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until the close of the conflict, late in the spring of 1865. Then the proportions of that conflict were known, and its several events were so well comprehended, that it was not a difficult task to give to each act and scene its relative position and due prominence, while compressing the whole narrative into a space so small as to make the chronicle accessible to the great body of my coun

I have endeavored to give a popular narrative of the struggle without much criticism, and as free from technical terms and tediousness of detail as possible, leaving the preparation of a scientific and critical history of the war to military experts, who are more competent for the task.

I gladly availed myself of the labors of others with pen and pencil, who kindly permitted me to make use of unpublished materials such as drawings, photographs, diaries, and letters ; and I am specially indebted to the courtesy of the proprietors of Harper's Weekly and Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, whose artists accompanied the great armies throughout the whole struggle, and preserved the lineaments of a thousand objects which were soon swept away by the storms of war. I was accorded free access to all official reports allowed to be made public; and chiefly from these and the drawings of engineers, the narratives of marches, battles, and sieges were compiled, with accompanying maps and plans. In the work will be found the portraits of the prominent actors, civil and military, of both parties to the conflict; also views and plans of battle-grounds; head-quarters of officers; weapons and ships of war; forts; arsenals; medals of honor, and other gifts of gratitude ; costumes of soldiers ; flags; banners; badges ; and a great variety of other objects whereby the eye may be instructed concerning the materials used in the conflict.

The engravings, whilst they embellish the book, have been introduced for the higher purposes of instruction, and are confined to the service of illustrating facts. They have been prepared under my direct supervision ; and great pains have been taken to make them correct delineations of the objects sought to be represented. In each volume will be found a table of contents, and a list of illustrations; and, at the close of the work, a copious analytical index. There will also be found biographical sketches of the prominent actors in the war, civil and military, arranged in cyclopedia form, and making an important Biographical Dictionary.

I am profoundly grateful to my personal friends, and to my

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countrymen of every degree, from the most humble citizen and soldier to statesmen, army and navy officers of every rank, governors, and the President and his cabinet ministers, who kindly aided me in my

labors in the collection of materials for this work. It would be a pleasant privilege to mention the name of each, but they are legion, and for obvious reasons it may not be done.

B. J. L. THE RIDGE, DOVER PLAINS, N. Y., September, 1873.

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POLITICAL CONVENTIONS IN 1860. Preliminary Observations, page 17.— Democratic Convention at Charleston, 18. — The “ Cincinnati Platform,"

91.-Conflicting Reports on a Platform of Principles-Secession of Delegates, 22.–Balloting for a Candidate, 3-Seceders' Convention, 24.-Adjourned Democratic Convention in Baltimore, 25.-Another Secession, Pa-Nomination of Stephen A. Douglas for the Presidency, 27.--Nomination of John C. Breckinridge for the Presidency, 28.-National Constitutional Union Convention, 29.- Nomination of John Bell for the Presidency, 80.-Republican Convention, 31.—Nomination of Abraham Lincoln for the Presidency, 32.—The Foar Parties, 83.—The Contest, and Election of Lincoln, 84.

CHAPTER II.

PRELIMINARY REBELLIOUS MOVEMENTS. The Votes at the Election, 36.-Incendiary Work of Politicians, 87.—The Press and the Pulpit, 38.- Designs of

the Oligarchy, 89.–Firing “the Southern Heart "-John C. Calhoun, 41.–Virginia Politicians, 42.-Conspirators in Buchanan's Cabinet, 43.-Rebellious Movements in South Carolina, 46.—Resignation of National Officers, 48—Rejoicings in Charleston and Columbia—Excitement in Slave-labor States, 49.-Secession in the Sonth Carolina Legislature, 50.-Secession Movements in Georgia, 01.—Union Speech of Alexander H. Stephens, 53.—The Political Advantages enjoyed by the Southern States, 57.— Proceedings of the Georgia Legislature, 58.—Secession in Mississippi, 69.–Secession in Alabama and Florida, 60.- Proceedings in Louisiana, 61.- Attitude of Texas and North Carolina, 62.—Disunion long contemplated, 63.

OHAPTER III.

ASSEMBLING OF CONGRESS.—THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. Meeting of the Thirty-sixth Congress, 64.—President Buchanan's Message, 65.—The Fugitive Slave Law, 67.

Personal Liberty Acts, 68.-Opinion of Attorney-General Black, 70.-Seression impossible, 71.—The President's Indecision and Recommendations—Denunciations of the Message, 78.-Disappointment of the People, 14.-Movements of the Clergy-Warnings of General Scott, 75.--General Wool's Letter to General Cass, 76. -Resignation of Cass-Fast-Day proclaimed, 77.--Clingman's Treasonable Speech in the Senate, 78.-Crittenden's Rebuke-Hale's Defiance, and the Anger of the Conspirators, 79.-Iverson's Treasonable Speech in the Senate, 80.-Speeches of Senators Davis and Wigfall, 81.-Cotton proclaimed King, 82. — The Cotton ** Kingdom," 83.–Wigfall's insolent Harangue, 84.

CHAPTER IV.

SEDITIOUS MOVEMENTS IN CONGRES.-SECESSION IN SOUTH CAROLINA, AND ITS EFFECTS. Conduct of Southern Representatives in Congress-Committee of Thirty-three, 86.- Amendments to the Con

stitution proposed, 87. The " Crittenden Compromise," 89.—Temper and Wishes of the South Carolina Politicians, 91.—Earlier Secession Movements, 92.-Memminger on a Revolutionary Mission to Virginin-Why Virginians hesitated, 94.- Power of the Politicians in South Carolina, 95.—R. Barnvell Rhett and his Incendiary Speech, 96.— Appeals to the Passions of the People-Officers of the Army and Navy invited to resign, 97.- A Gala Day in Charleston-Secession foreordained, 98. Assembling of the Sonth Carolina

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SECESSION CONVENTIONS IN SIX STATES.

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ATTITUDE OF THE BORDER SLAVE-LABOR STATES, AND OF TIIE FREE-LABOR STATES.
Emissaries of the Conspirators nt Work, 192.— The Virginia Legislature, 193.- A Peace Convention proposed

Attitude of Virginia-Virginia Conspirators in Congress-Position of Maryland, 195.—Action of Governor
Ilicks, 196.--He is denounced as a " Traitor to the South," 197.—Loyal Action of Delaware and North Caro-
lina-The Latter sympathizes with the Slave-labor States, 198.-Disloyal Action of the Governor of Ten-
nessee-The People overwhelmingly for the Union-Position of Kentucky. 199.--Convention of Union
and Douglas Men--Action of the gislature-Attitude of Missouri, 200.-Treason of Governor Jackson-
Arkansas resists Secession, 201.--Loyal Attitude of Maine and Massachusetts, 202.-Action of Rhode

Military Preparations for the Inauguration, 287.--The

CONTENTS.

9

Island-Patriotic Resolutions in the New York Legislature, 204.- The Secession of the City of New York

proposed by its Mayor, 205. — Alarm in Commercial Circles-Meetings in New York, 206.—Democratic

Convention at Albany—“ American Society for Promoting National Union," 207.-Action in New Jersey,

208-Great Meeting in Philadelphia, 209.-Action of the Pennsylvania Legislature, 210.- Patriotic Attitude

of Ohio and Indiana, 211.—Patriotic Proceedings in Michigan and Illinois, 212.-Wisconsin and Iowa pledge

their Aid to the Government, 218.–Minnesota true to the Union, 214.-Encouragement for the Conspira-

tors, 215,

CHAPTER IX.

PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS.—DEPARTURE OF CONSPIRATORS.

Line between Loyalists and Disloyalists distinctly drawn-Conspirators in Congress, 216.— The Conspiracy

revealed by a “Southern Man," 217.—The People alarmed--Unsatisfactory Message from President

Bachanan, 218.-Position of the President-General Wool's Warning-Firmness of the Union Men in Con-

gress, 219,- Jefferson Davis's Proposition to amend the Constitution, 220.-Useless Labors of the two great

Committees–Senator Clark's Proposition-Conspirators determined on Disunion, 221.--Action of the Senate

Committee of Thirteen-of the House Committee of Thirty-three, 222.-Debates on Crittenden's Proposi-

tions-Toumbs declares himself a Rebel, 224.—Hunter's Propositions, 225.-Seward's Position defined-

Union Speeches, 226-227.-Final Action on the Crittenden Coinpromise— Withdrawal of Disloyal Senators,

228.-Seizure of Arms in New York, 230.-Slidell's last Speech in the Senate. 231.--Senator Benjamin's

last Speech in Congress, 232.—Disloyal Representatives leaving Congress-Conciliatory Action of the Union

Members, 238.-C. F. Adams's Resolution, 234.

CHAPTER X.

PEACE MOVEMENTS.-CONVENTION OF CONSPIRATORS AT MONTGOMERY.

Assembling of tbe Peace Convention at Washington City, 235.--Sincerity of the Virginia Politicians suspected

-Instractions to Massachusetts and New York Delegates, 236.-Other Delegates instructed-Jobn Tyler

President of the Convention, 237.-Mr. Guthrie's Report, 238.-Other Propositions, 239.—Adoption of

Guthrie's Report, 240.-- Reverdy Jobnson's Resolution-- Proposed Articles of Amendment, 241.- Action of

Congress on Compromises, 242.— The People and the Failure of the Peace Conference, 248.-- Tyler's

Treachery-General Scott's Desire for Peace indicated, 244.--His Letter to Mr. Seward-Professor Morse's

Plan for Reconciliation, 245,- Meeting of Conspirators at Montgomery, 248.--Policy of South Carolinians-

A Confederacy of “Seceded” States proposed, 250.--A Provisional Constitution adopted, 251.-South

Carolinians rebellious-Jefferson Davis elected “ President," and Alexander H. Stephens " Vice-President "

of the Confederacy, 252.--Stephens's Speeches-Committees appointed, 258.--Action of the Convention

concerning & Flag for the “ Confederacy,” 254.-- First Assumption of Sovereignty-South Carolinians

offended, 256.—Davis journeys to Montgomery-Ilis Reception and Inauguration, 257.-- Davis's Cabinet,

258. — Sketch of Davis and Stephens, 259.-—-Confederate " Commissioners sent to Europe-Stephens ex.

pounds the Principles of the New * Government," 260.

CHAPTER XI.

TAE MONTGOMERY CONVENTION.-TREASON OF GENERAL TWIGGS. --LINCOLN AND

BUCHANAN AT THE CAPITAL.

Arrogance and Folly of the Conspirators illustrated, 262 — Financial Schemes of the Conspirators--Reliance on

Cotton-Permanent Constitution adopted, 263.- Its Character-Assumption of Power and Sovereignty, 264.

- Treason of General Twiggs in Texas, 265.—Surrender of National Troops and Forts to the Insurgents,

267.—Twiggs degraded and honored— Bad Faith of the Insurgents, 268.-Scenes at San Antonio, 269. — Forts

surrendered, 270.-Earl Van Dorn in Texas, 271.- National Troops under Sibley made Prisoners-Capture
of the Star of the West, 272.—Troops ander Reese made Prisoners—Texas a Part of the Confederacy- The
Confederate Constitution and the Secession Conventions, 273.- How the People were misled and betrayed

The Spirit of Jefferson Davis Abraham Lincoln, 274.- Mr. Lincoln's Departure for Washington City,

275.—His Journey and short Speeches, 276.-Conspiracy against his Life, 278.--His Narrative of his Journey

from Philadelphia to Washington, 279. –The Conspiracy in Baltimore, 281. — Lincoln at the Capital, 282. —

Commissioner from South Carolina, 288.-Secretary Holt's Letter, 284.- How the President's Resolution

Was strengthened, 285.-Commissioner from Alabama, 286.

CIIAPTER XII.

THE INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN, AND THE IDEAS AND POLICY OF THE

GOVERNMENT.

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