« PreviousContinue »
on the 13th. Gen. Canby captured Mobile on the following day. Gen. Wilson, having taken Selma, was raiding through Alabama and Georgia at will. Everywhere our arms were triumphant, and each Rebel army-it was now certain-must speedily follow the example of that in Virginia, under the Rebel General-in-Chief. President Lincoln accordingly determined on an immediate reduction of the military force in the field, as announced in the following dispatch:
WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON,
April 13, 1865-6 P. M. Maj-Gen. Dix, New York:
The Department, after mature consideration and consulta tion with the Lieutenant-General upon the results of the recent campaign, has come to the following determination, which will be carried into effect by appropriate orders, to be issued immediately:
1. To stop all drafting and recruiting.
2. To curtail purchases for arms, animunition, Quartermaster and Commissary supplies, and reduce the expense of the military establishment in its several branches.
3. To reduce the number of general and staff officers to the actual necessities of the service.
4. To remove all military restrictions upon trade and commerce, so far as it may be consistent with public safety.
As soon as these measures can be put in operation, it will be made known by public order.
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War In the evening of the 13th, the city of Washington was brilliantly illuminated, in honor of the great victories achieved, and in recognition of the near approach of peace.
On the 14th day of April, at the regular meeting of the Cabinet, the mode of dealing with the Rebel States and people was discussed at some length. President Lincolo expressed himself decidedly in favor of lenient measures with the great mass of the offenders, and found, it is understood, no discordant opinion in his council. The re-organization of the revolted States was determined upon substantially in accordance with the principles heretofore acted on in Virginia, Missouri and Louisiana-almost the identical policy since carried into effect.
The order of Gen. Weitzel, at Richmond, practically recognizing the disloyal Virginia Legislature, and William Smith as Governor of the State, was revoked by the President, who manifestly can not have intended to vest any authority of this sort in the military commander at Richmond, or to annul his former recognition of the Pierpoint Government.
On the same day-the cycle of war having now revolved quite around to its starting point—the flag hauled down from Fort Sumter, four years before, was again run up by the hand of Gen. Robert Anderson, who was then compelled to surrender the Fort to traitors; Henry Ward Beecher represented New England ideas in the city of Charleston; and William Lloyd Garrison spoke there, as he listed, of slavery.
The grand sweep of events since the 4th of March-six swift weeks—culminating in the complete downfall of the Rebellion, the unresisting submission of the traitors, the re-occupation and possession of all the Government forts, the destruction of slavery, and the restoration of peace, had, at length, under the guidance of a good Providence, crowned the Administration of Abraham Lincoln with immortal honor. His earnest grapple with the monster treason, that struck at the nation's life, had never relaxed until the work was done. It only remained that he should seal the great result with the sacrifice of his life.
Last Days of Mr. Lincoln.—His Assassination.-Attack on Mr. Sec.
ard.—Remains of Mr. Lincoln lying in State.-Obsequies at Washington.-Removal of the Remains to Springfield, Illinois.--Demonstration along the route.--Obsequies at Springfield. The Great Crime, its authors and abettors.—The Assassin's End.—The Conspiracy.- Complicity of Jefferson Davis.-How assassins were trained to their work.–Tributes and Testimonials.-Mr. Lincoln as a Lawyer.-Incidents and Reminiscences.- Additional Speeches.Letter to Gov. Hahn, on Negro Suffrage.—Letter to Mrs. Gurney.Letter to a Widow who had lost five sons in the War.—Letter to a Centenarian.-A letter written in early life.-A speech made in 1839.—Letter to Mr. Choate, on the Pilgrim Fathers.--Letter to Dr. Maclean, on receiving the Degree of LL. D.—Letter to Gov. Fletcher, of Missouri, on the restoration of order.--A message to the Miners.-Speech at Independence Hall in 1861.-Concluding remarks.
AFTER years of weary toil, Mr. Lincoln seemed now to be entering on a period of comparative repose. The first step had been taken for putting the army on a peace footing. A policy had been matured for the re-establishment of loyal local governments in the insurgent States. Forbearance, clemency, charity were to control the executive action in dealing with the difficult problems still awaiting practical solution. After the Cabinet meeting on the 14th of April,* the President was in unusually buoyant spirits. His remaining tasks evidently seemed lighter than ever before. His gladsome humor was noticed by his friends.
As he went on an afternoon drive with Mrs. Lincoln, she could not forbear an expression of slight foreboding, suggested
*At a Cabinet meeting at which General Grant was present to-day, the subject of the state of the country and the prospects of speedy peace was discussed. The President was very cheerful and hopeful, spoke very kindly of General Lee, and others of the Confederacy, and the establishment of Government in Virginia.--Secretary Stanton's Dispatch, April 14th.