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Page 241 - That the Constitution confers upon Congress sovereign power over the territories of the United States for their government, and that in the exercise of this power it is both the right and the duty of Congress to prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism, polygamy, and slavery.
Page 238 - Provided, That as an express and fundamental condition to, the acquisition of any territory from the Republic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty which may be negotiated between them, and to the use by the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory...
Page 242 - That to the union of the States this nation owes its unprecedented increase in population, its surprising development of material resources, its rapid augmentation of wealth, its happiness; at home, and its honor abroad; and we hold in abhorrence all schemes for disunion, come from whatever source they may...
Page 432 - His person, you know, was fine, his stature exactly what one would wish, his deportment easy, erect and noble ; the best horseman of his age, and the most graceful figure that could be seen on horseback.
Page 240 - ... it becomes our duty, by legislation, whenever such legislation is necessary, to maintain this provision of the Constitution against all attempts to violate it; and we deny the authority of Congress, of a territorial legislature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to slavery in any territory of the United States.
Page 327 - Our Constitution declares a treaty to be the law of the land. It is, consequently to be regarded in the courts of justice, as equivalent to an act of the legislature, whenever it operates of itself without the aid of any legislative provision.
Page 327 - But when the terms of the stipulation import a contract, when either of the parties engages to perform a particular act, the treaty addresses itself to the political, not the judicial department; and the legislature must execute the contract before it can become a rule for the
Page 240 - That the normal condition of all the territory of the United States is that of freedom ; that as our Republican fathers, when they had abolished Slavery in all our national territory, ordained that " no person should be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law...
Page 432 - It will be the duty of the Historian and the Sage in all ages to let no occasion pass of commemorating this illustrious man ; and until time shall be no more will a test of the progress which our race has made in wisdom and in virtue be derived from the veneration paid to the immortal name of WASHINGTON ! APPENDIX.
Page 327 - A treaty is in its nature a contract between two nations, not a legislative act. It does not generally effect, of itself, the object to be accomplished, especially so far as its operation is infraterritorial; but is carried into execution by the sovereign power of the respective parties to the instrument.