Office ..

486

The Patent Office

486–487

The Department of the Interior... .... 487

The Treasury Department

487-488

Tariff legislation

488–491

Panama Canal

491

The Pan-American Union..

.491-492

Dollar Diplomacy

492

Waterways

492-493

Republicanization of the Supreme Court..471-472
New issues before the Court....

472

Broader interpretation of the Constitu-

tion ...

.472-473

Chief Justices of the Court.

473

Inferior courts

473-474

PAGE

CHAPTER IX.

1865-1912.

CIVIL SERVICE REFORM.

The nature of civil service...

.511-512

Evils of the “spoils system

512-514

The civil service law of 1883.

514-515

Recent extensions of the civil service.....515-516

TREATIES WITH FOREIGN NATIONS.

517-525

PRESIDENTS AND VICE-PRESIDENTS.

526

PRESIDENTIAL AND VICE-PRESIDENTIAL CANDI-

DATES

527-531

PRESIDENTS OF CONTINENTAL CONGRESS.

531

CABINET OFFICERS

532-535

STATE AND TERRITORIAL GOVERNORS ..536-553

D. POLITICAL AND GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS, 1913– 1916.

CHAPTER I.

1918-1916.

THE ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT WILSON.

President Wilson's policies. ,

555

His Cabinet

556

The Underwood tariff

557

The income tax

557

The Federal Reserve Bank.

.557-558

Anti-trust acts

.558-559

The Rayburn bill

559

The Federal Trade Commission.

.559-560

The Clayton Anti-Trust Act..

560

The railroad situation

.560-561

Influence of the tariff.

561-562

The Tariff Board

563

Politics and parties..

563–565

Sixteenth and Seventeenth Amendments..... 565

State constitutional changes

565

Woman suffrage

565–566

Liquor legislation

566-567

Immigration

568-569

Seamen and shipping.

569-570

The public business...

.570-571

Abolishment of Commerce Court...

571

Impeachment of Judge Arch bald.

571

Cabinet changes

.571-572

Supreme Court decisions..

572

Affairs in Alaska

572

Debate on Philippine independence...

573

Conservation.

573

National parks

.573–574

Arbitration treaties

574

Panama Canal tolls

574-575

Latin-American affairs

.575-576

The Mexican civil war and the pursuit of

Villa ..

576-578

American neutrality in European War...578–579

Contraband and the war zone..

.580-581

The Lusitania and other disasters.

581-582

Internal disturbances

582

The munitions and blockade questions. .582-583

Sinking of the Sussex..

583

Wilson's demand for adjustment and Ger-

many's reply

583

Preparedness .

.583-584

SERIES SEVENTEEN

LECTURES NINETY-THREE TO NINETY-FIVE

The Era of Industrial Reorganization, 1877–1898

93. Political Affairs
94. Industrial, Commercial and Financial Conditions
95. Foreign Relations

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