The War Power After 200 Years: Congress and the President at a Constitutional Impasse : Hearings Before the Special Subcommittee on War Powers of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, July 13, 14, August 5, September 7, 15, 16, 20, 23 and 29, 1988
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989 - Executive power - 1428 pages
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action agree agreement amendment American appropriate approval Armed Forces attack authority believe bill branch Chairman circumstances claim clear clearly commitment Committee concerns Cong Congress congressional considered constitutional consultation continue Court debate decide decision defense effect example executive exercise existing fact foreign affairs foreign policy Foreign Relations Founding Framers give given going grant Gulf hearings hostilities House important initiative intended interest involvement issue joint Justice L.Ed legislative limited majority matter means military necessary operation passed peace period Persian political Powers Act Powers Resolution practice present President Presidential problem Professor protect question reason Representatives respect responsibility rules S.Ct Secretary Senator BIDEN situation specific statement suggest supra note Thank things tion treaty troops trying understand United veto Vietnam vote War Powers Resolution
Page 416 - Our Constitution declares a treaty to be the law of the land. It is consequently to be regarded in courts of justice as equivalent to an act of the legislature whenever it operates of itself without the aid of any legislative provision.
Page 509 - Some men look at constitutions with sanctimonious reverence, and deem them, like the ark of the covenant, too sacred to be touched. They ascribe to the men of the preceding age a wisdom more than human, and suppose what they did to be beyond amendment.
Page 466 - The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all ; and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective...
Page 301 - When the President takes measures incompatible with the expressed or implied will of Congress, his power is at its lowest ebb, for then he can rely only upon his own constitutional powers minus any constitutional powers of Congress over the matter.
Page 413 - It is obvious that there may be matters of the sharpest exigency for the national well being that an act of Congress could not deal with but that a treaty followed by such an act could, and it is not lightly to be assumed that, in matters requiring national action, "a power which must belong to and somewhere reside in every civilized government
Page 655 - And you are to observe and follow such orders and directions from time to time as you shall receive from this or a future Congress...
Page 707 - When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person or body," says he, " there can be no liberty, because apprehensions may arise lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner.
Page 704 - The United States in congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determining on peace and war...
Page 463 - The High Contracting Parties agree that an armed attack by any State against an American State shall be considered as an attack against all the American States and, consequently, each one of the said Contracting Parties undertakes to assist in meeting the attack in the exercise of the inherent right of individual or collective selfdefense recognized by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations.
Page 427 - United States Armed Forces into hostilities, or into situations where imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances...