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by William Weston, will be found with some comment in Volume II, Publications of the Buffalo Historical Society. The second report of the Western Inland Lock Navigation Company, apparently a much more scarce document than even the rare first report, will be included in the succeeding volume. Its value will be apparent to any one who reads it, for it gives details of the condition of the work and of the general attempt to establish a navigable waterway across the State, which apparently are not elsewhere to be found.

Secretary Gallatin, for the most part, contented himself with summarizing the reports which he gathered from many sources, with little by way of recommendation. But it was a period when national aid was being sought in every quarter, both for canal and road construction, nor was it until eight years later, when the energy of De Witt Clinton prevailed against all opponents and established the New York canal system on a new basis, that the undertaking was really entered upon as a State enterprise, independent of Federal aid.

A notable group of papers, most of them written at the solicitation of the Buffalo Historical Society, by men who have been influential in determining the canal policy of the State, will constitute the succeeding volume of this series, now in press and soon to be issued. Among these are: “The Canal Improvement Union," by Frank S. Gardner, secretary of the Canal Improvement Union, secretary of the New York Board of Trade and Transportation; an account of the State Commerce conventions of 1899, 1900 and 1901 ; “New York City's Part in the Reconstruction of the State's Waterways,” by Gustav H. Schwab, chairman of the Canal Improvement State Committee; “The New York Produce Exchange and Canal Enlargement,” by Henry B. Hebert, chairman of the Canal Association of Greater New York; “The Inception of the Barge Canal Project," by Maj. Gen. Francis Vinton Greene, chairman of the Committee on Canals of New York State," etc.; "The United States Government and the New York State Canals," by Col. Thomas W. Symons, U. S. A., of the Advisory Board of Consulting Engineers for the Improvement of State Canals; with much other related matter of historical importance.

The succeeding issue of this series will also contain the memorial referred to on page 86 of the present volume, and other material bearing upon this important phase of New York State history. In its appendices, the proceedings of the Buffalo Historical Society for 1908 will appear in usual form.

F. H. S.

CONTENTS

PAGE.

iii

iv

127

XIII. ENGINEERING PROBLEMS-THE LATERAL CANALS 140

XIV. ENLARGEMENT AND RECONSTRUCTION

151

XV, "CANAL FRAUDS” AND INVESTIGATIONS

166

XVI. NATURAL WATERWAYS–ABOLITION OF TOLLS

177

XVII. PROMOTION OF VARIOUS CANAL INTERESTS

197

XVIII. SOME CONVENTIONS—THE CANALS AND THE CON-

STITUTION

217

XIX. ENLARGEMENT MEASURES—THE SHIP CANAL PROPO-

SITION

231

XX. New York's DECLINE OF COMMERCE AND ITS REMEDY 239

XXI. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE BARGE CANAL .

251

XXII. PROGRESS UNDER THE STATE's New Canal POLICY 265

XXIII. LEGISLATIVE STRIFE OVER THE CANAL MEASURES 284

XXIV, A LONG FIGHT_THE WHOLE STATE AROUSED

292

XXV. PASSAGE OF THE REFERENDUM MEASURE

306

XXVI. THE CANAL CAMPAIGN OF 1903.

340

XXVII. MEN AND MEASURES-PROGRESS AND PROSPECTS 394

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